Latvia - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Latvia  

Country Analysis Note

  • Latvia, which regained its independence from Soviet Union in 1991 and joined the European Union (EU) in 2004, is not a notable energy producer or consumer. The country produced 30 trillion British thermal units (Btus) and consumed 163 trillion Btus of total energy in 2011, which places it in the bottom five among the EU countries on both measures.
  • A majority of Latvia's energy consumed in 2013 was imported, and the country is nearly 100% dependent on Russia for its fossil fuel imports. Domestic energy production is limited to small amount of liquid fuels - about 1,000 barrels per day (bbl/d) from biofuels - and hydropower, wind, and biomass and waste produced for electricity generation.
  • The Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia indicated that the country imported over 5.0 billion cubic feet (bcf) of natural gas and 3,900 bbl/d of petroleum products in 2013, while it consumed 4.3 bcf and 2,400 bbl/d. Exports and stock changes make up the differences between the country's imports and consumption of these fuels.
  • Latvia generated 459 million kilowatthours (kWh) of electricity in 2013 according to the Central Statistical Bureau, with 49% coming from hydropower, another 49% from fossil fuel sources, and the remaining 2% from wind and biomass and waste, including the country's sizeable peat resources. Latvia imported 417 million kWh and exported 304 million kWh of electricity, leaving about a net 572 million kWh for domestic consumption.
  • Latvia was a key country for Russia's oil exports to Europe through its Ventspils oil terminal located on the Baltic Sea coast, but with the opening of Russia's port at Primorsk and the Baltic Pipeline System in December 2001, Latvia's role in Russia's crude oil and liquid fuels exports has eroded dramatically.
  • On the other hand, Latvia continues to play an important role as a transit country for Russia's natural gas exports. In addition, it is the only Baltic country with a functioning natural gas storage facility, the Incukalns facility, which helps meet increased European demand during winter months.
  • Latvia's integration into the EU energy market is a priority of the Baltic Energy Market Interconnection Plan (BEMIP). The goal of the BEMIP is to create a single market for the Baltic Sea region and to establish inter-country connections. As is the case with its Baltic neighbors, Estonia and Lithuania, Latvia remains connected to the Russian electricity grid, but the market and management of the system is not consistent with EU requirements.

Analysis Last Updated: September 2014


Overview data for Latvia

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Latvia
Eurasia
World
Rank
    
Latvia
Total Oil Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.2000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.5000 , 0.9000 , 1.2000 , 1.1000 , 1.0000 , 1.0000 , 1.0000
(1992-2013)
1.00 13,415 89,750 107   1.00
Crude Oil Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1992-2013)
0.00 12,719 75,951 94   0.00
Consumption 52.2222 , 40.7506 , 40.1811 , 41.5753 , 46.6492 , 34.9529 , 35.1424 , 30.7460 , 28.8552 , 29.7468 , 28.2305 , 29.8188 , 32.6348 , 35.4331 , 37.8528 , 35.1409 , 35.7348 , 32.4281 , 31.8137 , 35.0000 , 32.4135 , 33.6700
(1992-2013)
32.41 4,688 89,721 110   33.67
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -52.2222 , -40.7506 , -40.1811 , -41.5753 , -46.6492 , -34.9529 , -35.1424 , -30.7460 , -28.8552 , -29.7468 , -28.2305 , -29.8188 , -32.4348 , -35.1331 , -37.5528 , -34.6409 , -34.8348 , -31.2281 , -30.7137 , -34.0000 , -31.4135 , -32.6700
(1992-2013)
-31.41 8,727 -- 136   -32.67
Refinery Capacity 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1993-2012)
0 8,209 88,097 110   0
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1997-2014)
0.00 119 1,646 91   0.00
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Latvia
Eurasia
World
Rank
 
Latvia
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1992-2012)
0.00 28,464 116,255 93   0.00
Consumption 56.5000 , 28.2500 , 24.7200 , 38.8500 , 35.3200 , 45.9095 , 45.9095 , 45.5564 , 56.5040 , 60.0355 , 60.0355 , 63.5670 , 67.4517 , 68.5111 , 67.0985 , 58.2698 , 44.8501 , 55.0914 , 53.6788 , 54.0320 , 52.2662
(1992-2012)
54.03 22,062 116,395 80   52.27
Net Export/Imports(-) -56.5000 , -28.2500 , -24.7200 , -38.8500 , -35.3200 , -45.9095 , -45.9095 , -45.5564 , -56.5040 , -60.0355 , -60.0355 , -63.5670 , -67.4517 , -68.5111 , -67.0985 , -58.2698 , -44.8501 , -55.0914 , -53.6788 , -54.0320 , -52.2662
(1992-2012)
-54.03 6,402 -- 44   -52.27
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1997-2014)
0.00 2,178 6,846 92   0.00
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Latvia
Eurasia
World
Rank
 
Latvia
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1992-2012)
0.000 558 8,444 68   0.000
Consumption 0.5545 , 0.6691 , 0.4740 , 0.2866 , 0.2723 , 0.2293 , 0.1731 , 0.1521 , 0.1190 , 0.1521 , 0.1235 , 0.1179 , 0.1124 , 0.1400 , 0.1499 , 0.1830 , 0.1841 , 0.1488 , 0.1874 , 0.2094 , 0.3472
(1992-2012)
0.209 419 8,285 91   0.347
Net Export/Imports(-) -537.9279 , -589.7366 , -417.7760 , -266.7593 , -238.0993 , -251.3270 , -152.1190 , -149.9143 , -100.3103 , -108.0265 , -123.4589 , -144.4028 , -108.0265 , -136.6866 , -182.9837 , -168.6536 , -184.0860 , -139.9935 , -199.5184 , -213.8484 , -347.2281
(1992-2012)
-0.214 135 -- 66   -0.347
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Latvia
Eurasia
World
Rank
 
Latvia
Net Generation 3.7330 , 3.8320 , 4.3390 , 3.8870 , 3.0290 , 4.3790 , 4.3820 , 4.0010 , 4.0292 , 4.1655 , 3.8596 , 3.8538 , 4.5684 , 4.7835 , 4.7377 , 4.6274 , 5.1193 , 5.4132 , 6.4125 , 5.8913
(1992-2011)
6.41 1,425 20,254 111   5.89
Net Consumption 6.7680 , 5.1580 , 4.9050 , 4.8740 , 4.8000 , 4.8760 , 4.7040 , 4.6990 , 4.9152 , 5.0185 , 5.0766 , 5.5848 , 5.7804 , 6.0955 , 6.4277 , 6.8294 , 6.8413 , 6.3262 , 6.5605 , 6.5203
(1992-2011)
6.56 1,248 18,501 101   6.52
Installed Capacity (GWe) 2.0330 , 2.0330 , 2.0390 , 2.0370 , 2.0820 , 2.0850 , 2.0510 , 2.0810 , 2.0870 , 2.1020 , 2.1430 , 2.1820 , 2.1620 , 2.1650 , 2.1750 , 2.1600 , 2.1410 , 2.1640 , 2.1641 , 2.2061 , 2.2255
(1991-2011)
2.21 356 5,086 100   2.23
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Latvia
Eurasia
World
Rank
 
Latvia
Production 0.0258 , 0.0293 , 0.0338 , 0.0300 , 0.0190 , 0.0299 , 0.0305 , 0.0279 , 0.0285 , 0.0290 , 0.0250 , 0.0237 , 0.0317 , 0.0338 , 0.0274 , 0.0277 , 0.0313 , 0.0344 , 0.0351 , 0.0297
(1992-2011)
.035 71 505 120   0.030
Consumption 0.2231 , 0.1642 , 0.1617 , 0.1726 , 0.1721 , 0.1618 , 0.1603 , 0.1480 , 0.1541 , 0.1609 , 0.1540 , 0.1607 , 0.1757 , 0.1854 , 0.1845 , 0.1726 , 0.1650 , 0.1649 , 0.1608 , 0.1632
(1992-2011)
0.161 43 507 109   0.163
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
12917.3916 , 11167.6077 , 10925.5378 , 11013.4994 , 10599.7398 , 9192.8229 , 8692.0583 , 7773.1784 , 7571.6317 , 7418.6792 , 6620.9438 , 6421.6109 , 6450.5839 , 6180.9227 , 5531.9285 , 4722.6690 , 4665.9937 , 5669.1218 , 5547.8855 , 5378.4581
(1992-2011)
5,548 14,673 7,401 96   5,378
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Latvia
Eurasia
World
Rank
 
Latvia
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
12.7518 , 9.2090 , 8.7645 , 9.3131 , 9.9212 , 8.5076 , 8.2626 , 7.4729 , 7.3764 , 7.6693 , 7.4414 , 7.8711 , 8.1875 , 8.6112 , 9.2380 , 8.6161 , 8.0313 , 7.9202 , 7.8258 , 8.0501 , 7.8971
(1992-2012)
8.05 2,551 32,155 110   7.90

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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