Frequently Asked Questions

How much electricity is used for lighting in the United States?

EIA estimates that in 2012, about 461 billion kilowatthours (kWh) of electricity were used for lighting by the residential and commercial sectors. This was about 17% of the total electricity consumed by both of these sectors and about 12% of total U.S. electricity consumption.

Residential lighting consumption was about 186 billion kWh or about 14% of all residential electricity consumption.

The commercial sector, which includes commercial and institutional buildings,and public street and highway lighting, consumed about 274 billion kWh for lighting or about 21% of commercial sector electricity consumption in 2012. EIA does not have an estimate specifically for public street and highway lighting.

In 2010, 52 billion kWh were consumed for lighting in manufacturing facilities, which was equal to about 1.3% of total U.S. electricity consumption in 2010.1

1This is EIA's most recent data available.

Learn more:

EIA estimates and projections for energy end-use and in residential and commercial sectors Tables 4 and 5 of Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Early Release (reference case).

Historical U.S. annual electricity consumption by sector.

U.S. Department of Energy report, 2010 U.S. Lighting Market Characterization

Last updated:  May 23, 2014


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