Total Energy

Annual Energy Review

September 2012  PDF | previous editions
Release Date: September 27, 2012

Table 5.4 Petroleum Imports by Country of Origin, 1960-2011
Table 5.4  Petroleum Imports by Country of Origin, 1960-2011





Year


Persian
Gulf 2
Selected OPEC 1 Countries Selected Non-OPEC 1 Countries

Total
Imports
Imports From
Persian Gulf 2
as Share of
Total Imports
Imports From
OPEC 1
as Share of
Total Imports

Iraq

Nigeria
Saudi
Arabia 3

Venezuela
Total
OPEC 4

Brazil

Canada

Mexico

Russia 5
United
Kingdom
Total
Non-OPEC 4
Thousand Barrels per Day Percent
1960 RE 326 22 [6] 84 911 1,233 1 120 16 0 (s) 581 1,815 RE 17.9 68.0
1961 E 346 25 [6] 73 879 1,224 7 190 40 0 1 693 1,917 E 18.0 63.8
1962 E 272 2 [6] 74 906 1,265 5 250 49 0 2 816 2,082 RE 13.1 60.8
1963 E 303 1 [6] 108 900 1,282 6 265 48 0 3 840 2,123 E 14.3 60.4
1964 R 318 0 [6] 131 933 1,352 1 299 47 0 (s) 907 2,259 R 14.1 59.8
1965 R 359 16 [6] 158 994 1,439 0 323 48 0 (s) 1,029 2,468 R 14.5 58.3
1966 R 319 26 [6] 147 1,018 1,444 0 384 45 0 6 1,129 2,573 R 12.4 56.1
1967 R 203 5 [6] 92 938 1,247 2 450 49 0 11 1,290 2,537 R 8.0 49.2
1968 R 218 0 [6] 74 886 1,287 (s) 506 45 0 28 1,553 2,840 R 7.7 45.3
1969 R 193 0 [6] 65 875 1,286 0 608 43 2 20 1,879 3,166 R 6.1 40.6
1970 R 184 0 [6] 30 989 1,294 2 766 42 3 11 2,126 3,419 R 5.4 37.8
1971 R 379 11 102 128 1,020 1,673 3 857 27 0 10 2,253 3,926 R 9.7 42.6
1972 471 4 251 190 959 2,046 5 1,108 21 8 9 2,695 4,741 9.9 43.2
1973 848 4 459 486 1,135 2,993 9 1,325 16 26 15 3,263 6,256 13.6 47.8
1974 1,039 0 713 461 979 3,256 2 1,070 8 20 8 2,856 6,112 17.0 53.3
1975 1,165 2 762 715 702 3,601 5 846 71 14 14 2,454 6,056 19.2 59.5
1976 1,840 26 1,025 1,230 700 5,066 0 599 87 11 31 2,247 7,313 25.2 69.3
1977 2,448 74 1,143 1,380 690 6,193 0 517 179 12 126 2,614 8,807 27.8 70.3
1978 2,219 62 919 1,144 646 5,751 0 467 318 8 180 2,612 8,363 26.5 68.8
1979 2,069 88 1,080 1,356 690 5,637 1 538 439 1 202 2,819 8,456 24.5 66.7
1980 1,519 28 857 1,261 481 4,300 3 455 533 1 176 2,609 6,909 22.0 62.2
1981 1,219 (s) 620 1,129 406 3,323 23 447 522 5 375 2,672 5,996 20.3 55.4
1982 696 3 514 552 412 2,146 47 482 685 1 456 2,968 5,113 13.6 42.0
1983 442 10 302 337 422 1,862 41 547 826 1 382 3,189 5,051 8.8 36.9
1984 506 12 216 325 548 2,049 60 630 748 13 402 3,388 5,437 9.3 37.7
1985 311 46 293 168 605 1,830 61 770 816 8 310 3,237 5,067 6.1 36.1
1986 912 81 440 685 793 2,837 50 807 699 18 350 3,387 6,224 14.7 45.6
1987 1,077 83 535 751 804 3,060 84 848 655 11 352 3,617 6,678 16.1 45.8
1988 1,541 345 618 1,073 794 3,520 98 999 747 29 315 3,882 7,402 20.8 47.6
1989 1,861 449 815 1,224 873 4,140 82 931 767 48 215 3,921 8,061 23.1 51.4
1990 1,966 518 800 1,339 1,025 4,296 49 934 755 45 189 3,721 8,018 24.5 53.6
1991 1,845 0 703 1,802 1,035 4,092 22 1,033 807 29 138 3,535 7,627 24.2 53.7
1992 1,778 0 681 1,720 1,170 4,092 20 1,069 830 18 230 3,796 7,888 22.5 51.9
1993 1,782 0 740 1,414 1,300 4,273 33 1,181 919 55 350 4,347 8,620 20.7 49.6
1994 1,728 0 637 1,402 1,334 4,247 31 1,272 984 30 458 4,749 8,996 19.2 47.2
1995 1,573 0 627 1,344 1,480 4,002 8 1,332 1,068 25 383 4,833 8,835 17.8 45.3
1996 1,604 1 617 1,363 1,676 4,211 9 1,424 1,244 25 308 5,267 9,478 16.9 44.4
1997 1,755 89 698 1,407 1,773 4,569 5 1,563 1,385 13 226 5,593 10,162 17.3 45.0
1998 2,136 336 696 1,491 1,719 4,905 26 1,598 1,351 24 250 5,803 10,708 19.9 45.8
1999 2,464 725 657 1,478 1,493 4,953 26 1,539 1,324 89 365 5,899 10,852 22.7 45.6
2000 2,488 620 896 1,572 1,546 5,203 51 1,807 1,373 72 366 6,257 11,459 21.7 45.4
2001 2,761 795 885 1,662 1,553 5,528 82 1,828 1,440 90 324 6,343 11,871 23.3 46.6
2002 2,269 459 621 1,552 1,398 4,605 116 1,971 1,547 210 478 6,925 11,530 19.7 39.9
2003 2,501 481 867 1,774 1,376 5,162 108 2,072 1,623 254 440 7,103 12,264 20.4 42.1
2004 2,493 656 1,140 1,558 1,554 5,701 104 2,138 1,665 298 380 7,444 13,145 19.0 43.4
2005 2,334 531 1,166 1,537 1,529 5,587 156 2,181 1,662 410 396 8,127 13,714 17.0 40.7
2006 2,211 553 1,114 1,463 1,419 5,517 193 2,353 1,705 369 272 8,190 13,707 16.1 40.2
2007 2,163 484 1,134 1,485 1,361 5,980 200 2,455 1,532 414 277 7,489 13,468 16.1 44.4
2008 2,370 627 988 1,529 1,189 5,954 258 2,493 1,302 465 236 6,961 12,915 18.4 46.1
2009 1,689 450 809 1,004 1,063 4,776 309 2,479 1,210 563 245 6,915 11,691 14.4 40.9
2010 R 1,711 R 415 R 1,023 R 1,096 R 988 R 4,906 R 272 R 2,535 R 1,284 R 612 256 R 6,887 R 11,793 14.5 41.6
2011P 1,862 460 817 1,195 944 4,534 249 2,706 1,205 621 158 6,825 11,360 16.4 39.9
1See "Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)" in Glossary. 6Nigeria joined OPEC in 1971.  For 1960-1970, Nigeria is included in "Total Non-OPEC." 
2Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and the Neutral Zone (between
Kuwait and Saudi Arabia).
R=Revised.  P=Preliminary.  E=Estimate.  (s)=Less than 500 barrels per day.  
3Through 1970, includes half the imports from the Neutral Zone.  Beginning in 1971, includes imports
from the Neutral Zone that are reported to U.S. Customs as originating in Saudi Arabia.
Notes:  -  The country of origin for refined petroleum products may not be the country of origin for the
crude oil from which the refined products were produced.  For example, refined products imported from
refineries in the Caribbean may have been produced from Middle East crude oil.  -  Data include any
imports for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, which began in 1977.  -  Totals may not equal sum of
components due to independent rounding.
4On this table, "Total OPEC" for all years includes Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, and the
Neutral Zone (between Kuwait and Saudi Arabia); beginning in 1961, also includes Qatar; beginning in
1962, also includes Libya; for 1962-2008, also includes Indonesia; beginning in 1967, also includes United
Arab Emirates; beginning in 1969, also includes Algeria; beginning in 1971, also includes Nigeria; for
1973-1992 and beginning in 2008, also includes Ecuador (although Ecuador rejoined OPEC in November
2007, on this table Ecuador is included in "Total Non-OPEC" for 2007); for 1975-1994, also includes
Gabon; and beginning in 2007, also includes Angola.  Data for all countries not included in "Total OPEC"
are included in "Total Non-OPEC." 
Web Pages:  -  See http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/#petroleum for updated monthly and
annual data.  -  See http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/ for related information.
5Through 1992, may include imports from republics other than Russia in the former U.S.S.R.  See
"U.S.S.R." in Glossary.
Sources:  -  1960-1975-Bureau of Mines, Minerals Yearbook, "Crude Petroleum and Petroleum
Products" chapter.  -  1976-1980-U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Energy Data Reports,
P.A.D. Districts Supply/Demand, Annual, annual reports.  -  1981-2010-EIA, Petroleum Supply Annual,
annual reports.  -  2011-EIA, Petroleum Supply Monthly (February 2012).
Total Energy - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)