U.S. Energy Information Administration - EIA - Independent Statistics and Analysis
Country Analysis Note
- Uzbekistan was the third largest natural gas producer in Eurasia, behind Russia and Turkmenistan in 2011. With a highly energy-intensive economy, Uzbekistan holds sizeable hydrocarbon reserves of mostly natural gas. However, a myriad of challenges, which include insufficient pipelines to export higher volumes of hydrocarbons and aging energy infrastructure have slowed the production, distribution, and exports of hydrocarbons in recent years. The need to increase production to meet domestic and export demand has spurred government initiatives to attract more foreign investments.
- According to BP's 2013 Statistical Review, total primary energy consumption in Uzbekistan was about 2.0 quadrillion Btu in 2012. Natural gas consumption represented approximately 85 percent, while consumption of petroleum products and coal were about 8 and 2 percent, respectively. Hydroelectricity represented the remaining 5 percent of the share.
- Uzbekistan has 594 million barrels of proven crude oil reserves as of January 2013. In 2012, total oil production was about 103,000 barrels per day (bbl/d), of which one third was from natural gas plant liquids. Roughly 60 percent of all known oil and natural gas fields are located in the Bukhara-Khiva region. The region is the source of approximately 70 percent of the country's oil production.
- Uzbekistan has three oil refineries located in Ferghana, Alty-Arik, and Bukhara, with a total crude oil distillation capacity of 224,000 bbl/d. The refineries typically operate below capacity because of decreases in oil production. Modernization of these refineries is expected to begin this year.
- Uzbekistan's sole domestic crude oil pipeline links the Ferghana and Alty-Aryk refineries. Uzbekistan has virtually no international oil pipeline infrastructure except a pipeline linking the Shymkent refinery in Kazakhstan to the Chardzhou refinery in northeastern Turkmenistan. A smaller petroleum products pipeline linking Shymkent, Kazakhstan to Tashkent, the Uzbek capital, resumed imports in 2003 after Uzbekistan allowed oil imports to re-enter the country.
- Decreases in oil production have prompted the Uzbek government to inch away from an inward focused energy policy that promotes self-sufficiency and subsidized domestic prices. New laws aim to attract foreign investment through production sharing agreements and joint ventures with Uzbekneftegaz, Uzbekistan's state oil and natural gas company. Inadequate export options and limited access to hard-currency markets have been listed as a deterrent to foreign investment in upstream activities, according to IHS Cera.
- Russia's Lukoil and Gazpom and China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC) are among the most heavily invested companies in Uzbekistan's oil and natural gas industries.
- Uzbekistan has 65 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) of proven natural gas reserves as of January 2013 and produced 2.2 Tcf of natural gas in 2011. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Uzbekistan flared 60 billion cubic feet (Bcf) of natural gas in 2011 and ranks among the world's top 20 gas flaring countries. But flaring has declined overall since 2006.
- Uzbekistan's natural gas transmission and distribution system allows for trade with Russia, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan. Uzbekistan also serves as a transit country for natural gas flowing from Turkmenistan to Russia and China. In addition, two new natural gas pipelines, Gazli-Kagan and Gazli-Nukus, were built to connect the Ustyurt and Bukhara-Khiva region with the existing system.
- Agreements with Gazpom and CNPC, as well as loans from China's Export-Import Bank and the Asian Development Bank (ADB), are also facilitating the modernization of Uzbekistan's gas distribution network.
Analysis Last Updated: August 2013
Overview data for Uzbekistan+ EXPAND ALL
-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.
Data last updated: May 30, 2013
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