Romania - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
‹ Countries

Romania  

Country Analysis Note

  • Romania has nine crude oil refineries with a total capacity of 467,642 barrels per day (bbl/d), which is among the largest refining capacities in Eastern Europe. Although Romania's refineries operate below capacity, refinery output exceeds domestic consumption allowing the country to export the surplus petroleum products. Romania consumed 216,000 bbl/d of petroleum in 2012.
  • Oil production in Romania has steadily declined overtime. Total oil production in Romania was 102,000 bbl/d in 2012, down from around 140,000 bbl/d in 2002.
  • Romania has the fourth-largest crude oil reserves in Europe with 600 million barrels of proved reserves as of January 1, 2013.
  • Dry natural gas production has declined steadily over the past three decades, from its peak of 1.4 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) in 1983 to 375 billion cubic feet in 2012. Romania has 3.7 Tcf of proved natural gas reserves as of January 1, 2013, up from 2.2 Tcf the previous year.
  • Romania is looking to develop a shale gas industry and reduce its reliance on Russian gas supplies. According to IHS Global Insight, imports of natural gas from Russia accounted for 97 percent of the natural gas Romania imported in 2011.
  • According to a recent EIA study, Romania holds 51 Tcf of technically recoverable shale gas resources. A moratorium on shale gas exploration had been in place, but expired in December 2012 without being renewed. However, public opposition against shale gas exploration remains high. Numerous protests were staged around Romania this year, and could further delay shale gas exploration projects.
  • A recent New York Times article stated that Romania has put significant effort to have 24 percent of its energy needs met with renewable energy sources, a goal set by the European Union (EU).

Analysis Last Updated: August 2013


Overview data for Romania

+ EXPAND ALL
Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Romania
Europe
World
Rank
    
Romania
Total Oil Production 252.0000 , 255.0000 , 255.7000 , 255.0000 , 252.0000 , 235.0000 , 232.5671 , 226.8286 , 202.8989 , 189.8528 , 167.1015 , 145.8265 , 146.9391 , 142.7878 , 149.1136 , 148.9769 , 150.2410 , 149.5915 , 147.4162 , 139.9258 , 137.1591 , 139.5882 , 140.4283 , 133.6582 , 131.6317 , 124.7223 , 116.6413 , 115.6509 , 116.9843 , 112.6989 , 107.1447 , 105.3409 , 101.6478
(1980-2012)
105.34 4,269 87,573 50   101.65
Crude Oil Production 238.0000 , 241.0000 , 242.0000 , 240.0000 , 237.0000 , 220.0000 , 221.0000 , 215.0000 , 193.0000 , 180.0000 , 163.0000 , 140.0000 , 135.6410 , 133.0000 , 137.7809 , 135.0000 , 135.0000 , 134.4700 , 131.6438 , 125.0000 , 120.4180 , 124.0000 , 122.3790 , 116.3650 , 114.2486 , 105.3068 , 96.4603 , 94.4192 , 95.3968 , 91.6601 , 88.1389 , 86.8640 , 84.3502
(1980-2012)
86.86 3,424 74,199 45   84.35
Consumption 374.0000 , 345.0000 , 340.0000 , 319.6000 , 307.0000 , 320.0000 , 322.2000 , 339.5920 , 329.5830 , 345.0012 , 382.2525 , 276.5115 , 250.0131 , 248.4779 , 220.7677 , 244.2085 , 256.9930 , 269.9123 , 249.5256 , 215.5686 , 224.2383 , 228.9057 , 232.2845 , 219.6054 , 225.0889 , 221.8847 , 217.6266 , 224.0453 , 230.9489 , 201.3468 , 193.4633 , 217.0000 , 216.3310
(1980-2012)
217.00 14,961 88,744 50   216.33 E
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -122.0000 , -90.0000 , -84.3000 , -64.6000 , -55.0000 , -85.0000 , -89.6329 , -112.7634 , -126.6841 , -155.1483 , -215.1510 , -130.6850 , -103.0739 , -105.6901 , -71.6541 , -95.2317 , -106.7520 , -120.3208 , -102.1094 , -75.6428 , -87.0791 , -89.3175 , -91.8562 , -85.9472 , -93.4571 , -97.1624 , -100.9853 , -108.3944 , -113.9645 , -88.6479 , -86.3185 , -111.6591 , -114.6832
(1980-2012)
-111.66 -10,692 -- 44   -114.68
Refinery Capacity 656.5000 , 737.1020 , 680.8840 , 650.7880 , 655.4340 , 558.7700 , 541.7000 , 521.7150 , 499.0370 , 504.0370 , 504.0370 , 501.1820 , 501.1820 , 516.5570 , 516.5570 , 516.5570 , 516.5570 , 516.5570 , 516.5570 , 537.2770 , 537.2770
(1992-2012)
537 16,787 88,097 33   537
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 1.1700 , 1.1500 , 1.5688 , 1.5688 , 1.6060 , 1.6060 , 1.6060 , 1.6060 , 1.4261 , 1.4261 , 1.4261 , 0.9556 , 0.9556 , 0.9556 , 0.9556 , 0.9556 , 0.6000 , 0.6000 , 0.6000 , 0.6000 , 0.6000 , 0.6000 , 0.6000
(1991-2013)
0.60 12 1,526 43   0.60
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Romania
Europe
World
Rank
 
Romania
Production 1200.0000 , 1240.0000 , 1350.0000 , 1400.0000 , 1338.0000 , 1271.0000 , 1340.0000 , 1317.0000 , 1280.0000 , 1130.0800 , 1001.0000 , 876.0000 , 776.9300 , 745.8530 , 691.8200 , 683.3400 , 634.2600 , 614.4810 , 515.5990 , 501.4730 , 480.2840 , 505.0045 , 469.6895 , 434.3745 , 416.7170 , 413.1855 , 449.2068 , 432.2556 , 403.2973 , 383.5209 , 373.9859 , 374.6922 , 375.2572
(1980-2012)
374.69 9,965 116,255 40   375.26
Consumption 1251.0000 , 1267.0000 , 1411.0000 , 1446.0000 , 1395.0000 , 1336.0000 , 1410.0000 , 1405.2880 , 1305.6000 , 1384.3500 , 1261.0000 , 1040.0000 , 935.8500 , 908.3020 , 850.7400 , 900.5300 , 893.8200 , 829.9025 , 649.7960 , 621.5440 , 600.3550 , 695.7055 , 646.2645 , 635.6700 , 635.6700 , 642.7330 , 657.5653 , 605.2991 , 560.8022 , 454.5041 , 454.5041 , 486.2876 , 475.9049
(1980-2012)
486.29 19,199 116,395 41   475.90
Net Export/Imports(-) -260.0000 , -164.0000 , -158.9200 , -162.4490 , -158.9200 , -217.1900 , -259.5700 , -215.4215 , -134.1970 , -120.0710 , -120.0710 , -190.7010 , -176.5750 , -201.2955 , -218.9530 , -229.5475 , -208.3585 , -173.0435 , -157.5049 , -70.9832 , -80.5182 , -111.5954 , -100.6478
(1990-2012)
-111.60 -9,400 -- 37   -100.65
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
9.8880 , 10.5950 , 9.8880 , 9.0050 , 8.1220 , 7.4160 , 9.5350 , 8.2990 , 6.9920 , 5.8270 , 4.6970 , 4.7000 , 3.7000 , 7.3350 , 8.0000 , 12.2900 , 13.0000 , 14.0000 , 14.0000 , 13.2000 , 13.2000 , 13.2000 , 3.5560 , 3.5560 , 3.5560 , 3.5500 , 3.5500 , 2.2250 , 2.2250 , 2.2250 , 2.2250 , 2.2250 , 2.2250 , 3.7250
(1980-2013)
2.23 147 6,845 59   3.73
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Romania
Europe
World
Rank
 
Romania
Production 38.7606 , 40.7050 , 41.7308 , 49.0781 , 48.7970 , 51.3468 , 52.3796 , 56.8142 , 64.8060 , 66.3955 , 42.0896 , 35.7215 , 42.2957 , 43.8180 , 44.6954 , 45.3281 , 46.1527 , 37.2658 , 28.9147 , 25.2231 , 32.2812 , 36.6948 , 33.5257 , 36.4457 , 35.0447 , 34.2885 , 38.4960 , 39.4407 , 39.5300 , 37.4356 , 34.3116 , 38.8708 , 37.3160
(1980-2012)
38.871 772 8,440 20   37.316
Consumption 44.9743 , 48.4653 , 48.6147 , 57.3443 , 57.8051 , 60.3482 , 62.0701 , 67.0790 , 76.1686 , 77.7240 , 51.9718 , 43.3219 , 48.6196 , 48.8533 , 49.5070 , 50.1937 , 50.1232 , 42.0653 , 34.5685 , 30.7909 , 35.6487 , 38.1708 , 38.3637 , 41.8217 , 40.4118 , 40.3259 , 45.1937 , 44.5058 , 44.4728 , 38.6834 , 35.9464 , 41.7500 , 38.9945
(1980-2012)
41.750 1,004 8,124 22   38.995
Net Export/Imports(-) -6213.7291 , -7760.2720 , -6883.9344 , -8266.2329 , -8022.6221 , -9284.7686 , -9381.7720 , -10331.9644 , -9733.4093 , -10468.6510 , -10541.4035 , -6656.8583 , -8033.6452 , -4035.5619 , -4673.8002 , -4950.4803 , -5068.4276 , -5833.4317 , -4383.8923 , -2811.9963 , -3348.8219 , -4010.2087 , -4668.2886 , -4738.8365 , -5244.7974 , -5250.3090 , -5067.3253 , -6609.4589 , -4609.8661 , -1902.5894 , -2162.7349 , -2879.2373
(1980-2011)
-2.163 -218 -- 32   -2.879
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Romania
Europe
World
Rank
 
Romania
Net Generation 63.8670 , 66.3550 , 65.1690 , 66.5430 , 67.8610 , 68.1010 , 71.4770 , 70.1830 , 71.4790 , 71.9280 , 61.0000 , 54.2100 , 51.5320 , 52.7900 , 52.4810 , 56.5480 , 58.0630 , 54.6492 , 51.1420 , 48.5060 , 49.6530 , 51.2980 , 52.1790 , 52.4230 , 53.9910 , 56.7500 , 59.7370 , 58.6045 , 61.7020 , 54.8290 , 57.7820 , 58.7760
(1980-2011)
57.78 3,613 20,254 43   58.78
Net Consumption 59.5430 , 62.2580 , 62.0390 , 63.3980 , 65.9260 , 67.5050 , 71.7940 , 71.2810 , 74.1590 , 75.1040 , 64.6470 , 53.4770 , 50.1390 , 49.0340 , 48.1860 , 50.1540 , 51.6840 , 48.2702 , 45.1580 , 41.3890 , 42.3540 , 43.1070 , 42.6390 , 45.5650 , 46.7520 , 47.7670 , 48.8860 , 49.7635 , 50.2640 , 45.5050 , 48.4500 , 49.7290
(1980-2011)
48.45 3,351 18,501 46   49.73
Installed Capacity (GWe) 16.1090 , 16.6120 , 17.4700 , 17.9880 , 18.8240 , 19.5740 , 20.3920 , 21.7300 , 22.3760 , 22.9030 , 22.4780 , 22.2680 , 22.2680 , 22.2610 , 22.0600 , 22.2760 , 23.5010 , 23.4890 , 23.2120 , 22.8910 , 22.5600 , 21.5180 , 20.3140 , 20.0230 , 20.2810 , 19.2700 , 19.2760 , 20.1170 , 20.2640 , 20.5366 , 20.5895 , 21.3935
(1980-2011)
20.59 986 5,086 35   21.39
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Romania
Europe
World
Rank
 
Romania
Production 2.2898 , 2.3568 , 2.4762 , 2.5757 , 2.5144 , 2.4145 , 2.4868 , 2.4880 , 2.4789 , 2.2838 , 1.8727 , 1.6215 , 1.5062 , 1.4579 , 1.4233 , 1.4488 , 1.4300 , 1.4025 , 1.2524 , 1.2071 , 1.1907 , 1.2506 , 1.2009 , 1.1389 , 1.1446 , 1.1517 , 1.1775 , 1.1629 , 1.1917 , 1.1388 , 1.1417 , 1.1332
(1980-2011)
1.142 45 509 50   1.133
Consumption 2.7520 , 2.7643 , 2.8875 , 2.9474 , 2.8782 , 2.8884 , 2.9627 , 3.0348 , 2.9926 , 3.1053 , 2.8150 , 2.2088 , 2.0510 , 1.8693 , 1.8680 , 2.0151 , 2.0508 , 2.0250 , 1.7367 , 1.5926 , 1.5861 , 1.7155 , 1.6837 , 1.6308 , 1.6896 , 1.6655 , 1.6745 , 1.6621 , 1.6416 , 1.4110 , 1.4252 , 1.5212
(1980-2011)
1.425 84 511 43   1.521
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
15319.8328 , 13833.1593 , 14068.6162 , 12632.8435 , 12150.0941 , 12238.4265 , 12068.5089 , 12531.0488 , 10977.3499 , 10399.4874 , 10143.9968 , 10379.8059 , 9702.1019 , 8932.8477 , 8529.8252 , 8069.4240 , 7519.1663 , 7021.0981 , 6462.7987 , 5947.2104 , 6086.1841 , 6410.0564
(1990-2011)
6,086 5,486 7,452 84   6,410
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Romania
Europe
World
Rank
 
Romania
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
170.8988 , 173.6156 , 179.4321 , 186.2576 , 180.8792 , 182.7359 , 187.8329 , 192.5700 , 190.5487 , 196.8414 , 176.0997 , 135.6599 , 129.8323 , 123.1558 , 116.9356 , 123.6357 , 126.5407 , 120.3211 , 100.5479 , 91.1757 , 93.2775 , 102.0026 , 99.9910 , 99.6993 , 100.3006 , 97.1374 , 99.2983 , 98.7297 , 93.9216 , 78.4657 , 76.3409 , 86.1900
(1980-2011)
76.34 4,375 31,502 45   86.19

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

Related International Information

International Energy Statistics

U.S. Net Petroleum Imports By Country

International Energy Outlook yearly energy projections through 2040

Short Term Energy Outlook monthly energy projections through 2014

Annual Energy Outlook yearly US energy projections through 2040

Sign Up for Email Updates