Frequently Asked Questions

How much energy does a person use in a year?

In 2011, total energy use per person (or per capita consumption) in the United States was 312 million British thermal units (Btu) which declined 1.3% compared to the prior year.  It was 13% less than the per capita consumption in 1978, which was the highest since 1949. The world per capita consumption of energy1 in 2010 was 74 million Btu. 

1Consumption includes only coal, electricity, natural gas, and petroleum fuels that are produced and sold in conventional markets. Biomass fuels, such as wood and charcoal used for heating and cooking are not included in the total. EIA does not have an estimate for the amount of those fuels consumed in other countries.

Learn more:

Historical, annual U.S. energy consumption per capita.

Historical per capita energy consumption for the world and individual countries.

Last updated: July 25, 2013

Other FAQs about General Energy

On This Page:


Conversion & Equivalents

Crude Oil





General Energy

Natural Gas




Full list of upcoming reports

Sign up for email notifications

Get the What's New RSS feed

Didn't find the answer to your question? Ask an energy expert.