Iraq - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Iraq  

Country Analysis Brief Overview

  • Iraq has the fifth largest proven crude oil reserves in the world, and it passed Iran as the second largest producer of crude oil in OPEC at the end of 2012.
  • Despite having large proven oil reserves, increases in oil production have fallen behind ambitious targets because of infrastructure constraints and political disputes.
  • Iraq was the sixth largest net exporter of petroleum liquids in the world in 2012, with the majority of its oil exports going to the United States and to refineries in Asia.
  • The majority of Iraqi natural gas production is flared and Iraq was the fourth largest natural gas flaring country in the world in 2010. Iraq is taking steps to reduce flaring and to use its natural gas resources in power generation and for re-injection to increase oil recovery.
  • After years of power shortages, Iraqi efforts to increase generating capacity are moving forward. Iraq plans to triple generating capacity to 27 gigawatts by the end of 2015.

Read full Iraq Analysis Brief »

Analysis Last Updated: April 2013


Overview data for Iraq

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Iraq
Middle East
OPEC
World
Rank
Iraq
Total Oil Production 2526.0000 , 1009.0000 , 1021.0000 , 1014.0000 , 1218.0000 , 1447.0000 , 1696.1687 , 2086.4923 , 2699.0094 , 2944.5442 , 2064.4480 , 301.5230 , 421.4691 , 522.5952 , 567.2630 , 579.9037 , 593.4067 , 1172.3427 , 2162.1352 , 2520.2046 , 2581.9687 , 2408.8217 , 2039.7913 , 1318.0445 , 2020.5668 , 1889.4191 , 2009.4410 , 2096.6357 , 2384.5527 , 2399.1671 , 2402.8762 , 2628.9929 , 2986.6413 , 3057.6915
(1980-2013)
2,986.64 27,600 36,981 89,692 8 3,057.69
Crude Oil Production 2514.0000 , 1000.0000 , 1012.0000 , 1005.0000 , 1209.0000 , 1433.0000 , 1690.0000 , 2079.0000 , 2685.0000 , 2897.0000 , 2040.0000 , 305.0000 , 425.0000 , 511.6990 , 552.5345 , 560.0000 , 578.7980 , 1155.0000 , 2150.0411 , 2507.8767 , 2570.6831 , 2390.0000 , 2023.0000 , 1308.2473 , 2011.4699 , 1877.6575 , 1995.6027 , 2086.2916 , 2375.2660 , 2390.5915 , 2399.3025 , 2625.6849 , 2983.3333 , 3054.3836
(1980-2013)
2,983.33 24,466 33,192 75,889 7 3,054.38
Consumption 217.0000 , 214.0000 , 205.0000 , 250.0000 , 240.0000 , 258.3085 , 279.2170 , 285.0313 , 319.7230 , 349.9700 , 400.0000 , 262.8027 , 341.4373 , 409.1271 , 456.5953 , 474.1268 , 469.4598 , 443.3524 , 447.3640 , 451.2948 , 462.3151 , 489.0790 , 497.3730 , 457.3788 , 502.6603 , 541.0284 , 532.9929 , 570.8079 , 584.9921 , 643.4519 , 662.0381 , 691.8672 , 740.0000 , 769.0000
(1980-2013)
740.00 7,818 8,765 89,160 24 769.00
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports 2309.0000 , 795.0000 , 816.0000 , 764.0000 , 978.0000 , 1188.6915 , 1416.9517 , 1801.4609 , 2379.2864 , 2594.5742 , 1664.4480 , 38.7203 , 80.0318 , 113.4681 , 110.6677 , 105.7770 , 123.9469 , 728.9903 , 1714.7712 , 2068.9099 , 2119.6536 , 1919.7427 , 1542.4183 , 860.6657 , 1517.9065 , 1348.3907 , 1476.4481 , 1525.8278 , 1799.5606 , 1755.7152 , 1740.8380 , 1937.1257 , 2246.6413 , 2288.6915
(1980-2013)
2,246.64 19,782 28,216 -- 5 2,288.69
Refinery Capacity 169.0000 , 169.0000 , 169.0000 , 169.0000 , 169.0000 , 319.0000 , 319.0000 , 319.0000 , 319.0000 , 319.0000 , 319.0000 , 319.0000 , 318.5000 , 318.5000 , 347.5000 , 347.5000 , 347.5000 , 347.5000 , 347.5000 , 347.5000 , 347.5000 , 417.5000 , 417.5000 , 417.5000 , 587.5000 , 597.5000 , 597.5000 , 597.5000 , 597.5000 , 597.5000 , 637.5000 , 637.5000 , 637.5000
(1980-2012)
638 7,245 8,987 88,097 29 638
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 31.0000 , 30.0000 , 29.7000 , 41.0000 , 43.0000 , 44.5000 , 44.1100 , 47.1000 , 100.0000 , 100.0000 , 100.0000 , 100.0000 , 100.0000 , 100.0000 , 100.0000 , 100.0000 , 100.0000 , 112.0000 , 112.5000 , 112.5000 , 112.5000 , 112.5000 , 112.5000 , 112.5000 , 115.0000 , 115.0000 , 115.0000 , 115.0000 , 115.0000 , 115.0000 , 115.0000 , 115.0000 , 143.1000 , 141.3500 , 140.3000
(1980-2014)
141.35 802 1,205 1,646 6 140.30
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Iraq
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Iraq
Production 62.0000 , 22.9500 , 24.0000 , 18.0000 , 20.0000 , 23.0000 , 45.0000 , 132.4000 , 202.3500 , 215.4200 , 148.0000 , 61.4000 , 101.0009 , 90.0533 , 111.9400 , 111.9500 , 114.4206 , 107.7108 , 104.1793 , 112.3017 , 111.2423 , 97.4694 , 83.3434 , 38.8465 , 61.8013 , 51.2068 , 63.5670 , 51.5599 , 66.3922 , 40.5416 , 45.9095 , 31.0772 , 22.8135
(1980-2012)
31.08 18,332 116,255 64   22.81
Consumption 62.0000 , 22.9500 , 24.0000 , 18.0000 , 20.0000 , 23.0000 , 27.0000 , 35.4300 , 88.2900 , 88.2900 , 77.0000 , 61.4000 , 101.0009 , 90.0533 , 111.9400 , 111.9500 , 114.4206 , 107.7108 , 104.1793 , 112.3017 , 111.2423 , 97.4694 , 83.3434 , 38.8465 , 61.8013 , 51.2068 , 63.5670 , 51.5599 , 66.3922 , 40.5416 , 45.9095 , 31.0772 , 22.8135
(1980-2012)
31.08 14,089 116,395 90   22.81
Net Export/Imports(-) 71.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1990-2012)
0.00 4,243 -- 64   0.00
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
27.5000 , 27.4500 , 27.3000 , 28.8000 , 29.0000 , 28.8000 , 29.0000 , 28.0000 , 26.3000 , 95.0000 , 95.0000 , 95.0000 , 95.0000 , 109.5000 , 109.5000 , 109.5000 , 109.5000 , 118.0000 , 109.8000 , 109.8000 , 109.8000 , 109.8000 , 109.8000 , 109.8000 , 110.0000 , 110.0000 , 111.9500 , 112.0000 , 111.9400 , 111.9400 , 111.9400 , 111.9400 , 111.5200 , 111.5200 , 111.5220
(1980-2014)
111.52 2,823 6,846 12   111.52
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Iraq
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Iraq
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 1 8,444 68   0.000
Consumption 0.0011 , 0.0011 , 0.0011 , 0.0011 , 0.0011 , 0.0011 , 0.0011 , 0.0011 , 0.0011 , 0.0011 , 0.0022 , 0.0011 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 19 8,285 115   0.000
Net Export/Imports(-) -1.1023 , -1.1023 , -1.1023 , -1.1023 , -1.1023 , -1.1023 , -1.1023 , -1.1023 , -1.1023 , -1.1023 , -2.2046 , -1.1023 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 -17 -- 87   0.000
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Iraq
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Iraq
Net Generation 10.7360 , 10.3130 , 12.8690 , 15.2580 , 17.3070 , 19.7650 , 20.9890 , 22.8350 , 25.8010 , 27.1960 , 20.7200 , 19.0210 , 23.8170 , 24.7520 , 26.3480 , 27.2880 , 27.4640 , 27.8160 , 28.5660 , 27.9710 , 30.0167 , 30.3470 , 31.8572 , 26.6616 , 30.3819 , 28.8760 , 32.0984 , 31.5296 , 34.8020 , 43.0319 , 47.3953 , 51.1930
(1980-2011)
47.40 830 20,254 51   51.19
Net Consumption 10.1670 , 9.8130 , 12.1860 , 14.4490 , 16.3340 , 18.7160 , 19.8750 , 21.6570 , 24.6010 , 25.9960 , 19.5200 , 17.8210 , 22.6400 , 23.5980 , 25.2170 , 26.1800 , 26.0800 , 26.6670 , 26.7810 , 25.5680 , 27.2767 , 28.1310 , 29.5312 , 24.9946 , 29.6809 , 20.9970 , 25.2254 , 20.1206 , 19.7530 , 30.1919 , 33.9863 , 39.6010
(1980-2011)
33.99 718 18,501 56   39.60
Installed Capacity (GWe) 1.4140 , 1.7440 , 2.3300 , 2.9000 , 3.4000 , 4.1000 , 6.1000 , 8.0000 , 9.6000 , 9.6000 , 8.7320 , 5.5680 , 6.8680 , 6.9100 , 6.9100 , 6.9100 , 6.9100 , 6.9100 , 5.3100 , 5.3100 , 5.3100 , 5.3100 , 3.0000 , 3.4000 , 7.6100 , 9.0870 , 9.4500 , 9.4980 , 13.0780 , 14.3830 , 14.1710 , 16.9520
(1980-2011)
14.17 207 5,086 47   16.95
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Iraq
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Iraq
Production 5.4500 , 2.1634 , 2.1892 , 2.1680 , 2.6105 , 3.0904 , 3.6593 , 4.5772 , 5.9703 , 6.4715 , 4.5424 , 0.7154 , 1.0183 , 1.2112 , 1.3284 , 1.3523 , 1.3904 , 2.6040 , 4.7062 , 5.4750 , 5.6224 , 5.2172 , 4.4217 , 2.8441 , 4.3781 , 4.1241 , 4.3925 , 4.5620 , 5.1827 , 5.1713 , 5.2092 , 5.6683
(1980-2011)
5.209 72 505 22   5.668
Consumption 0.5240 , 0.4829 , 0.4624 , 0.5508 , 0.5382 , 0.5665 , 0.6229 , 0.6392 , 0.7675 , 0.8252 , 0.9177 , 0.6236 , 0.8389 , 0.8446 , 1.1024 , 1.1306 , 1.1247 , 1.0413 , 1.0560 , 1.0737 , 1.0842 , 1.1341 , 1.1443 , 1.0122 , 1.1251 , 1.2389 , 1.2265 , 1.3092 , 1.3528 , 1.4574 , 1.5002 , 1.5148
(1980-2011)
1.500 29 507 42   1.515
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
1904.3663 , 2908.0622 , 3187.6559 , 2680.5799 , 2618.3082 , 3217.2480 , 4380.7543 , 4563.1094 , 6087.3947 , 6088.5125 , 9770.4588 , 15226.2294 , 16304.5663 , 11049.6768 , 15120.4192 , 18982.1524 , 12619.2128 , 9585.5703 , 7211.3826 , 5877.3824 , 6209.8380 , 6349.4449 , 6881.1501 , 9098.5928 , 8225.2903 , 8771.3254 , 6218.3877 , 6610.6450 , 6192.7590 , 6402.5579 , 6413.2110 , 5935.4463
(1980-2011)
6,413 10,989 7,401 75   5,935
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Iraq
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Iraq
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
51.6693 , 37.7624 , 36.7952 , 42.7437 , 42.8556 , 47.5880 , 56.1203 , 53.2961 , 59.9904 , 64.2481 , 69.1896 , 42.4589 , 57.6856 , 66.4427 , 76.9243 , 77.0901 , 76.9656 , 69.8281 , 72.1817 , 75.4374 , 73.5820 , 77.6823 , 79.5963 , 71.5837 , 78.4127 , 94.8673 , 91.4548 , 99.4307 , 104.1665 , 112.5920 , 113.5393 , 139.3539
(1980-2011)
113.54 1,798 31,502 36   139.35

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013