U.S. Energy Information Administration - EIA - Independent Statistics and Analysis
Frequently Asked Questions
How much petroleum does the United States import and export?
In 2015, the United States imported approximately 9.4 million barrels per day (MMb/d) of petroleum from about 82 countries. Petroleum includes crude oil, natural gas plant liquids, liquefied refinery gases, refined petroleum products such as gasoline and diesel fuel, and biofuels including ethanol and biodiesel. About 78% of gross petroleum imports were crude oil.
In 2015, the United States exported about 4.8 MMb/d of petroleum to 136 countries. Most of the exports were petroleum products. The resulting net imports (imports minus exports) of petroleum were about 4.6 MMb/d.
The top five source countries of U.S. petroleum imports in 2015 were Canada, Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, Mexico, and Colombia.
Top sources and amounts of U.S. petroleum imports, exports, and net imports, 20151
(million barrels per day)
|Import sources||Gross imports||Exports||Net imports|
|Total, all countries||9.40||4.75||4.65|
|OPEC countries||2.90 (31%)||0.25||2.65|
|Persian Gulf countries||1.51 (16%)||0.01||1.50|
|Top five countries2|
|Saudi Arabia||1.06 (11%)||0.00||1.06|
1 Preliminary data for 2015.
2 Based on gross imports by country of origin.
- How much oil consumed in the United States comes from foreign countries?
- Petroleum (historical monthly and annual data for the U.S.)
- Detailed historical data on U.S. petroleum imports and exports
- Articles on U.S. petroleum production, imports, exports, and consumption
- U.S. Oil Import Dependence: Declining no matter how you measure it
- Measuring U.S. Dependence on Foreign Oil: The What, Where, and When Factors
Last updated: April 1, 2016
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