U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Algeria  

Country Analysis Brief Overview

  • Algeria is the leading natural gas producer in Africa, the second-largest natural gas supplier to Europe, and is among the top three oil producers in Africa. Algeria is estimated to hold the third-largest amount of shale gas resources in the world. However, gross natural gas and crude oil production have gradually declined in recent years, mainly because new production and infrastructure projects have repeatedly been delayed.
  • Algeria's national oil and natural gas company, Sonatrach, dominates the country's hydrocarbon sector, owning roughly 80% of all hydrocarbon production. By law, Sonatrach is given majority ownership of oil and natural gas projects in Algeria.
  • Militant groups operating in North Africa and the Sahel have presented security risks to oil and natural gas installations in the region. In January 2013, a militant group stormed Algeria's In Amenas gas facility, resulting in several causalities and a temporary suspension of gas production at the facility.
  • Algeria holds the third-largest amount of proved crude oil reserves in Africa, all of which are located onshore because there has been limited offshore exploration. According to Sonatrach, about two-thirds of Algerian territory remains largely underexplored or unexplored.
  • The country produced almost 1.8 million bbl/d of total petroleum and other liquids in 2013, which includes crude oil, condensate, natural gas plant liquids, and refinery processing gain. The largest and oldest oil field, Hassi Messaoud, contributed more than 40% of total crude oil production, which averaged 1.2 million bbl/d in 2013.
  • The vast majority (about 72%) of Algerian crude oil exports are sent to Europe. The United States was the single largest destination until 2013 when U.S. imports fell to 29,000 bbl/d, or by more than 75%, compared with 2012.
  • Algeria has five oil refineries with a total nameplate capacity of 652,500 bbl/d. The vast majority of Algeria's domestic petroleum consumption, which averaged 380,000 bbl/d in 2013, derives from domestically refined products. Algeria's petroleum consumption has increased by an annual average of 5% over the past decade.
  • Algeria holds the world's tenth-largest amount of proved natural gas reserves and the third-largest technically recoverable shale gas resources. In May 2014, Algeria's Council of Ministers gave formal approval to allow shale oil and gas development.
  • Algeria's gross natural gas production was 6.4 Tcf in 2012, a 4% decline from the previous year. Production has steadily declined over the past decade as output from the country's large, mature fields is depleting. There are several new projects planned to come online, but they have repeatedly been delayed.
  • Algeria exports natural gas via pipelines and on tankers in the form of liquefied natural gas (LNG). It has three transcontinental export gas pipelines: two transport natural gas to Spain and one to Italy. Algeria's LNG plants are located in the coastal cities of Arzew and Skikda. Algeria was the first country in the world to export LNG in 1964.

Read full Algeria Analysis Brief »

Analysis Last Updated: July 24, 2014


Overview data for Algeria

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Algeria
Africa
OPEC
World
Rank
Algeria
Total Oil Production 1143.0000 , 1052.0000 , 1046.0000 , 1018.2600 , 1115.0000 , 1142.0710 , 1190.2607 , 1199.7552 , 1173.5357 , 1233.9089 , 1314.6549 , 1309.4892 , 1341.1767 , 1311.6707 , 1295.6227 , 1306.7380 , 1376.0249 , 1417.2503 , 1402.4320 , 1388.6160 , 1433.0253 , 1513.8926 , 1617.6531 , 1784.0430 , 1844.5250 , 1956.7781 , 1967.4935 , 1967.5451 , 1954.4593 , 1909.8149 , 1880.9652 , 1862.9652 , 1875.2084 , 1762.7460
(1980-2013)
1,875.21 9,971 36,981 89,755 16 1,762.75
Crude Oil Production 1106.0000 , 1002.0000 , 987.0000 , 961.2600 , 1014.0000 , 1036.0710 , 1072.0000 , 1071.3210 , 1045.0000 , 1105.5860 , 1180.0680 , 1170.0000 , 1201.6120 , 1167.3150 , 1155.0000 , 1161.7950 , 1227.1448 , 1258.7397 , 1226.4110 , 1177.3014 , 1213.9071 , 1265.0000 , 1349.0000 , 1516.0411 , 1581.7760 , 1692.3151 , 1699.0685 , 1708.3973 , 1705.0000 , 1584.8767 , 1540.0000 , 1540.0000 , 1532.2432 , 1461.7808
(1980-2013)
1,532.24 9,058 33,192 75,956 17 1,461.78
Consumption 121.3000 , 127.0000 , 143.0000 , 136.0000 , 150.0000 , 164.7418 , 165.7954 , 167.2700 , 172.0040 , 181.8428 , 194.0000 , 208.4386 , 210.1471 , 206.6012 , 204.4124 , 204.6207 , 197.8524 , 199.4461 , 205.9880 , 197.7933 , 206.1771 , 217.9145 , 224.5586 , 228.7710 , 238.3526 , 254.7569 , 252.6714 , 271.0913 , 286.2774 , 319.0960 , 323.2832 , 349.6717 , 368.0000 , 380.0000
(1980-2013)
368.00 3,497 8,765 89,128 36 380.00
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports 1021.7000 , 925.0000 , 903.0000 , 882.2600 , 965.0000 , 977.3293 , 1024.4653 , 1032.4852 , 1001.5317 , 1052.0661 , 1120.6549 , 1101.0506 , 1131.0296 , 1105.0695 , 1091.2103 , 1102.1173 , 1178.1725 , 1217.8042 , 1196.4440 , 1190.8227 , 1226.8482 , 1295.9782 , 1393.0944 , 1555.2720 , 1606.1724 , 1702.0212 , 1714.8220 , 1696.4538 , 1668.1819 , 1590.7189 , 1557.6820 , 1513.2935 , 1507.2084 , 1382.7460
(1980-2013)
1,507.21 6,474 28,216 -- 13 1,382.75
Refinery Capacity 122.0000 , 122.0000 , 122.0000 , 137.0000 , 137.0000 , 465.0000 , 465.0000 , 465.0000 , 465.0000 , 465.0000 , 465.0000 , 465.0000 , 464.7000 , 530.0000 , 530.0000 , 465.0000 , 465.0000 , 465.0000 , 482.7600 , 502.6650 , 502.6650 , 502.6650 , 450.0000 , 450.0000 , 450.0000 , 450.0000 , 450.0000 , 450.0000 , 450.0000 , 450.0000 , 450.0000 , 450.0000 , 450.0000
(1980-2012)
450 3,220 8,987 88,097 38 450
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 8.4400 , 8.2000 , 8.0800 , 9.4400 , 9.2200 , 9.0000 , 8.8200 , 8.8000 , 8.5000 , 8.4000 , 9.2000 , 9.2000 , 9.2000 , 9.2000 , 9.2000 , 9.2000 , 9.2000 , 9.2000 , 9.2000 , 9.2000 , 9.2000 , 9.2000 , 9.2000 , 9.2000 , 11.3140 , 11.8000 , 11.3500 , 12.2700 , 12.2000 , 12.2000 , 12.2000 , 12.2000 , 12.2000 , 12.2000 , 12.2000
(1980-2014)
12.20 128 1,205 1,646 17 12.20
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Algeria
Africa
World
Rank
 
Algeria
Production 411.0000 , 772.0000 , 942.0000 , 1314.0000 , 1360.0000 , 1360.0000 , 1330.0000 , 1524.5000 , 1634.7300 , 1709.2400 , 1787.0000 , 1933.0000 , 1970.5770 , 1902.0660 , 1806.7200 , 2051.8000 , 2194.1210 , 2433.2035 , 2604.4813 , 2875.7005 , 2939.6206 , 2787.0598 , 2798.7138 , 2849.9205 , 2830.4973 , 3151.3340 , 3079.4680 , 2995.6655 , 3054.9241 , 2875.5592 , 2988.0022 , 2922.9166 , 3053.1230
(1980-2012)
2,922.92 7,124 116,255 9   3,053.12
Consumption 460.0000 , 346.0000 , 553.0000 , 656.0000 , 680.0000 , 584.0000 , 602.0000 , 655.7410 , 712.3000 , 660.3600 , 704.0000 , 775.0000 , 729.9611 , 655.0930 , 690.4100 , 741.9700 , 762.0977 , 711.9504 , 736.3178 , 752.5627 , 726.0764 , 721.8386 , 720.7792 , 724.6638 , 680.8732 , 846.3240 , 904.0640 , 934.3290 , 977.3426 , 1015.5181 , 1024.4882 , 1161.0513 , 1322.8017
(1980-2012)
1,161.05 3,909 116,395 27   1,322.80
Net Export/Imports(-) 1083.0000 , 1158.0000 , 1240.6159 , 1246.9730 , 1116.3100 , 1309.8300 , 1432.0233 , 1721.2531 , 1868.1635 , 2123.1378 , 2213.5442 , 2065.2212 , 2077.9346 , 2125.2567 , 2149.6241 , 2305.0101 , 2175.4040 , 2061.3366 , 2077.5815 , 1860.0411 , 1963.5140 , 1761.8654 , 1730.3213
(1990-2012)
1,761.87 3,215 -- 86   1,730.32
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
132.0000 , 131.5000 , 130.9000 , 111.2500 , 110.1800 , 109.1000 , 107.0800 , 106.0000 , 105.9000 , 104.2000 , 114.0000 , 114.7000 , 116.5000 , 128.0000 , 128.0000 , 128.0000 , 128.0000 , 130.3000 , 130.6000 , 130.3000 , 159.7000 , 159.7000 , 159.7000 , 159.7000 , 160.0000 , 160.5000 , 160.5050 , 161.7400 , 159.0000 , 159.0000 , 159.0000 , 159.0000 , 159.0000 , 159.0500 , 159.1000
(1980-2014)
159.05 515 6,846 10   159.10
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Algeria
Africa
World
Rank
 
Algeria
Production 0.0077 , 0.0077 , 0.0077 , 0.0077 , 0.0077 , 0.0088 , 0.0099 , 0.0088 , 0.0110 , 0.0165 , 0.0110 , 0.0165 , 0.0165 , 0.0220 , 0.0220 , 0.0243 , 0.0132 , 0.0121 , 0.0088 , 0.0055 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 285 8,444 68   0.000
Consumption 0.6724 , 0.7959 , 0.8609 , 1.2743 , 1.5311 , 1.0703 , 1.1828 , 1.1056 , 1.2368 , 1.3415 , 1.2269 , 1.3018 , 1.1111 , 0.9138 , 0.8278 , 1.2015 , 0.7419 , 0.4023 , 0.9127 , 0.9436 , 0.8554 , 0.9116 , 1.0373 , 1.1155 , 1.1762 , 1.1199 , 1.0737 , 1.2368 , 1.2357 , 0.6867 , 0.5611 , 0.4839 , 0.4828
(1980-2012)
0.484 219 8,285 77   0.483
Net Export/Imports(-) -664.6937 , -788.1526 , -813.5058 , -1291.9089 , -1652.3647 , -1255.5326 , -1112.2322 , -1212.5425 , -1212.5425 , -1212.5425 , -1234.5887 , -1167.3477 , -1391.1169 , -887.3606 , -838.8589 , -867.5190 , -424.3899 , -608.4759 , -844.3705 , -910.5092 , -726.4232 , -859.8029 , -1308.4436 , -1081.3674 , -1287.4997 , -1024.0473 , -1171.7570 , -1213.6448 , -1211.4402 , -435.4130 , -552.2580 , -482.8124 , -482.8124
(1980-2012)
-0.483 66 -- 54   -0.483
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Algeria
Africa
World
Rank
 
Algeria
Net Generation 6.6830 , 7.6500 , 8.8240 , 9.6150 , 10.5370 , 11.5690 , 12.2140 , 13.0140 , 14.0800 , 14.4490 , 15.1450 , 16.3190 , 17.1990 , 18.2670 , 18.7030 , 18.0900 , 19.1240 , 19.7390 , 21.4480 , 23.2820 , 23.8895 , 25.0306 , 25.9915 , 27.8096 , 29.3871 , 31.9074 , 33.1235 , 34.9758 , 37.8358 , 36.2060 , 42.9980 , 48.0530
(1980-2011)
43.00 638 20,254 56   48.05
Net Consumption 5.9150 , 6.7130 , 7.7330 , 8.2070 , 8.9590 , 9.6860 , 10.3430 , 11.1190 , 11.9540 , 12.1900 , 12.7340 , 13.0340 , 14.0350 , 14.0390 , 14.3650 , 14.4740 , 15.1720 , 15.3650 , 16.9050 , 18.4920 , 19.7155 , 20.6476 , 21.6235 , 23.6116 , 24.4251 , 27.5164 , 26.9105 , 28.3348 , 30.4998 , 28.3150 , 33.8400 , 38.0120
(1980-2011)
33.84 562 18,501 57   38.01
Installed Capacity (GWe) 2.3060 , 2.8090 , 3.1870 , 3.4360 , 3.5460 , 3.7360 , 3.8360 , 3.9360 , 4.6560 , 4.6570 , 4.6570 , 5.3690 , 5.3690 , 5.8140 , 6.0070 , 6.0070 , 6.0390 , 6.0400 , 6.0440 , 6.0440 , 6.3980 , 6.4000 , 6.8350 , 6.8450 , 7.2510 , 7.4970 , 7.8970 , 8.1320 , 8.1320 , 11.3250 , 11.3250 , 11.3900
(1980-2011)
11.33 135 5,086 53   11.39
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Algeria
Africa
World
Rank
 
Algeria
Production 2.8033 , 3.0374 , 3.2255 , 3.6060 , 3.8579 , 3.9071 , 3.9683 , 4.2175 , 4.2975 , 4.5028 , 4.7533 , 4.9162 , 5.0311 , 4.8843 , 4.7356 , 5.0482 , 5.2483 , 5.5921 , 5.7488 , 6.0196 , 6.1906 , 6.1702 , 6.3906 , 6.7891 , 6.9011 , 7.4797 , 7.4183 , 7.3243 , 7.3770 , 7.0598 , 7.1221 , 7.0173
(1980-2011)
7.122 37 505 15   7.017
Consumption 0.8009 , 0.6801 , 0.9588 , 1.0734 , 1.1526 , 1.0431 , 1.0619 , 1.1321 , 1.2082 , 1.1730 , 1.2445 , 1.3579 , 1.3022 , 1.0825 , 1.2369 , 1.3068 , 1.2664 , 1.1979 , 1.2533 , 1.2516 , 1.2385 , 1.2562 , 1.2744 , 1.2904 , 1.2616 , 1.4813 , 1.5432 , 1.6195 , 1.7405 , 1.7985 , 1.8061 , 2.0405
(1980-2011)
1.806 16 507 39   2.040
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
6600.6443 , 5441.7608 , 7210.6151 , 7658.9362 , 7787.9518 , 6796.7667 , 6891.5382 , 7398.8898 , 7976.1080 , 7417.4238 , 7807.1187 , 8621.8710 , 8122.3019 , 6896.4383 , 7951.6521 , 8093.5556 , 7534.8068 , 7049.7024 , 7017.7979 , 6790.5914 , 6575.2878 , 6499.9002 , 6298.3452 , 5965.7843 , 5544.1314 , 6193.9301 , 6325.9817 , 6445.6424 , 6764.5405 , 6846.2787 , 6575.4359 , 7230.4180
(1980-2011)
6,575 5,302 7,401 71   7,230
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Algeria
Africa
World
Rank
 
Algeria
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
66.9787 , 54.6910 , 66.0881 , 71.5308 , 74.6541 , 70.8767 , 71.8819 , 76.9219 , 80.6169 , 79.0986 , 84.5395 , 86.0052 , 82.2172 , 82.1339 , 84.1911 , 88.3967 , 84.8456 , 80.3136 , 84.8557 , 84.5490 , 83.6269 , 79.1609 , 81.6832 , 81.6921 , 80.4824 , 90.1413 , 94.4582 , 101.2351 , 106.9249 , 113.9908 , 112.7088 , 122.1308 , 133.9213
(1980-2012)
122.13 1,169 32,155 36   133.92

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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