Mexico - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Mexico  

Country Analysis Brief Overview

  • Hydroelectricity supplied about 11% of Mexico's electricity generation in 2013. The largest hydroelectric plant in the country is the 2,400-MW Manuel Moreno Torres, at Chicoasén dam in Chiapas. Another major hydroelectric project, the 750-megawatt La Yesca facility, was completed in November 2012. The 900-megawatt La Parota project has been effectively cancelled because of local opposition.
  • Nonhydro renewables represented 3% of Mexico's electricity generation in 2013. The most significant source is currently geothermal, including the 645-MW Cerro Pietro plant in Baja California, followed by biomass and waste combusted in fossil-fueled power plants. At present, there is relatively little wind and solar generation in Mexico.
  • Several wind projects are in development in Baja California and southern Mexico. The Isthmus of Tehuantepec in Oaxaca has especially favorable wind resources and has been a focus of government efforts to increase wind capacity. The Oaxaca II, III, and IV wind projects came online in the first half of 2012, and are due to be joined by the Oaxaca I and La Venta III projects later in 2014 to early 2015. Each project phase includes just over 100 MW of capacity. In Baja, Sempra International is developing the Energía Sierra Juarez (ESJ) wind farm. The electricity from this farm will be exported to the United States on a new transmission line. The 156-MW first phase of ESJ will be completed in 2014. ESJ's long-term development plan includes additional phases, with a potential total capacity of over 1.2 GW. With these developments, Mexico is poised to become one of the world's fastest-growing wind energy producers.

Read full Mexico Analysis Brief »

Analysis Last Updated: April 24, 2014


Overview data for Mexico

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Mexico
North America
OECD
World
Rank
Mexico
Total Oil Production 2129.0000 , 2554.0000 , 3003.0000 , 2954.0000 , 3049.5377 , 3027.2783 , 2802.5373 , 2897.7674 , 2888.9451 , 2913.3321 , 2991.7062 , 3149.0236 , 3133.8483 , 3139.9889 , 3158.6346 , 3075.2109 , 3293.4687 , 3421.9331 , 3501.5666 , 3354.2852 , 3460.0852 , 3570.0302 , 3593.3492 , 3807.6775 , 3847.9332 , 3784.0667 , 3711.8980 , 3500.2897 , 3184.1639 , 3000.7912 , 2978.5994 , 2959.9894 , 2936.0088 , 2907.8338
(1980-2013)
2,936.01 17,901 22,533 89,692 9 2,907.83
Crude Oil Production 1936.0000 , 2313.0000 , 2748.0000 , 2689.0000 , 2780.0000 , 2745.0000 , 2435.0000 , 2548.0000 , 2512.0000 , 2519.7560 , 2553.0270 , 2679.7970 , 2669.2210 , 2673.0000 , 2781.8997 , 2711.3874 , 2944.0702 , 3104.1025 , 3159.5553 , 2998.2710 , 3104.0705 , 3217.9821 , 3262.8948 , 3458.6814 , 3475.8254 , 3423.1236 , 3345.4279 , 3142.9529 , 2838.9888 , 2645.8433 , 2621.1389 , 2599.8473 , 2592.5055 , 2561.8575
(1980-2013)
2,592.51 12,217 15,662 75,889 10 2,561.86
Consumption 1270.0000 , 1399.0000 , 1476.0000 , 1350.0000 , 1395.0000 , 1476.0000 , 1523.0000 , 1576.0000 , 1598.0000 , 1715.0000 , 1599.0000 , 1743.0000 , 1769.0000 , 1821.0000 , 1923.0000 , 1801.0000 , 1820.0000 , 1888.0000 , 2002.0000 , 2043.0000 , 2095.9262 , 2068.7041 , 2019.1397 , 2015.6603 , 2069.2049 , 2116.6712 , 2122.9315 , 2172.7896 , 2161.1153 , 2070.6838 , 2080.4375 , 2113.3562 , 2144.1161 , 2105.2762
(1980-2013)
2,144.12 22,924 45,853 89,160 11 2,105.28
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports 859.0000 , 1155.0000 , 1527.0000 , 1604.0000 , 1654.5377 , 1551.2783 , 1279.5373 , 1321.7674 , 1290.9451 , 1198.3321 , 1392.7062 , 1406.0236 , 1364.8483 , 1318.9889 , 1235.6346 , 1274.2109 , 1473.4687 , 1533.9331 , 1499.5666 , 1311.2852 , 1364.1590 , 1501.3261 , 1574.2095 , 1792.0172 , 1778.7283 , 1667.3955 , 1588.9665 , 1327.5001 , 1023.0486 , 930.1074 , 898.1619 , 846.6332 , 791.8927 , 802.5576
(1980-2013)
791.89 -5,023 -23,321 -- 15 802.56
Refinery Capacity 1394.0000 , 1394.0000 , 1470.0000 , 1289.0000 , 1269.0000 , 1269.0000 , 1269.0000 , 1349.0000 , 1354.0000 , 1354.0000 , 1514.0000 , 1679.0000 , 1574.0000 , 1524.0000 , 1524.0000 , 1524.0000 , 1520.0000 , 1520.0000 , 1520.0000 , 1525.0000 , 1525.0000 , 1525.0000 , 1525.0000 , 1684.0000 , 1684.0000 , 1684.0000 , 1684.0000 , 1540.0000 , 1540.0000 , 1540.0000 , 1540.0000 , 1540.0000 , 1540.0000
(1980-2012)
1,540 21,178 45,873 88,097 14 1,540
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 31.2500 , 44.0000 , 56.9900 , 48.3000 , 48.0000 , 48.6000 , 49.3000 , 54.6530 , 48.6100 , 54.1100 , 56.3650 , 51.9830 , 51.2980 , 51.2980 , 50.9250 , 50.7760 , 49.7750 , 48.7960 , 40.0000 , 47.8220 , 28.3990 , 28.2600 , 26.9410 , 12.6220 , 15.6740 , 14.6000 , 12.8822 , 12.3520 , 11.6500 , 10.5012 , 10.4040 , 10.4200 , 10.3591 , 10.2639 , 10.0730
(1980-2014)
10.26 214 227 1,646 19 10.07
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Mexico
North America
World
Rank
 
Mexico
Production 899.7909 , 969.1142 , 1045.4653 , 1027.0661 , 1008.7730 , 998.7435 , 885.6649 , 898.1664 , 904.9469 , 865.5353 , 903.0000 , 899.0000 , 878.6372 , 950.0441 , 974.8706 , 956.8246 , 1064.0410 , 1166.0307 , 1266.1134 , 1286.9492 , 1314.4596 , 1301.9934 , 1333.5650 , 1400.0985 , 1252.0933 , 1348.5386 , 1497.8857 , 1678.4513 , 1694.0959 , 1721.7828 , 1798.6636 , 1744.3491 , 1684.4196 , 1639.7814
(1980-2013)
1,684.42 30,812 118,866 18   1,639.78
Consumption 798.7900 , 865.4647 , 942.5574 , 945.0294 , 945.5238 , 990.2326 , 879.5554 , 893.0104 , 903.7815 , 880.6855 , 918.0000 , 949.0000 , 958.8376 , 977.0248 , 1026.2186 , 1042.6401 , 1102.6756 , 1178.2143 , 1283.7003 , 1262.1934 , 1398.1915 , 1395.3310 , 1513.0005 , 1639.7108 , 1653.3070 , 1656.3441 , 1858.3106 , 2024.8915 , 2129.2826 , 2134.5092 , 2286.3284 , 2356.4287 , 2424.1275 , 2280.6427
(1980-2013)
2,424.13 31,015 120,017 11   2,280.64
Net Export/Imports(-) -16.0000 , -59.0000 , -90.0533 , -32.9489 , -37.9989 , -54.3498 , -17.2690 , -25.4621 , -40.5416 , -3.5668 , -92.6312 , -127.4518 , -252.7141 , -342.8733 , -397.4703 , -321.5784 , -359.5773 , -348.3472 , -450.3369 , -434.4451 , -501.8262 , -629.6665 , -775.7293 , -653.2216
(1990-2013)
-775.73 -283 -- 14   -653.22
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
59.0000 , 64.5000 , 75.3500 , 75.8500 , 75.3520 , 77.0000 , 76.9540 , 76.5000 , 76.5300 , 74.8310 , 73.3800 , 72.7440 , 71.5080 , 70.9000 , 70.9540 , 69.6750 , 68.4130 , 67.6680 , 63.9000 , 63.4560 , 30.0640 , 30.3940 , 29.5050 , 8.7760 , 14.9850 , 14.8500 , 15.9850 , 14.5570 , 13.8500 , 13.1620 , 12.7020 , 11.9660 , 17.3160 , 17.2240 , 17.0750
(1980-2014)
17.22 394 6,846 30   17.08
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Mexico
North America
World
Rank
 
Mexico
Production 4.0036 , 3.9430 , 4.7421 , 6.0219 , 6.5610 , 6.7307 , 7.2907 , 8.8527 , 7.9036 , 8.4911 , 8.5870 , 7.7978 , 7.2422 , 7.8396 , 10.0707 , 10.2570 , 11.3593 , 11.4695 , 12.3812 , 11.3825 , 12.5046 , 12.5057 , 12.1078 , 10.5811 , 10.8930 , 11.8554 , 12.6623 , 13.7943 , 12.5994 , 11.6272 , 14.1460 , 17.3735 , 16.7430
(1980-2012)
17.374 1,187 8,444 25   16.743
Consumption 5.0210 , 5.0607 , 5.8411 , 6.5180 , 6.6337 , 7.2653 , 7.9223 , 8.6752 , 8.1185 , 8.8813 , 8.6454 , 8.2078 , 8.2916 , 9.7388 , 11.1876 , 12.1611 , 14.0390 , 14.1250 , 14.6574 , 14.9760 , 15.1954 , 16.2955 , 17.5411 , 19.3963 , 16.7970 , 20.6386 , 20.5438 , 20.5824 , 17.0750 , 17.9105 , 19.8395 , 20.9616 , 20.6761
(1980-2012)
20.962 1,071 8,285 30   20.676
Net Export/Imports(-) -945.7831 , -1246.7141 , -1223.5656 , -504.8586 , -458.5615 , -968.9317 , -633.8290 , -111.3334 , -111.3334 , -255.7362 , -334.0003 , -89.2872 , -884.0537 , -911.5321 , -968.0300 , -1383.8428 , -1460.5626 , -1936.7611 , -1958.8073 , -3018.1285 , -3374.1751 , -4239.4895 , -6935.7431 , -8541.8107 , -5093.7808 , -8431.5796 , -8754.5568 , -6310.7325 , -5391.6033 , -6842.1899 , -8912.2865 , -8721.4875 , -8394.1010
(1980-2012)
-8.721 112 -- 20   -8.394
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Mexico
North America
World
Rank
 
Mexico
Net Generation 63.6040 , 73.2510 , 80.3510 , 82.0270 , 86.7260 , 93.1320 , 96.9090 , 104.5990 , 109.8610 , 117.7290 , 116.8320 , 122.2490 , 126.2330 , 131.9973 , 142.2680 , 148.0010 , 156.4880 , 167.9237 , 174.0230 , 183.9250 , 194.1216 , 201.1726 , 204.7426 , 202.5270 , 220.5846 , 231.3615 , 236.7845 , 243.9274 , 248.8414 , 247.5337 , 257.3440 , 278.5210 , 277.6364
(1980-2012)
278.52 5,003 21,081 13   277.64
Net Consumption 56.6580 , 64.3560 , 69.9380 , 72.8530 , 77.0060 , 82.0710 , 84.8040 , 90.9980 , 95.0080 , 101.4750 , 100.4790 , 104.6140 , 108.1630 , 112.3803 , 120.8430 , 125.1290 , 132.8920 , 144.6067 , 149.4782 , 157.5653 , 167.7066 , 171.3596 , 174.1446 , 172.7633 , 184.8968 , 192.8170 , 196.9032 , 202.7299 , 206.7282 , 204.3824 , 212.3964 , 232.3452
(1980-2011)
212.40 4,635 18,501 17   232.35
Installed Capacity (GWe) 16.8620 , 19.7720 , 20.7950 , 21.5040 , 21.9570 , 23.4070 , 23.8680 , 25.7540 , 26.8280 , 28.0620 , 28.2350 , 30.3170 , 30.7560 , 32.3230 , 35.3740 , 36.1300 , 37.9040 , 38.4020 , 38.5990 , 39.0480 , 40.2510 , 42.4220 , 45.6970 , 49.6930 , 52.2550 , 52.4920 , 55.3470 , 57.8340 , 58.2390 , 59.6280 , 62.2250 , 61.5120
(1980-2011)
62.23 1,238 5,086 14   61.51
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Mexico
North America
World
Rank
 
Mexico
Production 5.7247 , 6.7533 , 7.8072 , 7.6760 , 7.9055 , 7.8480 , 7.1210 , 7.3865 , 7.3872 , 7.4113 , 7.6592 , 7.9752 , 7.9755 , 8.0760 , 8.1515 , 8.0896 , 8.7860 , 9.0940 , 9.3447 , 9.0938 , 9.3757 , 9.5878 , 9.6488 , 10.0971 , 10.0056 , 10.0285 , 10.0561 , 9.7584 , 9.1707 , 8.6162 , 8.8304 , 8.8513 , 8.6865
(1980-2012)
8.851 106 518 13   8.686
Consumption 3.7184 , 4.1095 , 4.3205 , 4.0496 , 4.1692 , 4.4023 , 4.3265 , 4.4644 , 4.5380 , 4.7868 , 4.6566 , 4.9690 , 5.0737 , 5.1447 , 5.3495 , 5.2629 , 5.4810 , 5.6460 , 5.9456 , 6.0573 , 6.3810 , 6.3260 , 6.3456 , 6.4552 , 6.4722 , 6.7097 , 6.9421 , 7.1652 , 7.2749 , 6.9567 , 7.2929 , 7.9770 , 7.8359
(1980-2012)
7.977 119 520 14   7.836
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
5136.0209 , 5230.2286 , 5527.5630 , 5368.1044 , 5344.3698 , 5522.3476 , 5599.7652 , 5680.4233 , 5700.8722 , 5776.2303 , 5396.0091 , 5526.0436 , 5449.0311 , 5350.4062 , 5308.4123 , 5569.2019 , 5497.4060 , 5280.5615 , 5298.0800 , 5211.7469 , 5180.7987 , 5185.9411 , 5197.2134 , 5216.8016 , 5027.1518 , 5051.1330 , 4971.0169 , 4968.9454 , 4985.2479 , 5077.7027 , 5049.9911 , 5321.8921
(1980-2011)
5,050 7,510 7,401 109   5,322
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Mexico
North America
World
Rank
 
Mexico
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
240.3339 , 266.5121 , 282.1425 , 260.7860 , 279.1398 , 280.6954 , 267.4916 , 277.6782 , 276.8522 , 290.7744 , 302.1576 , 309.8020 , 313.3509 , 316.8273 , 336.3920 , 321.3735 , 332.6578 , 349.4003 , 371.3073 , 363.3847 , 382.8967 , 379.5529 , 379.0800 , 387.9596 , 378.0270 , 397.8058 , 436.9538 , 444.2703 , 452.7937 , 421.1238 , 432.2100 , 462.2929
(1980-2011)
432.21 6,617 31,502 14   462.29

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013