U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Saudi Arabia  

Country Analysis Brief Overview

  • Saudi Arabia has almost one-fifth of the world's proven oil reserves, is the largest producer and exporter of total petroleum liquids in the world, and maintains the world's largest oil production capacity.
  • Over half of its oil reserves are contained in only eight fields. The giant Ghawar field, the world's largest oil field with estimated remaining reserves of 70 billion barrels, has more proven oil reserves than all but seven other countries.
  • Although Far East Asia is received an estimated 54 percent of Saudi Arabia's crude oil exports in 2012, Saudi Arabia still ranked second after Canada as a petroleum exporter to the United States.
  • Saudi Arabia has the world's fifth largest natural gas reserves, but natural gas production remains limited.
  • Saudi Arabia plans to increase generating capacity from 55 gigawatts (GW) to 120 GW by 2020 in order to meet a rapidly growing demand for electricity.

Read full Saudi Arabia Analysis Brief »

Analysis Last Updated: February 26, 2013


Overview data for Saudi Arabia

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Saudi Arabia
Middle East
OPEC
World
Rank
Saudi Arabia
Total Oil Production 10285.0000 , 10265.0000 , 6929.0000 , 5430.0000 , 5033.0000 , 3778.0100 , 5254.6397 , 4673.7174 , 5577.2036 , 5555.1807 , 7018.8336 , 8789.9018 , 9036.0745 , 8893.5685 , 9101.1643 , 9235.0379 , 9237.9312 , 9400.1307 , 9471.6531 , 8907.0162 , 9475.7490 , 9156.6400 , 8809.5067 , 10076.8106 , 10496.2413 , 11096.3079 , 10665.4388 , 10248.6227 , 10782.2969 , 9819.1723 , 10642.3273 , 11264.2588 , 11725.6771 , 11591.8615
(1980-2013)
11,725.68 27,671 37,052 89,757 1 11,591.86
Crude Oil Production 9900.0000 , 9815.0000 , 6483.0000 , 5086.0000 , 4663.0000 , 3388.0000 , 4870.0000 , 4265.0000 , 5086.0000 , 5064.0000 , 6410.0000 , 8115.0000 , 8331.7000 , 8197.8080 , 8120.0000 , 8231.2329 , 8218.0751 , 8362.0330 , 8388.9041 , 7833.3900 , 8403.7992 , 8031.0959 , 7634.3959 , 8775.0000 , 9100.8197 , 9550.1370 , 9152.3288 , 8721.5068 , 9261.2510 , 8250.1124 , 8900.0000 , 9458.3562 , 9832.3224 , 9684.6575
(1980-2013)
9,832.32 24,447 33,173 75,887 2 9,684.66
Consumption 610.0000 , 670.0000 , 720.0000 , 790.0000 , 850.0000 , 939.0000 , 973.9920 , 974.9998 , 989.9990 , 950.0000 , 1106.9520 , 1158.9293 , 1219.1179 , 1260.2063 , 1286.2689 , 1254.5407 , 1331.6793 , 1383.5955 , 1439.3591 , 1479.2242 , 1537.1013 , 1606.2994 , 1676.2477 , 1774.5891 , 1884.4138 , 1963.6436 , 2020.0208 , 2144.4487 , 1979.8950 , 2194.5398 , 2371.3800 , 2816.0000 , 2861.0000
(1980-2012)
2,816.00 7,537 8,152 88,744 6 2,861.00 E
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports 9675.0000 , 9595.0000 , 6209.0000 , 4640.0000 , 4183.0000 , 2839.0100 , 4280.6477 , 3698.7176 , 4587.2046 , 4605.1807 , 5911.8816 , 7630.9724 , 7816.9566 , 7633.3622 , 7814.8954 , 7980.4973 , 7906.2518 , 8016.5351 , 8032.2940 , 7427.7920 , 7938.6476 , 7550.3405 , 7133.2590 , 8302.2215 , 8611.8275 , 9132.6643 , 8645.4180 , 8104.1741 , 8802.4019 , 7624.6326 , 8270.9473 , 8448.2588 , 8864.6771
(1980-2012)
8,448.26 19,876 27,431 -- 183 8,864.68
Refinery Capacity 487.0000 , 487.0000 , 487.0000 , 705.0000 , 860.0000 , 840.0000 , 1115.0000 , 1125.0000 , 1375.0000 , 1375.0000 , 1484.0000 , 1863.0000 , 1862.5000 , 1862.5000 , 1614.0000 , 1661.2000 , 1655.7000 , 1655.7000 , 1650.7000 , 1685.0000 , 1710.0000 , 1745.0000 , 1745.0000 , 1745.0000 , 1745.0000 , 1745.0000 , 2095.0000 , 2095.0000 , 2080.0000 , 2080.0000 , 2080.0000 , 2080.0000 , 2112.0000
(1980-2012)
2,080 7,245 8,987 88,097 9 2,112
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 166.4800 , 168.0300 , 167.8500 , 165.3200 , 168.8475 , 171.7100 , 171.4900 , 169.1800 , 169.5850 , 172.5750 , 257.5590 , 260.0040 , 260.3420 , 260.3420 , 261.2030 , 261.2030 , 261.2030 , 261.5000 , 261.5000 , 261.5000 , 263.5000 , 261.7000 , 261.7500 , 261.8000 , 261.9000 , 261.9000 , 266.8100 , 262.3000 , 266.7510 , 266.7100 , 262.4000 , 262.6000 , 267.0200 , 267.9100
(1980-2013)
267.02 800 1,113 1,526 2 267.91
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Saudi Arabia
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Saudi Arabia
Production 334.0000 , 564.0000 , 430.0000 , 418.0000 , 620.0000 , 716.0000 , 890.0000 , 946.3000 , 1027.6000 , 1052.3800 , 1077.0000 , 1130.0000 , 1200.7100 , 1267.8085 , 1331.3700 , 1343.3800 , 1459.9221 , 1601.1821 , 1653.4483 , 1631.5530 , 1759.0402 , 1896.0624 , 2002.3605 , 2121.0189 , 2319.4892 , 2515.8406 , 2594.2399 , 2628.1423 , 2840.7386 , 2770.4618 , 3095.7129 , 3258.1619 , 3584.9264
(1980-2012)
3,258.16 18,332 116,255 8   3,584.93
Consumption 334.0000 , 564.0000 , 430.0000 , 418.0000 , 620.0000 , 716.0000 , 890.0000 , 946.3000 , 1027.6000 , 1052.3800 , 1077.0000 , 1130.0000 , 1200.7100 , 1267.8085 , 1331.3700 , 1343.3800 , 1459.9221 , 1601.1821 , 1653.4483 , 1631.5530 , 1759.0402 , 1896.0624 , 2002.3605 , 2121.0189 , 2319.4892 , 2515.8406 , 2594.2399 , 2628.1423 , 2840.7386 , 2770.4618 , 3095.7129 , 3258.1619 , 3584.9264
(1980-2012)
3,258.16 14,089 116,395 6   3,584.93
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1990-2012)
0.00 4,243 -- 64   0.00
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
95.7300 , 112.4000 , 118.1500 , 121.1900 , 125.1535 , 127.4150 , 125.1050 , 130.1900 , 146.0500 , 151.9980 , 187.3470 , 185.3550 , 184.5480 , 183.1000 , 185.8600 , 185.9000 , 185.9000 , 189.1000 , 190.5000 , 204.5000 , 204.5000 , 213.8000 , 219.5000 , 224.7000 , 231.1000 , 235.0000 , 241.8400 , 240.0000 , 253.1070 , 258.4700 , 263.5000 , 275.7000 , 283.5000 , 287.8400
(1980-2013)
283.50 2,800 6,845 5   287.84
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Saudi Arabia
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Saudi Arabia
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2011)
0.000 1 7,934 66   0.000
Consumption 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2011)
0.000 16 7,751 113   0.000
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2011)
0.000 -15 -- 85   0.000
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Saudi Arabia
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Saudi Arabia
Net Generation 20.4520 , 26.9500 , 32.9120 , 35.1900 , 40.0690 , 44.3110 , 47.6460 , 50.6490 , 57.2290 , 61.5680 , 64.8990 , 69.2120 , 74.0090 , 82.1830 , 91.0190 , 97.8460 , 101.1140 , 107.5460 , 114.6240 , 112.8000 , 118.6200 , 125.6530 , 133.2330 , 143.8200 , 150.2820 , 165.5570 , 170.5480 , 179.1030 , 191.9480 , 204.0570 , 225.6630 , 235.0720
(1980-2011)
225.66 830 20,254 18   235.07
Net Consumption 19.1030 , 23.1800 , 29.1790 , 31.9860 , 37.9070 , 40.2810 , 46.9010 , 47.3880 , 52.2600 , 57.1330 , 60.9140 , 64.3380 , 67.8190 , 75.4320 , 85.1630 , 91.8890 , 94.5510 , 99.5210 , 108.2440 , 107.1310 , 109.4890 , 118.0780 , 123.4040 , 136.8180 , 137.3550 , 146.9780 , 156.7500 , 163.4130 , 174.2360 , 186.0920 , 204.2750 , 211.5640
(1980-2011)
204.28 718 18,501 18   211.56
Installed Capacity (GWe) 7.3590 , 9.1450 , 10.9740 , 12.1230 , 15.0710 , 15.2490 , 15.5810 , 16.8610 , 16.9090 , 19.0590 , 19.4590 , 19.3110 , 19.2580 , 19.7860 , 19.7110 , 19.8550 , 21.1350 , 21.6600 , 22.4580 , 22.9170 , 23.7920 , 25.2820 , 28.4570 , 30.2190 , 30.6730 , 33.5350 , 35.8850 , 36.5590 , 39.2420 , 44.4850 , 49.0500 , 51.1480
(1980-2011)
49.05 207 5,086 19   51.15
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Saudi Arabia
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Saudi Arabia
Production 22.4342 , 22.4370 , 15.1044 , 11.9226 , 11.2896 , 8.6419 , 12.0362 , 10.8418 , 12.8564 , 12.8088 , 15.9203 , 19.7470 , 20.3921 , 20.1080 , 20.3903 , 20.6591 , 20.8153 , 21.2433 , 21.4151 , 20.1783 , 21.5931 , 20.9456 , 20.2696 , 23.0489 , 24.1590 , 25.4401 , 24.6105 , 23.7360 , 25.1682 , 22.8370 , 24.7442 , 26.2289
(1980-2011)
24.744 70 509 4   26.229
Consumption 1.6633 , 2.0248 , 1.9674 , 2.1231 , 2.4668 , 2.7102 , 3.0146 , 3.0725 , 3.1836 , 3.1265 , 3.3474 , 3.4990 , 3.6636 , 2.9092 , 3.9005 , 3.8257 , 4.1044 , 4.3656 , 4.5432 , 4.6022 , 4.8528 , 5.1387 , 5.3835 , 5.7613 , 6.2077 , 6.5255 , 6.8456 , 6.1847 , 7.4500 , 7.2252 , 7.8489 , 8.5065
(1980-2011)
7.849 29 511 13   8.506
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
4983.7542 , 5795.1320 , 6333.7932 , 7446.9051 , 8927.9172 , 10252.2738 , 10851.5345 , 11518.9704 , 11028.1961 , 10823.7038 , 10697.5665 , 10249.1144 , 10256.3975 , 8142.1859 , 10844.4818 , 10615.3555 , 11015.8804 , 11420.7915 , 11557.8713 , 11796.2863 , 11861.4260 , 12491.9268 , 13070.3821 , 12992.3351 , 13298.6449 , 13243.9544 , 13468.3467 , 11927.4901 , 13784.8320 , 13356.0107 , 13931.2542 , 14209.5624
(1980-2011)
13,931 10,945 7,452 17   14,210
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Saudi Arabia
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Saudi Arabia
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
176.9224 , 175.2175 , 165.5691 , 166.3192 , 184.0132 , 179.2168 , 190.0857 , 191.1534 , 200.2486 , 198.8782 , 208.0243 , 226.4377 , 235.4644 , 232.9276 , 239.9325 , 235.2888 , 250.0802 , 255.1150 , 258.1793 , 264.0445 , 290.5394 , 301.3402 , 311.6248 , 347.2572 , 388.7630 , 401.9268 , 402.4229 , 392.6935 , 421.6363 , 437.6852 , 468.7276 , 513.5268
(1980-2011)
468.73 1,798 31,502 12   513.53

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013