Palestinian Territories - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Palestinian Territories  

Note

The U.S. Department of State refers to the region as the Palestinian Territories.


Country Analysis Note

  • The Palestinian Territories of the West Bank and Gaza Strip do not have any proved hydrocarbon reserves, but fields on the Israeli side of the boundaries may extend across the West Bank and Gaza borders. The discovery of the Gaza Marine field in the Mediterranean Sea in 2000 indicates the presence of hydrocarbons, although the resources are not yet commercially viable. The Gaza Marine field holds an estimated 1.6 trillion cubic feet in recoverable natural gas resources.
  • The offshore Gaza territory may hold additional energy resources, but uncertainty around maritime delineation between Israel, Gaza, and Egypt could limit additional exploration. It appears that Israel's Noa natural gas field is part of a larger structure that crosses into the Gaza offshore area, but confirmation requires further study.
  • The Palestinian Territories consumed 23,300 barrels per day (bbl/d) of petroleum and total liquids in 2012, all from imports, because the territories do not have domestic refining capabilities. In recent years most imports of refined petroleum products have been either distillate fuel oil or liquefied petroleum gases. From 2000-2010, those two products accounted for an average of almost 80% of petroleum and liquids consumption in the Palestinian Territories.
  • The Palestinian Territories do not currently produce or consume natural gas, but in April 2012 the Palestinian Authority signed a natural gas supply deal with Egypt to help with the proposed conversion of its generating capacity to natural gas-fired facilities. Further, in January 2014 the Israeli government approved plans to supply the Palestinian Authority with gas from its Leviathan field once production commences in 2016 or 2017.
  • In 2010, the Palestinian Territories generated only 445 million kilowatthours (KWh) of electricity, enough to meet just 10% of demand. Electricity imports accounted for the remaining 90% of power consumed in 2010, which totaled 4.6 billion KWh.

Analysis Last Updated: March 2014


Overview data for Palestinian Territories

+ EXPAND ALL
Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Palestinian Territories
Middle East
World
Rank
    
Palestinian Territories
Total Oil Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1997-2013)
0.00 27,600 89,755 127   0.00
Crude Oil Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1997-2013)
0.00 24,466 75,956 94   0.00
Consumption 3.1296 , 5.2168 , 5.6975 , 7.0823 , 10.1907 , 8.9200 , 9.7122 , 15.9389 , 19.9763 , 21.6202 , 22.1110 , 15.4214 , 16.3297 , 16.3297 , 20.0000 , 23.2635 , 23.0000
(1997-2013)
23.26 7,817 89,128 121   23.00
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -3.1296 , -5.2168 , -5.6975 , -7.0823 , -10.1907 , -8.9200 , -9.7122 , -15.9389 , -19.9763 , -21.6202 , -22.1110 , -15.4214 , -16.3297 , -16.3297 , -20.0000 , -23.2635 , -23.0000
(1997-2013)
-23.26 19,783 -- 129   -23.00
Refinery Capacity 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1997-2012)
0 7,245 88,097 110   0
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1997-2014)
0.00 802 1,646 91   0.00
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Palestinian Territories
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Palestinian Territories
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1997-2012)
0.00 18,332 116,255 93   0.00
Consumption 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1997-2012)
0.00 14,089 116,395 111   0.00
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1997-2012)
0.00 4,243 -- 64   0.00
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1997-2014)
0.00 2,823 6,846 92   0.00
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Palestinian Territories
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Palestinian Territories
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1997-2012)
0.000 1 8,444 68   0.000
Consumption 0.0077 , 0.0022 , 0.0011 , 0.0033 , 0.0022 , 0.0044 , 0.0000 , 0.0011 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1997-2012)
0.000 19 8,285 115   0.000
Net Export/Imports(-) -7.7162 , 1.1023 , -2.2046 , -3.3069 , -2.2046 , -4.4092 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1997-2012)
0.000 -17 -- 87   0.000
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Palestinian Territories
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Palestinian Territories
Net Generation 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0330 , 0.1400 , 0.3210 , 0.3710 , 0.4700 , 0.3240 , 0.3920 , 0.4000 , 0.4700 , 0.4450 , 0.5350
(1997-2011)
0.45 830 20,254 167   0.54
Net Consumption 1.0310 , 1.6830 , 1.5230 , 2.2630 , 2.1137 , 2.4372 , 2.6135 , 2.9430 , 3.2991 , 3.3973 , 3.5526 , 4.2360 , 4.4201 , 4.5729 , 5.1196
(1997-2011)
4.57 718 18,501 119   5.12
Installed Capacity (GWe) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0500 , 0.1400 , 0.1400 , 0.1400 , 0.1400 , 0.1400 , 0.1400 , 0.1400 , 0.1400 , 0.1400 , 0.1400
(1997-2011)
0.14 207 5,086 169   0.14
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Palestinian Territories
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Palestinian Territories
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1997-2011)
.000 72 505 179   0.000
Consumption 0.0095 , 0.0148 , 0.0150 , 0.0198 , 0.0266 , 0.0247 , 0.0264 , 0.0403 , 0.0493 , 0.0535 , 0.0545 , 0.0459 , 0.0452 , 0.0458 , 0.0568
(1997-2011)
0.046 29 507 146   0.057
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
1774.2498 , 2462.7889 , 2292.2452 , 3312.7018 , 4873.1156 , 5218.3918 , 4861.7209 , 6623.4234 , 7463.6037 , 8538.7438 , 8258.5874 , 6489.7318 , 5954.6498 , 5521.0055 , 6487.5326
(1997-2011)
5,521 10,989 7,401 98   6,488
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Palestinian Territories
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Palestinian Territories
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
0.4062 , 0.5017 , 0.5353 , 0.6282 , 1.2509 , 1.0448 , 1.1779 , 2.0955 , 2.6539 , 2.8910 , 2.8938 , 3.0101 , 2.0425 , 2.0425 , 2.5016
(1997-2011)
2.04 1,798 31,502 148   2.50

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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