Iran - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Iran  

Country Analysis Brief Overview

  • Iran holds the world's fourth-largest proven oil reserves and the world's second-largest natural gas reserves. International sanctions are redefining the Iranian energy sector, and the lack of foreign investment and technology is affecting the sector profoundly.
  • More than half of Iran's oil reserves are confined to five giant fields, the largest of which is the Marun field.
  • Iran's crude oil production fell dramatically in 2012, and, although it remained the second-largest OPEC producer on average during the year, it exceeded Iraq's production only narrowly. In August 2012, its crude oil production fell below Iraq's for the first time since 1989.
  • Once the third-largest exporter of crude oil, Iran has seen its exports drop to 1.5 million bbl/d in 2012 as the United States and the European Union tightened sanctions that target the country's oil exports. Despite the precipitous decline in exports, it remained among the top ten exporters in 2012.
  • Over the past few years, Iran has expanded its domestic refining capacity to meet growing domestic demand, particularly for gasoline.
  • Iran holds the world's second-largest reserves of natural gas, but the vast majority of these reserves are undeveloped.
  • Iran is the third-largest natural gas producer in the world due in part to the development of the giant South Pars field. Despite repeated delays in field development and the effects of sanctions, Iran's natural gas production is expected to increase in the coming years.
  • Development of the offshore South Pars field is of vital importance to Iran, both politically and economically. Natural gas production from South Pars is critical to meet increasing domestic consumption and to meet Iran's current and future export obligations.
  • While Iran is a net exporter of electricity, increasing domestic demand has created supply shortfalls during times of peak energy demand.

Read full Iran Analysis Brief »

Analysis Last Updated: March 28, 2013


Overview data for Iran

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Iran
Middle East
OPEC
World
Rank
Iran
Total Oil Production 1683.0000 , 1402.0000 , 2236.0000 , 2460.0000 , 2196.0000 , 2272.0000 , 2043.9346 , 2313.3191 , 2253.2435 , 2830.6821 , 3113.0440 , 3357.5955 , 3476.1612 , 3591.2304 , 3672.4728 , 3708.5993 , 3747.6673 , 3727.9114 , 3703.3282 , 3620.5904 , 3765.3852 , 3799.9912 , 3523.9686 , 3833.0340 , 4104.2087 , 4238.5836 , 4149.3403 , 4039.0255 , 4177.5374 , 4178.2961 , 4243.0733 , 4264.9677 , 3589.3857 , 3421.9677
(1980-2013)
3,589.39 27,671 37,052 89,757 6 3,421.97
Crude Oil Production 1662.0000 , 1380.0000 , 2214.0000 , 2440.0000 , 2174.0000 , 2250.0000 , 2035.0000 , 2298.0000 , 2240.0000 , 2810.0000 , 3088.0000 , 3312.0000 , 3429.0980 , 3540.0000 , 3617.9997 , 3643.2192 , 3685.7104 , 3664.1781 , 3633.7671 , 3557.0000 , 3696.3000 , 3723.7014 , 3444.3014 , 3742.7950 , 4001.4344 , 4138.5753 , 4027.8082 , 3911.8904 , 4050.2732 , 4037.0383 , 4080.4190 , 4054.0000 , 3367.4180 , 3200.0000
(1980-2013)
3,367.42 24,447 33,173 75,887 5 3,200.00
Consumption 590.0000 , 580.0000 , 660.0000 , 785.0000 , 765.0000 , 790.0000 , 830.0040 , 865.0000 , 870.0000 , 964.9938 , 1002.5000 , 1074.8639 , 1082.6444 , 1107.8742 , 1129.5295 , 1140.1843 , 1118.6680 , 1221.6877 , 1217.4795 , 1205.0015 , 1248.3170 , 1285.3181 , 1350.3467 , 1425.6545 , 1488.5247 , 1556.4402 , 1642.9151 , 1655.6970 , 1741.8632 , 1765.9169 , 1726.4403 , 1700.0000 , 1709.4071
(1980-2012)
1,700.00 7,537 8,152 88,744 13 1,709.41 E
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports 1093.0000 , 822.0000 , 1576.0000 , 1675.0000 , 1431.0000 , 1482.0000 , 1213.9306 , 1448.3191 , 1383.2435 , 1865.6883 , 2110.5440 , 2282.7316 , 2393.5167 , 2483.3562 , 2542.9432 , 2568.4150 , 2628.9992 , 2506.2236 , 2485.8487 , 2415.5889 , 2517.0682 , 2514.6730 , 2173.6219 , 2407.3796 , 2615.6840 , 2682.1434 , 2506.4252 , 2383.3285 , 2435.6742 , 2412.3792 , 2516.6330 , 2564.9677 , 1879.9786
(1980-2012)
2,564.97 19,876 27,431 -- 181 1,879.98
Refinery Capacity 921.0000 , 1121.0000 , 530.0000 , 530.0000 , 530.0000 , 530.0000 , 530.0000 , 530.0000 , 530.0000 , 530.0000 , 530.0000 , 720.0000 , 720.0000 , 1089.3000 , 1161.7000 , 1183.7000 , 1167.7000 , 1242.0000 , 1358.0000 , 1447.8000 , 1474.0000 , 1484.0000 , 1484.0000 , 1474.0000 , 1474.0000 , 1474.0000 , 1451.0000 , 1451.0000 , 1451.0000 , 1451.0000 , 1451.0000 , 1451.0000 , 1451.0000
(1980-2012)
1,451 7,245 8,987 88,097 15 1,451
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 58.0000 , 57.5000 , 57.0000 , 55.3080 , 51.0000 , 48.5000 , 47.8760 , 48.8000 , 92.8500 , 92.8500 , 92.8600 , 92.8500 , 92.8600 , 92.8600 , 92.8600 , 89.2500 , 88.2000 , 93.0000 , 93.0000 , 89.7000 , 89.7000 , 89.7000 , 89.7000 , 89.7000 , 125.8000 , 125.8000 , 132.4600 , 136.2700 , 138.4000 , 136.1500 , 137.6200 , 137.0100 , 151.1700 , 154.5800
(1980-2013)
151.17 800 1,113 1,526 5 154.58
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Iran
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Iran
Production 250.0000 , 210.0000 , 250.0000 , 310.0000 , 476.0000 , 600.0000 , 536.0000 , 565.0000 , 706.3000 , 783.9900 , 837.0000 , 918.0000 , 882.8750 , 955.9775 , 1123.0200 , 1246.6100 , 1420.0162 , 1659.8050 , 1765.7500 , 2041.2070 , 2127.3756 , 2330.7900 , 2648.6250 , 2860.5150 , 2962.9285 , 3655.1025 , 3835.5622 , 3951.7485 , 4107.1345 , 4986.3721 , 5161.2873 , 5360.8170 , 5649.1460
(1980-2012)
5,360.82 18,332 116,255 3   5,649.15
Consumption 232.0000 , 155.0000 , 200.0000 , 310.0000 , 476.0000 , 600.0000 , 536.0000 , 565.0000 , 706.3000 , 783.9900 , 837.0000 , 811.0000 , 882.8750 , 938.3205 , 1123.0200 , 1243.0800 , 1416.4847 , 1663.3365 , 1827.5513 , 2111.8370 , 2220.9604 , 2478.4067 , 2798.0075 , 2909.9560 , 3020.8451 , 3707.3687 , 3839.4468 , 3992.0076 , 4212.7264 , 4993.4351 , 5105.8427 , 5415.2021 , 5511.0436
(1980-2012)
5,415.20 14,089 116,395 3   5,511.04
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 107.0000 , 0.0000 , 17.6570 , 0.0000 , 3.5300 , 3.5315 , -3.5315 , -61.8013 , -70.6300 , -93.5848 , -147.6167 , -149.3825 , -49.4410 , -57.9166 , -52.2662 , -3.8847 , -40.2591 , -105.5919 , -7.0630 , 55.4446 , -54.3851 , 138.1025
(1990-2012)
-54.39 4,243 -- 43   138.10
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
490.0000 , 485.0000 , 484.0000 , 482.6000 , 480.0000 , 478.6000 , 470.0000 , 450.0000 , 489.4000 , 494.4000 , 500.0000 , 600.3500 , 600.3500 , 699.2000 , 730.0000 , 741.6090 , 741.6090 , 741.6090 , 810.0000 , 812.3000 , 812.3000 , 812.3000 , 812.3000 , 812.3000 , 940.0000 , 940.0000 , 971.1500 , 974.0000 , 948.2000 , 991.6000 , 1045.6700 , 1045.6700 , 1168.0000 , 1187.0000
(1980-2013)
1,168.00 2,800 6,845 2   1,187.00
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Iran
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Iran
Production 0.9921 , 0.7716 , 1.2379 , 1.1310 , 1.3680 , 1.3801 , 1.3911 , 1.3669 , 1.3889 , 1.3228 , 1.2125 , 0.9877 , 1.0703 , 1.0681 , 1.4253 , 1.2544 , 1.3349 , 1.3338 , 1.3558 , 1.2919 , 1.2655 , 1.0759 , 1.1376 , 1.2599 , 1.3272 , 1.7152 , 1.8199 , 1.8353 , 1.7527 , 1.2699 , 1.1299 , 1.2941 , 1.2980
(1980-2012)
1.294 1 8,440 43   1.298
Consumption 1.0582 , 0.8378 , 1.3040 , 1.1971 , 1.4231 , 1.4903 , 1.5565 , 1.5873 , 1.6094 , 1.6292 , 1.4617 , 1.7097 , 1.7935 , 1.3867 , 2.0492 , 1.8497 , 1.9985 , 2.0878 , 2.1308 , 2.3204 , 2.3435 , 1.8144 , 2.0360 , 2.2840 , 2.2035 , 2.7161 , 2.7150 , 2.8715 , 2.6698 , 1.9489 , 2.3678 , 2.5794 , 2.5252
(1980-2012)
2.579 17 8,124 55   2.525
Net Export/Imports(-) -66.1387 , -66.1387 , -66.1387 , -66.1387 , -55.1156 , -110.2311 , -165.3467 , -220.4623 , -220.4623 , -306.4426 , -249.1224 , -722.0139 , -723.1163 , -391.3205 , -623.9082 , -595.2481 , -663.5914 , -753.9810 , -774.9249 , -1028.4565 , -1078.0605 , -738.5486 , -898.3838 , -1024.0473 , -876.3375 , -1000.8987 , -895.0768 , -1036.1727 , -917.1231 , -679.0238 , -1237.8957 , -1285.2950
(1980-2011)
-1.238 -15 -- 40   -1.285
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Iran
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Iran
Net Generation 21.2560 , 23.6530 , 27.3330 , 31.3360 , 35.2520 , 35.3160 , 34.9000 , 35.9550 , 44.2580 , 45.7890 , 55.8600 , 60.6310 , 64.9790 , 71.9470 , 77.4710 , 76.1050 , 81.2570 , 87.7180 , 93.4060 , 102.2480 , 114.2831 , 122.6427 , 133.0220 , 145.2018 , 157.4374 , 168.2120 , 182.0415 , 192.6546 , 201.9201 , 208.4614 , 219.4584 , 225.7542
(1980-2011)
219.46 830 20,254 19   225.75
Net Consumption 19.6760 , 21.1560 , 23.9190 , 28.0860 , 31.2610 , 31.5820 , 30.7020 , 31.1050 , 39.2340 , 40.2410 , 49.7920 , 53.8710 , 59.1710 , 62.0510 , 65.5330 , 63.7320 , 69.6710 , 73.3580 , 77.6200 , 84.5880 , 94.3561 , 101.7047 , 109.4140 , 119.9868 , 126.9934 , 135.1970 , 146.0735 , 153.2626 , 162.1081 , 169.8304 , 182.7044 , 185.8362
(1980-2011)
182.70 718 18,501 19   185.84
Installed Capacity (GWe) 11.8320 , 11.9080 , 12.5220 , 13.0250 , 13.4040 , 13.4040 , 13.4040 , 13.4040 , 16.5460 , 17.4270 , 17.9520 , 18.1540 , 19.7840 , 22.6880 , 25.0700 , 26.5710 , 27.3500 , 29.4470 , 30.5700 , 31.3950 , 32.4770 , 34.2220 , 36.4290 , 39.6130 , 42.7700 , 44.4130 , 47.4380 , 50.8580 , 52.9640 , 56.1730 , 61.4610 , 65.3110
(1980-2011)
61.46 207 5,086 15   65.31
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Iran
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Iran
Production 3.9437 , 3.2865 , 5.1356 , 5.6781 , 5.3049 , 5.5867 , 5.0639 , 5.6689 , 5.7087 , 7.0152 , 7.6703 , 8.2654 , 8.5273 , 8.8330 , 9.1621 , 9.3472 , 9.6461 , 9.8396 , 9.8956 , 9.9992 , 10.3982 , 10.6682 , 10.4441 , 11.3573 , 12.0558 , 13.1155 , 13.1241 , 12.9965 , 13.3573 , 14.2593 , 14.6056 , 14.8020
(1980-2011)
14.606 70 509 7   14.802
Consumption 1.5826 , 1.4886 , 1.7073 , 2.0930 , 2.2253 , 2.3965 , 2.4289 , 2.5410 , 2.7037 , 2.9850 , 3.1032 , 3.2357 , 3.3567 , 3.2341 , 3.6864 , 3.8258 , 3.9610 , 4.4335 , 4.5825 , 4.8408 , 5.0208 , 5.3861 , 5.8885 , 6.1875 , 6.4068 , 7.3353 , 7.6798 , 7.8970 , 8.0986 , 9.0427 , 9.1078
(1980-2010)
9.043 27 488 11   9.108
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
4914.6576 , 4886.6051 , 5536.4418 , 6027.3007 , 6510.8082 , 6869.7601 , 7665.4834 , 8133.6922 , 9235.9672 , 9603.6920 , 8781.9567 , 8132.5849 , 8092.7086 , 7922.0078 , 9061.8110 , 9161.4351 , 8856.3138 , 9588.2515 , 9646.1599 , 9996.4134 , 9861.0280 , 10204.0759 , 10314.1898 , 10029.6949 , 9791.1180 , 10711.3330 , 10558.5569 , 10043.8725 , 10371.5388 , 11850.9194 , 11657.1304
(1980-2010)
11,851 10,867 7,461 26   11,657
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Iran
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Iran
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
116.8398 , 108.1121 , 133.6696 , 155.9900 , 151.0449 , 159.9441 , 165.4094 , 174.2122 , 180.7192 , 195.3403 , 202.1115 , 226.7760 , 234.8077 , 237.8168 , 250.9216 , 262.3225 , 262.9547 , 290.7142 , 294.6126 , 317.9032 , 321.4556 , 334.1526 , 365.1125 , 387.7401 , 407.9324 , 451.0578 , 477.3675 , 489.3506 , 512.0489 , 562.5851 , 564.6227 , 624.8554
(1980-2011)
564.62 1,798 31,502 8   624.86

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013