Brazil - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Brazil  

Country Analysis Brief Overview

  • Brazil is the 8th largest total energy consumer and 10th largest producer in the world.
  • Brazil was the largest producer of petroleum and other liquids in South America in 2013.
  • More than 91% of Brazil's oil production is offshore in very deep water and consists of mostly heavy grades.
  • The United States imported 110,000 bbl/d of Brazilian crude oil and exported 179,000 bbl/d of petroleum products to Brazil in 2013.
  • To address the country's dependence on oil imports and surplus of sugar cane, the government implemented policies to encourage ethanol production and consumption beginning in the 1970s.
  • The world's largest oil discoveries in recent years have come from Brazil's offshore, presalt basins.
  • In contrast to the earlier concession-based framework, Petrobras will be the sole operator of each production-sharing agreement and will hold a minimum 30% stake in all presalt projects.
  • Although natural gas accounted for 8% of Brazil's total energy consumption, the country has the second-largest reserves in South America, located primarily offshore in the Campos Basin.
  • Along with the potential to significantly increase oil production in the country, the pre-salt areas are estimated to contain sizable natural gas reserves as well.
  • Brazil imported 599 Bcf of natural gas in 2013, a 27% increase from 2012. Bolivia accounted for more than 68% of Brazilian natural gas imports.
  • Brazil has the third-largest electricity sector in the Americas, behind the United States and Canada.
  • Brazil is planning new hydroelectric power projects, such as the Belo Monte plant, which upon completion will be the third-largest hydroelectric power plant in the world.

Read full Brazil Analysis Brief »

Analysis Last Updated: December 31, 2014


Overview data for Brazil

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Brazil
Central & South America
World
Rank
    
Brazil
Total Oil Production 244.5000 , 283.0600 , 348.1900 , 459.5100 , 614.3700 , 734.3500 , 739.9706 , 767.5343 , 750.7950 , 789.5309 , 821.1171 , 838.4491 , 823.5220 , 839.3992 , 957.1709 , 989.7745 , 1106.5398 , 1172.1578 , 1282.3632 , 1427.6482 , 1534.1069 , 1573.4855 , 1757.8922 , 1846.8988 , 1839.4834 , 2037.5224 , 2169.4636 , 2283.5045 , 2431.4692 , 2561.7130 , 2712.4726 , 2685.1544 , 2651.8941 , 2693.8659
(1980-2013)
2,651.89 8,001 90,457 12   2,693.87
Crude Oil Production 182.0000 , 213.0000 , 260.0000 , 339.0000 , 475.0000 , 564.0000 , 572.0000 , 566.0000 , 554.0000 , 596.0000 , 630.5000 , 630.0000 , 625.9150 , 643.0000 , 671.4247 , 695.4247 , 795.0027 , 841.4220 , 968.5000 , 1131.8000 , 1269.0000 , 1295.1460 , 1455.1918 , 1496.1100 , 1477.3688 , 1633.5744 , 1722.7326 , 1747.9957 , 1812.2279 , 1950.3640 , 2054.6680 , 2105.4080 , 2061.2255 , 2023.8755
(1980-2013)
2,061.23 6,839 76,160 14   2,023.88
Consumption 1148.0000 , 1085.0000 , 1061.0000 , 980.0000 , 1033.0000 , 1079.3824 , 1237.7088 , 1263.1350 , 1300.0000 , 1317.1338 , 1466.4921 , 1484.1890 , 1520.5796 , 1579.6569 , 1673.9400 , 1788.4340 , 1904.3502 , 2030.6844 , 2095.9172 , 2130.3139 , 2121.2849 , 2116.0788 , 2101.5959 , 2035.6828 , 2122.8067 , 2171.2237 , 2197.0287 , 2296.5479 , 2441.4779 , 2459.3032 , 2698.9506 , 2776.5637 , 2864.0000 , 2998.0000
(1980-2013)
2,864.00 6,835 89,721 7   2,998.00
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -903.5000 , -801.9400 , -712.8100 , -520.4900 , -418.6300 , -345.0324 , -497.7382 , -495.6007 , -549.2050 , -527.6029 , -645.3750 , -645.7400 , -697.0576 , -740.2577 , -716.7690 , -798.6594 , -797.8104 , -858.5266 , -813.5541 , -702.6657 , -587.1780 , -542.5932 , -343.7037 , -188.7840 , -283.3233 , -133.7012 , -27.5650 , -13.0433 , -10.0086 , 102.4098 , 13.5219 , -91.4093 , -212.1059 , -304.1341
(1980-2013)
-212.11 1,166 -- 194   -304.13
Refinery Capacity 1205.0000 , 1402.0000 , 1407.0000 , 1219.0000 , 1301.0000 , 1305.0000 , 1305.0000 , 1321.0000 , 1407.0000 , 1407.0000 , 1397.0000 , 1412.0000 , 1406.2200 , 1402.5200 , 1252.8600 , 1252.8600 , 1256.0600 , 1256.0600 , 1662.2970 , 1772.2730 , 1783.3100 , 1918.0810 , 1785.8410 , 1865.1400 , 1914.1020 , 1920.1340 , 1908.2780 , 1908.2780 , 1908.2780 , 1908.2780 , 1908.2780 , 1908.2780 , 1917.3330
(1980-2012)
1,908 6,582 88,097 10   1,917
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 1.2200 , 1.3000 , 1.3251 , 1.7500 , 1.8000 , 1.9760 , 2.0700 , 2.2500 , 2.3400 , 2.5500 , 2.8160 , 2.8400 , 2.8003 , 3.0300 , 3.6000 , 3.7970 , 4.2000 , 4.8000 , 4.8000 , 7.1062 , 7.3575 , 8.1000 , 8.4647 , 8.3217 , 8.5000 , 10.6000 , 11.2433 , 11.7726 , 12.1816 , 12.6239 , 12.8015 , 12.8570 , 13.9867 , 13.1542 , 15.0499 , 15.3142
(1980-2015)
15.05 328 1,656 16   15.31
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Brazil
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Brazil
Production 42.0000 , 42.0000 , 46.0000 , 57.0000 , 74.0000 , 92.0000 , 90.0000 , 104.8000 , 97.4700 , 122.5400 , 97.0000 , 118.8600 , 130.3124 , 146.0000 , 152.2000 , 159.2700 , 178.3408 , 194.9388 , 204.8270 , 217.8936 , 257.4464 , 233.7853 , 287.1110 , 311.4783 , 341.1429 , 345.0276 , 348.9122 , 347.4996 , 445.6753 , 363.0382 , 444.6159 , 514.8927 , 598.2361 , 752.2095
(1980-2013)
598.24 5,740 118,910 33   752.21
Consumption 42.0000 , 42.0000 , 46.0000 , 57.0000 , 74.0000 , 92.0000 , 90.0000 , 104.8100 , 97.4700 , 122.5400 , 97.0000 , 118.8600 , 130.3124 , 146.0000 , 152.2000 , 159.2700 , 178.3408 , 194.9388 , 204.8270 , 230.9601 , 333.3736 , 396.2343 , 472.8679 , 499.3541 , 608.1243 , 657.2122 , 682.9921 , 701.3559 , 835.1998 , 661.0968 , 889.9380 , 884.9939 , 1071.1040 , 1327.8440
(1980-2013)
1,071.10 5,580 119,568 31   1,327.84
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , -13.0666 , -75.9273 , -162.4490 , -185.7569 , -187.8758 , -266.9814 , -312.1846 , -334.0799 , -353.8563 , -389.5245 , -298.0586 , -444.9690 , -370.1012 , -472.8679
(1990-2012)
-370.10 471 -- 19   -472.87
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
1.5000 , 1.5000 , 1.8480 , 2.3300 , 2.6690 , 2.8400 , 3.0600 , 3.2000 , 3.6000 , 3.7000 , 3.8490 , 4.0450 , 4.0460 , 4.4000 , 4.8280 , 4.8520 , 5.1700 , 5.4490 , 5.5800 , 8.0390 , 7.9790 , 8.2280 , 7.8050 , 8.0920 , 8.4750 , 8.8290 , 11.5150 , 10.8200 , 12.2800 , 12.8900 , 12.8620 , 12.9400 , 14.7250 , 13.9670 , 16.2230 , 16.2160
(1980-2015)
16.22 278 6,973 33   16.22
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Brazil
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Brazil
Production 5.7783 , 6.2710 , 6.9953 , 7.4263 , 8.2883 , 8.5010 , 8.1472 , 7.5883 , 8.0810 , 7.3535 , 5.0651 , 5.7188 , 5.2150 , 5.0651 , 5.6593 , 5.7309 , 5.2966 , 6.2248 , 6.0803 , 6.2391 , 7.5023 , 6.2325 , 5.6703 , 5.1213 , 5.9591 , 6.8950 , 6.4948 , 6.5753 , 7.2885 , 6.2931 , 5.9690 , 6.0682 , 6.9479
(1980-2012)
6.068 104 8,444 32   6.948
Consumption 10.5756 , 10.9283 , 11.9402 , 12.8739 , 15.4169 , 18.6434 , 18.7988 , 19.3158 , 19.2045 , 19.3070 , 16.9690 , 19.5826 , 18.7569 , 18.9829 , 19.6807 , 20.7720 , 21.3441 , 21.7718 , 21.1633 , 22.8189 , 24.1450 , 23.7250 , 22.0914 , 22.9148 , 24.1839 , 23.7565 , 23.6165 , 24.6580 , 24.6058 , 19.4684 , 25.8232 , 27.6592 , 27.3054
(1980-2012)
27.659 51 8,285 26   27.305
Net Export/Imports(-) -5557.8539 , -5005.5959 , -4797.2590 , -6264.4355 , -8417.2495 , -8979.4283 , -9291.3824 , -11446.4012 , -11167.5164 , -11908.2696 , -11816.7778 , -13041.4457 , -12552.0195 , -13375.4460 , -14108.4831 , -14955.0582 , -16052.9603 , -16083.8250 , -16084.9274 , -15349.6857 , -16364.9144 , -16102.5643 , -16640.4923 , -17782.4869 , -17776.9753 , -17019.1362 , -16353.3402 , -18120.2351 , -18888.1051 , -14215.8482 , -19522.3531 , -22132.2075 , -19926.4824
(1980-2012)
-22.132 52 -- 11   -19.926
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Brazil
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Brazil
Net Generation 138.3018 , 140.1522 , 150.0265 , 160.4523 , 178.0967 , 190.6714 , 199.2417 , 200.4498 , 211.7793 , 218.2937 , 219.9526 , 231.4390 , 238.8401 , 249.2511 , 256.8958 , 272.1979 , 287.6553 , 304.2749 , 317.8199 , 329.6895 , 342.5735 , 323.1680 , 340.2972 , 358.8956 , 381.1817 , 395.7213 , 411.9253 , 437.1866 , 454.4715 , 458.5757 , 506.8274 , 530.3902 , 537.6132
(1980-2012)
530.39 1,148 21,182 9   537.61
Net Consumption 121.7838 , 124.1572 , 131.6905 , 145.4453 , 161.9187 , 171.0454 , 186.4807 , 190.4754 , 200.7628 , 208.7277 , 212.6446 , 222.4450 , 228.1091 , 239.0941 , 247.9908 , 261.5099 , 277.7433 , 290.8679 , 302.9069 , 310.6195 , 321.9985 , 304.4830 , 318.9772 , 336.8686 , 353.2937 , 367.8833 , 382.5393 , 404.1676 , 419.6025 , 418.4477 , 455.7294 , 478.7522 , 483.5012
(1980-2012)
478.75 978 19,397 8   483.50
Installed Capacity (GWe) 33.3660 , 37.6370 , 39.7530 , 40.8050 , 41.7220 , 44.0760 , 44.9220 , 47.5300 , 49.5440 , 52.0940 , 53.0190 , 54.1100 , 55.0980 , 56.2010 , 57.6110 , 59.0060 , 61.4990 , 63.0261 , 65.1821 , 68.1701 , 73.7021 , 76.2451 , 82.3741 , 86.4281 , 90.6558 , 93.2532 , 96.7741 , 100.2352 , 103.5416 , 105.4090 , 113.6070 , 119.0740 , 121.6845
(1980-2012)
119.07 270 5,315 9   121.68
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Brazil
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Brazil
Production 1.9024 , 1.9976 , 2.2168 , 2.5364 , 3.0413 , 3.3782 , 3.4077 , 3.4463 , 3.5362 , 3.7218 , 3.7586 , 3.9116 , 3.9630 , 4.0949 , 4.2643 , 4.4674 , 4.8336 , 5.0607 , 5.4749 , 5.8792 , 6.3603 , 6.1547 , 6.7020 , 7.0212 , 7.1433 , 7.6644 , 8.0022 , 8.3114 , 8.5570 , 8.9244 , 9.4671 , 9.9064 , 9.7582
(1980-2012)
9.906 32 519 10   9.758
Consumption 4.0218 , 3.8832 , 3.9432 , 3.9419 , 4.3088 , 4.5927 , 4.9686 , 5.1118 , 5.2848 , 5.4480 , 5.7543 , 5.9959 , 6.0773 , 5.0104 , 6.6207 , 7.0203 , 7.4534 , 7.8563 , 8.1113 , 8.2584 , 8.5333 , 8.4487 , 8.5539 , 8.6409 , 8.9945 , 9.2775 , 9.5013 , 10.0142 , 10.4744 , 10.3912 , 11.4623 , 11.8932 , 12.0955
(1980-2012)
11.893 28 520 8   12.095
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
4505.9935 , 4543.2813 , 4575.4859 , 4712.0276 , 4886.7220 , 4829.5347 , 4860.7767 , 4830.3721 , 4996.8411 , 4993.3350 , 5530.2220 , 5703.6658 , 5812.6955 , 4567.3084 , 5701.5199 , 5800.6501 , 6028.8157 , 6147.4175 , 6344.4299 , 6443.1602 , 6382.7613 , 6237.4699 , 6151.7488 , 6143.8697 , 6049.6218 , 6048.9586 , 5959.0399 , 5920.1070 , 5888.1872 , 5879.3028 , 6033.4743 , 6047.7824
(1980-2011)
6,033 5,957 7,415 89   6,048
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Brazil
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Brazil
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
185.6637 , 175.2184 , 172.7515 , 163.7970 , 180.8681 , 192.6607 , 212.6735 , 219.1588 , 221.4561 , 226.7650 , 237.3323 , 245.6899 , 237.3994 , 257.9652 , 269.0775 , 289.0870 , 306.6835 , 325.4493 , 324.1137 , 335.7094 , 344.4339 , 348.5107 , 346.6224 , 346.8912 , 355.7293 , 370.7550 , 383.8498 , 401.1722 , 427.3990 , 406.9624 , 461.3565 , 476.6001 , 500.2285
(1980-2012)
476.60 1,335 32,155 12   500.23

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013