Frequently Asked Questions

How is electricity used in U.S. homes?

Estimated U.S. residential electricity consumption by end-use, 2011

End-use
Quadrillion
Btu
Billion
kilowatthours
Share of
total
Space cooling
0.93
273
19%
Lighting
0.63
186
13%
Water heating
0.45
131
9%
Refrigeration
0.38
110
8%
Color televisions and set-top boxes
0.32
93
7%
Space heating
0.27
79
6%
Clothes dryers
0.20
57
4%
Personal computers and related equipment
0.16
46
3%
Furnace fans and boiler circulation pumps
0.13
39
3%
Cooking
0.11
32
2%
Dishwashers1
0.10
30
2%
Freezers
0.08
24
2%
Clothes washers1
0.03
10
1%
Other uses2
1.07
313
22%
Total consumption
4.86
1,424
 

1Does not include water heating.

2Includes small electric devices, heating elements, and motors not listed above.

Learn more:

Residential electricity consumption estimates and forecasts by type of end-use, Table 4.

Detailed statistics for residential electricity consumption by type of appliance, 2001.

Last updated: June 24, 2013


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