Libya - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Libya  

Country Analysis Brief Overview

  • Libya is a member of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, the holder of Africa's largest proved crude oil reserves, and an important contributor to the global supply of light, sweet crude oil.
  • The country's National Oil Corporation (NOC) has emphasized the need to apply enhanced oil recovery techniques to increase crude oil production at maturing oil fields. Before the 2011 civil war, the NOC claimed that capacity additions of around 775,000 bbl/d were possible from existing oil fields.
  • Libya's oil production was disrupted for most of 2011 because of the civil war, but it recovered relatively quickly following the cessation of most hostilities by the autumn of that year. The country's oil sector was crippled again in mid-2013 as widespread protests led to a sharp deterioration of the security environment at oil facilities and the closure of loading ports, oil fields, and pipelines. Most loading ports have since re-opened, but sporadic protests continue to affect oil production.
  • Libya typically exports most of its crude oil (70% to 80%) to European countries, with Italy being the leading recipient. The United States resumed importing crude oil from Libya in 2004 after sanctions were removed, although the amount imported typically is small.
  • As with its oil sector, Libya's natural gas industry recovered in 2012, but production still remained below the pre-war level. Libya's rank as a producer and reserve holder is less significant for natural gas than it is for oil. About half of its natural gas production is exported to Italy via the Greenstream pipeline.
  • Libya's natural gas production and exports increased considerably after 2003 with the development of the Western Libya Gas Project and with the opening of the Greenstream pipeline to Italy. Italy is currently the sole recipient of Libya's natural gas exports.
  • In 1971, Libya became the third country in the world, after Algeria and the United States (Alaska), to begin exporting liquefied natural gas (LNG). In the past, the country exported a small amount of LNG to Spain. However, the LNG plant was damaged during the 2011 civil war, and Libya has not exported LNG since early 2011.
  • Electricity generation has more than doubled from 2000 to 2010. Despite growth in electricity generation and a high electrification rate, the country suffers from regular power outages. Libya's oil sector has also been affected by power supply issues, which have compromised production at some of the country's largest oil fields.

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Analysis Last Updated: November 25, 2014


Overview data for Libya

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Libya
Africa
OPEC
World
Rank
Libya
Total Oil Production 1827.0000 , 1175.0000 , 1190.0000 , 1135.0000 , 1124.0000 , 1085.0000 , 1061.6269 , 999.0107 , 1201.6833 , 1182.9279 , 1407.1970 , 1520.9167 , 1470.4592 , 1399.5443 , 1416.4963 , 1428.1986 , 1447.3133 , 1504.0462 , 1448.1565 , 1376.9987 , 1469.3453 , 1427.8415 , 1383.1832 , 1484.8877 , 1582.2967 , 1721.2925 , 1809.5767 , 1844.7032 , 1874.4418 , 1790.1093 , 1789.1098 , 501.4660 , 1483.0442 , 983.6167
(1980-2013)
1,483.04 9,971 36,981 89,750 19 983.62
Crude Oil Production 1787.0000 , 1140.0000 , 1150.0000 , 1105.0000 , 1087.0000 , 1059.0000 , 1034.0000 , 972.0000 , 1175.0000 , 1150.0000 , 1375.0000 , 1483.1510 , 1432.7000 , 1361.0000 , 1377.5890 , 1390.0000 , 1400.8470 , 1445.9178 , 1390.0000 , 1318.9589 , 1410.0273 , 1366.5479 , 1318.5205 , 1420.5205 , 1515.2186 , 1633.1096 , 1681.0411 , 1701.8082 , 1735.8333 , 1650.0000 , 1650.0000 , 465.3973 , 1366.8033 , 918.3288
(1980-2013)
1,366.80 9,058 33,192 75,951 19 918.33
Consumption 100.0000 , 115.0000 , 124.0000 , 125.0000 , 120.0000 , 128.2800 , 124.6903 , 134.2292 , 142.0081 , 146.9968 , 155.0000 , 165.9707 , 149.7166 , 160.0747 , 165.6432 , 178.5116 , 186.8310 , 198.9060 , 187.2073 , 191.5609 , 210.2825 , 225.1721 , 246.3491 , 260.0887 , 254.5102 , 264.9264 , 267.9092 , 254.4616 , 268.0831 , 287.2351 , 331.2339 , 182.1691 , 239.0000 , 248.0000
(1980-2013)
239.00 3,521 8,764 89,721 51 248.00
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports 1727.0000 , 1060.0000 , 1066.0000 , 1010.0000 , 1004.0000 , 956.7200 , 936.9365 , 864.7815 , 1059.6753 , 1035.9311 , 1252.1970 , 1354.9460 , 1320.7426 , 1239.4696 , 1250.8530 , 1249.6869 , 1260.4823 , 1305.1402 , 1260.9492 , 1185.4378 , 1259.0628 , 1202.6694 , 1136.8341 , 1224.7990 , 1327.7865 , 1456.3661 , 1541.6675 , 1590.2416 , 1606.3587 , 1502.8742 , 1457.8759 , 319.2969 , 1244.0442 , 735.6167
(1980-2013)
1,244.04 6,451 28,217 -- 18 735.62
Refinery Capacity 138.0000 , 142.0000 , 130.0000 , 130.0000 , 125.0000 , 330.0000 , 330.0000 , 329.0000 , 329.0000 , 329.0000 , 329.0000 , 348.0000 , 348.4000 , 348.4000 , 348.4000 , 348.4000 , 348.4000 , 348.4000 , 348.4000 , 348.4000 , 348.4000 , 343.4000 , 343.4000 , 343.4000 , 343.4000 , 380.0000 , 380.0000 , 378.0000 , 378.0000 , 378.0000 , 378.0000 , 378.0000 , 378.0000
(1980-2012)
378 3,220 8,987 88,097 43 378
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 23.5000 , 23.0000 , 22.6000 , 21.5000 , 21.2700 , 21.1000 , 21.3000 , 21.3000 , 21.0000 , 22.0000 , 22.8000 , 22.8000 , 22.8000 , 22.8000 , 22.8000 , 22.8000 , 29.5000 , 29.5000 , 29.5000 , 29.5000 , 29.5000 , 29.5000 , 29.5000 , 29.5000 , 36.0000 , 39.0000 , 39.1260 , 41.4640 , 41.4640 , 43.6600 , 44.2700 , 46.4200 , 47.1000 , 48.0100 , 48.4700
(1980-2014)
48.01 128 1,205 1,646 10 48.47
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Libya
Africa
World
Rank
 
Libya
Production 180.0000 , 110.0000 , 120.0000 , 140.0000 , 162.0000 , 180.0000 , 198.0000 , 189.0000 , 194.2300 , 211.9000 , 219.0000 , 230.9500 , 239.1407 , 224.6034 , 225.6600 , 223.9000 , 226.7223 , 232.0196 , 224.6034 , 183.6380 , 211.8900 , 218.2467 , 219.3062 , 194.2325 , 284.6389 , 399.0595 , 465.9814 , 539.6132 , 561.5085 , 561.5438 , 593.7864 , 277.3993 , 430.3689
(1980-2012)
277.40 7,124 116,255 44   430.37
Consumption 180.0000 , 110.0000 , 88.0000 , 112.0000 , 122.0000 , 143.0000 , 168.0000 , 160.7480 , 156.8000 , 164.7600 , 174.0000 , 175.1500 , 174.1611 , 168.0994 , 173.3900 , 171.2800 , 184.3443 , 192.4668 , 192.4668 , 149.7356 , 183.6380 , 190.3479 , 197.0577 , 167.7463 , 209.4180 , 205.8865 , 168.9823 , 187.8758 , 194.2325 , 212.2785 , 249.4652 , 191.9370 , 201.8809
(1980-2012)
191.94 3,909 116,395 55   201.88
Net Export/Imports(-) 45.0000 , 55.8000 , 64.9796 , 56.5040 , 52.2700 , 52.6200 , 42.3780 , 39.5528 , 32.1367 , 33.9024 , 28.2520 , 27.8989 , 22.2485 , 26.4863 , 75.2210 , 193.1731 , 296.9992 , 351.7374 , 367.2760 , 349.2654 , 344.3213 , 85.4623 , 228.4881
(1990-2012)
85.46 3,215 -- 66   228.49
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
24.0000 , 23.8000 , 23.2000 , 21.5000 , 21.3500 , 21.2000 , 21.3900 , 21.1800 , 25.7000 , 25.7000 , 25.5000 , 43.0000 , 43.0000 , 46.2000 , 45.8000 , 45.8000 , 45.8000 , 46.3000 , 46.3000 , 46.4000 , 46.4000 , 46.4000 , 46.4000 , 46.4000 , 46.4000 , 52.0000 , 52.6500 , 52.6500 , 50.1000 , 54.3800 , 54.3620 , 54.6800 , 52.7950 , 54.6300 , 54.7010
(1980-2014)
54.63 515 6,846 21   54.70
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Libya
Africa
World
Rank
 
Libya
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 285 8,444 68   0.000
Consumption 0.0011 , 0.0011 , 0.0011 , 0.0011 , 0.0011 , 0.0011 , 0.0022 , 0.0022 , 0.0022 , 0.0044 , 0.0055 , 0.0055 , 0.0055 , 0.0044 , 0.0055 , 0.0055 , 0.0055 , 0.0055 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 219 8,285 115   0.000
Net Export/Imports(-) -1.1023 , -1.1023 , -1.1023 , -1.1023 , -1.1023 , -1.1023 , -2.2046 , -2.2046 , -2.2046 , -4.4092 , -5.5116 , -5.5116 , -5.5116 , -4.4092 , -5.5116 , -5.5116 , -5.5116 , -5.5116 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 66 -- 87   0.000
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Libya
Africa
World
Rank
 
Libya
Net Generation 4.5260 , 5.2440 , 5.6180 , 6.6950 , 8.6150 , 11.0910 , 12.4830 , 14.6640 , 15.0400 , 15.1340 , 15.7920 , 15.8860 , 15.9330 , 15.9800 , 16.7320 , 16.9200 , 17.2020 , 17.8360 , 12.7160 , 13.5220 , 14.5662 , 15.1443 , 16.4791 , 17.8064 , 18.9899 , 20.9780 , 22.5525 , 24.1524 , 26.9470 , 29.1820 , 30.7880 , 25.9570
(1980-2011)
30.79 638 20,254 64   25.96
Net Consumption 3.3320 , 3.6870 , 3.6780 , 4.3510 , 5.8430 , 7.8640 , 9.8380 , 12.8940 , 13.4690 , 13.5220 , 12.6190 , 12.9590 , 13.3270 , 13.2390 , 13.8810 , 14.2670 , 14.1190 , 14.4430 , 10.0860 , 10.5990 , 10.9742 , 11.3113 , 12.0991 , 12.4564 , 13.2369 , 18.1830 , 20.1235 , 20.5794 , 22.8860 , 25.0760 , 26.4600 , 22.3070
(1980-2011)
26.46 562 18,501 63   22.31
Installed Capacity (GWe) 1.1750 , 1.1800 , 1.2600 , 1.3000 , 1.8000 , 2.0000 , 2.8000 , 2.9000 , 3.0000 , 4.1000 , 4.6000 , 4.6000 , 4.6000 , 4.6000 , 4.6000 , 4.6000 , 4.6000 , 4.6000 , 4.6000 , 4.6000 , 4.6000 , 4.6010 , 4.7080 , 4.7080 , 4.6420 , 5.1250 , 5.4380 , 5.5410 , 6.6120 , 6.7660 , 7.0660 , 7.0660
(1980-2011)
7.07 135 5,086 67   7.07
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Libya
Africa
World
Rank
 
Libya
Production 4.0292 , 2.5737 , 2.6132 , 2.5234 , 2.5261 , 2.4620 , 2.4345 , 2.2944 , 2.7347 , 2.7015 , 3.1832 , 3.4316 , 3.3423 , 3.1691 , 3.2051 , 3.2279 , 3.2763 , 3.3860 , 3.2604 , 3.0677 , 3.2977 , 3.2075 , 3.1121 , 3.3008 , 3.6089 , 3.9904 , 4.2229 , 4.3658 , 4.4646 , 4.2731 , 4.3059 , 1.3226
(1980-2011)
4.306 37 505 26   1.323
Consumption 0.3974 , 0.3575 , 0.3539 , 0.3808 , 0.3842 , 0.4211 , 0.4420 , 0.4523 , 0.4643 , 0.4809 , 0.5091 , 0.5323 , 0.4966 , 0.4424 , 0.5309 , 0.5533 , 0.5847 , 0.6176 , 0.5932 , 0.5576 , 0.6299 , 0.6671 , 0.6970 , 0.6843 , 0.7579 , 0.7720 , 0.7347 , 0.7582 , 0.7446 , 0.7787 , 0.8479 , 0.5691
(1980-2011)
0.848 16 507 64   0.569
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
4112.6378 , 4590.7625 , 4499.2088 , 5080.2364 , 5590.0691 , 6089.9323 , 7210.6412 , 8650.0210 , 8254.7231 , 7975.3877 , 8140.1347 , 7346.3304 , 7051.6616 , 6536.0284 , 7695.3811 , 9187.1989 , 9463.8079 , 10073.4539 , 9715.2820 , 9095.8978 , 9906.8594 , 10968.0910 , 11604.8315 , 10082.4806 , 10515.3804 , 9639.5619 , 8682.1768 , 8536.1384 , 8160.0096 , 8598.1495 , 9010.1330 , 12560.9632
(1980-2011)
9,010 5,302 7,401 43   12,561
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Libya
Africa
World
Rank
 
Libya
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
32.4430 , 26.6690 , 27.7929 , 27.4557 , 26.2432 , 27.6795 , 30.1126 , 30.9220 , 34.8335 , 37.3809 , 42.3521 , 41.6142 , 36.5651 , 36.8761 , 38.1414 , 39.5794 , 41.7638 , 43.6153 , 41.8710 , 39.6944 , 41.8906 , 43.4456 , 48.3757 , 46.3920 , 52.3535 , 56.4356 , 52.2785 , 53.6609 , 56.7816 , 57.9995 , 62.1081 , 40.6842 , 54.6003
(1980-2012)
40.68 1,169 32,155 69   54.60

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013