U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Ecuador  

Country Analysis Brief Overview

  • Ecuador is the smallest oil producing member of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).
  • Ecuador is the fifth-largest oil producer in Central and South America and a leading source of crude oil imports into the U.S. West Coast.
  • Ecuador's hydrocarbon resources are exclusively owned by the state, and changes to Ecuador's legal framework continue a trend towards policies of resource nationalism.
  • Oil production has been near-stagnant in Ecuador since 2007 at around 500,000 bbl/d. Substantial oil reserves are located in the Ishpingo-Tambococha-Tiputini (ITT) fields in Yasuní National Park. The fields were under moratorium from oil extraction between 2007 and the summer of 2013, an effort by the Ecuadorean government to protect biodiversity and avoid dislocation of two isolated indigenous cultures. However, on August 15, 2013, Ecuador's president Rafael Correa announced an end to the moratorium.
  • Ecuador's domestic pipeline infrastructure is old and limited. Ecuador has one international pipeline, the TransAndino. The 50,000 bbl/d pipeline connects Ecuador's oil fields with the Colombian port of Tumaco. The TransAndino pipeline has occasionally been the target of rebel attacks in Colombia.
  • Ecuador has three commercial oil refineries, with a combined capacity of 176,000 bbl/d. Ecuador and Venezuela have been in discussions to construct a new refinery, and China's Sinopec and/or CNPC might fund a portion of the project.
  • Ecuador has relatively small proven natural gas reserves and a limited natural gas market.
  • In 2011, hydroelectricity accounted for more than 50% of the country's generation. The other large source of electricity supply is a group of oil-powered conventional thermal power plants.

Read full Ecuador Analysis Brief »

Analysis Last Updated: January 16, 2014


Overview data for Ecuador

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Ecuador
Central & South America
OPEC
World
Rank
Ecuador
Total Oil Production 207.0000 , 214.0000 , 214.0000 , 240.0000 , 261.0000 , 284.0000 , 294.5507 , 175.3017 , 303.4600 , 280.5218 , 286.4783 , 300.6421 , 323.9407 , 348.6913 , 370.0085 , 395.8593 , 397.6614 , 389.3500 , 376.6890 , 374.0418 , 396.3114 , 412.5113 , 392.7186 , 411.3418 , 529.0058 , 532.7553 , 536.3799 , 511.4222 , 505.2688 , 485.7069 , 487.3080 , 500.6044 , 504.5084 , 527.0287
(1980-2013)
504.51 7,801 36,981 89,750 30 527.03
Crude Oil Production 204.0000 , 211.0000 , 211.0000 , 237.0000 , 258.0000 , 281.0000 , 293.0000 , 174.0000 , 302.0000 , 279.0000 , 285.0000 , 299.0000 , 321.0000 , 343.6700 , 365.0004 , 392.0274 , 395.7900 , 388.2410 , 375.4820 , 372.6000 , 394.9208 , 412.1836 , 392.5290 , 411.0137 , 528.2447 , 531.9764 , 535.6798 , 511.0880 , 504.7276 , 485.6203 , 486.0870 , 499.5130 , 503.5921 , 526.1124
(1980-2013)
503.59 6,639 33,192 75,951 29 526.11
Consumption 84.0000 , 88.0000 , 95.0000 , 85.0000 , 83.0000 , 86.0000 , 91.7747 , 90.1878 , 93.2149 , 90.1659 , 97.3189 , 103.9974 , 119.1466 , 111.8580 , 119.7648 , 123.3772 , 129.1726 , 134.8790 , 137.2348 , 128.3967 , 130.5381 , 139.9697 , 141.7282 , 146.0575 , 151.8956 , 159.4057 , 173.5380 , 181.1829 , 219.7811 , 208.1275 , 226.4216 , 234.6250 , 248.0000 , 255.0000
(1980-2013)
248.00 6,924 8,765 89,128 50 255.00
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports 123.0000 , 126.0000 , 119.0000 , 155.0000 , 178.0000 , 198.0000 , 202.7761 , 85.1139 , 210.2452 , 190.3558 , 189.1594 , 196.6447 , 204.7941 , 236.8333 , 250.2437 , 272.4821 , 268.4889 , 254.4710 , 239.4542 , 245.6451 , 265.7733 , 272.5416 , 250.9903 , 265.2843 , 377.1102 , 373.3496 , 362.8420 , 330.2392 , 285.4877 , 277.5793 , 260.8864 , 265.9793 , 256.5084 , 272.0287
(1980-2013)
256.51 877 28,216 -- 21 272.03
Refinery Capacity 86.0000 , 87.0000 , 90.0000 , 79.0000 , 84.0000 , 82.0000 , 88.0000 , 88.0000 , 122.0000 , 123.0000 , 145.0000 , 142.0000 , 141.8000 , 147.0000 , 148.0000 , 148.0000 , 148.0000 , 148.0000 , 168.0000 , 176.0000 , 176.0000 , 176.0000 , 176.0000 , 176.0000 , 176.0000 , 176.0000 , 176.0000 , 176.0000 , 176.0000 , 176.0000 , 176.0000 , 176.0000 , 176.0000
(1980-2012)
176 6,582 8,987 88,097 67 176
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 1.1000 , 1.1000 , 0.8500 , 1.4000 , 1.6750 , 1.4000 , 1.6500 , 1.6723 , 1.6150 , 1.3500 , 1.5140 , 1.4200 , 1.5500 , 1.5998 , 2.0140 , 2.0140 , 2.1150 , 2.1150 , 2.1150 , 2.1150 , 2.1150 , 2.1150 , 2.1150 , 4.6296 , 4.6296 , 4.6296 , 4.6296 , 4.5170 , 4.5170 , 4.6600 , 6.5000 , 6.5100 , 7.2100 , 8.2400 , 8.2400
(1980-2014)
8.24 326 1,205 1,646 20 8.24
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Ecuador
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Ecuador
Production 3.0000 , 1.9400 , 2.0000 , 3.0000 , 4.0000 , 4.0000 , 3.0000 , 1.9000 , 2.8300 , 2.8200 , 4.0000 , 3.2262 , 3.5315 , 3.5300 , 3.5300 , 4.2400 , 4.2378 , 3.5315 , 3.5315 , 3.5315 , 4.9441 , 5.6504 , 3.5315 , 5.2973 , 6.0036 , 9.1819 , 9.8882 , 9.7116 , 9.1819 , 10.4532 , 11.6540 , 8.4756 , 18.2579
(1980-2012)
8.48 5,498 116,255 73   18.26
Consumption 3.0000 , 2.0000 , 2.0000 , 3.0000 , 4.0000 , 4.0000 , 3.0000 , 1.9400 , 2.8252 , 2.8200 , 4.0000 , 3.2262 , 3.5315 , 3.5300 , 3.5300 , 4.2400 , 4.2378 , 3.5315 , 3.5315 , 3.5315 , 4.9441 , 5.6504 , 3.5315 , 5.2973 , 6.0036 , 9.1819 , 9.8882 , 9.7116 , 9.1819 , 10.4532 , 11.6540 , 8.4756 , 18.2579
(1980-2012)
8.48 5,032 116,395 100   18.26
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1990-2012)
0.00 471 -- 64   0.00
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
4.0000 , 4.0000 , 4.3000 , 4.1000 , 3.5260 , 3.0000 , 4.0900 , 4.0500 , 4.0200 , 4.0200 , 3.9900 , 3.9500 , 3.8850 , 3.8990 , 3.8000 , 3.8000 , 3.8000 , 3.7000 , 3.7000 , 3.6700 , 3.6700 , 3.6700 , 3.6700 , 0.3450 , 0.3450 , 0.3450 , 0.3450 , 0.3150 , 0.2820 , 0.2820 , 0.2820 , 0.2470 , 0.2120
(1980-2014)
0.25 269 6,846 77   0.21
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Ecuador
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Ecuador
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 104 8,444 68   0.000
Consumption 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0007 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 51 8,285 115   0.000
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , -0.7308 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 52 -- 87   0.000
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Ecuador
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Ecuador
Net Generation 3.1860 , 3.5350 , 3.9040 , 4.1170 , 4.1130 , 4.7060 , 5.1970 , 5.2570 , 5.5040 , 5.6360 , 6.2150 , 6.8070 , 7.0010 , 7.2500 , 8.0080 , 8.1810 , 9.0970 , 9.3890 , 9.8830 , 10.0480 , 10.3558 , 10.7403 , 11.5512 , 11.2117 , 13.0894 , 12.1619 , 14.4251 , 16.6011 , 18.4656 , 17.7390 , 18.5780 , 19.5610
(1980-2011)
18.58 1,097 20,254 72   19.56
Net Consumption 2.7000 , 3.0100 , 3.1600 , 3.3380 , 3.2180 , 3.7520 , 4.0690 , 4.1760 , 4.2710 , 4.3220 , 4.7840 , 5.1630 , 5.4040 , 5.5100 , 6.0270 , 6.0770 , 6.9210 , 6.8520 , 7.3680 , 7.6390 , 7.8148 , 8.0473 , 8.2642 , 8.6097 , 10.4484 , 10.0619 , 12.2609 , 13.4706 , 15.1916 , 15.2950 , 16.1510 , 17.4730
(1980-2011)
16.15 928 18,501 72   17.47
Installed Capacity (GWe) 1.1940 , 1.3350 , 1.8330 , 1.7780 , 1.7950 , 1.8020 , 1.9560 , 1.9660 , 1.9140 , 1.9030 , 1.6710 , 1.6840 , 2.2940 , 2.4464 , 2.5630 , 2.5500 , 2.7390 , 3.1260 , 3.4192 , 3.4806 , 3.3915 , 3.2507 , 3.4066 , 3.3016 , 3.3010 , 3.5774 , 4.0970 , 4.5890 , 4.2890 , 4.9390 , 5.2425 , 5.3355
(1980-2011)
5.24 260 5,086 74   5.34
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Ecuador
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Ecuador
Production 0.4631 , 0.4748 , 0.4760 , 0.5428 , 0.6066 , 0.6615 , 0.6918 , 0.4325 , 0.7174 , 0.6671 , 0.6823 , 0.7130 , 0.7634 , 0.8209 , 0.8738 , 0.9194 , 0.9438 , 0.9236 , 0.8968 , 0.8975 , 0.9536 , 0.9846 , 0.9419 , 0.9813 , 1.2418 , 1.2460 , 1.2631 , 1.2298 , 1.2355 , 1.1702 , 1.1672 , 1.2160
(1980-2011)
1.167 30 505 49   1.216
Consumption 0.1865 , 0.1931 , 0.2110 , 0.1973 , 0.2079 , 0.2206 , 0.2370 , 0.2338 , 0.2423 , 0.2372 , 0.2538 , 0.2681 , 0.2982 , 0.2543 , 0.3146 , 0.3081 , 0.3324 , 0.3429 , 0.3501 , 0.3359 , 0.3446 , 0.3609 , 0.3651 , 0.3761 , 0.3921 , 0.4071 , 0.4452 , 0.4733 , 0.5951 , 0.5329 , 0.5630 , 0.6083
(1980-2011)
0.563 27 507 74   0.608
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
4353.4181 , 4336.9205 , 4686.1716 , 4508.3315 , 4560.0056 , 4637.2354 , 4832.9750 , 5070.3862 , 4754.5735 , 4642.5599 , 4821.7114 , 4849.7524 , 5208.5105 , 4354.0370 , 5162.8989 , 4940.7648 , 5226.3495 , 5214.5682 , 5303.3608 , 5429.5633 , 5419.1708 , 5417.4686 , 5300.0771 , 5286.6311 , 5064.6777 , 4972.2375 , 5191.5927 , 5409.0545 , 6341.0794 , 5657.3095 , 5770.1415 , 6021.3555
(1980-2011)
5,770 5,840 7,401 90   6,021
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Ecuador
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Ecuador
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
12.7843 , 13.4394 , 14.5781 , 12.9132 , 12.8062 , 13.5287 , 14.7793 , 13.5962 , 14.6461 , 13.9283 , 15.0875 , 15.8754 , 18.3928 , 16.6175 , 17.9994 , 19.2872 , 19.7337 , 20.1555 , 21.4527 , 19.5646 , 20.0808 , 21.5202 , 21.7254 , 22.4299 , 23.5288 , 24.6545 , 26.5512 , 26.5120 , 27.1163 , 30.4128 , 32.7011 , 34.7320 , 37.2317
(1980-2012)
34.73 1,335 32,155 73   37.23

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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