U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Tanzania  

Country Analysis Note

  • Tanzania does not produce or have any proven crude oil reserves, but the country contains 230 billion cubic feet (Bcf) of proven natural gas reserves, according to the Oil and Gas Journal.
  • Tanzania is one of two countries (including Mozambique) that produce natural gas in East Africa. In 2011, Tanzania produced about 30 Bcf of natural gas from a field located on-and-offshore the Songo Songo Island, which lies off the coast of northern Tanzania. All of the country's natural gas production is locally consumed.
  • The country expects to increase natural gas production in the next coming years from the Mnazi Bay Concession, located in southeast Tanzania in the Rovuma Basin. Currently, a gas pipeline is being constructed to transport the natural gas from Mnazi Bay to Tanzania's capitol city, Dar es Salaam.
  • Tanzania does not export any natural gas, but there have been a series of offshore natural gas discoveries since 2010 that have boosted Tanzania's potential to become a natural gas exporter in the future.
  • The BG Group, in partnership with Ophir Energy, and Statoil, in partnership with ExxonMobil, are leading exploration activities in offshore Tanzania. To-date, BG and Ophir have made seven discoveries amounting to more than 10 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) of recoverable natural gas resources. Statoil and ExxonMobil have made four discoveries amounting to 10 to 13 Tcf of recoverable natural gas resources.
  • Along with natural gas, Tanzania also produces coal. The country produced 105 thousand short tons of coal in 2011, all of which was locally consumed. Tanzania also imports small amounts of coal (4 thousand short tons in 2011) to supplement domestic demand.
  • According to the World Bank's latest data, only 14 percent of Tanzania's population has access to electricity. Electricity net generation in Tanzania was 4.3 billion kilowatthours in 2010, of which almost 60 percent was from hydropower and the remainder from fossil fuels. The vast majority of the population relies on traditional biomass and waste, mostly fuelwood, for heating and cooking.

Analysis Last Updated: April 2013


Overview data for Tanzania

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Tanzania
Africa
World
Rank
    
Tanzania
Total Oil Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0166 , 0.0782 , 0.0320 , -0.2291 , -0.1624 , -0.1336 , -0.0018 , -0.1610 , -0.1579 , -0.1585 , -0.1568 , -0.1556 , -0.1569 , -0.1657 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0100 , 0.0100 , 0.0100 , 0.0100
(1980-2012)
0.01 9,327 87,573 125   0.01
Crude Oil Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.00 8,530 74,199 93   0.00
Consumption 13.4000 , 15.7000 , 15.2000 , 13.4000 , 14.9000 , 14.9000 , 18.0511 , 15.9319 , 16.9973 , 16.4800 , 18.1004 , 14.9681 , 16.4760 , 17.1225 , 15.4454 , 15.0074 , 15.0560 , 15.2510 , 15.3751 , 16.1010 , 16.1680 , 18.9476 , 21.7265 , 23.2105 , 24.8022 , 26.7564 , 28.0659 , 30.2582 , 32.6779 , 34.4402 , 30.7494 , 35.0000 , 47.6399
(1980-2012)
35.00 3,297 88,744 97   47.64 E
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -13.4000 , -15.7000 , -15.2000 , -13.4000 , -14.9000 , -14.9000 , -18.0345 , -15.8537 , -16.9653 , -16.7091 , -18.2628 , -15.1016 , -16.4779 , -17.2835 , -15.6032 , -15.1659 , -15.2128 , -15.4067 , -15.5320 , -16.2667 , -16.1680 , -18.9476 , -21.7265 , -23.2105 , -24.8022 , -26.7564 , -28.0659 , -30.2582 , -32.6779 , -34.4302 , -30.7394 , -34.9900 , -47.6299
(1980-2012)
-34.99 6,030 -- 72   -47.63
Refinery Capacity 17.0000 , 12.0000 , 14.0000 , 17.0000 , 17.0000 , 14.0000 , 14.0000 , 14.0000 , 14.0000 , 14.0000 , 14.0000 , 17.0000 , 17.0000 , 17.0000 , 17.0000 , 17.0000 , 15.8650 , 15.8650 , 14.9000 , 14.9000 , 14.9000 , 14.9000 , 14.9000 , 14.9000 , 14.9000 , 14.9000 , 14.9000 , 14.9000 , 14.9000 , 14.9000 , 14.9000 , 14.9000 , 14.9000
(1980-2012)
15 3,220 88,097 103   15
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2013)
0.00 124 1,526 91   0.00
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Tanzania
Africa
World
Rank
 
Tanzania
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 4.2000 , 14.4000 , 17.8000 , 18.7170 , 19.7764 , 23.2373 , 27.5457 , 30.3709 , 32.8006
(1980-2012)
30.37 7,124 116,255 65   32.80
Consumption 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 4.2000 , 14.4000 , 17.8000 , 18.7170 , 19.7764 , 23.2373 , 27.5457 , 30.3709 , 32.8006
(1980-2012)
30.37 3,909 116,395 91   32.80
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1990-2012)
0.00 3,215 -- 64   0.00
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
0.8480 , 0.8480 , 0.8480 , 0.2000 , 0.2000 , 0.2000 , 0.8000 , 3.0000 , 4.1000 , 4.1000 , 4.1000 , 4.1000 , 4.1000 , 4.1000 , 4.1000 , 4.1000 , 2.0000 , 0.7260 , 0.9800 , 0.9800 , 0.9800 , 0.9800 , 0.8000 , 0.8000 , 0.8000 , 0.8000 , 0.8000 , 0.2300 , 0.2300 , 0.2300 , 0.2300 , 0.2300 , 0.2300 , 0.2300
(1980-2013)
0.23 546 6,845 79   0.23
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Tanzania
Africa
World
Rank
 
Tanzania
Production 0.0011 , 0.0022 , 0.0022 , 0.0044 , 0.0033 , 0.0044 , 0.0044 , 0.0033 , 0.0033 , 0.0033 , 0.0044 , 0.0044 , 0.0044 , 0.0485 , 0.0507 , 0.0485 , 0.0628 , 0.0309 , 0.0496 , 0.0827 , 0.0871 , 0.0860 , 0.0871 , 0.0606 , 0.0717 , 0.0827 , 0.0882 , 0.0948 , 0.1014 , 0.1080 , 0.1157 , 0.1047
(1980-2011)
0.116 286 7,934 55   0.105
Consumption 0.0022 , 0.0022 , 0.0022 , 0.0044 , 0.0033 , 0.0044 , 0.0044 , 0.0033 , 0.0033 , 0.0033 , 0.0044 , 0.0044 , 0.0044 , 0.0485 , 0.0507 , 0.0485 , 0.0628 , 0.0309 , 0.0496 , 0.0827 , 0.0871 , 0.0860 , 0.0871 , 0.0606 , 0.0717 , 0.0827 , 0.0882 , 0.0948 , 0.1014 , 0.1080 , 0.1157 , 0.1091
(1980-2011)
0.116 223 7,751 95   0.109
Net Export/Imports(-) -1.1023 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , -4.4092
(1980-2011)
0.000 64 -- 85   -0.004
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Tanzania
Africa
World
Rank
 
Tanzania
Net Generation 1.2080 , 1.2490 , 1.2620 , 1.3040 , 1.3360 , 1.3500 , 1.3140 , 1.4090 , 1.4350 , 1.5950 , 1.6920 , 1.8730 , 1.7900 , 1.8470 , 1.6760 , 1.8080 , 1.9590 , 1.6600 , 2.4070 , 2.3460 , 2.4390 , 2.7180 , 2.8200 , 2.6270 , 2.8380 , 3.4850 , 3.3890 , 4.0511 , 4.3324 , 4.3380 , 4.9280 , 5.1150
(1980-2011)
4.93 638 20,254 120   5.12
Net Consumption 1.1000 , 1.1490 , 1.1390 , 1.1470 , 1.1410 , 1.1220 , 1.0770 , 1.0830 , 1.1180 , 1.2370 , 1.3670 , 1.4790 , 1.4150 , 1.3990 , 1.3300 , 1.5580 , 1.7960 , 1.5760 , 2.2130 , 1.8120 , 1.9310 , 2.0700 , 2.2130 , 2.0000 , 2.3500 , 2.5750 , 2.6340 , 3.3701 , 3.5224 , 3.4650 , 3.9880 , 4.1370
(1980-2011)
3.99 562 18,501 122   4.14
Installed Capacity (GWe) 0.4200 , 0.4310 , 0.4390 , 0.4390 , 0.4390 , 0.4390 , 0.4390 , 0.4390 , 0.4390 , 0.5060 , 0.5060 , 0.5060 , 0.5060 , 0.5060 , 0.5430 , 0.5910 , 0.5910 , 0.5910 , 0.5960 , 0.8030 , 0.8620 , 0.8620 , 0.8840 , 0.8810 , 0.8810 , 0.9190 , 0.9570 , 0.9570 , 0.9570 , 0.8410 , 0.8410 , 0.8450
(1980-2011)
0.84 135 5,086 125   0.85
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Tanzania
Africa
World
Rank
 
Tanzania
Production 0.0103 , 0.0107 , 0.0108 , 0.0113 , 0.0115 , 0.0117 , 0.0113 , 0.0122 , 0.0128 , 0.0150 , 0.0161 , 0.0179 , 0.0170 , 0.0185 , 0.0165 , 0.0169 , 0.0194 , 0.0154 , 0.0221 , 0.0238 , 0.0237 , 0.0286 , 0.0294 , 0.0273 , 0.0294 , 0.0342 , 0.0343 , 0.0459 , 0.0484 , 0.0516 , 0.0556
(1980-2010)
.052 36 487 110   0.056
Consumption 0.0390 , 0.0437 , 0.0430 , 0.0398 , 0.0424 , 0.0431 , 0.0493 , 0.0456 , 0.0484 , 0.0498 , 0.0545 , 0.0498 , 0.0519 , 0.0532 , 0.0493 , 0.0489 , 0.0514 , 0.0480 , 0.0550 , 0.0582 , 0.0582 , 0.0686 , 0.0753 , 0.0763 , 0.0817 , 0.0904 , 0.0936 , 0.1096 , 0.1171 , 0.1238 , 0.1202
(1980-2010)
0.124 16 488 118   0.120
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
3602.4763 , 3985.1572 , 3917.2804 , 3720.3868 , 3833.5074 , 3724.9813 , 4183.5873 , 3685.7299 , 3754.6750 , 3714.9170 , 3895.6147 , 3365.4944 , 3392.7504 , 3338.1082 , 3001.1528 , 2871.5046 , 2887.9947 , 2603.5054 , 2877.7421 , 2906.0155 , 2769.3781 , 3080.0505 , 3152.2927 , 2988.4672 , 2968.7223 , 3059.9912 , 2967.2394 , 3243.1527 , 3227.1466 , 3211.5293 , 2912.9197
(1980-2010)
3,212 5,405 7,461 152   2,913
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Tanzania
Africa
World
Rank
 
Tanzania
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
1.9174 , 2.2150 , 2.1754 , 1.9195 , 2.1015 , 2.1265 , 2.6862 , 2.4013 , 2.5363 , 2.5206 , 2.8064 , 2.3289 , 2.5769 , 2.7728 , 2.5303 , 2.4640 , 2.4985 , 2.4529 , 2.5130 , 2.6979 , 2.7249 , 3.0816 , 3.5033 , 3.6725 , 4.2006 , 5.0478 , 5.4434 , 5.8435 , 6.1965 , 6.7444 , 6.4398 , 7.2284
(1980-2011)
6.44 1,155 31,502 119   7.23

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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