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Carbon Emissions in the Iron
and Steel Industry

The Industry at a Glance, 1994
(SIC Code: 3312)
Total Energy-Related Emissions: 39.9 million metric tons of carbon (MMTC)
     -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 10.7%
     -- Nonfuel Emissions: 22.2 MMTC
Total First Use of Energy: 1,649 trillion Btu
     -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 7.6%
Nonfuel Use of Energy: 886 trillion Btu (53.7%)
     -- Coal: 858 trillion Btu (used to make coke)
Carbon Intensity: 24.19 MMTC per quadrillion Btu

Energy Information Administration, "1994 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey" and Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States 1998
Energy-Related Carbon Emissions, 1994
Source of Carbon Carbon Emissions
(million metric tons)
All Energy Sources 39.9
Coal 22.7
Net Electricity 7.3
Natural Gas 7.0
All Other Sources 3.0
Energy Information Administration, "1994 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey" and Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States 1998

Energy-Related Carbon Emissions for Selected Iron and Steel Industries, 1994. Besides steel mills and blast furnaces, the primary metals industry also includes the aluminum industry, copper industry, and other metal industries. Within this group, the iron and steel industry emits over 60 percent of the energy-related carbon.
Emissions for Selected Iron and Steel Industries

Energy-Related Carbon Emissions for the Iron and Steel Industry by Source, 1994. Coal accounts for almost 60 percent of the energy-related carbon emissions in the iron and steel industry. Electricity and natural gas use emits an additional 35 percent of the energy-related carbon. Almost all of the coal is converted to coke for the manufacture of steel, rather than used directly as a source of fuel.
Emissions for the Iron and Steel Industry by Source

[Energy-Related Carbon Emissions in Manufacturing]

Contact:
Stephanie Battles
Stephanie.Battles@eia.doe.gov
(Phone: (202) 586-7237)
FAX: 202-586-0018

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URL: http://www.eia.gov/emeu/efficiency/carbon_emissions/steel.html

File Last Modified: May 31, 2000