Table 1c. Residential Primary Energy Consumption in U.S. Households by Census Region and Type of Housing Unit, 1978-2005 (Trillion Btu) Home > Households, Buildings & Industry > Energy Efficiency > Residential Housing Energy Intensities > Table 1c


U.S. Residential Housing Primary Energy
Consumption


Page Last Revised: July 2009

Table 1c. Residential Primary Energy1 Consumption in U.S. Households by Census Region and Type of Housing Unit, 1978-2005
(Trillion Btu)

Type of Housing Unit and Census Region

1978

1979

1980

1981

1982

1984

1987

1990

1993

1997

2001
2005

U.S. Total

15,562
14,648
14,351
14,631
13,627
14,154
14,789
15,425
16,643
17,425
17,565
18,940

Mobile Home

813
650
693
598
498
692
713
738
889
1,016
1,090
1,028

Single-Family Detached

11,138
10,572
10,417
10,669
9,661
9,976
10,356
11,112
11,940
12,722
12,123
14,048

Single-Family Attached

631
637
553
473
631
687
855
910
1,192
1,495
1,740
1,141

Apartments in Buildings with 2 to 4 Units

1,874
1,538
1,447
1,416
1,414
1,321
1,343
1,356
1,136
768
1,201
1,040

Apartments in Buildings with 5 or More Units

1,106
1,251
1,241
1,476
1,423
1,477
1,523
1,309
1,487
1,424
1,411
1,683

Total Northeast

3,660
3,278
3,233
3,332
2,970
3,133
3,282
3,255
3,333
3,370
3,202
3,631

Mobile Home

62
28
77
68
53
95
92
74
76
70
96
49

Single-Family Detached

2,002
1,825
1,826
1,901
1,641
1,859
1,948
2,027
2,066
2,196
1,858
2,358

Single-Family Attached

317
216
288
219
339
300
329
330
360
513
445
373

Apartments in Buildings with 2 to 4 Units

818
630
557
589
510
465
473
510
456
237
435
402

Apartments in Buildings with 5 or More Units

462
581
485
555
426
414
441
313
376
354
368
448

Total Midwest

4,913
4,687
4,148
4,297
3,783
3,920
3,980
4,166
4,628
4,739
4,468
4,718

Mobile Home

176
124
99
126
104
181
183
248
242
194
205
119

Single-Family Detached

3,974
3,767
3,312
3,415
2,828
2,794
2,950
3,133
3,509
3,683
3,184
3,805

Single-Family Attached

142
173
44
54
112
155
177
120
173
317
535
249

Apartments in Buildings with 2 to 4 Units

538
501
460
411
401
435
381
393
329
285
329
235

Apartments in Buildings with 5 or More Units

82
123
233
291
337
354
290
271
375
260
214
310

Total South

4,476
4,267
4,749
4,584
4,629
4,688
5,110
5,390
5,992
6,394
6,955
7,247

Mobile Home

428
329
371
278
223
278
310
259
425
497
552
608

Single-Family Detached

3,426
3,322
3,706
3,548
3,611
3,639
3,813
4,142
4,466
4,811
5,080
5,432

Single-Family Attached

99
160
107
100
67
198
234
268
479
416
533
310

Apartments in Buildings with 2 to 4 Units

275
197
242
259
327
191
276
284
191
177
307
241

Apartments in Buildings with 5 or More Units

247
259
324
398
400
382
477
436
431
493
485
657

Total West

2,514
2,415
3,233
2,419
2,246
2,413
2,417
2,615
2,690
2,922
2,940
3,343

Mobile Home

147
170
145
126
117
139
129
157
145
254
236
252

Single-Family Detached

1,736
1,659
1,573
1,804
1,581
1,684
1,645
1,809
1,898
2,032
2,001
2,453

Single-Family Attached

73
88
115
100
112
33
115
191
180
249
228
209

Apartments in Buildings with 2 to 4 Units

242
211
189
158
177
229
214
169
160
70
130
162

Apartments in Buildings with 5 or More Units

316
288
199
231
259
327
315
289
306
317
345
268

1. The amount of site consumption, plus losses that occur in the generation, transmission, and distribution of energy.
Sources: Energy Information Administration, Residential Energy Consumption Surveys, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1984, 1987, 1990, 1993, 1997, 2001 and 2005.