Frequently Asked Questions

How much petroleum does the United States import and from where?

The United States imported approximately 9.9 million barrels per day (MMbbl/d) of petroleum in 2013 from about 80 countries. Petroleum includes crude oil and refined petroleum products such as gasoline and diesel fuel, and biofuels including ethanol and biodiesel. In 2013, about 78% of gross petroleum imports were crude oil, and about 51% of the crude oil that was processed in U.S. refineries was imported.

The United States exported 3.6 MMbbl/d of crude oil and petroleum products in 2013, resulting in net imports (imports minus exports) of 6.2 MMbbl/d in 2013. Net imports accounted for 33% of the petroleum consumed in the United States, the lowest annual average since 1985.

The top five source countries providing U.S. petroleum imports in 2013 were Canada, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela.  Their respective rankings vary based on gross petroleum imports or net petroleum imports (gross imports minus exports). Net imports from Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) countries accounted for 56% of U.S. net imports.

Top sources of imported petroleum to the United States, million barrels per day, and percent share of gross and net imports, 20131
Import  sources Gross imports Exports Net imports
Total, all countries 9.859 3.621 6.237
OPEC countries 3.720 (38%) 0.237 3.483 (56%)
Persian Gulf countries 2.009 (20%) 0.022 1.988 (32%)
Top five countries2
Canada 3.142 (32%) 0.549 2.593 (42%)
Saudi Arabia 1.329 (13%) 0.003 1.326 (21%)
Mexico 0.919  (9%) 0.532 0.387 (6%)
Venezuela 0.806  (8%) 0.081 0.725 (12%)
Russia 0.460 (5%) 0 0.460 (7%)

1Preliminary data.
2 Based on gross imports by country of origin.

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Last updated: December 4, 2014

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