U.S. Energy Information Administration - EIA - Independent Statistics and Analysis
Frequently Asked Questions
When was the last refinery built in the United States?
There were 140 operable petroleum refineries in the United States as of January 1, 2015.
Two new simple refineries began operating in early 2015:
- the 19,000-barrel-per-calendar day (b/cd) Dakota Prairie facility in Dickinson, North Dakota
- the 42,000 b/cd Kinder Morgan condensate processing facility on the Houston, Texas, ship channel, with plans to double that capacity by the end of 2015
The newest complex refinery with significant downstream unit capacity began operating in 1977 in Garyville, Louisiana. That facility came online in 1977 with an initial atmospheric distillation unit capacity of 200,000 b/cd, and as of January 1, 2015 had capacity of 522,000 b/cd.
Capacity has also been added to existing refineries through upgrades or new construction. The most recent examples are:
- In 2012, Motiva upgraded its refinery in Port Arthur, Texas, making it the largest refinery in the United States with a capacity of 603,000 b/cd as of January 1, 2015.
- In 2009, Marathon upgraded its Garyville, Louisiana refinery. As of January 1, 2015, the capacity (b/cd) is more than double its original 1977 capacity.
The newest refineries currently operating in the United States:
|Year Built||First Operated||Location||Original Owner||Original Capacity b/cd||Current Owner||2014 Capacity b/cd||Type|
|2014||2015||Dickinson, ND||Dakota Prairie||19,000||Dakota Praire Refining||19,000||Simple|
|2014||2015||Galena Park, TX||Kinder Morgan||42,000||Kinder Morgan||42,000||Simple|
|2008||2008||Douglas, WY||Interline Resources||3,000||Antelope Refining||3,800||Simple|
|1993||1993||Valdez, AK||Petro Star||26,300||Petro Star||55,000||Simple|
|1991||1992||Ely, NV||Petro Source||
|1986||1987||North Pole, AK||Petro Star||6,700||Petro Star||19,700||Simple|
|1985||1986||Prudhoe Bay, AK||ARCO||12,000||Phillips 66||15,000||Simple|
|1978||1979||North Slope, AK||ARCO||13,000||BP Exploration, AK||10,500||Simple|
|1977||1978||Lake Charles, LA||Calcasieu||6,500||Calcasieu||80,000||Simple|
|1976||1977||Krotz Springs, LA||Gold King||5,000||Alon||80,000||Complex|
|1975||1975||Corpus Christi, TX||Saber||15,000||Valero||205,000||Complex|
Last updated: July 1, 2015
Other FAQs about Crude Oil
- Do we have enough oil worldwide to meet our future needs?
- Does EIA have county-level energy production data?
- Does EIA have data on U.S. oil refineries and their locations?
- Does EIA have data on shale (or tight oil) production?
- Does EIA have data on the type or quality of crude oil?
- Does EIA have maps or information on the location of natural gas and oil pipelines?
- Does EIA have projections for energy production, consumption, and prices for individual states?
- Does the EIA have data on the movement of crude oil and petroleum products by rail and truck?
- How many gallons of diesel fuel and gasoline are made from one barrel of oil?
- How much coal, natural gas, or petroleum is used to generate a kilowatthour of electricity?
- When was the last refinery built in the United States?
- How much of the oil produced in the United States is consumed in the United States?
- How much oil consumed by the United States comes from foreign sources?
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- How much petroleum does the United States import and from where?
- What are the products and uses of petroleum?
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