Frequently Asked Questions

How much petroleum does the United States import and export?

In 2015, the United States imported approximately 9.4 million barrels per day (MMb/d) of petroleum from about 82 countries. Petroleum includes crude oil, natural gas plant liquids, liquefied refinery gases, refined petroleum products such as gasoline and diesel fuel, and biofuels including ethanol and biodiesel. About 78% of gross petroleum imports were crude oil.

In 2015, the United States exported about 4.8 MMb/d of petroleum to 136 countries. Most of the exports were petroleum products. The resulting net imports (imports minus exports) of petroleum were about 4.6 MMb/d.

The top five source countries of U.S. petroleum imports in 2015 were Canada, Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, Mexico, and Colombia.  


Top sources and amounts of U.S. petroleum imports, exports, and net imports, 20151
(million barrels per day)
Import  sources Gross imports Exports Net imports
Total, all countries 9.40 4.75 4.65
OPEC countries 2.90 (31%) 0.25 2.65
Persian Gulf countries 1.51 (16%) 0.01 1.50
Top five countries2
Canada 3.75 (40%) 0.95 2.81
Saudi Arabia 1.06 (11%) 0.00 1.06
Venezuela 0.83   (9%) 0.08 0.75
Mexico 0.76   (8%) 0.69 0.07
Colombia 0.39   (4%) 0.17 0.22

1 Preliminary data for 2015.
2 Based on gross imports by country of origin.

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Last updated: April 1, 2016

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