U.S. Energy Information Administration - EIA - Independent Statistics and Analysis
Frequently Asked Questions
How much petroleum does the United States import and from where?
The United States imported approximately 9.9 million barrels per day (MMbbl/d) of petroleum in 2013 from about 80 countries. Petroleum includes crude oil and refined petroleum products such as gasoline and diesel fuel, and biofuels including ethanol and biodiesel. In 2013, about 78% of gross petroleum imports were crude oil, and about 51% of the crude oil that was processed in U.S. refineries was imported.
The United States exported 3.6 MMbbl/d of crude oil and petroleum products in 2013, resulting in net imports (imports minus exports) of 6.2 MMbbl/d in 2013. Net imports accounted for 33% of the petroleum consumed in the United States, the lowest annual average since 1985.
The top five source countries providing U.S. petroleum imports in 2013 were Canada, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela. Their respective rankings vary based on gross petroleum imports or net petroleum imports (gross imports minus exports). Net imports from Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) countries accounted for 56% of U.S. net imports.
|Top sources of imported petroleum to the United States, million barrels per day, and percent share of gross and net imports, 20131|
|Import sources||Gross imports||Exports||Net imports|
|Total, all countries||9.859||3.621||6.237|
|OPEC countries||3.720 (38%)||0.237||3.483 (56%)|
|Persian Gulf countries||2.009 (20%)||0.022||1.988 (32%)|
|Top five countries2|
|Canada||3.142 (32%)||0.549||2.593 (42%)|
|Saudi Arabia||1.329 (13%)||0.003||1.326 (21%)|
|Mexico||0.919 (9%)||0.532||0.387 (6%)|
|Venezuela||0.806 (8%)||0.081||0.725 (12%)|
|Russia||0.460 (5%)||0||0.460 (7%)|
2 Based on gross imports by country of origin.
- How much oil consumed in the United States comes from foreign sources
- Petroleum (historical monthly and annual data for the U.S.)
- Detailed historical data on U.S. petroleum imports and exports
- Articles on U.S. petroleum production, imports, exports, and consumption
- U.S. Oil Import Dependence: Declining no matter how you measure it
- Measuring U.S. Dependence on Foreign Oil: The What, Where, and When Factors
Last updated: December 4, 2014
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