Sudan and South Sudan - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Sudan and South Sudan   Sudan Energy Profile South Sudan Energy Profile

Country Analysis Brief Overview

  • South Sudan gained independence from Sudan in July 2011. Most of the oil is now produced in South Sudan, but the country is landlocked and remains dependent on Sudan because it must use Sudan's export pipelines and processing facilities. In early 2012, South Sudan voluntarily shut in all of its oil production because of a dispute with Sudan over oil transit fees.
  • Prior to independence, the unified Sudan had fought two civil wars. The second civil war ended with the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement that was put in place from 2005 to 2011. South Sudan gained its independence from Sudan in July 2011. However, there are still unresolved issues that have caused tension between both countries after independence. The border between the two countries is undefined and some areas along the border remain contested.
  • Most of Sudan's and South Sudan's proved reserves of crude oil and natural gas are located in the Muglad and Melut basins, which extend into both countries. Natural gas associated with oil fields is flared or re-injected. Both countries currently do not produce or consume marketed natural gas.
  • International oil companies from Asia dominate the oil sectors of Sudan and South Sudan. The China National Petroleum Corporation, India's Oil and Natural Gas Corporation, and Malaysia's Petronas hold large stakes in the leading consortia operating oil fields and pipelines. National oil companies Sudapet (Sudan) and Nilepet (South Sudan) also hold small stakes in operations.
  • Oil production in Sudan and South Sudan is declining because of natural declines at maturing fields. Sudan has set ambitious goals to increase production from new fields and to increase recovery rates at existing fields, but production continues to fall short of Sudan's goals.

Read full Sudan and South Sudan Analysis Brief »

Analysis Last Updated: September 5, 2013


Overview data for Sudan and South Sudan

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Sudan and South Sudan
Africa
World
Rank
    
Sudan and South Sudan
Total Oil Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , -0.1672 , -0.1473 , -0.0179 , 0.0177 , 0.0182 , -0.2721 , 0.1341 , 0.1396 , -0.1154 , 0.0417 , 1.8469 , 4.8473 , 9.8482 , 68.6173 , 186.9845 , 210.8349 , 240.4934 , 271.8790 , 344.8426 , 352.4073 , 381.3479 , 466.7621 , 479.8307 , 485.9873 , 489.3674 , 456.1249 , 115.3127 , 250.0400
(1980-2013)
115.31 9,971 89,692 47   250.04
Crude Oil Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.1090 , 0.2000 , 2.0000 , 5.0000 , 10.0000 , 69.0000 , 186.0000 , 209.1315 , 238.7671 , 269.7397 , 342.5137 , 350.0000 , 378.1096 , 463.7726 , 477.8005 , 483.4521 , 486.2027 , 453.2603 , 112.4481 , 247.1753
(1980-2013)
112.45 9,058 75,889 41   247.18
Consumption 22.4000 , 23.0000 , 25.0000 , 24.0000 , 22.0000 , 24.7014 , 27.9392 , 27.1912 , 29.5939 , 28.0253 , 25.4321 , 36.1528 , 33.3032 , 31.7375 , 27.6656 , 26.4973 , 26.3371 , 27.1573 , 27.3626 , 29.5296 , 43.1058 , 55.9886 , 58.2970 , 65.4231 , 71.2105 , 76.5993 , 87.4200 , 85.1112 , 94.1900 , 125.2881 , 130.7522 , 132.0000 , 94.8529 , 94.5200
(1980-2013)
94.85 3,497 89,160 77   94.52
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -22.4000 , -23.0000 , -25.0000 , -24.0000 , -22.0000 , -24.7014 , -28.1064 , -27.3384 , -29.6118 , -28.0076 , -25.4139 , -36.4249 , -33.1691 , -31.5978 , -27.7811 , -26.4556 , -24.4901 , -22.3100 , -17.5144 , 39.0877 , 143.8788 , 154.8463 , 182.1964 , 206.4559 , 273.6321 , 275.8080 , 293.9279 , 381.6510 , 385.6406 , 360.6992 , 358.6151 , 324.1249 , 20.4599 , 155.5200
(1980-2013)
20.46 6,474 -- 24   155.52
Refinery Capacity 26.0000 , 24.0000 , 24.0000 , 24.0000 , 24.0000 , 24.0000 , 24.0000 , 24.0000 , 21.0000 , 21.0000 , 25.0000 , 22.0000 , 21.7000 , 21.7000 , 21.7000 , 21.7000 , 21.7000 , 21.7000 , 21.7000 , 21.7000 , 81.7000 , 121.7000 , 121.7000 , 121.7000 , 121.7000 , 121.7000 , 121.7000 , 121.7000 , 121.7000 , 121.7000 , 121.7000 , 121.7000 , 121.7000
(1980-2012)
122 3,220 88,097 74   122
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.2000 , 0.4000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.2621 , 0.2621 , 0.2621 , 0.2621 , 0.5630 , 0.5630 , 0.5630 , 0.5630 , 0.5630 , 5.0000 , 5.0000 , 5.0000 , 5.0000 , 5.0000 , 5.0000 , 5.0000 , 5.0000
(1982-2014)
5.00 128 1,646 25   5.00
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Sudan and South Sudan
Africa
World
Rank
 
Sudan and South Sudan
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.00 7,124 116,255 93   0.00
Consumption 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.00 3,909 116,395 111   0.00
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1990-2012)
0.00 3,215 -- 64   0.00
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
3.0020 , 3.0020 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000
(1987-2014)
3.00 515 6,846 56   3.00
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Sudan and South Sudan
Africa
World
Rank
 
Sudan and South Sudan
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 285 8,444 68   0.000
Consumption 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 219 8,285 115   0.000
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 66 -- 87   0.000
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Sudan and South Sudan
Africa
World
Rank
 
Sudan and South Sudan
Net Generation 0.6950 , 0.9510 , 1.0140 , 1.0140 , 1.0850 , 1.2640 , 1.2680 , 1.2740 , 1.2810 , 1.2900 , 1.9820 , 2.1240 , 2.1000 , 2.1490 , 2.3130 , 2.3100 , 2.5030 , 2.5830 , 2.5430 , 2.8480 , 2.9840 , 3.2430 , 3.4820 , 3.7210 , 3.8240 , 4.1690 , 4.8280 , 5.3018 , 5.7584 , 6.7730 , 8.1020 , 8.9170
(1980-2011)
8.10 638 20,254 98   8.92
Net Consumption 0.5800 , 0.7820 , 0.8300 , 0.8780 , 1.0530 , 1.0900 , 1.1280 , 1.1370 , 1.0220 , 1.0000 , 1.7490 , 1.7270 , 1.7610 , 1.7330 , 1.7990 , 1.8070 , 1.8520 , 1.7920 , 1.9310 , 2.4780 , 2.5850 , 2.2710 , 2.6350 , 2.8020 , 2.8740 , 3.3850 , 3.7830 , 4.1248 , 4.5514 , 5.3500 , 6.4040 , 7.0320
(1980-2011)
6.40 562 18,501 104   7.03
Installed Capacity (GWe) 0.3800 , 0.3930 , 0.4380 , 0.4600 , 0.5200 , 0.5200 , 0.5200 , 0.5200 , 0.5200 , 0.5700 , 0.5700 , 0.5700 , 0.5700 , 0.5700 , 0.5700 , 0.6480 , 0.7230 , 0.7330 , 0.7380 , 0.7380 , 0.8420 , 0.8680 , 0.8710 , 0.9580 , 1.0080 , 1.0310 , 1.1300 , 1.1310 , 1.3380 , 2.3380 , 2.3380 , 3.0380
(1980-2011)
2.34 135 5,086 98   3.04
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Sudan and South Sudan
Africa
World
Rank
 
Sudan and South Sudan
Production 0.0051 , 0.0077 , 0.0080 , 0.0080 , 0.0078 , 0.0095 , 0.0095 , 0.0095 , 0.0095 , 0.0097 , 0.0152 , 0.0161 , 0.0170 , 0.0169 , 0.0169 , 0.0156 , 0.0200 , 0.0251 , 0.0343 , 0.1455 , 0.3632 , 0.4063 , 0.4612 , 0.5176 , 0.6534 , 0.6671 , 0.7202 , 0.8798 , 0.9084 , 0.9333 , 0.9671 , 0.9082
(1980-2011)
.967 37 505 52   0.908
Consumption 0.0522 , 0.0559 , 0.0607 , 0.0587 , 0.0544 , 0.0615 , 0.0689 , 0.0670 , 0.0719 , 0.0689 , 0.0689 , 0.0932 , 0.0871 , 0.0754 , 0.0756 , 0.0712 , 0.0719 , 0.0733 , 0.0736 , 0.0796 , 0.1080 , 0.1356 , 0.1399 , 0.1539 , 0.1649 , 0.1768 , 0.1967 , 0.1918 , 0.2191 , 0.2936 , 0.3307 , 0.3378
(1980-2011)
0.331 16 507 80   0.338
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
2300.5016 , 2317.1076 , 2413.3328 , 2369.2163 , 2326.0475 , 2650.0313 , 2697.2614 , 2466.9998 , 2533.7757 , 2393.6349 , 2437.2095 , 2999.0699 , 2918.8773 , 2378.3265 , 2337.6753 , 2139.0361 , 2029.6959 , 1873.2028 , 1803.1844 , 1889.1869 , 2365.4224 , 2798.0558 , 2740.6953 , 2813.5897 , 2868.0444 , 2892.3361 , 2890.4720 , 2558.8258 , 2736.1356 , 3507.3964 , 3748.3301 , 3721.0075
(1980-2011)
3,748 5,302 7,401 137   3,721
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Sudan and South Sudan
Africa
World
Rank
 
Sudan and South Sudan
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
3.1631 , 3.2408 , 3.5424 , 3.3984 , 3.1203 , 3.5014 , 4.3173 , 4.1769 , 4.5193 , 4.2873 , 3.8941 , 5.6131 , 5.1733 , 4.9193 , 4.3296 , 4.0010 , 3.9670 , 4.1029 , 4.1333 , 4.4597 , 6.5112 , 7.4660 , 8.6592 , 9.8042 , 10.7586 , 11.4124 , 12.3902 , 11.9768 , 12.1019 , 18.1293 , 18.5716 , 18.4648
(1980-2011)
18.57 1,155 31,502 87   18.46

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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