U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Yemen  

Country Analysis Brief Overview

  • Although Yemen is not a major hydrocarbon producer relative to several other countries in the Middle East, the country has sufficient oil and natural gas resources for both domestic demand and exports. However, Yemen's difficult security environment hinders the production and transport of those resources.
  • Yemen's oil production has decreased significantly since peaking in 2001 because of natural decline in the country's aging fields and frequent attacks on its oil infrastructure.
  • Yemen's oil production declined after 2001 as a result of the country's maturing fields, and attacks on the country's oil infrastructure since 2011 have led to significant short-term disruptions.
  • Attacks on Yemen's key oil infrastructure continue to curtail both domestic petroleum consumption and exports.
  • Until recently, Yemen reinjected most of its natural gas production to aid in oil recovery. However, since 2009 the country has been an LNG exporter, and the government aims to increase the use of natural gas in many sectors, including in electricity generation.
  • The startup of the Yemen LNG facility in 2009 gave Yemen the ability to export natural gas for the first time.
  • The majority of Yemen's population does not have access to electricity, although the country plans to build several new generating facilities over the coming years.

Read full Yemen Analysis Brief »

Analysis Last Updated: September 25, 2014


Overview data for Yemen

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Yemen
Middle East
World
Rank
    
Yemen
Total Oil Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 8.5863 , 18.7012 , 171.8073 , 192.7346 , 190.9591 , 193.8830 , 180.9740 , 218.4404 , 334.7104 , 345.1546 , 341.3386 , 361.9895 , 387.4094 , 408.4817 , 437.2313 , 439.9750 , 438.8405 , 430.7094 , 406.2408 , 401.9348 , 378.1764 , 320.0394 , 299.6988 , 286.0818 , 282.4033 , 218.7958 , 171.1335 , 133.1054
(1980-2013)
171.13 27,600 89,750 39   133.11
Crude Oil Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 10.0000 , 20.0000 , 173.0000 , 194.0000 , 193.0000 , 196.5750 , 182.0770 , 220.0000 , 335.0001 , 344.9589 , 340.4372 , 362.4070 , 387.8000 , 409.0000 , 437.7560 , 440.8721 , 439.3539 , 429.3955 , 404.3812 , 400.1455 , 374.9072 , 318.6921 , 298.3293 , 285.1566 , 279.9966 , 216.3890 , 168.7268 , 130.6986
(1980-2013)
168.73 24,466 75,951 38   130.70
Consumption 44.8000 , 45.7000 , 53.5000 , 49.5000 , 61.9000 , 69.2422 , 66.5833 , 66.3374 , 67.8193 , 73.6017 , 75.9648 , 78.4800 , 83.2447 , 69.4285 , 66.1953 , 72.3983 , 73.8059 , 78.9608 , 85.3314 , 89.2356 , 96.6173 , 102.4539 , 112.3110 , 121.4920 , 123.2818 , 128.1752 , 140.0671 , 121.0127 , 147.2785 , 131.1666 , 131.0519 , 130.0000 , 136.8900 , 144.3800
(1980-2013)
136.89 7,871 89,721 66   144.38
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -44.8000 , -45.7000 , -53.5000 , -49.5000 , -61.9000 , -69.2422 , -57.9970 , -47.6363 , 103.9879 , 119.1329 , 114.9943 , 115.4030 , 97.7292 , 149.0119 , 268.5150 , 272.7563 , 267.5327 , 283.0287 , 302.0780 , 319.2461 , 340.6140 , 337.5211 , 326.5295 , 309.2175 , 282.9590 , 273.7596 , 238.1093 , 199.0267 , 152.4203 , 154.9153 , 151.3515 , 88.7958 , 34.2435 , -11.2746
(1980-2013)
34.24 19,729 -- 103   -11.27
Refinery Capacity 175.0000 , 175.0000 , 178.0000 , 178.0000 , 130.0000 , 178.0000 , 162.0000 , 180.0000 , 180.0000 , 172.0000 , 172.0000 , 172.0000 , 114.5000 , 114.5000 , 120.0000 , 120.0000 , 120.0000 , 120.0000 , 120.0000 , 120.0000 , 120.0000 , 130.0000 , 130.0000 , 130.0000 , 130.0000 , 130.0000 , 130.0000 , 140.0000 , 140.0000 , 140.0000 , 140.0000 , 140.0000 , 140.0000
(1980-2012)
140 7,245 88,097 72   140
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.2000 , 0.5000 , 0.5500 , 4.3800 , 4.0000 , 4.0000 , 4.0000 , 4.0000 , 4.0000 , 4.0000 , 4.0000 , 4.0000 , 4.0000 , 4.0000 , 4.0000 , 4.0000 , 4.0000 , 4.0000 , 4.0000 , 4.0000 , 4.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000
(1986-2014)
3.00 802 1,646 30   3.00
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Yemen
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Yemen
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 27.5457 , 220.3656 , 339.7303 , 270.2475
(1980-2012)
339.73 18,332 116,255 41   270.25
Consumption 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 12.7134 , 33.5493 , 31.0772 , 34.2030
(1980-2012)
31.08 14,089 116,395 90   34.20
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 14.8323 , 186.8164 , 308.6531 , 236.0446
(1990-2012)
308.65 4,243 -- 73   236.04
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.6000 , 1.6000 , 3.7000 , 5.5000 , 7.0000 , 7.0000 , 13.9000 , 15.0000 , 15.0000 , 15.0000 , 16.9000 , 16.9000 , 16.9000 , 16.9000 , 16.9000 , 16.9000 , 16.9000 , 16.9000 , 16.9000 , 16.9000 , 16.9000 , 16.9000 , 16.9000 , 16.9000 , 16.9000 , 16.9000 , 16.9000 , 16.9000
(1980-2014)
16.90 2,823 6,846 31   16.90
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Yemen
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Yemen
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 1 8,444 68   0.000
Consumption 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 19 8,285 115   0.000
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 -17 -- 87   0.000
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Yemen
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Yemen
Net Generation 0.4710 , 0.5400 , 0.6470 , 0.7210 , 0.8180 , 0.8550 , 1.0940 , 1.1830 , 1.5650 , 1.5790 , 1.5630 , 1.6930 , 1.8360 , 1.9280 , 2.0290 , 2.2270 , 2.1940 , 2.4040 , 2.3570 , 2.5710 , 3.2080 , 3.4240 , 3.5430 , 3.8500 , 4.1030 , 4.4820 , 5.0640 , 5.6654 , 6.1532 , 6.3394 , 7.2900 , 5.8340
(1980-2011)
7.29 830 20,254 105   5.83
Net Consumption 0.4710 , 0.5060 , 0.6070 , 0.6620 , 0.7380 , 0.7830 , 0.9490 , 1.0590 , 1.4320 , 1.4460 , 1.3710 , 1.3630 , 1.4190 , 1.4400 , 1.6200 , 1.7140 , 1.6460 , 1.7400 , 1.6470 , 1.6740 , 2.2600 , 2.3940 , 2.6090 , 2.8720 , 3.1260 , 3.4070 , 3.6880 , 4.1334 , 4.6462 , 4.7004 , 5.5130 , 4.1370
(1980-2011)
5.51 718 18,501 111   4.14
Installed Capacity (GWe) 0.2340 , 0.2340 , 0.2540 , 0.2540 , 0.4200 , 0.6380 , 0.6380 , 0.6380 , 0.6380 , 0.6380 , 0.6220 , 0.7000 , 0.7150 , 0.7240 , 0.7260 , 0.7290 , 0.7570 , 0.7540 , 0.7750 , 0.7870 , 0.8820 , 0.8820 , 0.9600 , 0.9970 , 1.1050 , 1.1160 , 1.1320 , 1.1600 , 1.2200 , 1.3300 , 1.5680 , 1.5330
(1980-2011)
1.57 207 5,086 114   1.53
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Yemen
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Yemen
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0208 , 0.0419 , 0.3627 , 0.4056 , 0.4033 , 0.4108 , 0.3815 , 0.4597 , 0.7001 , 0.7209 , 0.7134 , 0.7573 , 0.8104 , 0.8547 , 0.9173 , 0.9213 , 0.9181 , 0.8973 , 0.8474 , 0.8362 , 0.7834 , 0.6660 , 0.6251 , 0.6259 , 0.8253 , 0.8225
(1980-2011)
.825 72 505 56   0.822
Consumption 0.0961 , 0.0978 , 0.1146 , 0.1041 , 0.1321 , 0.1467 , 0.1412 , 0.1402 , 0.1439 , 0.1544 , 0.1602 , 0.1660 , 0.1726 , 0.1287 , 0.1377 , 0.1499 , 0.1526 , 0.1586 , 0.1707 , 0.1789 , 0.1937 , 0.2057 , 0.2259 , 0.2444 , 0.2463 , 0.2568 , 0.2805 , 0.2555 , 0.3124 , 0.2893 , 0.3018 , 0.3004
(1980-2011)
0.302 29 507 85   0.300
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
6512.1838 , 6024.2286 , 6580.5425 , 5910.3429 , 7322.4448 , 7870.9682 , 7353.2930 , 7078.5316 , 6916.7287 , 7206.3040 , 7333.1481 , 7152.0548 , 7313.9367 , 5173.9606 , 4919.5444 , 5068.8998 , 5012.8048 , 4983.5541 , 5119.9730 , 5133.1942 , 4772.0248 , 4785.2310 , 5001.4238 , 5117.9832 , 4928.3466 , 4887.2294 , 5100.9148 , 4490.0462 , 5279.5363 , 4686.9174 , 4535.7781 , 4649.4374
(1980-2011)
4,536 10,989 7,401 122   4,649
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Yemen
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Yemen
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
6.4342 , 6.5521 , 7.7004 , 7.0300 , 8.8810 , 9.9097 , 9.9916 , 9.8991 , 10.2281 , 10.8479 , 11.4417 , 11.7619 , 12.2338 , 10.0917 , 9.9006 , 10.6723 , 10.9108 , 10.8006 , 11.3989 , 12.3126 , 13.1784 , 13.9666 , 15.3977 , 16.6536 , 16.6513 , 17.3764 , 18.9761 , 19.6831 , 23.6881 , 22.0908 , 20.9841 , 20.1550 , 21.2785
(1980-2012)
20.15 1,959 32,155 82   21.28

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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