U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Iraq  

Country Analysis Brief Overview

  • Iraq has the fifth largest proved crude oil reserves in the world, and it is the second-largest crude oil producer in OPEC.
  • Iraq holds about 18% of proved crude oil reserves in the Middle East and almost 9% of total global reserves. Despite having large reserves, increases in oil production have fallen behind ambitious targets because of infrastructure constraints and political disputes.
  • China was the largest importer of Iraq's crude oil, followed by India and the United States in 2014. About 95% of Iraq's crude oil exports came from the country's southern export terminals along the Persian Gulf in 2014, which export Iraq's Basra crude grade.
  • More than half of Iraq's gross natural gas production is vented and flared, and Iraq was ranked the fourth-largest natural gas-flaring country in the world in 2011. Iraq is taking steps to reduce flaring and instead use its natural gas resources more for power generation and for reinjection into wells to increase oil recovery.
  • After years of power shortages, Iraqi efforts to increase generating capacity are moving forward. Iraq plans to more than double its generating capacity by 2017.

Read full Iraq Analysis Brief »

Analysis Last Updated: January 30, 2015


Overview data for Iraq

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Iraq
Middle East
OPEC
World
Rank
Iraq
Total Oil Production 2526.0000 , 1009.0000 , 1021.0000 , 1014.0000 , 1218.0000 , 1447.0000 , 1696.1687 , 2086.4923 , 2699.0094 , 2944.5442 , 2064.4480 , 301.5230 , 421.4691 , 522.5952 , 567.2630 , 579.9037 , 593.4067 , 1172.3427 , 2162.1352 , 2520.2046 , 2581.9687 , 2408.8217 , 2039.7913 , 1318.0445 , 2020.5668 , 1889.4191 , 2009.4410 , 2096.6357 , 2384.5527 , 2399.1671 , 2402.8762 , 2628.9929 , 2986.6413 , 3057.6915
(1980-2013)
2,986.64 27,900 37,481 90,457 8 3,057.69
Crude Oil Production 2514.0000 , 1000.0000 , 1012.0000 , 1005.0000 , 1209.0000 , 1433.0000 , 1690.0000 , 2079.0000 , 2685.0000 , 2897.0000 , 2040.0000 , 305.0000 , 425.0000 , 511.6990 , 552.5345 , 560.0000 , 578.7980 , 1155.0000 , 2150.0411 , 2507.8767 , 2570.6831 , 2390.0000 , 2023.0000 , 1308.2473 , 2011.4699 , 1877.6575 , 1995.6027 , 2086.2916 , 2375.2660 , 2390.5915 , 2399.3025 , 2625.6849 , 2983.3333 , 3054.3836
(1980-2013)
2,983.33 24,466 33,392 76,160 8 3,054.38
Consumption 217.0000 , 214.0000 , 205.0000 , 250.0000 , 240.0000 , 258.3085 , 279.2170 , 285.0313 , 319.7230 , 349.9700 , 400.0000 , 262.8027 , 341.4373 , 409.1271 , 456.5953 , 474.1268 , 469.4598 , 443.3524 , 447.3640 , 451.2948 , 462.3151 , 489.0790 , 497.3730 , 457.3788 , 502.6603 , 541.0284 , 532.9929 , 567.3507 , 584.0330 , 623.8105 , 677.2514 , 691.8672 , 740.0000 , 769.0000
(1980-2013)
740.00 7,871 8,764 89,721 25 769.00
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports 2309.0000 , 795.0000 , 816.0000 , 764.0000 , 978.0000 , 1188.6915 , 1416.9517 , 1801.4609 , 2379.2864 , 2594.5742 , 1664.4480 , 38.7203 , 80.0318 , 113.4681 , 110.6677 , 105.7770 , 123.9469 , 728.9903 , 1714.7712 , 2068.9099 , 2119.6536 , 1919.7427 , 1542.4183 , 860.6657 , 1517.9065 , 1348.3907 , 1476.4481 , 1529.2850 , 1800.5197 , 1775.3566 , 1725.6247 , 1937.1257 , 2246.6413 , 2288.6915
(1980-2013)
2,246.64 20,029 28,717 -- 5 2,288.69
Refinery Capacity 169.0000 , 169.0000 , 169.0000 , 169.0000 , 169.0000 , 319.0000 , 319.0000 , 319.0000 , 319.0000 , 319.0000 , 319.0000 , 319.0000 , 318.5000 , 318.5000 , 347.5000 , 347.5000 , 347.5000 , 347.5000 , 347.5000 , 347.5000 , 347.5000 , 417.5000 , 417.5000 , 417.5000 , 587.5000 , 597.5000 , 597.5000 , 597.5000 , 597.5000 , 597.5000 , 637.5000 , 637.5000 , 637.5000
(1980-2012)
638 7,245 8,987 88,097 29 638
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 31.0000 , 30.0000 , 29.7000 , 41.0000 , 43.0000 , 44.5000 , 44.1100 , 47.1000 , 100.0000 , 100.0000 , 100.0000 , 100.0000 , 100.0000 , 100.0000 , 100.0000 , 100.0000 , 100.0000 , 112.0000 , 112.5000 , 112.5000 , 112.5000 , 112.5000 , 112.5000 , 112.5000 , 115.0000 , 115.0000 , 115.0000 , 115.0000 , 115.0000 , 115.0000 , 115.0000 , 115.0000 , 143.1000 , 141.3500 , 140.3000 , 144.2110
(1980-2015)
140.30 804 1,206 1,656 6 144.21
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Iraq
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Iraq
Production 62.0000 , 22.9500 , 24.0000 , 18.0000 , 20.0000 , 23.0000 , 45.0000 , 132.4000 , 202.3500 , 215.4200 , 148.0000 , 61.4000 , 101.0009 , 90.0533 , 111.9400 , 111.9500 , 114.4206 , 107.7108 , 104.1793 , 112.3017 , 111.2423 , 97.4694 , 83.3434 , 38.8465 , 61.8013 , 51.2068 , 63.5670 , 51.5599 , 66.3922 , 40.5416 , 45.9095 , 31.0772 , 22.8135
(1980-2012)
31.08 18,332 116,255 64   22.81
Consumption 62.0000 , 22.9500 , 24.0000 , 18.0000 , 20.0000 , 23.0000 , 27.0000 , 35.4300 , 88.2900 , 88.2900 , 77.0000 , 61.4000 , 101.0009 , 90.0533 , 111.9400 , 111.9500 , 114.4206 , 107.7108 , 104.1793 , 112.3017 , 111.2423 , 97.4694 , 83.3434 , 38.8465 , 61.8013 , 51.2068 , 63.5670 , 51.5599 , 66.3922 , 40.5416 , 45.9095 , 31.0772 , 22.8135
(1980-2012)
31.08 14,089 116,395 90   22.81
Net Export/Imports(-) 71.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1990-2012)
0.00 4,243 -- 64   0.00
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
27.5000 , 27.4500 , 27.3000 , 28.8000 , 29.0000 , 28.8000 , 29.0000 , 28.0000 , 26.3000 , 95.0000 , 95.0000 , 95.0000 , 95.0000 , 109.5000 , 109.5000 , 109.5000 , 109.5000 , 118.0000 , 109.8000 , 109.8000 , 109.8000 , 109.8000 , 109.8000 , 109.8000 , 110.0000 , 110.0000 , 111.9500 , 112.0000 , 111.9400 , 111.9400 , 111.9400 , 111.9400 , 111.5200 , 111.5200 , 111.5220 , 111.5220
(1980-2015)
111.52 2,813 6,973 12   111.52
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Iraq
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Iraq
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 1 8,444 68   0.000
Consumption 0.0011 , 0.0011 , 0.0011 , 0.0011 , 0.0011 , 0.0011 , 0.0011 , 0.0011 , 0.0011 , 0.0011 , 0.0022 , 0.0011 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 19 8,285 115   0.000
Net Export/Imports(-) -1.1023 , -1.1023 , -1.1023 , -1.1023 , -1.1023 , -1.1023 , -1.1023 , -1.1023 , -1.1023 , -1.1023 , -2.2046 , -1.1023 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 -17 -- 87   0.000
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Iraq
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Iraq
Net Generation 10.7360 , 10.3130 , 12.8690 , 15.2580 , 17.3070 , 19.7650 , 20.9890 , 22.8350 , 25.8010 , 27.1960 , 20.7200 , 19.0210 , 23.8170 , 24.7520 , 26.3480 , 27.2880 , 27.4640 , 27.8160 , 28.5660 , 27.9710 , 30.0167 , 30.3470 , 31.8572 , 26.6616 , 30.3819 , 28.8760 , 32.0984 , 31.5296 , 34.8020 , 43.0319 , 47.3953 , 51.1930 , 58.2730
(1980-2012)
51.19 853 21,182 49   58.27
Net Consumption 10.1670 , 9.8130 , 12.1860 , 14.4490 , 16.3340 , 18.7160 , 19.8750 , 21.6570 , 24.6010 , 25.9960 , 19.5200 , 17.8210 , 22.6400 , 23.5980 , 25.2170 , 26.1800 , 26.0800 , 26.6670 , 26.7810 , 25.5680 , 27.2767 , 28.1310 , 29.5312 , 24.9946 , 29.6809 , 20.9970 , 25.2254 , 20.1206 , 19.7530 , 30.1919 , 33.9863 , 39.6010 , 44.8780
(1980-2012)
39.60 747 19,397 53   44.88
Installed Capacity (GWe) 1.4140 , 1.7440 , 2.3300 , 2.9000 , 3.4000 , 4.1000 , 6.1000 , 8.0000 , 9.6000 , 9.6000 , 8.7320 , 5.5680 , 6.8680 , 6.9100 , 6.9100 , 6.9100 , 6.9100 , 6.9100 , 5.3100 , 5.3100 , 5.3100 , 5.3100 , 3.0000 , 3.4000 , 7.6100 , 9.0870 , 9.4500 , 9.4980 , 13.0780 , 14.3830 , 14.1710 , 13.9630 , 12.4660
(1980-2012)
13.96 218 5,315 49   12.47
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Iraq
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Iraq
Production 5.4500 , 2.1634 , 2.1892 , 2.1680 , 2.6105 , 3.0904 , 3.6593 , 4.5772 , 5.9703 , 6.4715 , 4.5424 , 0.7154 , 1.0183 , 1.2112 , 1.3284 , 1.3523 , 1.3904 , 2.6040 , 4.7062 , 5.4750 , 5.6224 , 5.2172 , 4.4217 , 2.8440 , 4.3781 , 4.1241 , 4.3925 , 4.5620 , 5.1827 , 5.1713 , 5.2092 , 5.6683 , 6.4483
(1980-2012)
5.668 76 519 21   6.448
Consumption 0.5240 , 0.4829 , 0.4624 , 0.5508 , 0.5382 , 0.5665 , 0.6229 , 0.6392 , 0.7675 , 0.8252 , 0.9177 , 0.6236 , 0.8389 , 0.8446 , 1.1024 , 1.1306 , 1.1247 , 1.0413 , 1.0560 , 1.0737 , 1.0842 , 1.1341 , 1.1443 , 1.0121 , 1.1251 , 1.2393 , 1.2265 , 1.3031 , 1.3371 , 1.3794 , 1.5288 , 1.5167 , 1.6215
(1980-2012)
1.517 31 520 41   1.622
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
1904.3663 , 2908.0622 , 3187.6559 , 2680.5799 , 2618.3082 , 3217.2480 , 4380.7543 , 4563.1094 , 6087.3947 , 6088.5125 , 9770.4588 , 15226.2294 , 16304.5663 , 11049.6768 , 15120.4192 , 18982.1524 , 12619.2128 , 9585.5703 , 7211.3826 , 5877.3824 , 6209.8380 , 6349.4449 , 6881.1501 , 9098.1455 , 8225.2689 , 8774.5117 , 6218.3877 , 6579.8242 , 6120.6509 , 6060.0451 , 6535.5634 , 5942.5570
(1980-2011)
6,536 11,326 7,415 77   5,943
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Iraq
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Iraq
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
51.6693 , 37.7624 , 36.7952 , 42.7437 , 42.8556 , 47.5880 , 56.1203 , 53.2961 , 59.9904 , 64.2481 , 69.1896 , 43.7032 , 57.6856 , 66.4427 , 76.9243 , 77.0901 , 76.9656 , 69.8281 , 72.1817 , 75.4374 , 73.5820 , 77.6823 , 79.5963 , 71.5837 , 78.4127 , 94.8673 , 91.4548 , 99.4307 , 104.1665 , 112.5901 , 115.3001 , 119.9522 , 130.7417
(1980-2012)
119.95 1,959 32,155 37   130.74

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013