U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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India  

Country Analysis Brief Overview

  • India is the fourth largest energy consumer in the world after the United States, China, and Russia.
  • India was the fourth largest consumer of oil and petroleum products in the world in 2011, after the United States, China, and Japan. The country depends heavily on imported crude oil, mostly from the Middle East.
  • India had 5.5 billion barrels of proved oil reserves at the end of 2012, mostly in the western part of the country. Domestic production has stagnated in recent years, and Indian national oil companies increasingly purchase equity stakes in overseas oil fields.
  • India's government promotes the country's refining sector, and India became a net exporter of petroleum products in 2001. India has several world-class refineries in Jamnagar, and the refining industry is largely privately owned.
  • Natural gas serves as a substitute for coal for electricity generation in India. The country began importing liquefied natural gas from Qatar in 2004 and increasingly relies on imports to meet domestic natural gas needs.
  • India had 43.8 trillion cubic feet of natural gas reserves at the end of 2012, mostly located offshore. The two biggest state-owned oil companies, ONGC and Oil India, dominate the country's upstream gas sector.
  • India became the world's sixth largest liquefied natural gas importer in 2011. Indian companies have begun investing in new regasification facilities to meet rising demand.
  • Coal is India's primary source of energy. The country has the world's fifth largest coal reserves. The state retains a near-monopoly on the coal sector. The power sector makes up the majority of coal consumption.
  • India has 211 gigawatts of installed electricity capacity, mostly in coal-powered plants. Because of insufficient fuel supply, the country suffers from a severe shortage of electricity generation, leading to rolling blackouts.

Read full India Analysis Brief »

Analysis Last Updated: March 18, 2013


Overview data for India

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
India
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
    
India
Total Oil Production 185.5000 , 329.4000 , 394.5000 , 485.0000 , 525.0000 , 626.0000 , 645.7251 , 626.8734 , 654.5152 , 723.7864 , 681.8128 , 639.2672 , 602.0588 , 577.5663 , 650.6348 , 769.7145 , 750.8634 , 779.6161 , 761.3055 , 764.7845 , 772.9509 , 784.6308 , 815.8652 , 818.3335 , 846.6008 , 824.0614 , 853.3056 , 852.6438 , 874.9688 , 873.5938 , 965.3015 , 995.8053 , 990.1779 , 982.2031
(1980-2013)
990.18 9,009 89,757 21   982.20
Crude Oil Production 182.0000 , 325.0000 , 390.0000 , 480.0000 , 519.0000 , 620.0000 , 630.0000 , 609.0000 , 635.0000 , 700.0000 , 660.0000 , 615.0000 , 561.1510 , 534.0000 , 589.9001 , 703.4521 , 651.0246 , 674.6247 , 661.4219 , 652.6603 , 646.3415 , 642.3973 , 664.7534 , 660.0274 , 683.1092 , 664.6584 , 688.6133 , 697.5310 , 693.7125 , 680.4328 , 751.3000 , 782.3408 , 776.9704 , 772.0756
(1980-2013)
776.97 7,674 75,887 25   772.08
Consumption 643.0000 , 729.0000 , 737.0000 , 773.0000 , 824.0000 , 894.9039 , 947.4376 , 987.8498 , 1083.7827 , 1149.7809 , 1168.3339 , 1190.3186 , 1274.9068 , 1311.0700 , 1413.2745 , 1574.6725 , 1680.9188 , 1765.4913 , 1844.3726 , 2031.2503 , 2127.4385 , 2183.7303 , 2263.4394 , 2346.3282 , 2429.6161 , 2512.4309 , 2690.8981 , 2800.7542 , 2863.9980 , 3112.7361 , 3255.3912 , 3410.5444 , 3621.7505
(1980-2012)
3,410.54 28,743 88,744 4   3,621.75 E
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -457.5000 , -399.6000 , -342.5000 , -288.0000 , -299.0000 , -268.9039 , -301.7125 , -360.9765 , -429.2676 , -425.9945 , -486.5211 , -551.0514 , -672.8479 , -733.5037 , -762.6397 , -804.9580 , -930.0555 , -985.8752 , -1083.0671 , -1266.4658 , -1354.4875 , -1399.0995 , -1447.5742 , -1527.9947 , -1583.0153 , -1688.3695 , -1837.5925 , -1948.1104 , -1989.0292 , -2239.1423 , -2290.0897 , -2414.7391 , -2631.5726
(1980-2012)
-2,414.74 -19,749 -- 4   -2,631.57
Refinery Capacity 557.0000 , 557.0000 , 557.0000 , 753.0000 , 779.0000 , 705.0000 , 867.0000 , 991.0000 , 1059.0000 , 1051.0000 , 1080.0000 , 1122.0000 , 1122.3600 , 1046.8270 , 1086.3710 , 1086.3710 , 1086.3710 , 1086.3710 , 1086.3710 , 1141.5110 , 1857.7420 , 2113.2400 , 2134.6250 , 2134.6250 , 2134.6250 , 2254.6250 , 2254.6250 , 2255.5400 , 2255.5400 , 2255.5400 , 2835.5400 , 4000.4880 , 4042.7610
(1980-2012)
4,000 24,875 88,097 5   4,043
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 2.6000 , 2.5800 , 2.6720 , 3.4164 , 3.4850 , 3.5000 , 3.7360 , 4.2028 , 4.2500 , 6.3542 , 7.5164 , 7.9971 , 6.1267 , 6.0491 , 5.9209 , 5.7760 , 5.8140 , 4.3331 , 4.3397 , 3.9720 , 4.8378 , 4.7279 , 4.8402 , 5.3672 , 5.3712 , 5.4169 , 5.8478 , 5.6246 , 5.6246 , 5.6246 , 5.6246 , 5.6820 , 5.6064 , 5.4761
(1980-2013)
5.61 42 1,526 22   5.48
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
India
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
India
Production 51.0000 , 64.0000 , 89.0000 , 105.6000 , 113.0000 , 135.0000 , 180.0000 , 226.7000 , 310.0000 , 315.1900 , 399.0000 , 449.0000 , 476.7525 , 531.8350 , 593.6400 , 627.5500 , 696.4118 , 716.8945 , 760.6851 , 752.2095 , 794.5875 , 851.0915 , 925.2530 , 964.0995 , 995.8830 , 1055.9185 , 1087.7020 , 1108.1847 , 1137.1430 , 1436.9674 , 1848.3871 , 1681.7003 , 1459.5158
(1980-2012)
1,681.70 17,008 116,255 19   1,459.52
Consumption 51.0000 , 64.0000 , 89.0000 , 105.6000 , 113.0000 , 135.0000 , 180.0000 , 226.7000 , 310.0000 , 315.1900 , 399.0000 , 449.0000 , 476.7525 , 531.8350 , 593.6400 , 627.5500 , 696.4118 , 716.8945 , 760.6851 , 752.2095 , 794.5875 , 851.0915 , 925.2530 , 964.0995 , 1087.7020 , 1269.2211 , 1369.8689 , 1460.6284 , 1515.0135 , 1882.6427 , 2277.4644 , 2260.5132 , 2056.3393
(1980-2012)
2,260.51 22,220 116,395 13   2,056.34
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , -91.8190 , -213.3026 , -282.1669 , -352.4437 , -377.8705 , -445.6753 , -429.0773 , -578.8129 , -596.8235
(1990-2012)
-578.81 -4,825 -- 15   -596.82
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
9.3000 , 12.0000 , 12.4300 , 14.5080 , 14.8260 , 15.0000 , 16.8800 , 17.5500 , 17.5500 , 22.8610 , 22.9730 , 25.0490 , 25.7720 , 25.9540 , 25.3540 , 24.9670 , 24.9670 , 24.2000 , 17.3560 , 18.9780 , 22.8840 , 22.8490 , 22.8650 , 26.9430 , 30.1400 , 32.5250 , 38.8800 , 37.9600 , 37.9600 , 37.9600 , 37.9600 , 37.9280 , 40.7450 , 43.8250
(1980-2013)
40.75 505 6,845 23   43.83
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
India
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
India
Production 125.8454 , 142.9477 , 149.3643 , 155.8911 , 183.8677 , 189.9349 , 208.3964 , 210.7289 , 226.4048 , 233.7848 , 247.5692 , 269.9340 , 279.4833 , 288.0924 , 300.8075 , 320.5566 , 314.8532 , 338.0524 , 343.0768 , 356.2648 , 370.0184 , 388.6750 , 395.6251 , 420.5252 , 446.6830 , 473.2664 , 500.1925 , 531.5213 , 568.4476 , 613.4021 , 611.7189 , 639.6272 , 693.5918
(1980-2012)
639.627 5,527 8,440 3   693.592
Consumption 122.9287 , 144.0126 , 150.2946 , 157.9061 , 186.7062 , 194.0652 , 208.8296 , 210.9339 , 221.8920 , 236.3785 , 247.8635 , 269.8139 , 281.8544 , 295.9596 , 312.5262 , 329.2913 , 318.6165 , 343.0084 , 354.6499 , 381.4130 , 396.1939 , 411.8445 , 419.5320 , 432.0476 , 481.4003 , 504.9082 , 539.4855 , 587.2553 , 640.5245 , 674.8780 , 662.5850 , 721.4187 , 801.0304
(1980-2012)
721.419 5,338 8,124 3   801.030
Net Export/Imports(-) -245.8154 , -586.4296 , -1322.7736 , -418.8783 , -540.1326 , -2000.6951 , -2167.1441 , -3009.3100 , -3865.8059 , -4641.8331 , -5459.7482 , -7144.0799 , -7021.7234 , -7910.1863 , -9662.8614 , -10317.6343 , -15350.7880 , -20060.9644 , -19088.7258 , -23014.0566 , -24305.9655 , -23063.6606 , -26438.9380 , -23978.5790 , -32931.5519 , -43055.1794 , -50857.3392 , -57670.7257 , -63813.9069 , -80444.4784 , -58994.6017 , -81791.5029
(1980-2011)
-58.995 -3 -- 5   -81.792
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
India
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
India
Net Generation 119.2600 , 131.1200 , 139.4100 , 144.9870 , 161.7390 , 174.9300 , 191.8960 , 208.2350 , 229.4320 , 255.1040 , 275.4950 , 300.3110 , 315.9730 , 339.3469 , 366.1180 , 396.0740 , 412.6820 , 441.1690 , 470.7650 , 504.5360 , 529.6502 , 548.9261 , 564.4665 , 599.7471 , 630.3242 , 661.4021 , 712.3026 , 771.7525 , 796.8110 , 838.7530 , 885.7480 , 974.8770
(1980-2011)
885.75 7,682 20,254 5   974.88
Net Consumption 97.8980 , 107.4420 , 113.6950 , 117.2130 , 130.4200 , 140.6450 , 154.7170 , 166.8600 , 185.9240 , 202.6810 , 219.8790 , 240.2030 , 255.6870 , 275.6749 , 297.9800 , 318.3360 , 323.0970 , 344.5040 , 360.5010 , 365.5360 , 375.9222 , 384.0831 , 402.9295 , 427.4021 , 456.4842 , 482.8571 , 532.0006 , 589.1795 , 622.0010 , 651.8430 , 698.9380 , 757.9470
(1980-2011)
698.94 7,060 18,501 5   757.95
Installed Capacity (GWe) 33.6670 , 36.6640 , 40.0070 , 44.2290 , 48.5970 , 52.8113 , 55.8740 , 60.8560 , 66.6610 , 71.5430 , 74.4480 , 77.9140 , 81.9330 , 87.0450 , 91.7810 , 94.9300 , 96.7620 , 99.1330 , 103.0630 , 108.3030 , 111.8080 , 122.5110 , 126.8880 , 131.5070 , 139.0168 , 147.1748 , 155.4238 , 168.9324 , 176.7841 , 189.1620 , 207.7220 , 237.9010
(1980-2011)
207.72 1,903 5,086 5   237.90
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
India
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
India
Production 3.1014 , 3.7296 , 3.9755 , 4.3380 , 4.9550 , 5.2662 , 5.6776 , 5.6428 , 6.1651 , 6.4678 , 6.8210 , 7.1625 , 7.3329 , 7.4851 , 8.0012 , 9.4844 , 8.7473 , 9.1668 , 9.3689 , 9.5866 , 9.8334 , 10.2934 , 9.9479 , 10.5093 , 11.0876 , 11.7386 , 12.3904 , 13.0289 , 13.5655 , 14.5676 , 15.2944 , 16.0148
(1980-2011)
15.294 154 509 6   16.015
Consumption 4.0409 , 4.6270 , 4.7388 , 4.9926 , 5.6540 , 5.9141 , 6.3585 , 6.4490 , 7.0469 , 7.4615 , 7.8792 , 8.3739 , 8.8504 , 8.7414 , 9.9554 , 11.4432 , 10.8972 , 11.4863 , 12.0273 , 12.8689 , 13.3333 , 13.8372 , 13.6647 , 14.1135 , 15.3196 , 16.3315 , 17.6308 , 18.8138 , 19.9030 , 21.4170 , 21.9198 , 23.6107
(1980-2011)
21.920 194 511 4   23.611
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
6597.7715 , 7124.6022 , 7043.2347 , 6915.6512 , 7543.3903 , 7498.0240 , 7694.4672 , 7506.9135 , 7481.8598 , 7477.1052 , 7481.9501 , 7868.0393 , 7883.6961 , 7432.2728 , 7936.4184 , 8480.5535 , 7508.4949 , 7605.9775 , 7499.7503 , 7472.5052 , 7442.2029 , 7340.5123 , 6985.8851 , 6657.9933 , 6667.1614 , 6501.6615 , 6423.3800 , 6241.6143 , 6292.6025 , 6206.2082 , 5837.7966 , 5860.3559
(1980-2011)
5,838 7,975 7,452 89   5,860
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
India
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
India
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
291.2253 , 337.7761 , 349.7444 , 367.4014 , 421.9130 , 447.3832 , 473.7386 , 486.5852 , 522.2778 , 553.4770 , 578.6187 , 620.8477 , 659.3701 , 690.7635 , 733.9060 , 870.2336 , 814.4159 , 856.0692 , 893.4308 , 951.1372 , 990.9677 , 1016.2849 , 1007.4948 , 1022.3243 , 1120.8766 , 1181.3976 , 1280.6464 , 1366.2131 , 1471.7692 , 1597.7525 , 1601.2360 , 1725.7618
(1980-2011)
1,601.24 13,840 31,502 4   1,725.76

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013