Japan - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Japan  

Country Analysis Brief Overview

  • Japan is the world's largest liquefied natural gas importer, second largest coal importer, and third largest net oil importer.
  • Because Japan's oil resources are very limited, the country relies almost solely on imports to meet its oil consumption needs.
  • Japan's limited hydrocarbon reserves and its need to secure energy imports are the incentives the government uses to support upstream Japanese companies in their quest to purchase overseas oil and natural gas equity.
  • Japan, the third largest global net oil importer, is highly dependent on the Middle East for the majority of its supply. It is seeking to diversify its supply sources in Russia, Southeast Asia, and West Africa.
  • Japan relies on LNG imports for virtually all of its natural gas demand and is the world's largest LNG importer.
  • Japan consumed about 37% of global LNG in 2012, as the Fukushima disaster spurred greater demand for LNG in the power sector since 2011. A third of the country's LNG imports are from Southeast Asia, but Japan has a diverse portfolio of supply sources.
  • Japan was the world's third largest producer of nuclear power after the United States and France before the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident in March 2011. After the Fukushima disaster, the composition of fuel used for power generation shifted to fossil fuels, particularly LNG.
  • As of late 2013, all of Japan's nuclear power generation capacity was removed from service. Oil and natural gas replaced all of the lost nuclear generation in 2011 and 2012. As nuclear capacity resumes operation following government approval of facilities, Japan anticipates reducing the current share of fossil fuel generation.

Read full Japan Analysis Brief »

Analysis Last Updated: October 29, 2013


Overview data for Japan

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Japan
Asia & Oceania
OECD
World
Rank
Japan
Total Oil Production 39.5000 , 38.0000 , 44.0000 , 38.5000 , 46.4000 , 50.5500 , 52.3309 , 54.9015 , 59.5345 , 62.5673 , 66.5884 , 77.4767 , 81.6583 , 84.5428 , 81.6512 , 90.9501 , 99.9762 , 101.0728 , 104.4481 , 109.4833 , 112.1991 , 121.0593 , 120.1748 , 116.5688 , 123.3917 , 128.4547 , 131.5628 , 132.4442 , 125.2716 , 137.6242 , 142.4722 , 136.2570 , 135.5125 , 135.4378
(1980-2013)
135.51 9,077 22,543 89,755 45 135.44
Crude Oil Production 10.0000 , 7.0000 , 9.0000 , 9.0000 , 8.0000 , 11.0000 , 13.0000 , 12.0000 , 12.0000 , 11.0000 , 11.0000 , 14.9230 , 17.0000 , 12.4510 , 10.8380 , 11.0000 , 11.5874 , 9.9500 , 8.9800 , 7.9178 , 7.0000 , 6.3342 , 5.3315 , 5.0000 , 6.0000 , 6.5808 , 6.0000 , 5.6658 , 6.0000 , 5.3288 , 4.9945 , 5.0000 , 5.0000 , 4.6658
(1980-2013)
5.00 7,731 15,672 75,956 78 4.67
Consumption 4960.0000 , 4848.0000 , 4582.0000 , 4395.0200 , 4666.0000 , 4436.0000 , 4503.0000 , 4567.0000 , 4849.0000 , 5058.0000 , 5315.0000 , 5389.0000 , 5478.0000 , 5395.0000 , 5655.0000 , 5693.0000 , 5739.0000 , 5702.0000 , 5507.0000 , 5642.0000 , 5515.4262 , 5411.9534 , 5318.7589 , 5428.4137 , 5318.7650 , 5327.9452 , 5197.4000 , 5009.2079 , 4769.6052 , 4362.7942 , 4429.2359 , 4442.4455 , 4694.7563 , 4530.8249
(1980-2013)
4,694.76 28,976 45,822 89,128 3 4,530.82
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -4920.5000 , -4810.0000 , -4538.0000 , -4356.5200 , -4619.6000 , -4385.4500 , -4450.6691 , -4512.0985 , -4789.4655 , -4995.4327 , -5248.4116 , -5311.5233 , -5396.3417 , -5310.4572 , -5573.3488 , -5602.0499 , -5639.0238 , -5600.9272 , -5402.5519 , -5532.5167 , -5403.2271 , -5290.8941 , -5198.5841 , -5311.8449 , -5195.3733 , -5199.4905 , -5065.8372 , -4876.7637 , -4644.3336 , -4225.1700 , -4286.7637 , -4306.1885 , -4559.2438 , -4395.3871
(1980-2013)
-4,559.24 -19,898 -23,279 -- 214 -4,395.39
Refinery Capacity 5708.0000 , 5662.0000 , 5809.0000 , 5731.0000 , 5173.0000 , 4966.0000 , 4723.0000 , 4790.0000 , 4567.0000 , 4363.0000 , 4198.0000 , 4383.0000 , 4612.4500 , 4740.6500 , 4810.1500 , 4846.6500 , 4866.9500 , 4989.0200 , 4966.0200 , 5059.4600 , 4997.6600 , 4962.0850 , 4786.3400 , 4766.9400 , 4702.9400 , 4706.9400 , 4671.9400 , 4676.6900 , 4650.7000 , 4690.7000 , 4623.6900 , 4729.8900 , 4729.8900
(1980-2012)
4,730 24,875 45,873 88,097 4 4,730
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.0550 , 0.0520 , 0.0700 , 0.0600 , 0.0580 , 0.0560 , 0.0620 , 0.0570 , 0.0568 , 0.0545 , 0.0608 , 0.0630 , 0.0598 , 0.0599 , 0.0542 , 0.0493 , 0.0489 , 0.0504 , 0.0602 , 0.0602 , 0.0586 , 0.0586 , 0.0586 , 0.0585 , 0.0585 , 0.0585 , 0.0585 , 0.0585 , 0.0441 , 0.0441 , 0.0441 , 0.0441 , 0.0441 , 0.0441 , 0.0441
(1980-2014)
0.04 45 227 1,646 73 0.04
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Japan
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Japan
Production 77.5871 , 74.2321 , 72.2898 , 73.6318 , 75.3269 , 78.5759 , 74.3381 , 76.5629 , 74.0556 , 70.9478 , 211.2190 , 218.6705 , 219.4121 , 224.9212 , 216.2337 , 222.5904 , 212.9141 , 205.4980 , 197.9053 , 201.1896 , 205.2155 , 193.2084 , 218.6705 , 184.8034 , 200.8717 , 190.6657 , 178.9411 , 189.1825 , 184.9447 , 176.0806 , 171.1012 , 173.5026 , 168.5938 , 161.3896
(1980-2013)
168.59 17,227 118,866 50   161.39
Consumption 903.0000 , 924.6173 , 955.8358 , 1020.3563 , 1372.3056 , 1467.6000 , 1494.0000 , 1543.0000 , 1618.0000 , 1731.0000 , 2028.1051 , 2175.2274 , 2177.0638 , 2217.1816 , 2333.6152 , 2409.2246 , 2524.3162 , 2590.2140 , 2675.5703 , 2818.3842 , 2913.9113 , 2902.3986 , 3099.8094 , 3099.8094 , 3124.3181 , 3110.0861 , 3433.9247 , 3748.0869 , 3667.2155 , 3653.0189 , 3861.4834 , 4462.3328 , 4616.9772 , 4492.3505
(1980-2013)
4,616.98 23,625 120,017 5   4,492.35
Net Export/Imports(-) -1795.2380 , -1898.1106 , -1931.5539 , -1975.2386 , -2100.2890 , -2157.3227 , -2299.6775 , -2372.6030 , -2461.8087 , -2576.4058 , -2677.6186 , -2690.6145 , -2720.1732 , -2894.1349 , -2868.4256 , -2857.5132 , -3130.0744 , -3377.0675 , -3368.7332 , -3280.6222 , -3488.6629 , -4112.6083 , -4294.6925 , -4337.4942
(1990-2013)
-4,294.69 -5,640 -- 3   -4,337.49
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
0.6000 , 0.5000 , 0.8000 , 0.7200 , 0.9000 , 0.7200 , 1.1000 , 1.0900 , 1.0300 , 1.4100 , 1.1160 , 1.1240 , 0.9680 , 0.9680 , 1.0460 , 0.9650 , 0.9580 , 1.0520 , 1.3860 , 1.3800 , 1.4140 , 1.4140 , 1.4140 , 1.4000 , 1.4000 , 1.4000 , 1.4000 , 1.4000 , 0.7380 , 0.7380 , 0.7380 , 0.7380 , 0.7380 , 0.7380 , 0.7380
(1980-2014)
0.74 521 6,846 70   0.74
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Japan
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Japan
Production 22.4827 , 21.1972 , 20.1476 , 19.6222 , 19.4106 , 19.0325 , 15.2747 , 14.5307 , 13.7833 , 12.5333 , 11.3064 , 9.5824 , 8.6179 , 7.9366 , 7.4318 , 6.9633 , 6.7969 , 4.3762 , 4.0763 , 4.0675 , 3.2673 , 3.5362 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 5,529 8,444 68   0.000
Consumption 97.5711 , 105.7500 , 103.7369 , 99.0558 , 111.4150 , 117.4777 , 107.3585 , 109.9004 , 122.4073 , 122.5649 , 126.6104 , 128.7731 , 125.3052 , 126.7493 , 136.3162 , 140.7630 , 142.2235 , 148.3226 , 140.5767 , 153.1320 , 168.7980 , 173.2051 , 179.2028 , 185.3063 , 203.3643 , 196.2820 , 198.1085 , 207.5807 , 203.8030 , 181.4967 , 206.1245 , 192.8516 , 201.9324
(1980-2012)
192.852 5,482 8,285 7   201.932
Net Export/Imports(-) -73334.5701 , -84129.5053 , -84288.2381 , -78791.0114 , -92011.0315 , -98573.0910 , -95288.2032 , -95674.0121 , -108618.4544 , -109526.7590 , -113863.2519 , -119094.8216 , -116189.1289 , -117915.3484 , -128824.9240 , -133664.0708 , -135391.3927 , -144100.7548 , -136365.8360 , -148609.2082 , -165724.7967 , -170121.9167 , -178318.7040 , -185373.4967 , -203356.6042 , -196890.4458 , -197508.8425 , -207456.1002 , -204875.5893 , -181055.7431 , -205977.9006 , -192989.3659 , -201838.7215
(1980-2012)
-192.989 -39 -- 1   -201.839
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Japan
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Japan
Net Generation 546.7640 , 546.0290 , 553.7770 , 586.8350 , 618.3310 , 638.3640 , 643.5210 , 693.6680 , 725.3280 , 763.5060 , 813.3480 , 840.4040 , 848.5570 , 856.0590 , 911.0200 , 935.9220 , 955.0090 , 985.0760 , 991.2870 , 996.9450 , 989.5701 , 971.8894 , 990.4244 , 982.1468 , 1010.4698 , 1020.5010 , 1038.8326 , 1078.1907 , 1013.2338 , 985.9757 , 1044.5960 , 1031.2230 , 963.0315
(1980-2012)
1,031.22 8,409 21,081 3   963.03
Net Consumption 521.3740 , 522.1270 , 528.9400 , 560.3570 , 593.9400 , 609.7640 , 614.4420 , 663.1700 , 695.6040 , 731.6020 , 772.5840 , 797.6670 , 805.6730 , 813.4160 , 866.5550 , 890.3850 , 910.5100 , 937.5340 , 943.3240 , 949.5150 , 942.6211 , 926.5394 , 940.8164 , 932.3608 , 961.6078 , 970.0710 , 988.6076 , 1027.2017 , 961.9218 , 935.4497 , 995.2100 , 983.0570
(1980-2011)
995.21 7,060 18,501 3   983.06
Installed Capacity (GWe) 142.9280 , 150.3670 , 153.8850 , 159.7890 , 164.2490 , 168.2500 , 173.6830 , 177.8440 , 181.0440 , 185.9760 , 193.9520 , 198.5590 , 205.1610 , 212.8100 , 220.4510 , 225.7860 , 235.1040 , 241.4440 , 249.1940 , 252.6010 , 258.4870 , 261.7870 , 266.2580 , 268.7300 , 273.3680 , 275.3360 , 276.8300 , 277.1590 , 279.8760 , 282.4600 , 284.8880 , 287.4300
(1980-2011)
284.89 1,903 5,086 3   287.43
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Japan
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Japan
Production 2.3526 , 2.3552 , 2.4879 , 2.6344 , 2.7530 , 3.0949 , 3.1025 , 3.3497 , 3.3430 , 3.3494 , 3.5227 , 3.7002 , 3.6206 , 3.9866 , 3.8644 , 4.2554 , 4.3444 , 4.5815 , 4.6894 , 4.4706 , 4.5140 , 4.4759 , 4.1745 , 3.7512 , 4.1569 , 4.1505 , 4.3575 , 4.0014 , 3.7506 , 3.9580 , 4.2069 , 2.9499 , 1.4698
(1980-2012)
2.950 154 518 31   1.470
Consumption 15.1976 , 15.1210 , 14.5713 , 14.2931 , 15.6456 , 15.6905 , 15.7095 , 16.1997 , 17.2119 , 17.7497 , 18.7683 , 19.3188 , 19.3509 , 19.5332 , 20.3349 , 20.9420 , 21.3091 , 21.8442 , 21.4646 , 21.9438 , 22.4091 , 22.1997 , 22.1149 , 22.1261 , 22.7639 , 22.5744 , 22.8952 , 22.7604 , 21.8745 , 20.6619 , 21.8522 , 21.1051 , 20.4345
(1980-2012)
21.105 199 520 5   20.435
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
7418.2624 , 7081.8784 , 6600.5827 , 6283.0564 , 6576.6539 , 6209.9186 , 6044.0373 , 5990.7703 , 5934.1693 , 5811.5185 , 5818.1563 , 5796.4277 , 5754.0566 , 5801.9803 , 5986.0151 , 6053.0952 , 5996.5539 , 6053.4616 , 6079.3650 , 6216.0699 , 6173.0909 , 6105.5784 , 6066.6236 , 5982.0447 , 5991.4364 , 5829.0901 , 5794.0646 , 5630.3586 , 5475.3368 , 5520.3374 , 5607.7823 , 5427.2291
(1980-2011)
5,608 7,821 7,401 94   5,427
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Japan
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Japan
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
947.0143 , 945.0064 , 899.7924 , 867.1338 , 935.7363 , 926.2468 , 877.5253 , 890.4041 , 959.7669 , 989.3687 , 1046.9829 , 1066.4216 , 1073.4726 , 1064.3427 , 1118.4319 , 1116.2403 , 1134.9531 , 1157.7510 , 1113.1093 , 1156.3765 , 1201.4293 , 1193.6889 , 1199.9453 , 1249.7201 , 1256.2612 , 1241.2623 , 1239.8894 , 1254.4404 , 1216.2521 , 1104.9138 , 1179.7986 , 1180.6151
(1980-2011)
1,179.80 13,840 31,502 5   1,180.62

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013