U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Saudi Arabia  

Country Analysis Brief Overview

  • Saudi Arabia has 16% of the world's proved oil reserves, is the largest exporter of total petroleum liquids in the world, and maintains the world's largest crude oil production capacity.
  • More than half of Saudi Arabia's oil reserves are contained in eight fields. The giant Ghawar field, the world's largest oil field with estimated remaining reserves of 75 billion barrels, has more proved oil reserves than all but seven other countries.
  • Saudi Arabia is the second-largest petroleum exporter to the United States, after Canada.
  • Saudi Arabia has the world's fifth-largest natural gas reserves, but natural gas production remains limited.
  • Saudi Arabia plans to increase electricity generating capacity to 120 gigawatts (GW) by 2032 to meet the country's rapidly growing demand for electricity.

Read full Saudi Arabia Analysis Brief »

Analysis Last Updated: September 10, 2014


Overview data for Saudi Arabia

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Saudi Arabia
Middle East
OPEC
World
Rank
Saudi Arabia
Total Oil Production 10285.0000 , 10265.0000 , 6929.0000 , 5430.0000 , 5033.0000 , 3778.0100 , 5254.6397 , 4673.7174 , 5577.2036 , 5555.1807 , 7018.8336 , 8789.9018 , 9036.0745 , 8893.5685 , 9101.1643 , 9235.0379 , 9237.9312 , 9400.1307 , 9471.6531 , 8907.0162 , 9475.7490 , 9156.6400 , 8809.5067 , 10076.8106 , 10796.2413 , 11496.3079 , 11098.4388 , 10748.6227 , 11428.6002 , 10314.7119 , 10908.3547 , 11466.7108 , 11840.6771 , 11701.5054 , 11623.6971
(1980-2014)
11,701.51 27,492 36,448 90,923 2 11,623.70
Crude Oil Production 9900.0000 , 9815.0000 , 6483.0000 , 5086.0000 , 4663.0000 , 3388.0000 , 4870.0000 , 4265.0000 , 5086.0000 , 5064.0000 , 6410.0000 , 8115.0000 , 8331.7000 , 8197.8080 , 8120.0000 , 8231.2329 , 8218.0751 , 8362.0330 , 8388.9041 , 7833.3900 , 8403.7992 , 8031.0959 , 7634.3959 , 8775.0000 , 9100.8197 , 9550.1370 , 9152.3288 , 8721.5068 , 9261.2510 , 8250.1124 , 8900.0000 , 9458.3562 , 9832.3224 , 9693.1507 , 9735.3425
(1980-2014)
9,693.15 24,061 32,488 76,248 2 9,735.34
Consumption 610.0000 , 670.0000 , 720.0000 , 790.0000 , 850.0000 , 939.0000 , 973.9920 , 974.9998 , 989.9990 , 950.0000 , 1106.9520 , 1158.9293 , 1219.1179 , 1260.2064 , 1286.2689 , 1254.5407 , 1331.6793 , 1383.5955 , 1439.3591 , 1479.2242 , 1537.1013 , 1606.2994 , 1676.2477 , 1774.5891 , 1884.4138 , 1963.6436 , 2020.0208 , 2094.3299 , 2236.9875 , 2436.1162 , 2579.7331 , 2760.9106 , 2861.0000 , 2968.2900
(1980-2013)
2,861.00 7,871 8,764 89,721 8 2,968.29
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports 9675.0000 , 9595.0000 , 6209.0000 , 4640.0000 , 4183.0000 , 2839.0100 , 4280.6477 , 3698.7176 , 4587.2046 , 4605.1807 , 5911.8816 , 7630.9724 , 7816.9566 , 7633.3621 , 7814.8954 , 7980.4973 , 7906.2518 , 8016.5351 , 8032.2940 , 7427.7920 , 7938.6476 , 7550.3405 , 7133.2590 , 8302.2215 , 8911.8275 , 9532.6643 , 9078.4180 , 8654.2928 , 9191.6127 , 7878.5957 , 8328.6216 , 8705.8003 , 8979.6771 , 8733.2154
(1980-2013)
8,979.68 20,028 28,672 -- 1 8,733.22
Refinery Capacity 487.0000 , 487.0000 , 487.0000 , 705.0000 , 860.0000 , 840.0000 , 1115.0000 , 1125.0000 , 1375.0000 , 1375.0000 , 1484.0000 , 1863.0000 , 1862.5000 , 1862.5000 , 1614.0000 , 1661.2000 , 1655.7000 , 1655.7000 , 1650.7000 , 1685.0000 , 1710.0000 , 1745.0000 , 1745.0000 , 1745.0000 , 1745.0000 , 1745.0000 , 2095.0000 , 2095.0000 , 2080.0000 , 2080.0000 , 2080.0000 , 2080.0000 , 2112.0000
(1980-2012)
2,080 7,245 8,987 88,097 9 2,112
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 166.4800 , 168.0300 , 167.8500 , 165.3200 , 168.8475 , 171.7100 , 171.4900 , 169.1800 , 169.5850 , 172.5750 , 257.5590 , 260.0040 , 260.3420 , 260.3420 , 261.2030 , 261.2030 , 261.2030 , 261.5000 , 261.5000 , 261.5000 , 263.5000 , 261.7000 , 261.7500 , 261.8000 , 261.9000 , 261.9000 , 266.8100 , 262.3000 , 266.7510 , 266.7100 , 262.4000 , 262.6000 , 267.0200 , 267.9100 , 268.3500 , 268.2890
(1980-2015)
268.35 804 1,206 1,656 3 268.29
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Saudi Arabia
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Saudi Arabia
Production 334.0000 , 564.0000 , 430.0000 , 418.0000 , 620.0000 , 716.0000 , 890.0000 , 946.3000 , 1027.6000 , 1052.3800 , 1077.0000 , 1130.0000 , 1200.7100 , 1267.8085 , 1331.3700 , 1343.3800 , 1459.9221 , 1601.1821 , 1653.4483 , 1631.5530 , 1759.0402 , 1896.0624 , 2002.3605 , 2121.0189 , 2319.4892 , 2515.8406 , 2594.2399 , 2628.1423 , 2840.7386 , 2770.4618 , 3095.7129 , 3258.1619 , 3507.8390 , 3637.4450
(1980-2013)
3,507.84 19,215 118,910 9   3,637.45
Consumption 334.0000 , 564.0000 , 430.0000 , 418.0000 , 620.0000 , 716.0000 , 890.0000 , 946.3000 , 1027.6000 , 1052.3800 , 1077.0000 , 1130.0000 , 1200.7100 , 1267.8085 , 1331.3700 , 1343.3800 , 1459.9221 , 1601.1821 , 1653.4483 , 1631.5530 , 1759.0402 , 1896.0624 , 2002.3605 , 2121.0189 , 2319.4892 , 2515.8406 , 2594.2399 , 2628.1423 , 2840.7386 , 2770.4618 , 3095.7129 , 3258.1619 , 3507.8390 , 3637.4450
(1980-2013)
3,507.84 14,749 119,568 7   3,637.45
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1990-2012)
0.00 4,243 -- 64   0.00
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
95.7300 , 112.4000 , 118.1500 , 121.1900 , 125.1535 , 127.4150 , 125.1050 , 130.1900 , 146.0500 , 151.9980 , 187.3470 , 185.3550 , 184.5480 , 183.1000 , 185.8600 , 185.9000 , 185.9000 , 189.1000 , 190.5000 , 204.5000 , 204.5000 , 213.8000 , 219.5000 , 224.7000 , 231.1000 , 235.0000 , 241.8400 , 240.0000 , 253.1070 , 258.4700 , 263.5000 , 275.7000 , 283.5000 , 287.8440 , 290.8110 , 294.3110
(1980-2015)
290.81 2,813 6,973 5   294.31
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Saudi Arabia
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Saudi Arabia
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 1 8,444 68   0.000
Consumption 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 19 8,285 115   0.000
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 -17 -- 87   0.000
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Saudi Arabia
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Saudi Arabia
Net Generation 20.4520 , 26.9500 , 32.9120 , 35.1900 , 40.0690 , 44.3110 , 47.6460 , 50.6490 , 57.2290 , 61.5680 , 64.8990 , 69.2120 , 74.0090 , 82.1830 , 91.0190 , 97.8460 , 101.1140 , 107.5460 , 114.6240 , 112.8000 , 118.6200 , 125.6530 , 133.2330 , 143.8200 , 150.2820 , 165.5570 , 170.5480 , 179.1030 , 191.9480 , 204.0570 , 225.6630 , 235.0720 , 255.3790
(1980-2012)
235.07 853 21,182 17   255.38
Net Consumption 19.1030 , 23.1800 , 29.1790 , 31.9860 , 37.9070 , 40.2810 , 46.9010 , 47.3880 , 52.2600 , 57.1330 , 60.9140 , 64.3380 , 67.8190 , 75.4320 , 85.1630 , 91.8890 , 94.5510 , 99.5210 , 108.2440 , 107.1310 , 109.4890 , 118.0780 , 123.4040 , 136.8180 , 137.3550 , 146.9780 , 156.7500 , 163.4130 , 174.2360 , 186.0920 , 204.2750 , 211.5640 , 231.5990
(1980-2012)
211.56 747 19,397 18   231.60
Installed Capacity (GWe) 7.3590 , 9.1450 , 10.9740 , 12.1230 , 15.0710 , 15.2490 , 15.5810 , 16.8610 , 16.9090 , 19.0590 , 19.4590 , 19.3110 , 19.2580 , 19.7860 , 19.7110 , 19.8550 , 21.1350 , 21.6600 , 22.4580 , 22.9170 , 23.7920 , 25.2820 , 28.4570 , 30.2190 , 30.6730 , 33.5350 , 35.8850 , 36.5590 , 39.2420 , 44.4850 , 49.0500 , 51.1480 , 53.6235
(1980-2012)
51.15 218 5,315 19   53.62
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Saudi Arabia
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Saudi Arabia
Production 22.4342 , 22.4370 , 15.1044 , 11.9226 , 11.2896 , 8.6419 , 12.0362 , 10.8418 , 12.8564 , 12.8088 , 15.9203 , 19.7470 , 20.3921 , 20.1080 , 20.3903 , 20.6591 , 20.8153 , 21.2433 , 21.4151 , 20.1783 , 21.5931 , 20.9456 , 20.2696 , 23.0489 , 24.1590 , 25.4401 , 24.6105 , 23.7360 , 25.1682 , 22.9335 , 24.9310 , 26.4002 , 27.6635
(1980-2012)
26.400 76 519 4   27.663
Consumption 1.6633 , 2.0248 , 1.9674 , 2.1231 , 2.4668 , 2.7102 , 3.0146 , 3.0725 , 3.1836 , 3.1265 , 3.3474 , 3.4990 , 3.6636 , 2.9092 , 3.9005 , 3.8257 , 4.1044 , 4.3656 , 4.5432 , 4.6022 , 4.8528 , 5.1387 , 5.3835 , 5.7613 , 6.2077 , 6.5260 , 6.8456 , 6.8965 , 7.4144 , 7.6734 , 8.3199 , 8.8590 , 9.3144
(1980-2012)
8.859 31 520 12   9.314
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
4983.7542 , 5795.1320 , 6333.7932 , 7446.9051 , 8927.9172 , 10252.2738 , 10851.5345 , 11518.9704 , 11028.1961 , 10823.7038 , 10697.5665 , 10249.1144 , 10256.3975 , 8142.1859 , 10844.4818 , 10615.3555 , 11015.8804 , 11420.7915 , 11557.8713 , 11796.2863 , 11861.4260 , 12491.9268 , 13070.3821 , 12992.3351 , 13298.6449 , 13244.9426 , 13468.3467 , 13300.1050 , 13718.8306 , 14184.4791 , 14767.1820 , 14798.4631
(1980-2011)
14,767 11,326 7,415 17   14,798
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Saudi Arabia
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Saudi Arabia
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
176.9224 , 175.2175 , 165.5691 , 166.3192 , 184.0132 , 179.2168 , 190.0857 , 191.1534 , 200.2486 , 198.8782 , 208.0243 , 226.4377 , 235.4644 , 232.9276 , 239.9325 , 235.2888 , 250.0802 , 255.1150 , 258.1793 , 264.0445 , 290.5394 , 301.3402 , 311.6248 , 347.2572 , 388.7630 , 401.9268 , 402.4229 , 392.6935 , 421.6363 , 437.6852 , 506.5964 , 551.3895 , 582.6702
(1980-2012)
551.39 1,959 32,155 10   582.67

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013