France - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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France  

Country Analysis Note

  • France had the second-largest economy in Europe in terms of nominal gross domestic product (GDP), after Germany, and the fifth largest in the world in 2012. With little domestic energy production, the country relies on a diversified set of imports to meet most of its oil and gas consumption. France was the world's 12th largest oil consumer in 2012.
  • Oil represents approximately one-third of France's total primary energy consumption and that share has been falling over the past 10 years. France imports crude oil through three major sea ports (Marseille, Le Havre, and Saint-Nazaire) and the South European Pipeline System (SPSE) to Germany. Four main product pipelines, especially the LHP line supplying Paris, and seven sea ports (including those that take in crude oil) supply France with refined petroleum products.
  • According to the Oil & Gas Journal, France has a crude refining capacity of around 1.5 million barrels per day, the fifth highest in Europe and Eurasia after Russia, Germany, Italy, and the United Kingdom. France's crude refining capacity decreased over the past few years from nearly 2.0 million bbl/d in 2010, as a result of refinery closures driven by poor margins, cheaper imports, and falling demand.
  • The main French oil company is Total, one of the largest publicly owned oil and gas companies in the world. Total operates five of the country's nine crude oil refineries and manages more than half of the country's crude oil refining capacity.
  • France has very little domestic natural gas production, and the French government banned the use of hydraulic fracturing, a drilling technique used to extract shale oil and gas resources. French authorities project natural gas demand to remain stable or fall slightly through 2020. France imports natural gas through a variety of cross-border pipelines from the Netherlands, Norway, and Russia. France also imports liquefied natural gas (LNG) from countries around the world, notably Algeria , Nigeria, Qatar, and Egypt. The power and industrial sectors have growing gas demand, while residential sector gas demand is starting to decrease, mostly because of efficiency gains, according to the International Energy Agency.
  • The country's main source of electricity generation is nuclear power, and France is second to the United States in terms of operable nuclear capacity. Nuclear generation in 2012 was slightly more than 407 terawatthours, or about 83% of the country's total generation. France was the world's third-largest exporter of electricity in 2012 behind Germany and Canada, and France is also an exporter of nuclear reactor technology.
  • France has a closed fuel cycle, which reprocesses used nuclear fuel to reduce the volume of waste requiring disposal and to create new mixed oxide fuel for its nuclear power plants. The 2006 Nuclear Materials and Waste Management Program Act declared deep geological disposal as the national approach to waste disposal. The National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (ANDRA) expects to start licensing its deep geologic repository at Bure in 2015 and begin disposal operations in 2025.
  • France also produces a significant amount of energy from renewable resources. France is the second-largest producer of biofuels in Europe, after Germany, and the country produces mostly biodiesel for the transportation sector.

Analysis Last Updated: April 2014


Overview data for France

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
France
Europe
OECD
World
Rank
France
Total Oil Production 83.0000 , 92.0000 , 86.0000 , 89.0000 , 93.0000 , 106.0000 , 107.1893 , 111.3805 , 119.3164 , 116.1608 , 111.5267 , 112.9527 , 114.0754 , 112.4889 , 115.7854 , 110.0108 , 105.2090 , 97.2843 , 89.2164 , 92.5836 , 93.2090 , 90.1330 , 86.2138 , 90.2364 , 89.1049 , 84.2501 , 88.9164 , 74.6323 , 73.0780 , 76.3116 , 76.5425 , 75.8821 , 72.3034
(1980-2012)
75.88 4,269 21,625 87,573 54 72.30
Crude Oil Production 26.0000 , 34.0000 , 34.0000 , 35.0000 , 35.0000 , 50.0000 , 60.0000 , 65.0000 , 67.0000 , 65.0000 , 61.0000 , 58.6660 , 57.6780 , 55.3220 , 56.1530 , 50.0000 , 43.1639 , 35.6658 , 34.4932 , 30.4877 , 29.0000 , 27.9151 , 26.9178 , 24.0767 , 23.3306 , 21.3370 , 21.4986 , 19.8356 , 19.5000 , 18.1507 , 18.0849 , 17.8301 , 16.2514
(1980-2012)
17.83 3,424 14,913 74,199 66 16.25
Consumption 2256.0000 , 2023.0000 , 1880.0000 , 1835.0000 , 1771.0000 , 1753.0000 , 1764.0000 , 1785.0000 , 1801.0000 , 1844.0000 , 1826.0000 , 1942.0000 , 1934.0000 , 1878.0000 , 1865.0000 , 1920.0000 , 1949.0000 , 1969.0000 , 2043.0000 , 2031.0000 , 2000.5710 , 2054.4356 , 1991.5644 , 2001.2931 , 2009.3388 , 1990.8877 , 1991.1425 , 1979.2181 , 1945.4432 , 1868.4115 , 1833.3975 , 1792.4214 , 1739.8046
(1980-2012)
1,792.42 14,961 46,402 88,744 12 1,739.80
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -2173.0000 , -1931.0000 , -1794.0000 , -1746.0000 , -1678.0000 , -1647.0000 , -1656.8107 , -1673.6195 , -1681.6836 , -1727.8392 , -1714.4733 , -1829.0473 , -1819.9246 , -1765.5111 , -1749.2146 , -1809.9892 , -1843.7910 , -1871.7157 , -1953.7836 , -1938.4164 , -1907.3620 , -1964.3026 , -1905.3506 , -1911.0567 , -1920.2339 , -1906.6376 , -1902.2261 , -1904.5858 , -1872.3652 , -1792.0999 , -1756.8550 , -1716.5393 , -1667.5012
(1980-2012)
-1,716.54 -10,692 -24,777 -- 7 -1,667.50
Refinery Capacity 3399.0000 , 3342.0000 , 3291.0000 , 2871.0000 , 2670.0000 , 2386.0000 , 1947.0000 , 1834.0000 , 1941.0000 , 1876.0000 , 1820.0000 , 1816.0000 , 1815.6300 , 1851.4300 , 1861.4300 , 1768.4300 , 1781.6300 , 1785.5800 , 1865.2230 , 1946.9230 , 1901.9230 , 1895.4730 , 1896.4930 , 1903.4330 , 1951.3480 , 1951.3480 , 1979.4880 , 1958.7940 , 1931.7990 , 1986.1970 , 1983.6680 , 1843.8310 , 1718.8030
(1980-2012)
1,844 16,787 45,873 88,097 12 1,719
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.0500 , 0.0400 , 0.1030 , 0.1243 , 0.1398 , 0.1480 , 0.2300 , 0.2349 , 0.2126 , 0.2060 , 0.1899 , 0.1848 , 0.1708 , 0.1774 , 0.1774 , 0.1516 , 0.1383 , 0.1173 , 0.1274 , 0.1070 , 0.1070 , 0.1452 , 0.1400 , 0.1485 , 0.1485 , 0.1465 , 0.1584 , 0.1215 , 0.1198 , 0.1033 , 0.1012 , 0.0916 , 0.0900 , 0.0852
(1980-2013)
0.09 12 223 1,526 67 0.09
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
France
Europe
World
Rank
 
France
Production 279.9420 , 257.5523 , 250.2421 , 246.8872 , 236.6458 , 202.3196 , 159.0588 , 133.9851 , 112.5842 , 108.1345 , 101.0000 , 114.0000 , 111.3800 , 120.8800 , 124.7679 , 118.4100 , 102.8020 , 91.3246 , 79.8825 , 72.9961 , 66.3216 , 67.4517 , 65.3328 , 56.8572 , 49.4410 , 40.6123 , 43.4375 , 38.1402 , 32.4898 , 31.0772 , 26.4863 , 21.8953 , 19.1054
(1980-2012)
21.90 9,965 116,255 68   19.11
Consumption 981.1213 , 1002.5575 , 978.9671 , 998.7788 , 1079.1205 , 1110.0211 , 1128.7380 , 1038.0138 , 963.1107 , 983.8053 , 997.0000 , 1131.2400 , 1146.4700 , 1158.4030 , 1156.9547 , 1182.7300 , 1314.3184 , 1300.0511 , 1312.9058 , 1382.6529 , 1402.8177 , 1470.8698 , 1528.0801 , 1510.7757 , 1603.6542 , 1740.3232 , 1762.5717 , 1656.2735 , 1736.4386 , 1665.4554 , 1694.7669 , 1670.0464 , 1559.0513
(1980-2012)
1,670.05 19,199 116,395 18   1,559.05
Net Export/Imports(-) -984.0000 , -1043.0000 , -1080.0800 , -1026.5000 , -1065.6301 , -1120.4700 , -1215.4717 , -1200.7453 , -1214.3063 , -1408.1856 , -1422.2410 , -1403.4181 , -1462.7473 , -1453.9186 , -1554.2132 , -1699.7110 , -1719.1342 , -1618.1333 , -1703.9488 , -1634.3782 , -1668.2806 , -1648.1511 , -1509.2925
(1990-2012)
-1,648.15 -9,400 -- 6   -1,509.29
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
6.3000 , 6.0000 , 2.7200 , 2.7000 , 2.4220 , 1.5000 , 1.4000 , 1.2300 , 1.1700 , 1.1800 , 1.1800 , 1.3240 , 1.2960 , 1.2400 , 1.2400 , 1.2820 , 1.0740 , 0.6830 , 0.5050 , 0.5090 , 0.5090 , 0.5060 , 0.4030 , 0.5060 , 0.5060 , 0.4510 , 0.3780 , 0.3410 , 0.2570 , 0.2450 , 0.2500 , 0.2400 , 0.1950 , 0.3780
(1980-2013)
0.20 147 6,845 84   0.38
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
France
Europe
World
Rank
 
France
Production 22.8223 , 22.9600 , 21.9977 , 21.6174 , 20.9660 , 18.6985 , 18.2279 , 17.4198 , 15.2064 , 15.0344 , 14.1316 , 13.3303 , 12.1872 , 11.2965 , 9.9638 , 9.2760 , 8.9397 , 7.5056 , 6.1718 , 5.6130 , 3.8162 , 2.5309 , 1.7979 , 1.9169 , 0.1764 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2011)
0.000 737 7,934 66   0.000
Consumption 55.9842 , 50.8309 , 51.0888 , 46.0402 , 44.2743 , 42.4864 , 34.9731 , 30.7468 , 24.1241 , 32.5380 , 33.8299 , 35.6829 , 31.5448 , 25.0136 , 24.5661 , 25.6828 , 27.9260 , 24.0910 , 28.9147 , 25.6287 , 24.6951 , 20.6849 , 22.2579 , 23.7085 , 22.4695 , 23.3238 , 21.5623 , 22.4265 , 21.1225 , 18.8550 , 20.0202 , 17.1916 , 18.3263
(1980-2012)
17.192 1,004 8,124 31   18.326
Net Export/Imports(-) -34425.1838 , -31081.8734 , -25326.7058 , -20440.1595 , -24091.0148 , -21341.8502 , -19021.4848 , -14650.8203 , -12805.5511 , -18012.8699 , -21604.2003 , -23645.7008 , -23858.4271 , -15167.8043 , -13263.0103 , -14802.9392 , -17603.9124 , -15846.8281 , -21427.8305 , -20370.7139 , -21693.4876 , -18344.6656 , -20979.1898 , -19654.2115 , -21865.4481 , -22568.7228 , -23201.4495 , -21022.1799 , -23684.2619 , -17407.7010 , -20506.2982 , -17164.0902
(1980-2011)
-20.506 -218 -- 11   -17.164
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
France
Europe
World
Rank
 
France
Net Generation 250.4980 , 261.8580 , 264.5080 , 279.9840 , 306.1010 , 324.2650 , 341.5130 , 355.8690 , 370.6430 , 384.4750 , 396.2520 , 428.5840 , 438.0358 , 447.4330 , 453.0110 , 467.8905 , 483.4990 , 476.8150 , 482.4670 , 494.5830 , 509.7287 , 519.5097 , 526.1854 , 533.6512 , 540.6453 , 544.9951 , 542.8922 , 538.5032 , 543.9495 , 507.5324 , 540.1760 , 532.5740 , 531.9820
(1980-2012)
532.57 3,558 21,081 8   531.98
Net Consumption 236.4420 , 239.2990 , 242.6350 , 247.0790 , 260.1630 , 277.9370 , 292.6700 , 301.4290 , 309.3850 , 316.5310 , 323.1110 , 345.4530 , 355.2228 , 356.1420 , 363.6170 , 367.8995 , 382.7060 , 381.7950 , 393.4280 , 401.2860 , 409.8387 , 420.5107 , 418.2534 , 435.4882 , 447.0043 , 452.4361 , 447.7462 , 450.0772 , 462.4805 , 446.7204 , 474.0490 , 447.1090
(1980-2011)
474.05 3,351 18,501 8   447.11
Installed Capacity (GWe) 63.6560 , 70.8310 , 73.8530 , 77.9870 , 84.6690 , 86.5510 , 92.4730 , 97.7020 , 100.7750 , 100.1980 , 103.4680 , 104.4060 , 105.2750 , 107.6380 , 107.2920 , 107.6740 , 109.7570 , 114.1010 , 112.5430 , 114.6520 , 115.0470 , 116.2950 , 116.9970 , 116.6600 , 116.8770 , 115.7870 , 115.7160 , 116.5500 , 117.7475 , 119.1095 , 124.3905 , 130.3876
(1980-2011)
124.39 986 5,086 8   130.39
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
France
Europe
World
Rank
 
France
Production 2.3330 , 2.6616 , 2.6274 , 2.9662 , 3.3718 , 3.5489 , 3.8035 , 3.9582 , 4.0495 , 4.0384 , 4.2469 , 4.4492 , 4.6134 , 4.8385 , 4.8643 , 4.9419 , 5.0287 , 4.9241 , 4.7770 , 4.9216 , 5.0248 , 5.1459 , 5.1305 , 5.1531 , 5.1695 , 5.1022 , 5.1404 , 5.0687 , 5.1322 , 4.7920 , 5.0679 , 5.0770
(1980-2011)
5.068 45 509 23   5.077
Consumption 8.3889 , 8.0671 , 7.7905 , 7.9118 , 8.1708 , 8.3499 , 8.4868 , 8.6114 , 8.5902 , 8.8752 , 9.1263 , 9.7390 , 9.9154 , 9.8030 , 9.7822 , 10.0532 , 10.5303 , 10.3636 , 10.5916 , 10.7169 , 10.9578 , 11.0922 , 11.0007 , 11.1208 , 11.4025 , 11.3558 , 11.3806 , 11.2953 , 11.2937 , 10.7337 , 11.0255 , 10.7807 , 10.5707
(1980-2012)
10.781 NA NA 10   10.571
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
7326.9394 , 6980.5225 , 6574.2294 , 6595.0246 , 6703.2348 , 6735.6500 , 6700.3855 , 6640.0328 , 6336.4681 , 6271.2267 , 6286.1089 , 6635.8232 , 6668.6545 , 6636.8321 , 6479.7987 , 6517.7748 , 6756.4676 , 6508.5706 , 6432.5499 , 6307.7608 , 6209.1841 , 6174.9651 , 6066.6351 , 6078.9065 , 6090.1033 , 5954.0916 , 5812.7820 , 5643.2858 , 5654.5932 , 5519.4469 , 5592.1363 , 5385.0456
(1980-2011)
5,592 5,486 7,452 95   5,385
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
France
Europe
World
Rank
 
France
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
488.9173 , 443.7293 , 423.3116 , 408.5420 , 394.7654 , 396.7592 , 362.8237 , 355.4060 , 340.3332 , 365.1969 , 367.6820 , 392.7922 , 382.0701 , 368.5674 , 361.2481 , 372.5394 , 390.4612 , 384.1297 , 409.4431 , 403.2676 , 401.6513 , 405.6355 , 401.7274 , 408.3834 , 410.9141 , 413.9620 , 416.3678 , 423.0563 , 428.5457 , 386.1504 , 388.6628 , 374.3273
(1980-2011)
388.66 4,375 31,502 18   374.33

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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