U.S. Energy Information Administration - EIA - Independent Statistics and Analysis
Country Analysis Note
- Lebanon relies heavily on energy imports to meet domestic demand. In 2010, the country imported 120,000 barrels per day (bbl/d) of refined oil products, which accounted for over 90 percent of total primary energy demand in the country.
- With an eye toward developing domestic oil and natural gas resources, the government of Lebanon announced that it hopes to complete a pre-qualification bid for exploration in the country's territorial waters by April 2013. Plans call for the selection process to be completed in early 2014, with exploration beginning as early as 2017. As of February 2013, details on the size and number of the blocks were not yet available.
- Lebanon's government estimates that there are potential natural gas reserves of 25 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) located in its offshore territory, but until more exploration occurs that figure remains speculative.
- There is an ongoing dispute between Lebanon and Israel over their shared maritime boundary that could affect Lebanon's ability to proceed with its offshore development plans. The disputed region—which covers over 300 square miles—may contain potentially significant hydrocarbon resources given its location near the center of the Levant Basin. U.S. Geological Survey estimates from 2010 placed the potential mean recoverable resources in the Levant Basin at 1.7 billion barrels of oil and 122 Tcf of natural gas.
- In the near-term, Lebanon will continue to be reliant on energy imports. The Arab Gas Pipeline promised to deliver volumes of natural gas from Egypt to Lebanon via Jordan and Syria, but disruptions have been frequent and persistent due to the security environment in the region. With the crisis in neighboring Syria limiting the ability of overland deliveries, the majority of Lebanon's imports will likely continue to arrive via its Mediterranean ports.
- Lebanon is a member of the Eight Country Interconnection Project, along with Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Libya, the Palestinian territories, Syria, and Turkey. The project is designed to integrate the electricity grids of all members, but regional instability—most recently in Syria—has cut off connections between several of the countries.
Analysis Last Updated: March 2013
Overview data for Lebanon+ EXPAND ALL
-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; F = Forecast value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.
Data last updated: February 12, 2013
Other briefs related to Lebanon
Related International Information
International Energy Outlook yearly energy projections through 2035
Short Term Energy Outlook monthly energy projections through 2014
Annual Energy Outlook yearly US energy projections through 2040Sign Up for Email Updates