Trinidad and Tobago - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Trinidad and Tobago  

Country Analysis Note

  • As the largest oil and natural gas producer in the Caribbean, Trinidad and Tobago's hydrocarbon sector moved from an oil dominant to a mostly natural gas based sector in the early 1990s. In 2012, Trinidad and Tobago was the world's sixth largest LNG exporter, according to BP's 2013 Statistical Review. The country is also the largest LNG exporter to the United States, accounting for nearly 65% of U.S. total LNG imports in 2012.
  • According to BP's 2013 Statistical Review, total primary energy consumption in Trinidad and Tobago was about 842 trillion British Thermal Units (Btu) in 2012. Natural gas consumption accounted for approximately 92% and consumption of petroleum products was just under 8%. Renewable fuels represented the remaining share of consumption.
  • As of January 2013, Trinidad and Tobago had 13.3 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) of proven natural gas reserves. The country produced roughly 1.5 Tcf of dry natural gas in 2012, according to Trinidad and Tobago's Ministry of Energy and Energy Affairs.
  • Together, British Petroleum Trinidad and Tobago (BPTT), the largest natural gas producer in the country, and British Gas accounted for more than three-fourths of total natural gas production, according to IHS Global Insight.
  • Trinidad and Tobago houses one of the largest natural gas processing facilities in the Western Hemisphere. The Phoenix Park Gas Processors Limited (PPGPL) natural gas liquids (NGL) complex is located in the Post of Savonetta. It has a processing capacity of almost 2 billion cubic feet (Bcf) per day and an output capacity of 70,000 barrels per day (bbl/d) of NGL.
  • The electricity sector is fueled entirely by natural gas.
  • Trinidad and Tobago had 728 million barrels of proven crude oil reserves as of January 2013. The country produced 119,000 bbl/d of oil in 2012, of which 82,000 bbl/d was crude oil including lease condensates and the remainder consisted mostly of NGL.
  • Oil production in Trinidad and Tobago peaked at 179,000 bbl/d in 2006, however, it has declined year-over-year since 2008. The declines have been attributed to maturing oilfields and operational challenges, according to IHS Global Insight.
  • There are several export-oriented refineries located in the Caribbean that primarily supply the U.S. market. With a crude oil distillation capacity of 168,000 bbl/d, Trinidad and Tobago's state-owned Pointe-a-Pierre refinery is one such hub. It is also the only refinery in the country. Plans for two new refineries, with an aggregate refining capacity of 278,000 bbl/d, were proposed in the past, but these projects have not advanced.
  • Petrotrin, the state-owned oil and gas company, also operates two major crude and petroleum products storage terminals with a total storage capacity of 7.7 million barrels, namely the Pointe-a-Pierre terminal and the Point Fortin terminal.
  • With 11 ammonia plants and seven methanol plants, Trinidad and Tobago is the world's largest exporter of ammonia and the second largest exporter of methanol, according to IHS Global Insight.

Analysis Last Updated: October 2013


Overview data for Trinidad and Tobago

+ EXPAND ALL
Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Trinidad and Tobago
Central & South America
World
Rank
    
Trinidad and Tobago
Total Oil Production 213.9000 , 243.0000 , 182.8000 , 163.0000 , 173.0000 , 178.0000 , 166.4126 , 155.8284 , 155.9096 , 153.1352 , 148.9101 , 152.1091 , 140.0008 , 140.0394 , 137.3705 , 138.0341 , 136.9513 , 130.7094 , 129.5164 , 138.9320 , 140.1001 , 132.7290 , 144.1116 , 161.1710 , 151.0369 , 170.7502 , 179.4138 , 156.5185 , 156.6338 , 153.3607 , 145.7934 , 138.4334 , 119.3146 , 118.1177
(1980-2013)
119.31 7,801 89,755 46   118.12
Crude Oil Production 211.0000 , 240.0000 , 180.0000 , 160.0000 , 170.0000 , 175.0000 , 168.0000 , 157.0000 , 157.0000 , 154.0000 , 150.0000 , 151.0000 , 137.4860 , 135.0000 , 131.5320 , 131.2466 , 129.5792 , 123.8360 , 122.6270 , 124.9780 , 122.1639 , 113.3530 , 121.8384 , 134.0890 , 122.9020 , 144.6739 , 142.7210 , 121.1542 , 114.2787 , 107.1698 , 98.2457 , 91.9187 , 81.7348 , 81.2783
(1980-2013)
81.73 6,639 75,956 45   81.28
Consumption 42.1000 , 39.2000 , 29.9000 , 25.7000 , 24.7000 , 24.0000 , 23.1984 , 20.6178 , 18.3882 , 21.0954 , 20.4012 , 21.3961 , 21.8570 , 21.4028 , 23.9254 , 21.7039 , 20.4394 , 22.4677 , 21.8419 , 23.3523 , 24.6767 , 28.9995 , 28.3146 , 31.3400 , 32.4487 , 34.9378 , 37.1645 , 38.5623 , 41.4122 , 37.2505 , 36.7479 , 40.0000 , 43.6865 , 46.6800
(1980-2013)
43.69 6,924 89,128 103   46.68
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports 171.8000 , 203.8000 , 152.9000 , 137.3000 , 148.3000 , 154.0000 , 143.2141 , 135.2106 , 137.5214 , 132.0398 , 128.5089 , 130.7130 , 118.1438 , 118.6367 , 113.4451 , 116.3302 , 116.5119 , 108.2417 , 107.6745 , 115.5797 , 115.4234 , 103.7295 , 115.7970 , 129.8310 , 118.5881 , 135.8123 , 142.2493 , 117.9562 , 115.2217 , 116.1103 , 109.0455 , 98.4334 , 75.6282 , 71.4377
(1980-2013)
75.63 877 -- 29   71.44
Refinery Capacity 456.0000 , 456.0000 , 456.0000 , 375.0000 , 375.0000 , 320.0000 , 260.0000 , 300.0000 , 300.0000 , 300.0000 , 300.0000 , 246.0000 , 246.0000 , 246.0000 , 305.0000 , 245.0000 , 245.0000 , 245.0000 , 245.0000 , 160.0000 , 160.0000 , 160.0000 , 160.0000 , 160.0000 , 165.0000 , 165.0000 , 175.0000 , 168.0000 , 168.0000 , 168.0000 , 168.0000 , 168.0000 , 168.0000
(1980-2012)
168 6,582 88,097 69   168
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.7000 , 0.7000 , 0.6000 , 0.5800 , 0.6300 , 0.5400 , 0.5400 , 0.6100 , 0.5670 , 0.5280 , 0.5210 , 0.5360 , 0.5350 , 0.5726 , 0.4660 , 0.4881 , 0.4900 , 0.5510 , 0.5842 , 0.5340 , 0.6050 , 0.6860 , 0.7160 , 0.7160 , 0.9900 , 0.9900 , 0.9900 , 0.7283 , 0.7283 , 0.7283 , 0.7283 , 0.7283 , 0.7283 , 0.7283 , 0.7283
(1980-2014)
0.73 326 1,646 40   0.73
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Trinidad and Tobago
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Trinidad and Tobago
Production 81.0000 , 81.0000 , 102.0000 , 127.0000 , 192.0000 , 216.0000 , 152.0000 , 143.3000 , 153.9700 , 162.4500 , 177.0000 , 201.0000 , 194.2325 , 218.0000 , 249.6800 , 268.0400 , 302.6496 , 328.4295 , 328.4295 , 414.2450 , 493.3506 , 536.4349 , 610.9495 , 873.6931 , 991.9984 , 1069.3382 , 1286.8786 , 1377.6382 , 1387.8795 , 1437.3205 , 1499.4749 , 1433.7890 , 1427.7501
(1980-2012)
1,433.79 5,498 116,255 21   1,427.75
Consumption 81.0000 , 81.0000 , 102.0000 , 127.0000 , 192.0000 , 216.0000 , 152.0000 , 143.3100 , 153.9700 , 162.4500 , 177.0000 , 201.0000 , 194.2325 , 218.0000 , 249.6800 , 268.0400 , 302.6496 , 328.4295 , 328.4295 , 336.9051 , 354.2095 , 396.9406 , 423.0737 , 453.0915 , 499.7073 , 574.5751 , 713.0099 , 715.1288 , 774.8111 , 740.2024 , 823.5458 , 811.1856 , 787.1360
(1980-2012)
811.19 5,032 116,395 31   787.14
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 77.3399 , 139.1411 , 139.4943 , 187.8758 , 420.6017 , 492.2911 , 494.7632 , 573.8688 , 662.5094 , 613.0684 , 697.1181 , 685.4642 , 622.6035 , 640.6141
(1990-2012)
622.60 471 -- 79   640.61
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
8.0000 , 1.2000 , 10.8000 , 11.0000 , 13.1000 , 10.5500 , 10.5000 , 10.4000 , 10.3900 , 10.5000 , 9.9680 , 8.9100 , 8.9000 , 8.7020 , 8.4650 , 8.4580 , 10.5700 , 12.3600 , 15.9160 , 18.2970 , 19.7700 , 21.3510 , 23.4500 , 23.4500 , 25.8870 , 25.8870 , 25.8800 , 18.7700 , 18.7700 , 18.7700 , 15.4000 , 14.4160 , 13.4600 , 13.2570 , 13.1100
(1980-2014)
13.26 269 6,846 34   13.11
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Trinidad and Tobago
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Trinidad and Tobago
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 104 8,444 68   0.000
Consumption 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 51 8,285 115   0.000
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 52 -- 87   0.000
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Trinidad and Tobago
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Trinidad and Tobago
Net Generation 1.9500 , 2.1740 , 2.5300 , 2.7460 , 2.8300 , 2.8530 , 3.1360 , 3.3220 , 3.3090 , 3.2550 , 3.3640 , 3.4980 , 3.7390 , 3.5900 , 3.8270 , 4.0510 , 4.2700 , 4.6900 , 4.8600 , 4.9330 , 5.1330 , 5.3070 , 5.3070 , 6.0520 , 6.0460 , 6.6360 , 6.4890 , 7.2232 , 7.2232 , 7.2720 , 7.9960 , 8.3550
(1980-2011)
8.00 1,097 20,254 99   8.36
Net Consumption 1.7060 , 1.9640 , 2.3780 , 2.4200 , 2.4700 , 2.4460 , 2.7990 , 2.9490 , 2.9810 , 2.8830 , 3.0650 , 3.0350 , 3.2850 , 3.2750 , 3.3690 , 3.6360 , 3.8200 , 4.2890 , 4.4420 , 4.5050 , 4.7340 , 4.8790 , 4.8790 , 5.7400 , 5.6780 , 6.2470 , 6.0940 , 7.0552 , 7.0552 , 7.1030 , 7.4160 , 7.9290
(1980-2011)
7.42 928 18,501 96   7.93
Installed Capacity (GWe) 0.8370 , 0.7650 , 0.7650 , 0.9870 , 0.9900 , 0.9900 , 0.9900 , 0.9900 , 0.9900 , 0.9900 , 1.1550 , 1.1550 , 1.1550 , 1.1550 , 1.1550 , 1.1550 , 1.2580 , 1.2580 , 1.2580 , 1.4220 , 1.4220 , 1.4217 , 1.4850 , 1.4850 , 1.4850 , 1.4850 , 1.3590 , 1.4300 , 1.4300 , 1.4290 , 1.6050 , 2.1040
(1980-2011)
1.61 260 5,086 113   2.10
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Trinidad and Tobago
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Trinidad and Tobago
Production 0.5500 , 0.6124 , 0.5025 , 0.4846 , 0.5755 , 0.6106 , 0.5284 , 0.4952 , 0.5073 , 0.5086 , 0.5150 , 0.5470 , 0.5143 , 0.5345 , 0.5609 , 0.5810 , 0.6158 , 0.6283 , 0.6252 , 0.7314 , 0.8152 , 0.8427 , 0.9435 , 1.2526 , 1.3540 , 1.4773 , 1.7123 , 1.7580 , 1.7630 , 1.8061 , 1.8579 , 1.7703
(1980-2011)
1.858 30 505 41   1.770
Consumption 0.1741 , 0.1671 , 0.1678 , 0.1849 , 0.2508 , 0.2741 , 0.2058 , 0.1916 , 0.1977 , 0.2126 , 0.2263 , 0.2531 , 0.2480 , 0.2642 , 0.3113 , 0.3254 , 0.3589 , 0.3891 , 0.3875 , 0.3986 , 0.4206 , 0.4735 , 0.5000 , 0.5389 , 0.5900 , 0.6733 , 0.8211 , 0.8241 , 0.8977 , 0.8501 , 0.9362 , 0.9299
(1980-2011)
0.936 27 507 59   0.930
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
10041.8032 , 9215.5765 , 9004.0195 , 10928.0320 , 15806.5938 , 18019.0264 , 13991.1899 , 13643.7695 , 14657.4525 , 15888.4569 , 16662.7267 , 18146.0024 , 18083.4175 , 19547.3035 , 22241.9469 , 22359.2578 , 23032.2279 , 23265.3492 , 21559.8519 , 20348.0821 , 20018.9362 , 21628.9104 , 21163.7816 , 19939.6158 , 20251.5744 , 21841.6116 , 23489.6340 , 22502.4442 , 23930.6907 , 23490.6683 , 26020.7773 , 25502.7427
(1980-2011)
26,021 5,840 7,401 5   25,503
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Trinidad and Tobago
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Trinidad and Tobago
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
10.5581 , 10.1047 , 9.8760 , 15.0579 , 16.0541 , 17.8554 , 16.7824 , 16.9769 , 17.2090 , 17.4347 , 18.1852 , 18.6124 , 17.4044 , 19.2791 , 21.7447 , 22.6259 , 24.2052 , 25.7049 , 25.5344 , 26.2595 , 27.5106 , 30.0099 , 30.8881 , 29.7793 , 32.5610 , 39.2490 , 47.2012 , 46.6432 , 49.5557 , 47.8278 , 52.3001 , 52.1660 , 51.2673
(1980-2012)
52.17 1,335 32,155 61   51.27

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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