Frequently Asked Questions

How is electricity used in United States homes?

EIA estimates that the U.S. residential sector consumed about 1,375 billion kilowatthours of electricity in 2012.

 

Estimated U.S. Residential Electricity Consumption by End Use, 2012

End Use
Quadrillion
Btu
Billion
kilowatthours
Share of
total
Space cooling
0.85
250
18%
Lighting
0.64
186
14%
Water heating
0.45
130
9%
Refrigeration
0.38
111
8%
Televisions and related equipment 1
0.33
98
7%
Space heating
0.29
84
6%
Clothes dryers
0.20
59
4%
Computers and related equipment2
0.12
37
3%
Cooking
0.11
31
2%
Dishwashers3
0.10
29
2%
Furnace fans and boiler circulation pumps
0.09
28
2%
Freezers
0.08
24
2%
Clothes washers3
0.03
9
1%
Other uses4
1.02
299
22%
Total consumption
4.69
1,375
 

1Includes televisions, set-top boxes, home theater systems, DVD players, and video game consoles.

2Includes desktop and laptop computers, monitors, and networking equipment.

3Does not include water heating portion of load.

4Includes small electric devices, heating elements, and motors not listed above.  Electric vehicles are included in the transportation sector.

Learn more:

Residential electricity consumption estimates and forecasts by type of end-use, Table 4.

Detailed statistics for residential electricity consumption by type of appliance, 2009.

Last updated: June 4, 2014


Other FAQs about Electricity

On This Page:

Coal

Conversion & Equivalents

Crude Oil

Diesel

Electricity

Environment

Gasoline

General Energy

Natural Gas

Nuclear

Prices

Renewables

Full list of upcoming reports

Sign up for email notifications

Get the What's New RSS feed

Didn't find the answer to your question? Ask an energy expert.

(required)