United Arab Emirates - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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United Arab Emirates   United Arab Emirates Energy Profile

Country Analysis Brief Overview

  • The United Arab Emirates is one of the 10 largest oil and natural gas producers in the world, and is a member of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and the Gas Exporting Countries Forum (GECF).
  • The United Arab Emirates is a major oil producer and exporter. In 2012, the country produced an average of 2.8 million barrels of crude oil per day, the eighth highest total in the world.
  • The United Arab Emirates appears unlikely to meet a 3-million-barrel-per-day crude oil production target by the end of 2013. Further, the country may push back a longer-term 3.5 million barrel per day target until the end of the decade.
  • The United Arab Emirates has one of the highest rates of per capita petroleum consumption in the world.
  • The United Arab Emirates plans to boost domestic natural gas production over the next several years to help meet growing internal demand. Much of the growth could come from the country's large sour (high sulfur) gas deposits.
  • Already a top-20 global natural gas producer, the UAE has several ongoing projects that could boost the country's natural gas production significantly over the next several years.
  • The United Arab Emirates was the first country in the Middle East to export liquefied natural gas (LNG), and has exported more than 250 billion cubic feet of LNG annually, almost exclusively to Asia.
  • The UAE is adding nuclear, renewable, and coal-fired electricity generating capacity, but currently relies primarily on natural gas.

Read full United Arab Emirates Analysis Brief »

Analysis Last Updated: December 4, 2013


Overview data for United Arab Emirates

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
United Arab Emirates
Middle East
OPEC
World
Rank
United Arab Emirates
Total Oil Production 1747.0000 , 1538.0000 , 1343.0000 , 1272.0000 , 1279.0000 , 1356.0000 , 1515.3123 , 1686.2784 , 1694.7947 , 1989.5179 , 2251.7659 , 2531.0170 , 2409.9024 , 2304.7470 , 2342.8238 , 2395.8311 , 2439.3792 , 2479.5942 , 2518.5057 , 2337.2043 , 2572.3254 , 2500.0408 , 2386.8331 , 2660.8296 , 2766.7451 , 2844.6263 , 2948.4686 , 2947.4971 , 3046.8731 , 2794.5516 , 2813.2438 , 3088.2562 , 3213.1943 , 3229.5877
(1980-2013)
3,213.19 27,600 36,981 89,690 7 3,229.59
Crude Oil Production 1709.0000 , 1474.0000 , 1250.0000 , 1149.0000 , 1146.0000 , 1193.0000 , 1330.0000 , 1541.0000 , 1565.0000 , 1860.0000 , 2117.0000 , 2386.0000 , 2266.0000 , 2159.0000 , 2193.0000 , 2233.0000 , 2277.6503 , 2316.4247 , 2345.3014 , 2169.0000 , 2367.8279 , 2205.0000 , 2081.9945 , 2348.1370 , 2478.2623 , 2535.4247 , 2635.6986 , 2602.5893 , 2681.0231 , 2412.5521 , 2414.6558 , 2679.1781 , 2803.6066 , 2820.0000
(1980-2013)
2,803.61 24,466 33,192 75,888 8 2,820.00
Consumption 75.0000 , 137.0000 , 148.0000 , 149.0000 , 153.0000 , 185.0000 , 207.0000 , 211.0000 , 237.1685 , 242.3998 , 243.1000 , 302.0300 , 305.1560 , 309.6656 , 317.7727 , 315.8554 , 305.5734 , 317.2559 , 322.4781 , 323.8616 , 330.4843 , 324.6458 , 334.6261 , 333.0098 , 351.1366 , 374.2297 , 448.4878 , 477.5830 , 620.0370 , 565.9023 , 618.2546 , 618.0000 , 618.0000
(1980-2012)
618.00 7,537 8,152 88,744 29 618.00
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports 1672.0000 , 1401.0000 , 1195.0000 , 1123.0000 , 1126.0000 , 1171.0000 , 1308.3123 , 1475.2784 , 1457.6263 , 1747.1180 , 2008.6659 , 2228.9870 , 2104.7463 , 1995.0814 , 2025.0511 , 2079.9757 , 2133.8058 , 2162.3383 , 2196.0276 , 2013.3427 , 2241.8412 , 2175.3950 , 2052.2070 , 2327.8197 , 2415.6085 , 2470.3966 , 2499.9808 , 2469.9142 , 2426.8361 , 2228.6493 , 2194.9891 , 2470.2562 , 2595.1943
(1980-2012)
2,470.26 19,825 27,380 -- 3 2,595.19
Refinery Capacity 14.0000 , 14.0000 , 128.0000 , 135.0000 , 185.0000 , 185.0000 , 185.0000 , 185.0000 , 180.0000 , 180.0000 , 180.0000 , 193.0000 , 192.5000 , 192.5000 , 192.5000 , 192.5000 , 212.8000 , 212.8000 , 286.8000 , 287.8000 , 428.5000 , 443.5000 , 514.7500 , 514.2500 , 514.2500 , 514.2500 , 781.2500 , 781.2500 , 781.2500 , 781.2500 , 773.2500 , 773.2500 , 773.2500
(1980-2012)
773 7,245 8,987 88,097 24 773
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 29.4113 , 30.4100 , 32.1760 , 32.3540 , 32.3400 , 32.4900 , 32.9900 , 33.0500 , 98.1050 , 98.1050 , 98.1050 , 98.1000 , 98.1000 , 98.1000 , 98.1000 , 98.1000 , 98.1000 , 97.8000 , 97.8000 , 97.8000 , 97.8000 , 97.8000 , 97.8000 , 97.8000 , 97.8000 , 97.8000 , 97.8000 , 97.8000 , 97.8000 , 97.8000 , 97.8000 , 97.8000 , 97.8000 , 97.8000 , 97.8000
(1980-2014)
97.80 802 1,205 1,646 8 97.80
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
United Arab Emirates
Middle East
World
Rank
 
United Arab Emirates
Production 200.0000 , 230.0000 , 200.0000 , 270.0000 , 344.0000 , 484.0000 , 537.0000 , 681.9000 , 660.0000 , 811.5400 , 780.0000 , 916.0000 , 1022.7224 , 936.7790 , 911.8300 , 1106.0600 , 1193.6470 , 1282.2877 , 1309.1271 , 1343.3826 , 1355.3897 , 1389.9984 , 1532.3179 , 1581.7589 , 1634.7314 , 1659.4519 , 1723.0189 , 1777.7571 , 1774.2256 , 1723.9370 , 1810.9532 , 1847.2570 , 1853.9481
(1980-2012)
1,847.26 18,332 116,255 16   1,853.95
Consumption 105.0000 , 134.0000 , 91.0000 , 182.0000 , 241.0000 , 377.0000 , 431.0000 , 579.5160 , 621.2460 , 701.7100 , 663.0000 , 790.0000 , 901.9451 , 797.5510 , 765.7400 , 875.4600 , 958.8023 , 1024.1350 , 1073.2229 , 1093.7056 , 1109.9505 , 1147.0312 , 1286.8786 , 1337.7322 , 1420.0162 , 1456.7438 , 1521.7234 , 1736.4386 , 2041.9133 , 2085.5626 , 2146.7989 , 2220.8897 , 2235.1690
(1980-2012)
2,220.89 14,089 116,395 14   2,235.17
Net Export/Imports(-) 117.0000 , 126.0000 , 120.7773 , 139.2280 , 146.0900 , 230.6000 , 234.8448 , 258.1527 , 235.9042 , 249.6771 , 245.4393 , 242.9672 , 245.4393 , 244.0267 , 214.7152 , 202.7081 , 201.2955 , 41.3186 , -267.6877 , -361.6256 , -335.8457 , -373.6327 , -381.2209
(1990-2012)
-373.63 4,243 -- 18   -381.22
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
20.5000 , 20.7750 , 23.2500 , 28.5800 , 31.2200 , 31.9700 , 32.8000 , 104.6000 , 203.5000 , 201.5150 , 200.8000 , 200.4000 , 199.3000 , 204.6000 , 204.6000 , 204.6000 , 204.6000 , 204.9000 , 204.9000 , 212.0000 , 212.0000 , 212.1000 , 212.1000 , 212.1000 , 212.1000 , 212.1000 , 214.4000 , 214.4000 , 214.4000 , 214.4000 , 214.4000 , 227.9000 , 215.0350 , 215.0250 , 215.0350
(1980-2014)
215.03 2,823 6,846 7   215.04
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
United Arab Emirates
Middle East
World
Rank
 
United Arab Emirates
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 1 8,444 68   0.000
Consumption 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0331 , 0.1687 , 0.1984 , 0.2249 , 0.2601 , 0.5038 , 0.2425 , 0.6140 , 0.9855 , 1.2809 , 2.2366 , 3.0314
(1980-2012)
2.237 19 8,285 58   3.031
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , -33.0693 , -168.6536 , -198.4160 , -224.8715 , -260.1455 , -503.7563 , -242.5085 , -613.9874 , -985.4664 , -1280.8858 , -2236.5897 , -3031.3562
(1980-2012)
-2.237 -17 -- 33   -3.031
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
United Arab Emirates
Middle East
World
Rank
 
United Arab Emirates
Net Generation 5.8970 , 5.8150 , 8.3490 , 9.5330 , 10.2150 , 11.4540 , 12.0460 , 12.8390 , 13.9500 , 14.6750 , 16.0560 , 16.1890 , 16.4120 , 16.5230 , 17.7380 , 23.4830 , 24.9780 , 26.7560 , 31.3880 , 34.8990 , 37.5470 , 40.5820 , 44.0450 , 46.4830 , 49.2720 , 57.0560 , 62.7620 , 74.0350 , 77.0650 , 82.9100 , 91.5190 , 97.9120
(1980-2011)
91.52 830 20,254 32   97.91
Net Consumption 5.4560 , 5.3090 , 7.7240 , 8.8230 , 9.4450 , 10.6150 , 11.1490 , 11.8830 , 12.9110 , 13.2700 , 14.5190 , 14.6280 , 14.7300 , 14.5670 , 15.6020 , 21.2100 , 22.5600 , 24.8710 , 29.5950 , 34.0150 , 36.1960 , 37.4840 , 40.9560 , 43.2130 , 45.8060 , 52.6200 , 57.8820 , 68.4730 , 64.3000 , 69.5070 , 76.9840 , 82.5200
(1980-2011)
76.98 718 18,501 35   82.52
Installed Capacity (GWe) 1.3030 , 3.0330 , 3.5740 , 3.7460 , 3.8590 , 4.0100 , 4.2340 , 4.1380 , 4.7210 , 4.7210 , 4.7000 , 4.7000 , 4.7560 , 4.7560 , 5.2900 , 5.3900 , 5.4900 , 5.6000 , 5.7100 , 5.8200 , 8.2800 , 8.6110 , 9.1300 , 12.1720 , 13.5500 , 15.7100 , 17.2800 , 18.4740 , 19.8140 , 20.5790 , 23.2250 , 26.1420
(1980-2011)
23.23 207 5,086 32   26.14
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
United Arab Emirates
Middle East
World
Rank
 
United Arab Emirates
Production 3.8878 , 3.4541 , 2.9991 , 2.9086 , 3.0035 , 3.2918 , 3.6780 , 4.2094 , 4.2220 , 4.9942 , 5.5124 , 6.2406 , 6.1101 , 5.7835 , 5.8358 , 6.1402 , 6.3401 , 6.5009 , 6.6066 , 6.2535 , 6.7669 , 6.5934 , 6.4990 , 7.1296 , 7.4245 , 7.5901 , 7.8685 , 7.9149 , 8.1280 , 7.5188 , 7.6410 , 8.2552
(1980-2011)
7.641 72 505 14   8.255
Consumption 0.2673 , 0.4362 , 0.4138 , 0.5109 , 0.5818 , 0.7971 , 0.9073 , 1.0711 , 1.1729 , 1.2686 , 1.2293 , 1.4917 , 1.6140 , 1.4620 , 1.4921 , 1.6066 , 1.6688 , 1.7711 , 1.8382 , 1.8647 , 1.8663 , 1.8919 , 2.0597 , 2.1093 , 2.2243 , 2.3197 , 2.5507 , 2.8298 , 3.4454 , 3.3888 , 3.5499 , 3.6718
(1980-2011)
3.550 29 507 26   3.672
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
3157.7123 , 5060.3117 , 5072.1983 , 6573.6762 , 7196.7566 , 10227.5762 , 13688.9269 , 15633.0454 , 17577.9685 , 16924.5074 , 13860.3131 , 16674.5493 , 17458.4676 , 15617.5708 , 14909.9042 , 15047.8586 , 14773.9361 , 14492.5696 , 14998.1079 , 14785.2615 , 13349.1347 , 13345.4837 , 14183.7346 , 13350.7745 , 12849.0771 , 12779.9570 , 12786.0766 , 13743.6634 , 16199.5834 , 16194.0854 , 16724.4086 , 16420.4911
(1980-2011)
16,724 10,989 7,401 13   16,420
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
United Arab Emirates
Middle East
World
Rank
 
United Arab Emirates
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
30.3117 , 35.1069 , 35.7164 , 42.6979 , 47.5611 , 59.3078 , 67.0850 , 71.2390 , 78.2203 , 81.9382 , 79.0805 , 94.5957 , 102.0492 , 95.7927 , 94.4095 , 100.9351 , 103.7061 , 112.0741 , 116.8397 , 118.3892 , 115.7223 , 115.3336 , 123.8067 , 127.1414 , 133.5228 , 139.7945 , 155.3263 , 171.5819 , 195.8048 , 205.7491 , 214.4137 , 245.3767
(1980-2011)
214.41 1,798 31,502 27   245.38

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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