Libya - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Libya  

Country Analysis Brief Overview

  • Libya is a member of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, the holder of Africa's largest proved oil reserves, and an important contributor to the global supply of light, sweet crude oil.
  • Libya is believed to hold large amounts of untapped hydrocarbon resources as it shares similar hydrocarbon-bearing geological structures with its neighboring countries although most of the country remains unexplored.
  • The country's National Oil Corporation (NOC) has emphasized the need to apply enhanced oil recovery techniques to increase crude oil production at maturing oil fields. Before the 2011 civil war, the NOC claimed that capacity additions of around 775,000 bbl/d were possible from existing oil fields.
  • Libya's oil production was disrupted for most of 2011 because of the civil war, but it began to recover relatively rapidly following the cessation of most hostilities by the autumn of that year. The country's oil sector was crippled again in mid-2013 as protests led to the closure of loading ports, oil fields, pipelines, and a sharp deterioration of the security environment at oil installations.
  • Libya typically exports most of its crude oil to European countries, with Italy being the leading recipient. The United States resumed importing crude oil from Libya in 2004 after sanctions were removed, though the amount it typically imports is small.
  • As with its oil sector, Libya's natural gas industry recovered in 2012, but production still remained below pre-war levels. Libya's rank as a producer and reserve holder is less significant for natural gas than it is for oil. Most of its natural gas production is exported to Italy via pipeline.
  • Libya's natural gas production and exports increased considerably after 2003 with the development of the Western Libya Gas Project and the opening of the Greenstream pipeline to Italy. Flows through the Greenstream pipeline were disrupted during most of the 2011 civil war.
  • In 1971, Libya was the third country in the world, after Algeria and the United States (Alaska), to begin exporting liquefied natural gas (LNG). Typically, the country exports a small amount of LNG to Spain. However, the LNG plant was damaged during the 2011 civil war, and Libya has not exported LNG since early 2011.
  • Electricity generation has more than doubled from 2000 to 2010. Growing power demand, which was greater than gains in installed generation capacity, have led to electricity shortfalls. Libya's oil sector has also been affected by power supply issues, which has compromised production at some of the country's largest oil fields.

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Analysis Last Updated: October 10, 2013


Overview data for Libya

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Libya
Africa
OPEC
World
Rank
Libya
Total Oil Production 1827.0000 , 1175.0000 , 1190.0000 , 1135.0000 , 1124.0000 , 1085.0000 , 1061.6269 , 999.0107 , 1201.6833 , 1182.9279 , 1407.1970 , 1520.9167 , 1470.4592 , 1399.5443 , 1416.4963 , 1428.1986 , 1447.3133 , 1504.0462 , 1448.1565 , 1376.9987 , 1469.3453 , 1427.8415 , 1383.1832 , 1484.8877 , 1582.2967 , 1721.2925 , 1809.5767 , 1844.7032 , 1874.4418 , 1790.1093 , 1789.1098 , 501.4660 , 1483.0442
(1980-2012)
501.47 9,327 35,288 87,573 29 1,483.04
Crude Oil Production 1787.0000 , 1140.0000 , 1150.0000 , 1105.0000 , 1087.0000 , 1059.0000 , 1034.0000 , 972.0000 , 1175.0000 , 1150.0000 , 1375.0000 , 1483.1510 , 1432.7000 , 1361.0000 , 1377.5890 , 1390.0000 , 1400.8470 , 1445.9178 , 1390.0000 , 1318.9589 , 1410.0273 , 1366.5479 , 1318.5205 , 1420.5205 , 1515.2186 , 1633.1096 , 1681.0411 , 1701.8082 , 1735.8333 , 1650.0000 , 1650.0000 , 465.3973 , 1366.8033
(1980-2012)
465.40 8,530 31,744 74,199 29 1,366.80
Consumption 100.0000 , 115.0000 , 124.0000 , 125.0000 , 120.0000 , 128.2800 , 124.6903 , 134.2292 , 142.0081 , 146.9968 , 155.0000 , 165.9707 , 149.7166 , 160.0747 , 165.6432 , 178.5116 , 186.8310 , 198.9060 , 187.2073 , 191.5609 , 210.2825 , 225.1721 , 233.3491 , 244.0887 , 254.5102 , 264.9264 , 267.9092 , 271.2902 , 257.6673 , 262.9295 , 280.3230 , 130.0000 , 170.3579
(1980-2012)
130.00 3,297 8,152 88,744 66 170.36 E
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports 1727.0000 , 1060.0000 , 1066.0000 , 1010.0000 , 1004.0000 , 956.7200 , 936.9365 , 864.7815 , 1059.6753 , 1035.9311 , 1252.1970 , 1354.9460 , 1320.7426 , 1239.4696 , 1250.8530 , 1249.6869 , 1260.4823 , 1305.1402 , 1260.9492 , 1185.4378 , 1259.0628 , 1202.6694 , 1149.8341 , 1240.7990 , 1327.7865 , 1456.3661 , 1541.6675 , 1573.4130 , 1616.7745 , 1527.1798 , 1508.7868 , 371.4660 , 1312.6864
(1980-2012)
371.47 6,030 27,136 -- 165 1,312.69
Refinery Capacity 138.0000 , 142.0000 , 130.0000 , 130.0000 , 125.0000 , 330.0000 , 330.0000 , 329.0000 , 329.0000 , 329.0000 , 329.0000 , 348.0000 , 348.4000 , 348.4000 , 348.4000 , 348.4000 , 348.4000 , 348.4000 , 348.4000 , 348.4000 , 348.4000 , 343.4000 , 343.4000 , 343.4000 , 343.4000 , 380.0000 , 380.0000 , 378.0000 , 378.0000 , 378.0000 , 378.0000 , 378.0000 , 378.0000
(1980-2012)
378 3,220 8,987 88,097 43 378
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 23.5000 , 23.0000 , 22.6000 , 21.5000 , 21.2700 , 21.1000 , 21.3000 , 21.3000 , 21.0000 , 22.0000 , 22.8000 , 22.8000 , 22.8000 , 22.8000 , 22.8000 , 22.8000 , 29.5000 , 29.5000 , 29.5000 , 29.5000 , 29.5000 , 29.5000 , 29.5000 , 29.5000 , 36.0000 , 39.0000 , 39.1260 , 41.4640 , 41.4640 , 43.6600 , 44.2700 , 46.4200 , 47.1000 , 48.0100
(1980-2013)
47.10 124 1,113 1,526 10 48.01
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Libya
Africa
World
Rank
 
Libya
Production 180.0000 , 110.0000 , 120.0000 , 140.0000 , 162.0000 , 180.0000 , 198.0000 , 189.0000 , 194.2300 , 211.9000 , 219.0000 , 230.9500 , 239.1407 , 224.6034 , 225.6600 , 223.9000 , 226.7223 , 232.0196 , 224.6034 , 183.6380 , 211.8900 , 218.2467 , 219.3062 , 194.2325 , 284.6389 , 399.0595 , 465.9814 , 539.6132 , 561.5085 , 561.5438 , 593.7864 , 277.3993 , 430.3689
(1980-2012)
277.40 7,124 116,255 44   430.37
Consumption 180.0000 , 110.0000 , 88.0000 , 112.0000 , 122.0000 , 143.0000 , 168.0000 , 160.7480 , 156.8000 , 164.7600 , 174.0000 , 175.1500 , 174.1611 , 168.0994 , 173.3900 , 171.2800 , 184.3443 , 192.4668 , 192.4668 , 149.7356 , 183.6380 , 190.3479 , 197.0577 , 167.7463 , 209.4180 , 205.8865 , 168.9823 , 187.8758 , 194.2325 , 212.2785 , 249.4652 , 191.9370 , 201.8809
(1980-2012)
191.94 3,909 116,395 55   201.88
Net Export/Imports(-) 45.0000 , 55.8000 , 64.9796 , 56.5040 , 52.2700 , 52.6200 , 42.3780 , 39.5528 , 32.1367 , 33.9024 , 28.2520 , 27.8989 , 22.2485 , 26.4863 , 75.2210 , 193.1731 , 296.9992 , 351.7374 , 367.2760 , 349.2654 , 344.3213 , 85.4623 , 228.4881
(1990-2012)
85.46 3,215 -- 66   228.49
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
24.0000 , 23.8000 , 23.2000 , 21.5000 , 21.3500 , 21.2000 , 21.3900 , 21.1800 , 25.7000 , 25.7000 , 25.5000 , 43.0000 , 43.0000 , 46.2000 , 45.8000 , 45.8000 , 45.8000 , 46.3000 , 46.3000 , 46.4000 , 46.4000 , 46.4000 , 46.4000 , 46.4000 , 46.4000 , 52.0000 , 52.6500 , 52.6500 , 50.1000 , 54.3800 , 54.3620 , 54.6800 , 52.7950 , 54.6300
(1980-2013)
52.80 546 6,845 21   54.63
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Libya
Africa
World
Rank
 
Libya
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2011)
0.000 286 7,934 66   0.000
Consumption 0.0011 , 0.0011 , 0.0011 , 0.0011 , 0.0011 , 0.0011 , 0.0022 , 0.0022 , 0.0022 , 0.0044 , 0.0055 , 0.0055 , 0.0055 , 0.0044 , 0.0055 , 0.0055 , 0.0055 , 0.0055 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2011)
0.000 223 7,751 113   0.000
Net Export/Imports(-) -1.1023 , -1.1023 , -1.1023 , -1.1023 , -1.1023 , -1.1023 , -2.2046 , -2.2046 , -2.2046 , -4.4092 , -5.5116 , -5.5116 , -5.5116 , -4.4092 , -5.5116 , -5.5116 , -5.5116 , -5.5116 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2011)
0.000 64 -- 85   0.000
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Libya
Africa
World
Rank
 
Libya
Net Generation 4.5260 , 5.2440 , 5.6180 , 6.6950 , 8.6150 , 11.0910 , 12.4830 , 14.6640 , 15.0400 , 15.1340 , 15.7920 , 15.8860 , 15.9330 , 15.9800 , 16.7320 , 16.9200 , 17.2020 , 17.8360 , 12.7160 , 13.5220 , 14.5662 , 15.1443 , 16.4791 , 17.8064 , 18.9899 , 20.9780 , 22.5525 , 24.1524 , 26.9470 , 29.1820 , 30.7880 , 25.9570
(1980-2011)
30.79 638 20,254 64   25.96
Net Consumption 3.3320 , 3.6870 , 3.6780 , 4.3510 , 5.8430 , 7.8640 , 9.8380 , 12.8940 , 13.4690 , 13.5220 , 12.6190 , 12.9590 , 13.3270 , 13.2390 , 13.8810 , 14.2670 , 14.1190 , 14.4430 , 10.0860 , 10.5990 , 10.9742 , 11.3113 , 12.0991 , 12.4564 , 13.2369 , 18.1830 , 20.1235 , 20.5794 , 22.8860 , 25.0760 , 26.4600 , 22.3070
(1980-2011)
26.46 562 18,501 63   22.31
Installed Capacity (GWe) 1.1750 , 1.1800 , 1.2600 , 1.3000 , 1.8000 , 2.0000 , 2.8000 , 2.9000 , 3.0000 , 4.1000 , 4.6000 , 4.6000 , 4.6000 , 4.6000 , 4.6000 , 4.6000 , 4.6000 , 4.6000 , 4.6000 , 4.6000 , 4.6000 , 4.6010 , 4.7080 , 4.7080 , 4.6420 , 5.1250 , 5.4380 , 5.5410 , 6.6120 , 6.7660 , 7.0660 , 7.0660
(1980-2011)
7.07 135 5,086 67   7.07
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Libya
Africa
World
Rank
 
Libya
Production 4.0292 , 2.5737 , 2.6132 , 2.5234 , 2.5261 , 2.4620 , 2.4345 , 2.2944 , 2.7347 , 2.7015 , 3.1832 , 3.4316 , 3.3423 , 3.1691 , 3.2051 , 3.2279 , 3.2763 , 3.3860 , 3.2604 , 3.0677 , 3.2977 , 3.2075 , 3.1121 , 3.3008 , 3.6089 , 3.9904 , 4.2229 , 4.3658 , 4.4646 , 4.2731 , 4.3059 , 1.3226
(1980-2011)
4.306 37 509 26   1.323
Consumption 0.3974 , 0.3575 , 0.3539 , 0.3808 , 0.3842 , 0.4211 , 0.4420 , 0.4523 , 0.4643 , 0.4809 , 0.5101 , 0.5323 , 0.4965 , 0.4424 , 0.5309 , 0.5533 , 0.5847 , 0.6176 , 0.5932 , 0.5576 , 0.6299 , 0.6671 , 0.6970 , 0.6843 , 0.7579 , 0.7720 , 0.7315 , 0.7582 , 0.7377 , 0.7786 , 0.8400
(1980-2010)
0.779 16 488 64   0.840
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
4112.6378 , 4590.7625 , 4499.2088 , 5080.2364 , 5590.0691 , 6089.9323 , 7210.6412 , 8650.0210 , 8254.7231 , 7975.3877 , 8156.8762 , 7346.3304 , 7049.2665 , 6536.0284 , 7695.3811 , 9187.1989 , 9463.8079 , 10073.4539 , 9715.2820 , 9095.8978 , 9906.8594 , 10968.0910 , 11604.8315 , 10082.4806 , 10515.3804 , 9639.5619 , 8643.8663 , 8536.1384 , 8085.0421 , 8597.7517 , 8925.8132
(1980-2010)
8,598 5,405 7,461 46   8,926
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Libya
Africa
World
Rank
 
Libya
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
32.4430 , 26.6690 , 27.7929 , 27.4557 , 26.2432 , 27.6795 , 30.1126 , 30.9220 , 34.8335 , 37.3809 , 42.4076 , 41.6142 , 36.5561 , 36.8761 , 38.1414 , 39.5794 , 41.7638 , 43.6153 , 41.8710 , 39.6944 , 41.8906 , 43.4456 , 48.3757 , 46.3920 , 52.3535 , 56.4356 , 52.1065 , 53.6609 , 56.7816 , 57.9976 , 61.6877 , 49.6693
(1980-2011)
61.69 1,155 31,502 54   49.67

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013