Mozambique - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Mozambique  

Country Analysis Note

  • Mozambique holds 4.5 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) of proven natural gas reserves, but does not have any crude oil reserves as of January 1, 2013, according to the Oil and Gas Journal. The country has large onshore and offshore sedimentary basins that contain natural gas resources, but much of it is unexploited. Additionally, the country holds large untapped coal resources.
  • Mozambique is one of two countries (including Tanzania) that produce natural gas in East Africa. In 2011, Mozambique produced 135 billion cubic feet (Bcf) of natural gas from two onshore gas fields, Pande and Temane.
  • The majority of natural gas produced in Mozambique was exported (117 Bcf) to South Africa via the 535-mile Sasol Petroleum International Gas Pipeline and the remainder was domestically consumed (18 Bcf).
  • Since 2010, there have been a series of natural gas discoveries in the offshore Rovuma Basin that are large enough to support liquefied natural gas (LNG) projects. The U.S.-based Anadarko and Italy-based Eni have led exploration activities in the area. Mozambique expects to begin exporting LNG to the global market in the next five to ten years.
  • Anadarko made several natural gas discoveries in its Prosperidade and Golfinho/Atum complexes, of which each contain between 17 to 30 Tcf and 15 to 35 Tcf of recoverable natural gas resources, respectively. Eni's natural gas discoveries are in the Mamba complex and the Coral site, of which each contain 62 Tcf and 13 Tcf of natural gas in place, respectively.
  • Along with natural gas, Mozambique also produces coal. In 2011, the country produced 42 thousand short tons of coal, of which 36 thousand short tons were consumed locally and the remainder was exported. The government recently announced that coal production in 2012 increased to its highest level.
  • According to the World Bank's latest data, only 12 percent of Mozambique's population has access to electricity. Electricity net generation in Mozambique was 16.5 billion kilowatthours in 2010, of which more than 99 percent was from hydropower and the remaining from fossil fuels. The vast majority of the population relies on traditional biomass and waste, mostly fuelwood, for heating and cooking.

Analysis Last Updated: April 2013


Overview data for Mozambique

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Mozambique
Africa
World
Rank
    
Mozambique
Total Oil Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0200 , 0.0200 , 0.0200 , 0.0200 , 0.0200
(1980-2013)
0.02 9,980 89,757 123   0.02
Crude Oil Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2013)
0.00 9,074 75,887 94   0.00
Consumption 13.0000 , 11.0000 , 13.0000 , 13.0000 , 12.0000 , 13.1907 , 6.6222 , 6.8111 , 9.8370 , 8.0294 , 7.0335 , 6.9309 , 6.8518 , 6.8049 , 6.4738 , 7.1211 , 7.0447 , 7.2973 , 7.6310 , 7.8954 , 7.8125 , 9.3671 , 10.6465 , 11.1892 , 13.3244 , 13.3790 , 13.5892 , 14.3524 , 13.2204 , 15.0215 , 16.1428 , 17.0000 , 21.6141
(1980-2012)
17.00 3,297 88,744 110   21.61 E
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -13.0000 , -11.0000 , -13.0000 , -13.0000 , -12.0000 , -13.1907 , -6.6222 , -6.8111 , -9.8370 , -8.0294 , -7.0335 , -6.9309 , -6.8518 , -6.8049 , -6.4738 , -7.1211 , -7.0447 , -7.2973 , -7.6310 , -7.8954 , -7.8125 , -9.3671 , -10.6465 , -11.1892 , -13.3244 , -13.3790 , -13.5892 , -14.3524 , -13.2204 , -15.0015 , -16.1228 , -16.9800 , -21.5941
(1980-2012)
-16.98 6,030 -- 91   -21.59
Refinery Capacity 16.0000 , 16.0000 , 16.0000 , 16.0000 , 17.0000 , 17.0000 , 17.0000 , 17.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0 3,220 88,097 110   0
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2013)
0.00 124 1,526 91   0.00
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Mozambique
Africa
World
Rank
 
Mozambique
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 2.1189 , 2.1189 , 2.1189 , 2.1189 , 2.1189 , 2.8252 , 2.8252 , 7.0630 , 58.2698 , 93.2316 , 103.8261 , 94.6442 , 110.1828 , 134.9033 , 153.7968
(1980-2012)
134.90 7,124 116,255 52   153.80
Consumption 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 2.1189 , 2.1189 , 2.1189 , 2.1189 , 2.1189 , 2.8252 , -35.6682 , -66.3922 , -27.5457 , 7.0630 , 6.3567 , 5.2972 , 2.8252 , 18.3638 , 26.6628
(1980-2012)
18.36 3,909 116,395 97   26.66
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 38.4934 , 73.4552 , 85.8155 , 86.1686 , 97.4694 , 89.3470 , 107.3576 , 116.5395 , 127.1340
(1990-2012)
116.54 3,215 -- 68   127.13
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
2.2950 , 2.2950 , 2.2950 , 2.2950 , 2.2000 , 2.2900 , 2.2900 , 2.2900 , 2.2900 , 2.3000 , 2.3000 , 2.7020 , 1.7400 , 2.0000 , 2.5000 , 2.0000 , 2.0000 , 2.0000 , 4.5000 , 4.5000 , 4.5000 , 4.5000 , 4.5000 , 4.5000 , 4.5000 , 4.5000 , 4.5000 , 4.5000 , 4.5000 , 4.5000
(1984-2013)
4.50 546 6,845 49   4.50
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Mozambique
Africa
World
Rank
 
Mozambique
Production 0.2282 , 0.3638 , 0.2216 , 0.0639 , 0.0441 , 0.0386 , 0.0441 , 0.0474 , 0.0496 , 0.0463 , 0.0441 , 0.0463 , 0.0441 , 0.0441 , 0.0441 , 0.0419 , 0.0220 , 0.0198 , 0.0198 , 0.0187 , 0.0176 , 0.0309 , 0.0485 , 0.0408 , 0.0187 , 0.0033 , 0.0452 , 0.0265 , 0.0419 , 0.0419 , 0.0419 , 0.0419
(1980-2011)
0.042 286 7,934 61   0.042
Consumption 0.3175 , 0.3241 , 0.2679 , 0.1995 , 0.1378 , 0.1168 , 0.1124 , 0.0694 , 0.0717 , 0.0705 , 0.0639 , 0.0683 , 0.0661 , 0.0661 , 0.0661 , 0.0617 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0099 , 0.0110 , 0.0110 , 0.0110 , 0.0364
(1980-2011)
0.011 223 7,751 107   0.036
Net Export/Imports(-) -89.2872 , 39.6832 , -46.2971 , -135.5843 , -93.6965 , -78.2641 , -68.3433 , -22.0462 , -22.0462 , -24.2508 , -19.8416 , -22.0462 , -22.0462 , -22.0462 , -22.0462 , -19.8416 , 22.0462 , 19.8416 , 19.8416 , 18.7393 , 17.6370 , 30.8647 , 48.5017 , 40.7855 , 18.7393 , 3.3069 , 45.1948 , 16.5347 , 30.8647 , 30.8647 , 30.8647 , 5.5116
(1980-2011)
0.031 64 -- 87   0.006
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Mozambique
Africa
World
Rank
 
Mozambique
Net Generation 13.5600 , 3.4800 , 3.1210 , 5.1800 , 0.6970 , 0.3140 , 0.1670 , 0.1710 , 0.2100 , 0.2270 , 0.4410 , 0.4590 , 0.4080 , 0.3860 , 0.3890 , 0.4020 , 0.4700 , 0.9930 , 1.5120 , 7.6290 , 9.5964 , 11.7644 , 12.5827 , 10.7958 , 11.5942 , 13.1507 , 14.5888 , 15.9142 , 14.9752 , 16.7932 , 16.4989 , 16.6610
(1980-2011)
16.50 638 20,254 76   16.66
Net Consumption 13.3690 , 3.3960 , 2.8130 , 5.2860 , 0.4110 , 0.3070 , 0.4130 , 0.4320 , 0.4560 , 0.4710 , 0.6940 , 0.8120 , 0.6720 , 1.0800 , 0.8960 , 0.8070 , 0.7770 , 0.8810 , 0.7850 , 1.9670 , 4.1494 , 7.0024 , 5.7667 , 8.1458 , 8.8182 , 9.1087 , 9.5278 , 10.0392 , 9.2952 , 9.2802 , 10.4999 , 10.8210
(1980-2011)
10.50 562 18,501 85   10.82
Installed Capacity (GWe) 1.7930 , 1.7930 , 1.8060 , 1.8060 , 1.8060 , 1.8060 , 1.8060 , 1.8060 , 2.3580 , 2.3580 , 2.3580 , 2.3580 , 2.3580 , 2.3580 , 2.3580 , 2.2090 , 2.3080 , 2.3090 , 2.3090 , 2.3820 , 2.3830 , 2.3880 , 2.3400 , 2.3400 , 2.3400 , 2.3690 , 2.3690 , 2.4990 , 2.4280 , 2.4280 , 2.4280 , 2.4290
(1980-2011)
2.43 135 5,086 97   2.43
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Mozambique
Africa
World
Rank
 
Mozambique
Production 0.1449 , 0.0435 , 0.0363 , 0.0543 , 0.0068 , 0.0025 , 0.0015 , 0.0014 , 0.0017 , 0.0017 , 0.0040 , 0.0045 , 0.0044 , 0.0046 , 0.0048 , 0.0049 , 0.0051 , 0.0103 , 0.0178 , 0.0804 , 0.1001 , 0.1240 , 0.1310 , 0.1141 , 0.1191 , 0.1386 , 0.2050 , 0.2529 , 0.2543 , 0.2613 , 0.2741
(1980-2010)
.261 36 487 80   0.274
Consumption 0.1755 , 0.0669 , 0.0645 , 0.0862 , 0.0342 , 0.0331 , 0.0181 , 0.0174 , 0.0246 , 0.0202 , 0.0204 , 0.0209 , 0.0204 , 0.0218 , 0.0213 , 0.0224 , 0.0216 , 0.0259 , 0.0322 , 0.0778 , 0.1007 , 0.1309 , 0.1332 , 0.1322 , 0.1425 , 0.1580 , 0.1770 , 0.1821 , 0.1698 , 0.1832 , 0.1808
(1980-2010)
0.183 16 488 105   0.181
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
33749.7847 , 12702.5401 , 12468.5330 , 19207.4441 , 7392.5107 , 8013.3520 , 4315.4377 , 3945.8440 , 5355.4246 , 4116.0396 , 4116.3142 , 4018.6468 , 4152.8383 , 4082.1669 , 3756.2291 , 3860.5446 , 3240.5304 , 3494.7079 , 3885.9611 , 8675.6457 , 11059.3267 , 12806.6829 , 11930.3780 , 11117.1761 , 11104.0694 , 11360.6123 , 11710.2234 , 11233.7337 , 9813.4533 , 10149.5833 , 9404.1735
(1980-2010)
10,150 5,405 7,461 32   9,404
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Mozambique
Africa
World
Rank
 
Mozambique
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
2.6213 , 2.3375 , 2.4802 , 2.3267 , 2.0477 , 2.1656 , 1.2523 , 1.1790 , 1.6795 , 1.3293 , 1.1878 , 1.1920 , 1.1907 , 1.1812 , 1.1300 , 1.2244 , 1.0714 , 1.1064 , 1.2570 , 1.2978 , 1.2794 , 1.4990 , 1.6771 , 1.8158 , 2.1318 , 2.3559 , 2.7737 , 2.5096 , 2.3779 , 2.5364 , 2.5534 , 3.4260
(1980-2011)
2.55 1,155 31,502 144   3.43

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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