Frequently Asked Questions

How much electricity is used for cooling in the United States?

In 2011, EIA estimates that about 440 billion kilowatt-hours (kWh) of electricity were used for cooling by the residential and commercial sectors, or about 11% of total U.S. electricity consumption.

EIA does not have an estimate of electricity consumption for cooling in manufacturing facilities.

Electricity Use for Cooling by Residential and Commercial Sectors in the United States, 2011
  Billion Kilowatthours
Total U.S. Electricity Use 3,841
Total Residential Sector Electricity Use 1,424
Total Commercial Sector Electricity Use 1,319
Total Residential & Commercial Electricity Use for Cooling 440
  Share of Total U.S. Electricity Use 11%
  Share of Total Residential & Commerical Electricity Use 16%
Total Residential Electricity Use for Cooling 273
  Share of Total U.S. Electricity Use 7%
  Share of Total Residential Electricity Use 19%
Total Commercial Electricity Use for Cooling 167
  Share of Total U.S. Electricity Use 4%
  Share of Total Commercial Electricity Use 13%

Total U.S. electricity consumption includes electricity for the industrial and transportation sectors.

Learn more:

EIA's estimates (and forecast) for residential and commercial sector energy consumption by type of end use (Tables 4 and 5) and total U.S. electricity consumption (Table 8).

Last updated: January 31, 2013

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