Frequently Asked Questions

How is electricity used in U.S. homes?

 

Estimated U.S. residential electricity consumption by end use, 2014
End use Quadrillion Btu Billion kilowatthours Share of total
Space cooling 0.64   189 13%
Lighting 0.51   150 11%
Water heating 0.45   132   9%
Space heating 0.45   132   9%
Refrigeration 0.36   106   7%
Televisions and related equipment1 0.33     96   7%
Clothes dryers 0.20     60   4%
Furnace fans and boiler circulation pumps 0.15     43   3%
Computers and related equipment2 0.12     34   2%
Cooking 0.11     31   2%
Dishwashers 0.09     28   2%
Freezers 0.08     22   2%
Clothes washers3 0.03      8   1%
Other uses4 1.31   383 27%
Total consumption 4.83 1,415  

1 Includes televisions, set-top boxes, home theater systems, DVD players, and video game consoles.

2 Includes monitors and networking equipment.

3 Does not include water heating.

4 Includes small electric devices, heating elements, and motors not listed above.  Does not include electric vehicle charging.

Learn more:

Annual Energy Outlook 2015, Table 4: Residential sector key indicators and consumption

Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS)

Last updated: April 21, 2015


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