Frequently Asked Questions

How much petroleum does the United States import and from where?

The United States imported approximately 9 million barrels per day (MMb/d) of petroleum in 2014 from about 75 countries. Petroleum includes crude oil, natural gas plant liquids, liquefied refinery gases, refined petroleum products such as gasoline and diesel fuel, and biofuels including ethanol and biodiesel. In 2014, about 80% of gross petroleum imports were crude oil, and about 46% of the crude oil that was processed in U.S. refineries was imported.

The United States exported about 4 MMb/d of crude oil and petroleum products in 2014, resulting in net imports (imports minus exports) of about 5 MMb/d in 2014. Net imports accounted for 27% of the petroleum consumed in the United States, the lowest annual average since 1985.

The top five source countries of U.S. petroleum imports in 2014 were Canada, Saudi Arabia, Mexico, Venezuela, and Iraq.  The country rankings vary based on gross petroleum imports or net petroleum imports (gross imports minus exports). 


Top sources and amounts (million barrels per day) of U.S. petroleum imports, and percent share of gross imports, 20141
Import  sources Gross imports Exports Net imports
Total, all countries 9.24 4.18 5.07
OPEC countries 3.24 (35%) 0.24 3.00
Persian Gulf countries 1.88 (20%) 0.01 1.86
Top five countries2
Canada 3.39 (37%) 0.81 2.58
Saudi Arabia 1.17 (13%) 0.00 1.16
Mexico 0.84   (9%) 0.56 0.28
Venezuela 0.79   (9%) 0.08 0.71
Iraq 0.37   (4%) 0 0.37

1 Final data.
2 Based on gross imports by country of origin.

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Last updated: September 14,  2015

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