U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Tanzania  

Country Analysis Note

  • Tanzania produces small volumes of natural gas for domestic consumption, but the country has the potential to become a liquefied natural gas (LNG) exporter in the future. Tanzania does not produce crude oil, and there has not been a commercial oil discovery in the country recently.
  • The BG Group, in partnership with Ophir Energy, and Statoil, in partnership with ExxonMobil, have made several offshore natural gas discoveries since 2010, totaling 25 to 30 trillion cubic feet of recoverable gas resources, according to PFC Energy.
  • The details around LNG development are unclear as resources are still being evaluated, but the Tanzanian government has said it favors an onshore LNG plant as opposed to a floating one. The Tanzanian government, Statoil, ExxonMobil, BG Group, and Ophir Energy are currently working on plans to develop a joint LNG plant, according to Statoil.
  • Tanzania enacted a new model production sharing agreement (PSA) in late 2013, along with a licensing round covering seven deepwater blocks and one block on Lake Tanganyika. The model PSA 2013 retained much of the provisions in the model PSA 2008, such as minimum state participation of 25%, additional profits tax, and government royalty, according to PFC Energy. One of the differences is that the new model 2013 PSA incentivizes deepwater exploration by reducing the royalty rate to 7.5% from 12.5%. It also tightens local content requirements.
  • Tanzania produced 33 billion cubic feet of natural gas in 2012, all of which was consumed locally. The country expects to marginally increase natural gas production in the next few years from the Mnazi Bay Concession, located in southeast Tanzania in the Rovuma Basin. A pipeline is being constructed to transport natural gas from Mnazi Bay to Tanzania's capital city, Dar es Salaam.
  • Tanzania also produces small volumes of coal. The country produced 106,000 short tons of coal in 2012, all of which was consumed locally.
  • According to the World Bank's latest data, only 15% of Tanzania's population has access to electricity. Electricity net generation in Tanzania was 5.1 terawatthours in 2011, of which 51% was from hydropower and the remainder from fossil-fuel sources. The vast majority of the population relies on traditional biomass and waste (typically consisting of wood, charcoal, manure, and crop residues) for household heating and cooking.

Analysis Last Updated: April 2014


Overview data for Tanzania

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Tanzania
Africa
World
Rank
    
Tanzania
Total Oil Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0166 , 0.0782 , 0.0320 , -0.2291 , -0.1624 , -0.1336 , -0.0018 , -0.1610 , -0.1579 , -0.1585 , -0.1568 , -0.1556 , -0.1569 , -0.1657 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0100 , 0.0100 , 0.0100 , 0.0100 , 0.0100
(1980-2013)
0.01 9,971 89,750 124   0.01
Crude Oil Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2013)
0.00 9,058 75,951 94   0.00
Consumption 13.4000 , 15.7000 , 15.2000 , 13.4000 , 14.9000 , 14.9000 , 18.0511 , 15.9319 , 16.9973 , 16.4800 , 18.1004 , 14.9681 , 16.4760 , 17.1225 , 15.4454 , 15.0074 , 15.0560 , 15.2510 , 15.3751 , 16.1010 , 16.1680 , 18.9476 , 21.7265 , 23.2105 , 24.8022 , 26.7564 , 28.0659 , 30.2582 , 32.6779 , 34.4402 , 30.7494 , 35.0000 , 47.6399 , 52.5200
(1980-2013)
47.64 3,521 89,721 99   52.52
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -13.4000 , -15.7000 , -15.2000 , -13.4000 , -14.9000 , -14.9000 , -18.0345 , -15.8537 , -16.9653 , -16.7091 , -18.2628 , -15.1016 , -16.4779 , -17.2835 , -15.6032 , -15.1659 , -15.2128 , -15.4067 , -15.5320 , -16.2667 , -16.1680 , -18.9476 , -21.7265 , -23.2105 , -24.8022 , -26.7564 , -28.0659 , -30.2582 , -32.6779 , -34.4302 , -30.7394 , -34.9900 , -47.6299 , -52.5100
(1980-2013)
-47.63 6,451 -- 152   -52.51
Refinery Capacity 17.0000 , 12.0000 , 14.0000 , 17.0000 , 17.0000 , 14.0000 , 14.0000 , 14.0000 , 14.0000 , 14.0000 , 14.0000 , 17.0000 , 17.0000 , 17.0000 , 17.0000 , 17.0000 , 15.8650 , 15.8650 , 14.9000 , 14.9000 , 14.9000 , 14.9000 , 14.9000 , 14.9000 , 14.9000 , 14.9000 , 14.9000 , 14.9000 , 14.9000 , 14.9000 , 14.9000 , 14.9000 , 14.9000
(1980-2012)
15 3,220 88,097 103   15
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2014)
0.00 128 1,646 91   0.00
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Tanzania
Africa
World
Rank
 
Tanzania
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 4.2000 , 14.4000 , 17.8000 , 18.7170 , 19.7764 , 23.2373 , 27.5457 , 30.3709 , 32.8006
(1980-2012)
30.37 7,124 116,255 65   32.80
Consumption 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 4.2000 , 14.4000 , 17.8000 , 18.7170 , 19.7764 , 23.2373 , 27.5457 , 30.3709 , 32.8006
(1980-2012)
30.37 3,909 116,395 91   32.80
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1990-2012)
0.00 3,215 -- 64   0.00
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
0.8480 , 0.8480 , 0.8480 , 0.2000 , 0.2000 , 0.2000 , 0.8000 , 3.0000 , 4.1000 , 4.1000 , 4.1000 , 4.1000 , 4.1000 , 4.1000 , 4.1000 , 4.1000 , 2.0000 , 0.7260 , 0.9800 , 0.9800 , 0.9800 , 0.9800 , 0.8000 , 0.8000 , 0.8000 , 0.8000 , 0.8000 , 0.2300 , 0.2300 , 0.2300 , 0.2300 , 0.2300 , 0.2300 , 0.2300 , 0.2300
(1980-2014)
0.23 515 6,846 78   0.23
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Tanzania
Africa
World
Rank
 
Tanzania
Production 0.0011 , 0.0022 , 0.0022 , 0.0044 , 0.0033 , 0.0044 , 0.0044 , 0.0033 , 0.0033 , 0.0033 , 0.0044 , 0.0044 , 0.0044 , 0.0485 , 0.0507 , 0.0485 , 0.0628 , 0.0309 , 0.0496 , 0.0827 , 0.0871 , 0.0860 , 0.0871 , 0.0606 , 0.0717 , 0.0342 , 0.0198 , 0.0298 , 0.0165 , 0.0276 , 0.0518 , 0.0496 , 0.1058
(1980-2012)
0.050 285 8,444 64   0.106
Consumption 0.0022 , 0.0022 , 0.0022 , 0.0044 , 0.0033 , 0.0044 , 0.0044 , 0.0033 , 0.0033 , 0.0033 , 0.0044 , 0.0044 , 0.0044 , 0.0485 , 0.0507 , 0.0485 , 0.0628 , 0.0309 , 0.0496 , 0.0827 , 0.0871 , 0.0860 , 0.0871 , 0.0606 , 0.0717 , 0.0342 , 0.0198 , 0.0298 , 0.0165 , 0.0276 , 0.0518 , 0.0496 , 0.1058
(1980-2012)
0.050 219 8,285 103   0.106
Net Export/Imports(-) -1.1023 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 66 -- 87   0.000
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Tanzania
Africa
World
Rank
 
Tanzania
Net Generation 1.2080 , 1.2490 , 1.2620 , 1.3040 , 1.3360 , 1.3500 , 1.3140 , 1.4090 , 1.4350 , 1.5950 , 1.6920 , 1.8730 , 1.7900 , 1.8470 , 1.6760 , 1.8080 , 1.9590 , 1.6600 , 2.4070 , 2.3460 , 2.4390 , 2.7180 , 2.8200 , 2.6270 , 2.8380 , 3.4850 , 3.3890 , 4.0511 , 4.3324 , 4.3380 , 4.9280 , 5.1150
(1980-2011)
4.93 638 20,254 120   5.12
Net Consumption 1.1000 , 1.1490 , 1.1390 , 1.1470 , 1.1410 , 1.1220 , 1.0770 , 1.0830 , 1.1180 , 1.2370 , 1.3670 , 1.4790 , 1.4150 , 1.3990 , 1.3300 , 1.5580 , 1.7960 , 1.5760 , 2.2130 , 1.8120 , 1.9310 , 2.0700 , 2.2130 , 2.0000 , 2.3500 , 2.5750 , 2.6340 , 3.3701 , 3.5224 , 3.4650 , 3.9880 , 4.1370
(1980-2011)
3.99 562 18,501 122   4.14
Installed Capacity (GWe) 0.4200 , 0.4310 , 0.4390 , 0.4390 , 0.4390 , 0.4390 , 0.4390 , 0.4390 , 0.4390 , 0.5060 , 0.5060 , 0.5060 , 0.5060 , 0.5060 , 0.5430 , 0.5910 , 0.5910 , 0.5910 , 0.5960 , 0.8030 , 0.8620 , 0.8620 , 0.8840 , 0.8810 , 0.8810 , 0.9190 , 0.9570 , 0.9570 , 0.9570 , 0.8410 , 0.8410 , 0.8450
(1980-2011)
0.84 135 5,086 125   0.85
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Tanzania
Africa
World
Rank
 
Tanzania
Production 0.0103 , 0.0107 , 0.0108 , 0.0113 , 0.0115 , 0.0117 , 0.0113 , 0.0122 , 0.0128 , 0.0150 , 0.0161 , 0.0179 , 0.0170 , 0.0185 , 0.0165 , 0.0169 , 0.0194 , 0.0154 , 0.0221 , 0.0238 , 0.0237 , 0.0286 , 0.0294 , 0.0273 , 0.0294 , 0.0331 , 0.0327 , 0.0444 , 0.0469 , 0.0497 , 0.0542 , 0.0573
(1980-2011)
.054 37 505 110   0.057
Consumption 0.0390 , 0.0437 , 0.0430 , 0.0398 , 0.0424 , 0.0431 , 0.0493 , 0.0456 , 0.0484 , 0.0498 , 0.0545 , 0.0498 , 0.0519 , 0.0532 , 0.0493 , 0.0489 , 0.0514 , 0.0480 , 0.0550 , 0.0582 , 0.0582 , 0.0686 , 0.0753 , 0.0763 , 0.0817 , 0.0893 , 0.0920 , 0.1081 , 0.1164 , 0.1219 , 0.1187 , 0.1292
(1980-2011)
0.119 16 507 122   0.129
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
3602.4763 , 3985.1572 , 3917.2804 , 3720.3868 , 3833.5074 , 3724.9813 , 4183.5873 , 3685.7299 , 3754.6750 , 3714.9170 , 3895.6147 , 3365.4944 , 3392.7504 , 3338.1082 , 3001.1528 , 2871.5046 , 2887.9947 , 2603.5054 , 2877.7421 , 2906.0155 , 2769.3781 , 3080.0505 , 3152.2927 , 2988.4672 , 2968.7223 , 3021.8276 , 2916.8577 , 3198.4073 , 3207.9058 , 3163.0128 , 2877.0596 , 2957.7101
(1980-2011)
2,877 5,302 7,401 159   2,958
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Tanzania
Africa
World
Rank
 
Tanzania
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
1.9174 , 2.2150 , 2.1754 , 1.9195 , 2.1015 , 2.1265 , 2.6862 , 2.4013 , 2.5363 , 2.5206 , 2.8064 , 2.3289 , 2.5769 , 2.7728 , 2.5303 , 2.4640 , 2.4985 , 2.4529 , 2.5130 , 2.6979 , 2.7249 , 3.0816 , 3.5033 , 3.6725 , 4.2006 , 4.9440 , 5.2971 , 5.7043 , 6.0148 , 6.5722 , 6.3029 , 7.1083 , 9.2953
(1980-2012)
7.11 1,169 32,155 116   9.30

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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