Kuwait - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Kuwait  

Country Analysis Brief Overview

  • Kuwait is one of the world's top producers and net exporters of oil.
  • Kuwait holds the world's sixth largest oil reserves and is one of the top ten global producers and exporters of total petroleum liquids.
  • Kuwait Petroleum Corporation, Kuwait's national oil company, and its subsidiaries controls the entire oil sector from upstream to downstream and exports.
  • Kuwait has implemented enhanced oil recovery measures to boost stagnant production rates. New discoveries have been made, but Kuwait's regulated oil sector hinders further exploration and production.
  • In an otherwise nationalized oil sector, Project Kuwait attempts to incentivize foreign investment to bring production capacity to 4 million bbl/d by 2020.
  • Territorial dispute between Kuwait and Saudi Arabia led to the creation of the Partitioned Neutral Zone. Both countries divide equally the production of oil and gas in the zone.
  • Kuwait's domestic consumption has been increasing, but a majority of its production heads to Asia.
  • Kuwait has recently become a net importer of natural gas, leading the country to focus more on natural gas exploration and development for domestic consumption.
  • Kuwait's gas sector is also managed by the Kuwait Petroleum Corporation.
  • Kuwait plans to increase gas production to 4 billion cubic feet per day by 2030 in efforts to satisfy domestic consumption and decrease imports of LNG.
  • Kuwait's electric sector capacity has been extremely slow to expand despite rapidly rising consumption rates over the past decade and persistent power shortages during peak demand periods.
  • Facing rising electricity demand, the Gulf Cooperation Council, comprised of six Gulf countries, is developing an interconnected power grid.

Read full Kuwait Analysis Brief »

Analysis Last Updated: July 8, 2013


Overview data for Kuwait

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Kuwait
Middle East
OPEC
World
Rank
Kuwait
Total Oil Production 1760.0000 , 1195.0000 , 872.0000 , 1127.0000 , 1233.0000 , 1086.0000 , 1482.6895 , 1664.2048 , 1579.2267 , 1877.6203 , 1234.1097 , 191.3972 , 1084.1664 , 1896.0894 , 2114.4348 , 2158.5234 , 2153.7592 , 2121.8413 , 2206.4542 , 2018.1967 , 2200.7337 , 2125.5952 , 2029.9108 , 2268.3139 , 2515.3820 , 2671.9799 , 2671.5129 , 2603.4256 , 2727.8953 , 2505.9429 , 2460.2931 , 2691.8177 , 2796.7878 , 2811.8424
(1980-2013)
2,796.79 27,600 36,981 89,700 10 2,811.84
Crude Oil Production 1656.0000 , 1125.0000 , 823.0000 , 1064.0000 , 1157.0000 , 1023.0000 , 1419.0000 , 1585.0000 , 1492.0000 , 1783.0000 , 1175.0000 , 190.0000 , 1058.1000 , 1852.3630 , 2024.9999 , 2057.4110 , 2061.6516 , 2007.1000 , 2085.3425 , 1897.7000 , 2078.5000 , 1997.5000 , 1894.1603 , 2136.0000 , 2375.6967 , 2529.1781 , 2535.3425 , 2464.0959 , 2585.7486 , 2350.0000 , 2300.4110 , 2530.1370 , 2634.9454 , 2650.0000
(1980-2013)
2,634.95 24,466 33,192 75,898 9 2,650.00
Consumption 106.0000 , 116.0000 , 118.0000 , 123.0000 , 120.0000 , 120.5850 , 117.8670 , 114.9360 , 119.9836 , 124.7204 , 85.0000 , 94.7971 , 119.8293 , 130.5894 , 166.4369 , 173.4175 , 189.1730 , 211.9169 , 237.8301 , 258.8792 , 264.4220 , 275.1840 , 285.1573 , 297.8268 , 305.3185 , 329.9380 , 317.0605 , 321.6055 , 325.3187 , 372.1414 , 383.3846 , 431.1481 , 450.0000 , 467.0000
(1980-2013)
450.00 7,818 8,765 89,160 33 467.00
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports 1654.0000 , 1079.0000 , 754.0000 , 1004.0000 , 1113.0000 , 965.4150 , 1364.8225 , 1549.2688 , 1459.2432 , 1752.8999 , 1149.1097 , 96.6001 , 964.3371 , 1765.5000 , 1947.9980 , 1985.1059 , 1964.5862 , 1909.9244 , 1968.6241 , 1759.3175 , 1936.3117 , 1850.4112 , 1744.7535 , 1970.4871 , 2210.0635 , 2342.0419 , 2354.4524 , 2281.8201 , 2402.5767 , 2133.8015 , 2076.9084 , 2260.6697 , 2346.7878 , 2344.8424
(1980-2013)
2,346.79 19,782 28,216 -- 4 2,344.84
Refinery Capacity 645.0000 , 645.0000 , 623.0000 , 623.0000 , 623.0000 , 669.0000 , 634.0000 , 618.0000 , 628.0000 , 817.0000 , 819.0000 , 819.0000 , 819.0000 , 368.0000 , 624.0000 , 759.0000 , 801.0000 , 824.0000 , 886.0000 , 886.0000 , 864.5000 , 763.8000 , 773.3000 , 889.2000 , 889.2000 , 889.2000 , 889.2000 , 889.2000 , 889.2000 , 889.2000 , 936.0000 , 936.0000 , 936.0000
(1980-2012)
936 7,245 8,987 88,097 22 936
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 68.5300 , 67.9300 , 67.7300 , 67.1500 , 66.7475 , 92.7100 , 92.4640 , 94.5221 , 94.5250 , 94.5250 , 97.1250 , 97.0250 , 96.5000 , 96.5000 , 96.5000 , 96.5000 , 96.5000 , 96.5000 , 96.5000 , 96.5000 , 96.5000 , 96.5000 , 96.5000 , 96.5000 , 99.0000 , 101.5000 , 104.0000 , 101.5000 , 104.0000 , 104.0000 , 104.0000 , 104.0000 , 104.0000 , 104.0000 , 104.0000
(1980-2014)
104.00 802 1,205 1,646 7 104.00
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Kuwait
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Kuwait
Production 244.0000 , 100.0000 , 100.0000 , 124.0000 , 144.0000 , 140.0000 , 173.0000 , 187.2000 , 230.0000 , 288.1700 , 185.0000 , 18.0000 , 92.5253 , 191.4070 , 210.8300 , 210.8300 , 328.4295 , 327.3701 , 317.8350 , 305.1216 , 339.0240 , 300.1775 , 282.5200 , 321.3665 , 342.5555 , 434.3745 , 438.2592 , 425.8989 , 448.5005 , 371.4785 , 414.3509 , 477.9179 , 547.9122
(1980-2012)
477.92 18,332 116,255 34   547.91
Consumption 244.0000 , 100.0000 , 100.0000 , 124.0000 , 144.0000 , 140.0000 , 191.0000 , 284.1700 , 351.0300 , 415.3000 , 256.0000 , 18.0000 , 92.5253 , 191.4070 , 210.8300 , 210.8300 , 328.4295 , 327.3701 , 317.8350 , 305.1216 , 339.0240 , 300.1775 , 282.5200 , 321.3665 , 342.5555 , 434.3745 , 438.2592 , 425.8989 , 448.5005 , 402.9088 , 512.5266 , 600.1078 , 641.9914
(1980-2012)
600.11 14,089 116,395 39   641.99
Net Export/Imports(-) -71.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , -31.4304 , -98.1757 , -122.1899 , -94.0792
(1990-2012)
-122.19 4,243 -- 32   -94.08
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
33.5000 , 33.2000 , 34.6500 , 34.0900 , 35.1535 , 36.6450 , 36.6050 , 41.2000 , 42.5500 , 48.6500 , 54.6000 , 53.6000 , 48.5000 , 52.9000 , 52.9000 , 52.9000 , 52.9000 , 52.9000 , 52.9000 , 52.7000 , 52.7000 , 52.7000 , 52.7000 , 52.7000 , 55.5000 , 55.5000 , 56.0150 , 55.0000 , 56.0150 , 63.3600 , 63.5000 , 63.5000 , 63.5000 , 63.5000 , 63.5000
(1980-2014)
63.50 2,823 6,846 20   63.50
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Kuwait
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Kuwait
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 1 8,444 68   0.000
Consumption 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 19 8,285 115   0.000
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 -17 -- 87   0.000
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Kuwait
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Kuwait
Net Generation 8.8180 , 9.6790 , 11.2520 , 12.0600 , 13.3440 , 14.7480 , 16.1830 , 17.2960 , 18.7980 , 20.2040 , 19.3730 , 10.1330 , 15.7790 , 18.9670 , 21.4300 , 22.3020 , 23.9470 , 25.1210 , 28.1850 , 29.6810 , 30.3836 , 32.2411 , 34.1803 , 37.4139 , 38.7806 , 41.1100 , 44.7506 , 45.8278 , 48.6441 , 50.0230 , 53.6073 , 54.0100
(1980-2011)
53.61 830 20,254 47   54.01
Net Consumption 8.0960 , 8.8780 , 10.3160 , 11.0600 , 12.2320 , 13.5150 , 14.9130 , 15.9480 , 17.3670 , 18.7180 , 18.1260 , 9.4430 , 14.7660 , 17.8770 , 19.5800 , 19.6920 , 21.1450 , 22.1810 , 24.8870 , 26.2080 , 26.8276 , 28.4681 , 30.1803 , 33.0359 , 34.2426 , 36.1430 , 39.3136 , 39.8768 , 42.1301 , 43.4080 , 46.7143 , 46.9280
(1980-2011)
46.71 718 18,501 47   46.93
Installed Capacity (GWe) 2.8460 , 3.4460 , 4.0300 , 5.2300 , 5.2300 , 5.2300 , 5.5300 , 6.8560 , 7.5780 , 7.6020 , 7.4730 , 6.9080 , 6.9680 , 6.9880 , 6.9880 , 6.9880 , 6.9880 , 6.9920 , 7.5900 , 8.4650 , 9.3650 , 9.3920 , 9.2810 , 9.8560 , 9.8560 , 10.8580 , 10.8580 , 10.9440 , 11.6410 , 12.5790 , 13.3830 , 13.5000
(1980-2011)
13.38 207 5,086 50   13.50
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Kuwait
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Kuwait
Production 3.9898 , 2.6278 , 1.9445 , 2.5134 , 2.7608 , 2.4400 , 3.3625 , 3.7667 , 3.6275 , 4.3156 , 2.8325 , 0.4295 , 2.4422 , 4.2844 , 4.7271 , 4.8124 , 4.9420 , 4.8472 , 5.0154 , 4.5966 , 5.0356 , 4.8140 , 4.5806 , 5.1420 , 5.7064 , 6.1078 , 6.1251 , 5.9729 , 6.2800 , 5.6817 , 5.6237 , 6.1877
(1980-2011)
5.624 72 505 21   6.188
Consumption 0.4809 , 0.3521 , 0.3501 , 0.3885 , 0.4067 , 0.4027 , 0.4514 , 0.5390 , 0.6190 , 0.6963 , 0.4464 , 0.2158 , 0.3488 , 0.4138 , 0.5731 , 0.5918 , 0.7494 , 0.7980 , 0.8457 , 0.8607 , 0.9096 , 0.8826 , 0.8876 , 0.9605 , 1.0070 , 1.1468 , 1.1331 , 1.1248 , 1.1476 , 1.2150 , 1.3515 , 1.4961
(1980-2011)
1.352 29 507 45   1.496
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
6790.7053 , 6133.3087 , 6910.0722 , 7103.5666 , 7065.8873 , 7307.6874 , 7546.1124 , 8330.8209 , 10636.3365 , 9504.1234 , 8255.7177 , 6765.6455 , 5984.3282 , 5307.2887 , 6766.9506 , 8141.2412 , 10247.8139 , 10647.6311 , 10885.7033 , 11280.6610 , 11388.2557 , 11026.7749 , 10764.4298 , 9927.8430 , 9441.8187 , 9721.3271 , 9128.7525 , 8682.4557 , 8363.5624 , 8973.3994 , 9718.5201 , 10277.1075
(1980-2011)
9,719 10,989 7,401 36   10,277
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Kuwait
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Kuwait
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
31.4116 , 23.5975 , 23.1094 , 25.4981 , 26.4926 , 25.6731 , 29.6187 , 33.8675 , 38.4282 , 43.0777 , 27.7397 , 42.4810 , 23.5085 , 30.7097 , 37.4524 , 39.9890 , 49.3175 , 52.8218 , 56.7873 , 56.4929 , 59.4986 , 57.4599 , 56.2294 , 63.4365 , 67.8736 , 76.0541 , 76.6416 , 74.5215 , 78.0987 , 82.2374 , 86.4909 , 82.3693
(1980-2011)
86.49 1,798 31,502 42   82.37

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013