Uzbekistan - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Uzbekistan  

Country Analysis Note

  • Uzbekistan was the third largest natural gas producer in Eurasia, behind Russia and Turkmenistan in 2012. With a highly energy-intensive economy, Uzbekistan holds sizeable hydrocarbon reserves of mostly natural gas. However, insufficient pipelines to export higher volumes of hydrocarbons and aging energy infrastructure have slowed the production, distribution, and exports of hydrocarbons in recent years.
  • Decreases in oil production have prompted the Uzbek government to inch away from an inward-focused energy policy that promoted self-sufficiency and subsidized domestic prices. New laws aim to attract foreign investment through production-sharing agreements and joint ventures with Uzbekneftegaz, a state-owned oil and natural gas company, to boost both production and new reserves. Inadequate export options and limited access to hard-currency markets have been listed as deterrents to foreign investment in upstream activities, according to IHS Energy.
  • According to BP's 2014 Statistical Review, total primary energy consumption in Uzbekistan was about 1.9 quadrillion British thermal units (Btu) in 2013. Natural gas consumption represented approximately 85%, while consumption of petroleum products and coal were about 7% and 3%, respectively. Hydroelectricity represented the remaining 5% of the share.
  • Uzbekistan has 594 million barrels of proven crude oil reserves as of January 2014, according to Oil and Gas Journal. In 2013, total crude oil and other liquids production was about 102,000 barrels per day (bbl/d), of which 30% came from natural gas plant liquids. Roughly 60% of all known oil and natural gas fields are located in the Bukhara-Khiva region. The region is the source of approximately 70% of the country's oil production.
  • Uzbekistan has three oil refineries located in Ferghana, Alty-Arik, and Bukhara, with a total crude oil distillation capacity of 224,000 bbl/d. The refineries typically operate below capacity because of decreases in oil production.
  • Uzbekistan's sole domestic crude oil pipeline links the Ferghana and Alty-Aryk refineries. Uzbekistan has virtually no international oil pipeline infrastructure except a pipeline linking the Shymkent refinery in Kazakhstan to the Chardzhou refinery in northeastern Turkmenistan. A smaller petroleum products pipeline linking Shymkent, Kazakhstan, to Tashkent, the Uzbek capital, resumed imports in 2003 after Uzbekistan allowed oil imports to re-enter the country.
  • Uzbekistan maintained state control over hydrocarbon resources following the end of the Soviet Union, forming the state company, Uzbekneftegaz, to manage the oil and natural gas sectors. The government initially made it a priority to focus on oil and natural gas production from existing fields to meet domestic demand, rather than investing in new reserves.
  • Russia's Lukoil and Gazprom and China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC) are among the most heavily invested companies in Uzbekistan's oil and natural gas industries.
  • Uzbekistan has 65 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) of proven natural gas reserves as of January 2013 and produced 2.2 Tcf of dry natural gas in 2012. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Uzbekistan flared 60 billion cubic feet (Bcf) of natural gas in 2011 and ranks among the world's top 20 gas flaring countries, although flaring has declined overall since 2006.
  • Uzbekistan's natural gas transmission and distribution system allows for trade with Russia, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan. Uzbekistan also serves as a transit country for natural gas flowing from Turkmenistan to Russia and China. In addition, two new natural gas pipelines, Gazli-Kagan and Gazli-Nukus, were built to connect the Ustyurt and Bukhara-Khiva region with the existing system.

Analysis Last Updated: July 2014


Overview data for Uzbekistan

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Uzbekistan
Eurasia
World
Rank
    
Uzbekistan
Total Oil Production 66.1610 , 85.6988 , 115.4291 , 160.3228 , 163.9478 , 157.4516 , 161.1534 , 147.4639 , 151.9162 , 156.0438 , 153.2557 , 155.9955 , 142.0073 , 125.3325 , 107.4961 , 112.4950 , 109.9751 , 72.4089 , 91.7337 , 102.8370 , 102.5827 , 94.7521
(1992-2013)
102.58 13,415 89,750 49   94.75
Crude Oil Production 35.5490 , 47.0000 , 75.0000 , 115.0000 , 114.7490 , 112.3500 , 116.0000 , 102.0000 , 91.3388 , 85.0000 , 79.4329 , 90.0411 , 81.0000 , 67.5288 , 58.8379 , 65.0000 , 62.0765 , 43.4533 , 52.8705 , 58.5808 , 66.2623 , 70.0000
(1992-2013)
66.26 12,719 75,951 49   70.00
Consumption 190.4181 , 178.5546 , 172.8338 , 184.7410 , 144.0597 , 139.8676 , 147.0172 , 150.1363 , 146.0921 , 148.2552 , 151.3634 , 150.4668 , 152.1107 , 145.2631 , 137.2051 , 141.6346 , 85.7377 , 94.0343 , 96.4524 , 98.0000 , 106.0222 , 105.5800
(1992-2013)
106.02 4,688 89,721 75   105.58
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -124.2571 , -92.8557 , -57.4047 , -24.4182 , 19.8881 , 17.5840 , 14.1362 , -2.6724 , 5.8241 , 7.7885 , 1.8923 , 5.5287 , -10.1034 , -19.9306 , -29.7090 , -29.1396 , 24.2374 , -21.6254 , -4.7186 , 4.8370 , -3.4395 , -10.8279
(1992-2013)
-3.44 8,727 -- 98   -10.83
Refinery Capacity 173.3200 , 173.3200 , 174.7150 , 174.7150 , 174.7150 , 288.2710 , 222.2710 , 222.2710 , 222.2710 , 222.2710 , 222.2710 , 222.2710 , 222.2710 , 222.2710 , 222.2710 , 222.2710 , 222.2710 , 222.2710 , 224.2710 , 224.2710
(1993-2012)
224 8,209 88,097 60   224
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.5940 , 0.5940 , 0.5940 , 0.5940 , 0.5940 , 0.5940 , 0.5940 , 0.5940 , 0.5940 , 0.5940 , 0.5940 , 0.5940 , 0.5940 , 0.5940 , 0.5940 , 0.5940 , 0.5940 , 0.5940
(1997-2014)
0.59 119 1,646 43   0.59
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Uzbekistan
Eurasia
World
Rank
 
Uzbekistan
Production 1511.4800 , 1589.1800 , 1666.8700 , 1695.1200 , 1695.1200 , 1737.4980 , 1935.2620 , 1963.5140 , 1991.7660 , 2228.3765 , 2037.6755 , 2029.9415 , 2113.9559 , 2107.9524 , 2215.6631 , 2302.1495 , 2387.2940 , 2168.6235 , 2122.8200 , 2226.2576 , 2221.5157
(1992-2012)
2,226.26 28,464 116,255 13   2,221.52
Consumption 1094.7600 , 1179.5300 , 1228.9600 , 1349.0300 , 1433.7900 , 1454.9780 , 1409.0685 , 1423.1945 , 1511.4820 , 1596.2380 , 1642.1475 , 1669.7285 , 1771.4004 , 1701.8299 , 1768.9284 , 1783.0190 , 1857.5690 , 1631.8355 , 1614.2840 , 1802.4776 , 1861.3027
(1992-2012)
1,802.48 22,062 116,395 15   1,861.30
Net Export/Imports(-) 416.7200 , 409.6500 , 437.9100 , 346.0900 , 261.3300 , 282.5200 , 526.1935 , 540.3195 , 480.2840 , 632.1385 , 395.5280 , 360.2130 , 342.5555 , 406.1225 , 446.7348 , 519.1305 , 529.7250 , 536.7880 , 508.5360 , 423.7800 , 360.2130
(1992-2012)
423.78 6,402 -- 77   360.21
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
66.2000 , 66.2000 , 66.2000 , 66.2000 , 66.2000 , 66.2000 , 66.2000 , 66.2000 , 66.2000 , 66.2000 , 65.0000 , 65.0000 , 65.0000 , 65.0000 , 65.0000 , 65.0000 , 65.0000 , 65.0000
(1997-2014)
65.00 2,178 6,846 19   65.00
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Uzbekistan
Eurasia
World
Rank
 
Uzbekistan
Production 5.1379 , 4.2064 , 4.2384 , 3.4150 , 3.1273 , 3.2485 , 3.2221 , 3.2739 , 2.8318 , 2.9884 , 3.0170 , 2.1087 , 3.0688 , 3.3907 , 3.5660 , 3.7942 , 3.6266 , 4.0278 , 3.9992 , 4.2373 , 4.4489
(1992-2012)
4.237 558 8,444 35   4.449
Consumption 6.4397 , 4.7973 , 4.8865 , 3.7997 , 3.6938 , 3.0777 , 3.2187 , 3.1945 , 3.8394 , 3.9551 , 3.9496 , 3.0402 , 3.5638 , 3.4337 , 3.6817 , 3.8923 , 3.8779 , 4.2075 , 4.0907 , 4.3045 , 4.5162
(1992-2012)
4.305 419 8,285 51   4.516
Net Export/Imports(-) -1363.5592 , -590.8389 , -648.1591 , -356.0466 , 3.3069 , 3.3069 , 3.3069 , 3.3069 , -1072.5490 , -1037.2750 , -1004.2056 , -981.0571 , -564.3834 , -120.1519 , -196.2114 , -182.9837 , -251.3270 , -179.6768 , -91.4918 , -67.2410 , -67.2410
(1992-2012)
-0.067 135 -- 75   -0.067
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Uzbekistan
Eurasia
World
Rank
 
Uzbekistan
Net Generation 48.1700 , 46.5680 , 45.2890 , 44.9070 , 43.0200 , 43.5790 , 43.4330 , 42.8660 , 44.3230 , 44.9490 , 46.6610 , 46.8170 , 47.4040 , 46.6800 , 48.3220 , 46.3330 , 47.0036 , 47.4198 , 49.1498 , 49.7660
(1992-2011)
49.15 1,425 20,254 50   49.77
Net Consumption 42.7960 , 41.7030 , 40.5530 , 39.4730 , 40.0470 , 40.4890 , 40.3430 , 39.9610 , 41.3450 , 41.2000 , 42.2280 , 42.3780 , 42.9270 , 42.2620 , 43.7510 , 41.9410 , 42.5716 , 42.9408 , 44.5148 , 45.0710
(1992-2011)
44.51 1,248 18,501 49   45.07
Installed Capacity (GWe) 11.4050 , 11.4050 , 11.4020 , 11.4020 , 11.7130 , 11.7910 , 11.7520 , 11.7280 , 11.7040 , 11.6900 , 11.6310 , 11.7510 , 11.7510 , 11.7510 , 12.5510 , 12.5510 , 12.3590 , 11.5800 , 11.8790 , 12.3490 , 12.3500
(1991-2011)
12.35 356 5,086 52   12.35
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Uzbekistan
Eurasia
World
Rank
 
Uzbekistan
Production 1.7859 , 1.9001 , 2.0404 , 2.1455 , 2.1533 , 2.1779 , 2.3863 , 2.3851 , 2.4104 , 2.6537 , 2.4549 , 2.4613 , 2.5457 , 2.5047 , 2.5901 , 2.6654 , 2.7909 , 2.5463 , 2.5137 , 2.6146
(1992-2011)
2.514 71 505 36   2.615
Consumption 1.6619 , 1.6643 , 1.7454 , 1.8688 , 1.8794 , 1.8756 , 1.8448 , 1.8638 , 1.9547 , 2.0448 , 2.0962 , 2.1279 , 2.2526 , 2.1610 , 2.2268 , 2.2266 , 2.2336 , 1.9984 , 1.9995 , 2.1890
(1992-2011)
2.000 43 507 36   2.189
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
47313.6348 , 48496.9106 , 53649.4961 , 57964.4507 , 57319.0428 , 54377.6484 , 51228.6906 , 49576.4656 , 49994.5060 , 50046.6780 , 49235.5426 , 47874.9429 , 47056.8917 , 42190.7329 , 40517.3315 , 36997.9541 , 34365.9529 , 28442.6192 , 26229.0809 , 26525.1855
(1992-2011)
26,229 14,673 7,401 4   26,525
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Uzbekistan
Eurasia
World
Rank
 
Uzbekistan
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
95.9487 , 96.3481 , 97.8919 , 105.0672 , 103.4771 , 103.1835 , 101.8070 , 103.0934 , 107.7273 , 112.5853 , 115.3472 , 116.0170 , 122.4189 , 117.0945 , 121.1505 , 122.8949 , 127.1192 , 107.1491 , 106.5607 , 117.0892 , 123.1704
(1992-2012)
117.09 2,551 32,155 38   123.17

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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