U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Japan  

Country Analysis Brief Overview

  • Japan is the world's largest liquefied natural gas importer, second-largest coal importer, and third-largest net importer of crude oil and oil products.
  • Japan is the third-largest petroleum consumer in the world. The country relies almost solely on imports to meet its oil consumption needs because Japan's oil resources are very limited.
  • The government's energy strategy plan encourages Japanese companies to increase energy exploration and development projects around the world to secure a stable supply of oil and natural gas.
  • Japan, the third-largest global net oil importer, is highly dependent on the Middle East for most of its supply. The country is seeking to diversify its supply sources in Russia, Southeast Asia, and West Africa.
  • Japan relies on LNG imports for virtually all of its natural gas supply and ranks as the world's largest LNG importer.
  • Japan have accounted for about 37% of global LNG purchases since 2012, as the Fukushima disaster spurred greater demand for LNG in the power sector. Nearly a third of the country's LNG imports are from Southeast Asia, but Japan has a diverse portfolio of supply sources.
  • Japan was the world's third-largest producer of nuclear power, after the United States and France, before the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident in March 2011. After the Fukushima disaster, the composition of fuel used for power generation shifted to fossil fuels, particularly LNG, which became the primary substitutes for nuclear power.
  • As of the second half of 2013, all of Japan's nuclear power generation capacity was removed from service. Oil and natural gas replaced all of the lost nuclear generation in 2011 and 2012, and coal supplanted some in 2013. As nuclear capacity resumes operation following government approval of facilities, Japan anticipates reducing the current share of fossil fuel generation.

Read full Japan Analysis Brief »

Analysis Last Updated: January 30, 2015


Overview data for Japan

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Japan
Asia & Oceania
OECD
World
Rank
Japan
Total Oil Production 39.5000 , 38.0000 , 44.0000 , 38.5000 , 46.4000 , 50.5500 , 52.3309 , 54.9015 , 59.5345 , 62.5673 , 66.5884 , 77.4767 , 81.6583 , 84.5428 , 81.6512 , 90.9501 , 99.9762 , 101.0728 , 104.4481 , 109.4833 , 112.1991 , 121.0593 , 120.1748 , 116.5688 , 123.3917 , 128.4547 , 131.5628 , 132.4442 , 125.2716 , 137.6242 , 142.4722 , 136.2570 , 135.5125 , 135.4378
(1980-2013)
135.51 9,086 22,538 90,457 45 135.44
Crude Oil Production 10.0000 , 7.0000 , 9.0000 , 9.0000 , 8.0000 , 11.0000 , 13.0000 , 12.0000 , 12.0000 , 11.0000 , 11.0000 , 14.9230 , 17.0000 , 12.4510 , 10.8380 , 11.0000 , 11.5874 , 9.9500 , 8.9800 , 7.9178 , 7.0000 , 6.3342 , 5.3315 , 5.0000 , 6.0000 , 6.5808 , 6.0000 , 5.6658 , 6.0000 , 5.3288 , 4.9945 , 5.0000 , 5.0000 , 4.6658
(1980-2013)
5.00 7,739 15,667 76,160 79 4.67
Consumption 4960.0000 , 4848.0000 , 4582.0000 , 4395.0000 , 4666.0000 , 4436.0000 , 4503.0000 , 4567.0000 , 4849.0000 , 5058.0000 , 5293.0000 , 5357.0000 , 5446.0000 , 5364.0000 , 5622.0000 , 5659.0000 , 5704.0000 , 5667.0000 , 5472.0000 , 5606.0000 , 5480.1404 , 5379.6427 , 5286.9088 , 5397.2849 , 5288.0158 , 5298.1047 , 5168.2249 , 5009.2079 , 4769.6052 , 4362.7942 , 4429.2359 , 4442.4455 , 4694.7563 , 4530.8249
(1980-2013)
4,694.76 29,419 45,868 89,721 4 4,530.82
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -4920.5000 , -4810.0000 , -4538.0000 , -4356.5000 , -4619.6000 , -4385.4500 , -4450.6691 , -4512.0985 , -4789.4655 , -4995.4327 , -5226.4116 , -5279.5233 , -5364.3417 , -5279.4572 , -5540.3488 , -5568.0499 , -5604.0238 , -5565.9272 , -5367.5519 , -5496.5167 , -5367.9413 , -5258.5834 , -5166.7340 , -5280.7161 , -5164.6241 , -5169.6500 , -5036.6621 , -4876.7637 , -4644.3336 , -4225.1700 , -4286.7637 , -4306.1885 , -4559.2438 , -4395.3871
(1980-2013)
-4,559.24 -20,333 -23,330 -- 215 -4,395.39
Refinery Capacity 5708.0000 , 5662.0000 , 5809.0000 , 5731.0000 , 5173.0000 , 4966.0000 , 4723.0000 , 4790.0000 , 4567.0000 , 4363.0000 , 4198.0000 , 4383.0000 , 4612.4500 , 4740.6500 , 4810.1500 , 4846.6500 , 4866.9500 , 4989.0200 , 4966.0200 , 5059.4600 , 4997.6600 , 4962.0850 , 4786.3400 , 4766.9400 , 4702.9400 , 4706.9400 , 4671.9400 , 4676.6900 , 4650.7000 , 4690.7000 , 4623.6900 , 4729.8900 , 4729.8900
(1980-2012)
4,730 24,875 45,873 88,097 4 4,730
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.0550 , 0.0520 , 0.0700 , 0.0600 , 0.0580 , 0.0560 , 0.0620 , 0.0570 , 0.0568 , 0.0545 , 0.0608 , 0.0630 , 0.0598 , 0.0599 , 0.0542 , 0.0493 , 0.0489 , 0.0504 , 0.0602 , 0.0602 , 0.0586 , 0.0586 , 0.0586 , 0.0585 , 0.0585 , 0.0585 , 0.0585 , 0.0585 , 0.0441 , 0.0441 , 0.0441 , 0.0441 , 0.0441 , 0.0441 , 0.0441 , 0.0441
(1980-2015)
0.04 46 233 1,656 73 0.04
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Japan
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Japan
Production 77.5871 , 74.2321 , 72.2898 , 73.6318 , 75.3269 , 78.5759 , 74.3381 , 76.5629 , 74.0556 , 70.9478 , 211.2190 , 218.6705 , 219.4121 , 224.9212 , 216.2337 , 222.5904 , 212.9141 , 205.4980 , 197.9053 , 201.1896 , 205.2155 , 193.2084 , 218.6705 , 184.8034 , 200.8717 , 190.6657 , 178.9411 , 189.1825 , 184.9447 , 176.0806 , 171.1012 , 173.5026 , 168.4526 , 161.3896
(1980-2013)
168.45 17,146 118,910 51   161.39
Consumption 903.0000 , 924.6173 , 955.8358 , 1020.3563 , 1372.3056 , 1467.6000 , 1494.0000 , 1543.0000 , 1618.0000 , 1731.0000 , 2028.1051 , 2175.2274 , 2177.0638 , 2217.1816 , 2333.6152 , 2409.2246 , 2524.3162 , 2590.2140 , 2675.5703 , 2818.3842 , 2913.9113 , 2902.3986 , 3099.8094 , 3099.8094 , 3124.3181 , 3110.0861 , 3433.9247 , 3748.0869 , 3667.2155 , 3653.0189 , 3861.4834 , 4462.3328 , 4471.9385 , 4492.3505
(1980-2013)
4,471.94 22,967 119,568 6   4,492.35
Net Export/Imports(-) -1795.2380 , -1898.1106 , -1931.5539 , -1975.2386 , -2100.2890 , -2157.3227 , -2299.6775 , -2372.6030 , -2461.8087 , -2576.4058 , -2677.6186 , -2690.6145 , -2720.1732 , -2894.1349 , -2868.4256 , -2857.5132 , -3130.0744 , -3377.0675 , -3368.7332 , -3280.6222 , -3488.6629 , -4112.6083 , -4294.6925 , -4337.4942
(1990-2013)
-4,294.69 ############## -- 3   -4,337.49
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
0.6000 , 0.5000 , 0.8000 , 0.7200 , 0.9000 , 0.7200 , 1.1000 , 1.0900 , 1.0300 , 1.4100 , 1.1160 , 1.1240 , 0.9680 , 0.9680 , 1.0460 , 0.9650 , 0.9580 , 1.0520 , 1.3860 , 1.3800 , 1.4140 , 1.4140 , 1.4140 , 1.4000 , 1.4000 , 1.4000 , 1.4000 , 1.4000 , 0.7380 , 0.7380 , 0.7380 , 0.7380 , 0.7380 , 0.7380 , 0.7380 , 0.7380
(1980-2015)
0.74 540 6,973 70   0.74
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Japan
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Japan
Production 22.4827 , 21.1972 , 20.1476 , 19.6222 , 19.4106 , 19.0325 , 15.2747 , 14.5307 , 13.7833 , 12.5333 , 11.3064 , 9.5824 , 8.6179 , 7.9366 , 7.4318 , 6.9633 , 6.7969 , 4.3762 , 4.0763 , 4.0675 , 3.2673 , 3.5362 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 5,529 8,444 68   0.000
Consumption 97.5711 , 105.7500 , 103.7369 , 99.0558 , 111.4150 , 117.4777 , 107.3585 , 109.9004 , 122.4073 , 122.5649 , 126.6104 , 128.7731 , 125.3052 , 126.7493 , 136.3162 , 140.7630 , 142.2235 , 148.3226 , 140.5767 , 153.1320 , 168.7980 , 173.2051 , 179.2028 , 185.3063 , 203.3643 , 196.2820 , 198.1085 , 207.5807 , 203.8030 , 181.4967 , 206.1245 , 192.8516 , 201.9324
(1980-2012)
192.852 5,482 8,285 7   201.932
Net Export/Imports(-) -73334.5701 , -84129.5053 , -84288.2381 , -78791.0114 , -92011.0315 , -98573.0910 , -95288.2032 , -95674.0121 , -108618.4544 , -109526.7590 , -113863.2519 , -119094.8216 , -116189.1289 , -117915.3484 , -128824.9240 , -133664.0708 , -135391.3927 , -144100.7548 , -136365.8360 , -148609.2082 , -165724.7967 , -170121.9167 , -178318.7040 , -185373.4967 , -203356.6042 , -196890.4458 , -197508.8425 , -207456.1002 , -204875.5893 , -181055.7431 , -205977.9006 , -192989.3659 , -201838.7215
(1980-2012)
-192.989 -39 -- 1   -201.839
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Japan
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Japan
Net Generation 546.7640 , 546.0290 , 553.7770 , 586.8350 , 618.3310 , 638.3640 , 643.5210 , 693.6680 , 725.3280 , 763.5060 , 813.3480 , 840.4040 , 848.5570 , 856.0590 , 911.0200 , 935.9220 , 955.0090 , 985.0760 , 991.2870 , 996.9450 , 989.2780 , 971.6120 , 990.1330 , 981.8710 , 1010.2060 , 1020.2150 , 1038.5290 , 1077.8410 , 1012.9180 , 985.6400 , 1044.1870 , 1032.1650 , 966.4260
(1980-2012)
1,032.17 8,494 21,182 3   966.43
Net Consumption 521.3740 , 522.1270 , 528.9400 , 560.3570 , 593.9400 , 609.7640 , 614.4420 , 663.1700 , 695.6040 , 731.6020 , 772.5840 , 797.6670 , 805.6730 , 813.4160 , 866.5550 , 890.3850 , 910.5100 , 937.5340 , 943.3240 , 949.5150 , 942.3290 , 926.2620 , 940.5250 , 932.0850 , 961.3440 , 969.7850 , 988.3040 , 1026.8520 , 961.6060 , 935.1140 , 994.8010 , 983.1580 , 921.0400
(1980-2012)
983.16 7,838 19,397 3   921.04
Installed Capacity (GWe) 142.9280 , 150.3670 , 153.8850 , 159.7890 , 164.2490 , 168.2500 , 173.6830 , 177.8440 , 181.0440 , 185.9760 , 193.9520 , 198.5590 , 205.1610 , 212.8100 , 220.4510 , 225.7860 , 235.1040 , 241.4440 , 249.1940 , 252.6010 , 258.4870 , 261.7870 , 266.2580 , 268.7300 , 273.3680 , 275.3360 , 276.8300 , 277.1590 , 279.8760 , 282.4600 , 284.8880 , 287.3140 , 293.3140
(1980-2012)
287.31 2,050 5,315 3   293.31
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Japan
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Japan
Production 2.3526 , 2.3552 , 2.4879 , 2.6344 , 2.7530 , 3.0949 , 3.1025 , 3.3497 , 3.3430 , 3.3494 , 3.5227 , 3.7002 , 3.6206 , 3.9866 , 3.8644 , 4.2548 , 4.3438 , 4.5808 , 4.6740 , 4.4696 , 4.5130 , 4.4750 , 4.1737 , 3.7396 , 4.1553 , 4.1496 , 4.3565 , 4.0005 , 3.7498 , 3.9550 , 4.2037 , 2.9628 , 1.5684
(1980-2012)
2.963 154 519 31   1.568
Consumption 15.1976 , 15.1210 , 14.5713 , 14.2931 , 15.6456 , 15.6905 , 15.7095 , 16.1997 , 17.2119 , 17.7497 , 18.7683 , 19.3188 , 19.3509 , 19.5332 , 20.3349 , 20.9414 , 21.3085 , 21.8435 , 21.4492 , 21.9428 , 22.4082 , 22.1988 , 22.1141 , 22.1145 , 22.7624 , 22.5735 , 22.8943 , 22.6954 , 21.8131 , 20.6016 , 21.7935 , 20.9145 , 20.3064
(1980-2012)
20.915 199 520 5   20.306
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
7418.2624 , 7081.8784 , 6600.5827 , 6283.0564 , 6576.6539 , 6209.9186 , 6044.0373 , 5990.7703 , 5934.1693 , 5811.5185 , 5818.1563 , 5796.4277 , 5754.0566 , 5801.9803 , 5986.0151 , 6052.9305 , 5996.4057 , 6053.2660 , 6074.9937 , 6215.7949 , 6172.8189 , 6105.3280 , 6066.3932 , 5978.8874 , 5991.0374 , 5828.8491 , 5793.8194 , 5614.2890 , 5459.9781 , 5504.2325 , 5592.7272 , 5378.2083
(1980-2011)
5,593 7,780 7,413 97   5,378
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Japan
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Japan
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
947.0143 , 945.0064 , 899.7924 , 867.1338 , 935.7363 , 926.2468 , 877.5253 , 890.4041 , 959.7669 , 989.3687 , 1046.9829 , 1066.4216 , 1073.4726 , 1064.3427 , 1118.4319 , 1116.2403 , 1134.9531 , 1157.7510 , 1113.1093 , 1156.3765 , 1201.4293 , 1193.6889 , 1199.9453 , 1249.7201 , 1256.2612 , 1241.2623 , 1239.7370 , 1254.4404 , 1216.2521 , 1104.9138 , 1180.5762 , 1200.2690 , 1259.0576
(1980-2012)
1,200.27 14,310 32,155 5   1,259.06

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013