U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Israel  

Country Analysis Note

  • As of January 2014, the Oil & Gas Journal estimated Israel's proved reserves of oil at 11.5 million barrels and its proved reserves of natural gas at 10.1 trillion cubic feet (Tcf). While neither figure places Israel in the top-40 globally, these totals are significantly higher than they were a few years ago.
  • Energy exploration over the past several years uncovered significant natural gas resources in Israel, primarily in the country's offshore areas. The Mari-B field—discovered in 2000—provided the first significant volumes of domestically-produced natural gas to Israel's markets, but in 2012 production plummeted as the field entered the final stages of depletion. In prior years, the Mari-B field met up to 40% of Israel's natural gas demand.
  • Israel began commercial production of natural gas from the Tamar field (located offshore, near Haifa) in March 2013. The natural gas produced from the Tamar field travels through existing onshore facilities at Ashdod via a pipeline that links to existing infrastructure at the Mari-B development site. Plans are moving forward on a floating LNG project that will draw natural gas supply from the Tamar field (with estimated discoveries of 10 Tcf) and the nearby Dalit field and will produce approximately 3 million tons of LNG per year (144 billion cubic feet per year) as soon as 2017. The most recent offshore discovery occurred at the Tamar Southwest exploration well, located 8 miles southwest of the Tamar Field, and the Tamar Southwest field may contain more than 500 billion cubic feet of natural gas in place.
  • The most significant find in offshore Israel is the Leviathan field, located approximately 80 miles off the coast and situated in water that is more than 5,000 feet deep. Assessments of the Leviathan field indicate that there could be as much as 19 Tcf of recoverable natural gas in place. Production could begin at Leviathan in 2016 at the earliest.
  • While historically Israel has been an importer of natural gas—most recently through the Arish-Ashkelon pipeline from Egypt and a very small portion through a newly installed floating and regasification terminal— the discoveries of the Tamar and Leviathan fields (among several others) should allow the country to become a significant exporter of natural gas in the next decade. There are competing proposals to develop pipelines and LNG infrastructure to support natural gas exports, but deliberations about how Israel will get its natural gas to market are ongoing.
  • In January 2014, the Israeli government approved plans to supply the Palestinian Authority with natural gas from Leviathan once production commences. In early 2014, Noble Energy signed a natural gas sales agreement with two Jordanian companies to supply them with natural gas from the Tamar field. The initial term of the agreement with Jordan is 15 years, for a total gross quantity of 66 billion cubic feet, with exports beginning in 2016.
  • In 2012, Israel consumed 15.4 million short tons of coal, mostly for use in electricity generation. That figure is likely to decline as Israel's natural gas sector continues its rapid growth and natural gas-fired generating capacity supplants coal-fired generating capacity.

Analysis Last Updated: March 2014


Overview data for Israel

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Israel
Middle East
OECD
World
Rank
Israel
Total Oil Production 35.0000 , 36.0000 , 1.0000 , 1.0000 , 1.0000 , 1.0000 , 1.6045 , 1.4035 , 1.4917 , 0.8429 , 0.8751 , -0.0547 , 0.1127 , 2.0844 , 2.8889 , 3.0827 , 3.5210 , 2.1088 , 3.4346 , 3.1269 , 3.6632 , 3.9139 , 2.7401 , 3.1941 , 5.9507 , 5.2457 , 3.8337 , 4.0291 , 4.0230 , 5.9812 , 5.8390 , 6.1290 , 6.1290 , 6.1290
(1980-2013)
6.13 27,671 22,534 89,757 94 6.13
Crude Oil Production 35.0000 , 36.0000 , 1.0000 , 1.0000 , 1.0000 , 1.0000 , 1.0000 , 0.2900 , 0.3560 , 0.3100 , 0.2000 , 0.2000 , 0.1860 , 0.1530 , 0.1000 , 0.1000 , 0.2000 , 0.3000 , 0.2000 , 0.2000 , 0.0800 , 0.0800 , 0.1000 , 0.0600 , 0.0750 , 0.1000 , 0.1000 , 0.1000 , 0.1000 , 0.1000 , 0.1000 , 0.3900 , 0.3900 , 0.3900
(1980-2013)
0.39 24,447 15,663 75,887 88 0.39
Consumption 160.0000 , 163.0000 , 162.0000 , 151.0000 , 126.0000 , 132.0000 , 143.0000 , 158.0000 , 168.0000 , 173.0000 , 179.0000 , 180.0000 , 181.0000 , 199.0000 , 212.0000 , 228.0000 , 221.0000 , 230.0000 , 228.0000 , 235.0000 , 252.4126 , 233.6822 , 246.8603 , 254.5836 , 248.2760 , 233.4356 , 242.1452 , 250.7663 , 246.0877 , 232.7707 , 251.2751 , 247.6271 , 281.4503
(1980-2012)
247.63 7,537 46,402 88,744 46 281.45
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -125.0000 , -127.0000 , -161.0000 , -150.0000 , -125.0000 , -131.0000 , -141.3955 , -156.5965 , -166.5083 , -172.1571 , -178.1249 , -180.0547 , -180.8873 , -196.9156 , -209.1111 , -224.9173 , -217.4790 , -227.8912 , -224.5654 , -231.8731 , -248.7494 , -229.7683 , -244.1202 , -251.3895 , -242.3253 , -228.1899 , -238.3115 , -246.7372 , -242.0647 , -226.7895 , -245.4361 , -241.4981 , -275.3213
(1980-2012)
-241.50 19,876 -24,777 -- 29 -275.32
Refinery Capacity 195.0000 , 190.0000 , 190.0000 , 190.0000 , 190.0000 , 170.0000 , 170.0000 , 180.0000 , 180.0000 , 180.0000 , 180.0000 , 180.0000 , 208.0000 , 221.0000 , 208.0000 , 220.0000 , 220.0000 , 220.0000 , 220.0000 , 220.0000 , 220.0000 , 220.0000 , 220.0000 , 220.0000 , 220.0000 , 220.0000 , 220.0000 , 220.0000 , 220.0000 , 220.0000 , 220.0000 , 220.0000 , 220.0000
(1980-2012)
220 7,245 45,873 88,097 61 220
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.0010 , 0.0010 , 0.0010 , 0.0009 , 0.0008 , 0.0008 , 0.0007 , 0.0007 , 0.0007 , 0.0016 , 0.0015 , 0.0014 , 0.0013 , 0.0034 , 0.0034 , 0.0033 , 0.0041 , 0.0041 , 0.0040 , 0.0039 , 0.0039 , 0.0039 , 0.0038 , 0.0038 , 0.0038 , 0.0020 , 0.0020 , 0.0020 , 0.0019 , 0.0019 , 0.0019 , 0.0019 , 0.0118 , 0.0115
(1980-2013)
0.01 800 223 1,526 81 0.01
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Israel
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Israel
Production 5.0000 , 5.0000 , 3.0000 , 2.0000 , 2.0000 , 2.0000 , 1.4000 , 2.1000 , 1.4100 , 1.4100 , 1.0590 , 1.0590 , 0.7600 , 1.0595 , 1.0600 , 0.7100 , 0.7063 , 0.7063 , 0.7063 , 0.3532 , 0.3532 , 0.3532 , 0.3532 , 0.7063 , 27.5457 , 26.1331 , 34.2556 , 40.2591 , 50.8536 , 41.6717 , 54.7383 , 150.8304 , 87.9344
(1980-2012)
150.83 18,332 116,255 51   87.93
Consumption 5.0000 , 5.0000 , 3.0000 , 2.0000 , 2.0000 , 2.0000 , 1.4000 , 2.1000 , 1.4126 , 1.4100 , 1.0590 , 1.0590 , 0.7600 , 1.0595 , 1.0600 , 0.7100 , 0.7063 , 0.7063 , 0.7063 , 0.3532 , 0.3532 , 0.3532 , 0.3532 , 0.7063 , 27.5457 , 26.1331 , 34.2556 , 40.2591 , 50.8536 , 101.7072 , 128.8998 , 175.6215 , 90.0533
(1980-2012)
175.62 14,089 116,395 58   90.05
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , -60.0355 , -74.1615 , -24.7911 , -2.1189
(1990-2012)
-24.79 4,243 -- 56   -2.12
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
0.1000 , 0.1000 , 0.0900 , 0.0850 , 0.0100 , 0.0080 , 0.0100 , 0.0100 , 0.0300 , 0.0300 , 0.0090 , 0.0100 , 0.0100 , 0.0150 , 0.0140 , 0.0130 , 0.0130 , 0.0120 , 0.0110 , 0.0110 , 0.0100 , 1.4700 , 1.4700 , 1.3750 , 1.3750 , 1.3750 , 1.3750 , 1.2750 , 1.0750 , 1.0750 , 1.0750 , 7.0000 , 9.5590 , 9.4820
(1980-2013)
9.56 2,800 6,845 41   9.48
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Israel
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Israel
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2011)
0.000 1 7,934 66   0.000
Consumption 0.0055 , 0.3990 , 1.0009 , 1.8574 , 2.9586 , 3.2331 , 3.5472 , 3.6001 , 3.5891 , 3.8261 , 4.1017 , 4.4765 , 5.5171 , 6.2358 , 6.6139 , 7.2411 , 8.6410 , 9.5251 , 10.2493 , 10.0036 , 11.6742 , 12.6617 , 13.7435 , 13.9611 , 14.0287 , 13.3644 , 14.3206 , 14.6541 , 14.2639 , 13.0591 , 13.5695 , 13.9090 , 15.4111
(1980-2012)
13.909 17 8,124 33   15.411
Net Export/Imports(-) -6.6139 , -399.0367 , -1092.3906 , -2355.6394 , -2943.1713 , -3377.4820 , -3400.6305 , -3879.0337 , -3898.8753 , -3926.4331 , -4408.1431 , -4323.2652 , -5988.8576 , -5932.6397 , -6748.3501 , -7816.4899 , -7889.2424 , -9705.8515 , -10622.9746 , -10579.9844 , -10931.7320 , -12587.6241 , -14050.5015 , -13552.5875 , -14110.5775 , -13982.8196 , -14061.1939 , -14870.1802 , -14080.9253 , -13054.6734 , -13569.4528 , -13569.4528
(1980-2011)
-13.569 -15 -- 15   -13.569
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Israel
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Israel
Net Generation 11.7310 , 12.2780 , 12.9470 , 13.7030 , 14.0140 , 14.4340 , 14.9600 , 16.3740 , 18.1910 , 19.2260 , 19.6430 , 20.2240 , 23.2070 , 24.4460 , 26.6250 , 28.5660 , 30.5190 , 32.9940 , 35.6880 , 36.8650 , 40.1032 , 41.3151 , 42.7719 , 44.2211 , 44.4446 , 45.6882 , 47.5260 , 50.5659 , 53.3700 , 51.4595 , 55.0307 , 56.0520
(1980-2011)
55.03 830 20,254 45   56.05
Net Consumption 10.9310 , 11.4350 , 12.1000 , 12.9970 , 13.3760 , 13.8220 , 13.6450 , 15.1110 , 16.8830 , 17.9100 , 18.1930 , 18.7970 , 21.7320 , 23.0410 , 25.2460 , 26.5750 , 28.3870 , 29.9270 , 32.4850 , 34.2550 , 37.2082 , 38.5751 , 39.9949 , 41.3141 , 41.6006 , 42.6322 , 44.3070 , 47.0579 , 48.5090 , 45.9155 , 49.4487 , 50.1900
(1980-2011)
49.45 718 18,501 45   50.19
Installed Capacity (GWe) 3.1270 , 3.4770 , 3.7870 , 4.1370 , 4.1370 , 4.1370 , 4.1420 , 4.1420 , 4.1420 , 4.1420 , 4.1400 , 4.1400 , 5.8400 , 6.1200 , 6.3500 , 6.9250 , 7.7410 , 7.8590 , 8.3300 , 8.5856 , 9.1426 , 9.6930 , 9.8910 , 10.0270 , 10.2670 , 10.6060 , 11.0920 , 11.5690 , 11.6650 , 12.0670 , 14.5310 , 13.9400
(1980-2011)
14.53 207 5,086 46   13.94
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Israel
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Israel
Production 0.0811 , 0.0831 , 0.0053 , 0.0042 , 0.0042 , 0.0042 , 0.0036 , 0.0029 , 0.0023 , 0.0022 , 0.0016 , 0.0016 , 0.0015 , 0.0017 , 0.0016 , 0.0012 , 0.0014 , 0.0016 , 0.0014 , 0.0011 , 0.0009 , 0.0007 , 0.0009 , 0.0013 , 0.0281 , 0.0271 , 0.0352 , 0.0413 , 0.0520 , 0.0434 , 0.0571 , 0.0964
(1980-2011)
.057 70 509 108   0.096
Consumption 0.3510 , 0.3670 , 0.3747 , 0.3698 , 0.3814 , 0.3568 , 0.3716 , 0.3924 , 0.4251 , 0.4437 , 0.4518 , 0.4796 , 0.5403 , 0.5324 , 0.6198 , 0.6220 , 0.6614 , 0.7142 , 0.7261 , 0.7357 , 0.8113 , 0.8741 , 0.8409 , 0.8531 , 0.8555 , 0.8720 , 0.8842 , 0.9113 , 0.8325 , 0.8771 , 0.9454 , 0.9742
(1980-2011)
0.945 29 511 58   0.974
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
5703.0056 , 5716.8023 , 5737.7667 , 5532.6130 , 5576.4833 , 5003.4359 , 5007.8596 , 4997.6945 , 5235.1341 , 5388.7270 , 5122.6747 , 5144.2406 , 5377.9491 , 5116.2643 , 5557.4379 , 5237.8372 , 5285.4308 , 5728.4316 , 5592.1169 , 5480.2024 , 5530.5385 , 5973.5275 , 5780.1430 , 5776.4610 , 5525.0845 , 5366.3634 , 5153.0994 , 5034.3779 , 4421.2122 , 4619.1498 , 4748.7090 , 4693.0111
(1980-2011)
4,749 10,945 7,452 117   4,693
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Israel
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Israel
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
23.4958 , 24.8576 , 26.0360 , 27.2520 , 27.5211 , 26.5181 , 28.0496 , 30.5450 , 32.9403 , 33.8841 , 34.9691 , 36.1376 , 41.8480 , 46.0429 , 48.5998 , 49.0751 , 49.6043 , 54.5383 , 56.4201 , 57.5826 , 60.3273 , 67.1280 , 65.5754 , 64.6392 , 66.1462 , 68.6417 , 68.6278 , 69.1615 , 66.8938 , 65.5890 , 70.5675 , 72.0951
(1980-2011)
70.57 1,798 31,502 47   72.10

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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