U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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United Kingdom  

Country Analysis Brief Overview

  • The United Kingdom is the largest producer of oil and the second-largest producer of natural gas in the European Union. Following years of exports of petroleum and natural gas, the UK became a net importer of all fossil fuels in 2013.
  • Although aggressive targets for renewable energy are in place, oil remains important to the UK energy balance and contributed 37% of total energy consumption in 2013.
  • Recent increases in tax rates for the oil and gas sector, coupled with technical issues, have contributed to sharp declines in UK oil production. Higher tax rates have made the UK fields less competitive, which were already strained by high operating and decommissioning costs.
  • Although a number of new fields are expected to come online in 2013, UK production will continue to decline as new production will not be sufficient to offset the declines.
  • Despite the large declines in oil production over the last few years, the UK is still one of the largest petroleum producers and exporters in Europe and exported 576,000 bbl/d of crude oil in 2012.
  • UK's natural gas production has been on a long-term declining trend, although the country continues to produce sizeable natural gas volumes. In 2013, domestic natural gas production accounted for just over a third of the UK's natural gas supply.
  • Coal production in the UK is declining because of falling consumption, relatively cheap natural gas that competes with coal for power generation, and a surge of low-cost imports.
  • Electricity generation from fossil fuels accounts for the majority of electricity produced in the UK, with coal occupying the top spot among all sources. Renewable energy, especially wind, continues to grow and reached almost 15% of total generation in 2013.
  • Although natural gas-fired power stations were replacing coal as the principle source of the UK power supply for a number of years, this trend seems to have reversed in 2012 because of the relative cost of natural gas in the UK.
  • Currently accounting for about one-fifth of total electricity generation, nuclear power plants are central to the UK government plans for future generation. Much of the additional generating capacity will new nuclear units.

Read full United Kingdom Analysis Brief »

Analysis Last Updated: June 3, 2014


Overview data for United Kingdom

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
United Kingdom
Europe
OECD
World
Rank
United Kingdom
Total Oil Production 1674.2500 , 1873.6080 , 2164.4540 , 2430.1150 , 2652.0676 , 2711.4769 , 2735.0747 , 2612.8369 , 2442.7168 , 1996.6336 , 1982.1506 , 1994.6780 , 2044.8937 , 2143.5923 , 2654.2755 , 2818.5547 , 2891.6734 , 2814.7814 , 2918.1187 , 2982.3775 , 2567.0235 , 2594.6937 , 2562.0067 , 2391.7283 , 2074.3670 , 1862.3610 , 1691.7526 , 1690.6840 , 1590.3086 , 1509.5260 , 1405.8667 , 1166.7231 , 1005.1797 , 914.0250 , 906.3545
(1980-2014)
914.02 3,813 23,738 90,923 24 906.35
Crude Oil Production 1622.0000 , 1811.0000 , 2065.0000 , 2291.0000 , 2480.0000 , 2530.0000 , 2539.0000 , 2406.0000 , 2232.0000 , 1802.0000 , 1820.0000 , 1797.0000 , 1825.3830 , 1915.1210 , 2374.5478 , 2489.1230 , 2567.8443 , 2517.5425 , 2615.6438 , 2684.0000 , 2275.0495 , 2282.3260 , 2291.7260 , 2093.1762 , 1845.3338 , 1648.5432 , 1490.1961 , 1497.9713 , 1391.3715 , 1327.7871 , 1233.1869 , 1026.4301 , 888.0918 , 801.2910 , 787.2186
(1980-2014)
801.29 2,935 16,517 76,248 24 787.22
Consumption 1725.0000 , 1590.0000 , 1590.0000 , 1531.0000 , 1825.0000 , 1617.0000 , 1637.0000 , 1611.0000 , 1692.0000 , 1731.0000 , 1776.0000 , 1803.0000 , 1815.0000 , 1829.0000 , 1833.0000 , 1816.0000 , 1852.0000 , 1810.0000 , 1792.0000 , 1811.0000 , 1765.4366 , 1746.9770 , 1738.6400 , 1759.3633 , 1789.2413 , 1819.4570 , 1805.9156 , 1750.6441 , 1721.6612 , 1634.2288 , 1620.3162 , 1578.2312 , 1528.3074 , 1507.7986
(1980-2013)
1,528.31 14,447 45,868 89,721 16 1,507.80
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -50.7500 , 283.6080 , 574.4540 , 899.1150 , 827.0676 , 1094.4769 , 1098.0747 , 1001.8369 , 750.7168 , 265.6336 , 206.1506 , 191.6780 , 229.8937 , 314.5923 , 821.2755 , 1002.5547 , 1039.6734 , 1004.7814 , 1126.1187 , 1171.3775 , 801.5869 , 847.7167 , 823.3667 , 632.3650 , 285.1257 , 42.9040 , -114.1630 , -59.9601 , -131.3526 , -124.7028 , -214.4495 , -411.5081 , -523.1277 , -593.7736
(1980-2013)
-523.13 -10,458 -23,306 -- 210 -593.77
Refinery Capacity 2527.0000 , 2629.0000 , 2482.0000 , 2260.0000 , 2092.0000 , 2008.0000 , 1792.0000 , 1780.0000 , 1803.0000 , 1803.0000 , 1831.0000 , 1867.0000 , 1856.1400 , 1842.6400 , 1866.6400 , 1869.2400 , 1887.9900 , 1940.9900 , 1825.7500 , 1854.0000 , 1784.6720 , 1771.0400 , 1784.0000 , 1788.5000 , 1817.3830 , 1825.3900 , 1876.9390 , 1887.0680 , 1857.6680 , 1857.6680 , 1866.1680 , 1766.1680 , 1767.1680
(1980-2012)
1,766 16,787 45,873 88,097 13 1,767
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 15.4000 , 14.8000 , 14.8000 , 13.9000 , 13.1500 , 13.5900 , 13.0000 , 9.0000 , 5.2000 , 5.1750 , 4.2556 , 3.8250 , 3.9943 , 4.1436 , 4.5543 , 4.5169 , 4.2930 , 4.5169 , 5.0028 , 5.1909 , 5.1533 , 5.0028 , 4.9300 , 4.7150 , 4.6650 , 4.4870 , 4.0295 , 3.8750 , 3.6000 , 3.4100 , 3.0845 , 2.8577 , 2.8274 , 3.1223 , 2.9791 , 2.9821
(1980-2015)
2.98 12 233 1,656 30 2.98
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
United Kingdom
Europe
World
Rank
 
United Kingdom
Production 1323.0000 , 1327.3496 , 1364.7835 , 1402.9237 , 1364.1478 , 1522.0000 , 1596.0000 , 1679.0000 , 1617.0000 , 1584.9000 , 1754.0000 , 2005.0000 , 1964.4675 , 2313.1330 , 2466.0500 , 2665.5800 , 3176.5843 , 3031.4396 , 3143.7413 , 3485.9437 , 3825.6740 , 3689.3581 , 3658.2809 , 3632.1478 , 3425.5550 , 3117.9614 , 2818.8433 , 2553.2745 , 2468.5185 , 2087.1165 , 1988.2345 , 1546.0907 , 1452.1881 , 1358.7446
(1980-2013)
1,452.19 10,319 118,910 22   1,358.74
Consumption 1702.0000 , 1739.6169 , 1742.7246 , 1814.5906 , 1850.8945 , 1990.8000 , 2020.0000 , 2079.0000 , 1972.0000 , 1951.0000 , 2059.0000 , 2218.0000 , 2170.0714 , 2412.3677 , 2542.3300 , 2689.5900 , 3182.2347 , 3013.0758 , 3071.6987 , 3258.8682 , 3373.2888 , 3337.9738 , 3379.2924 , 3358.4565 , 3513.8425 , 3375.7609 , 3212.9587 , 3244.0359 , 3352.4530 , 3109.8389 , 3336.5612 , 2848.5079 , 2752.0626 , 2734.8995
(1980-2013)
2,752.06 18,698 119,568 10   2,734.90
Net Export/Imports(-) -255.0000 , -225.0000 , -197.5168 , -136.1063 , -76.2800 , -24.0200 , -5.6504 , 18.3638 , 72.0426 , 227.0755 , 452.3852 , 351.3843 , 278.9885 , 273.6913 , -88.2875 , -257.7995 , -394.1154 , -690.7614 , -883.9345 , -1022.7224 , -1348.3267 , -1302.7704 , -1296.6609 , -1380.4634
(1990-2013)
-1,296.66 -8,199 -- 11   -1,380.46
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
25.0000 , 24.8000 , 26.0000 , 25.4000 , 25.1000 , 27.8000 , 33.0000 , 33.4000 , 22.0000 , 22.7400 , 20.8360 , 19.7750 , 19.2470 , 19.0700 , 21.5420 , 22.2480 , 23.3080 , 24.7200 , 26.8390 , 27.0160 , 26.6630 , 26.8390 , 25.9560 , 24.6000 , 22.2000 , 20.8000 , 18.7500 , 17.0000 , 14.5500 , 12.1100 , 10.3120 , 9.0400 , 8.9340 , 8.6870 , 8.6160 , 8.5020
(1980-2015)
8.62 136 6,973 43   8.50
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
United Kingdom
Europe
World
Rank
 
United Kingdom
Production 143.7579 , 140.8831 , 137.6952 , 131.8100 , 56.4383 , 103.6173 , 119.1599 , 115.0813 , 114.7506 , 111.4437 , 104.0549 , 104.6325 , 93.5840 , 75.1765 , 53.9218 , 52.4819 , 53.5040 , 51.7877 , 44.1432 , 39.8629 , 33.7307 , 34.7371 , 32.5612 , 30.5991 , 27.0452 , 22.0550 , 19.9287 , 18.2322 , 19.4051 , 19.1516 , 19.6399 , 19.7226 , 17.9533
(1980-2012)
19.723 779 8,444 24   17.953
Consumption 133.5605 , 130.3439 , 122.3555 , 123.3156 , 87.5533 , 116.2950 , 122.9728 , 128.5416 , 122.8361 , 125.9292 , 119.3770 , 118.0336 , 110.7437 , 96.1447 , 90.7797 , 78.9715 , 76.9281 , 68.8945 , 68.4094 , 60.6591 , 65.6272 , 69.5294 , 64.3276 , 69.4919 , 67.3071 , 68.2617 , 74.4402 , 69.6683 , 64.5017 , 53.2736 , 55.3922 , 54.8896 , 69.8072
(1980-2012)
54.890 1,023 8,285 18   69.807
Net Export/Imports(-) -2234.3851 , 6967.7101 , 4730.0180 , 2380.9925 , -9042.2601 , -10238.2679 , -7388.7930 , -7961.9949 , -11558.8369 , -11152.0840 , -13608.0337 , -19597.2066 , -21560.1079 , -19524.1388 , -15469.8376 , -16988.8227 , -19144.9437 , -21175.4012 , -22944.6109 , -21734.2731 , -25228.6001 , -38394.6070 , -30941.8799 , -35482.3004 , -40161.6121 , -48746.4129 , -56137.4106 , -48096.0492 , -48295.5676 , -41395.0985 , -28060.4380 , -34827.5274 , -48500.5975
(1980-2012)
-34.828 -239 -- 7   -48.501
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
United Kingdom
Europe
World
Rank
 
United Kingdom
Net Generation 264.9180 , 258.7920 , 253.8640 , 257.1150 , 261.7070 , 274.5620 , 279.0700 , 283.4980 , 288.3150 , 294.5820 , 297.6700 , 301.4130 , 299.6410 , 300.0420 , 302.3550 , 307.6330 , 328.4570 , 326.5430 , 340.0830 , 343.9710 , 352.5366 , 360.2217 , 362.3806 , 372.5960 , 368.6924 , 370.6021 , 368.4001 , 367.5970 , 360.3920 , 348.9290 , 354.8160 , 341.4690 , 335.6873
(1980-2012)
341.47 3,568 21,182 11   335.69
Net Consumption 243.3870 , 238.6690 , 233.3850 , 235.9090 , 238.6520 , 249.9590 , 258.2600 , 268.4410 , 277.3910 , 282.2310 , 284.3840 , 291.6030 , 292.5230 , 293.9300 , 287.2140 , 297.1590 , 315.7920 , 315.9790 , 322.9420 , 328.3530 , 335.5676 , 338.5437 , 339.8316 , 342.6860 , 343.0074 , 351.0221 , 348.4021 , 344.9820 , 343.3310 , 323.6090 , 330.8750 , 320.2050 , 319.1463
(1980-2012)
320.21 3,318 19,397 11   319.15
Installed Capacity (GWe) 73.6080 , 69.0980 , 69.1660 , 68.2400 , 70.0170 , 70.3840 , 69.4780 , 70.5970 , 73.2160 , 74.5870 , 73.2030 , 70.4660 , 67.7110 , 68.3760 , 68.4890 , 70.0730 , 73.2380 , 72.6280 , 73.0540 , 75.0920 , 77.9850 , 79.3760 , 76.2990 , 77.7980 , 79.8200 , 82.3790 , 83.6290 , 83.5380 , 84.8490 , 86.7480 , 92.9140 , 92.0240 , 93.7840
(1980-2012)
92.02 1,033 5,315 12   93.78
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
United Kingdom
Europe
World
Rank
 
United Kingdom
Production 8.6599 , 8.9675 , 9.5911 , 10.0971 , 8.8077 , 10.2014 , 10.6448 , 10.3460 , 10.0015 , 9.0288 , 9.0007 , 9.3107 , 9.1106 , 9.4159 , 10.2097 , 10.7828 , 11.5650 , 11.3326 , 11.5320 , 11.8913 , 11.0867 , 11.1613 , 10.9995 , 10.4818 , 9.4002 , 8.5377 , 7.7705 , 7.2863 , 6.9388 , 6.5528 , 6.1801 , 5.3390 , 4.8998
(1980-2012)
5.339 44 519 22   4.900
Consumption 8.8407 , 8.5162 , 8.3716 , 8.4057 , 8.4501 , 8.7339 , 8.9001 , 9.0489 , 9.0523 , 9.2928 , 9.2706 , 9.5197 , 9.2727 , 9.5698 , 9.5340 , 9.4535 , 10.0481 , 9.7548 , 9.7407 , 9.7927 , 9.7291 , 9.8808 , 9.7466 , 9.7925 , 9.8526 , 9.8150 , 9.7102 , 9.3706 , 9.2590 , 8.7344 , 8.9205 , 8.4320 , 8.6283
(1980-2012)
8.432 82 520 13   8.628
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
8289.0830 , 8085.9529 , 7771.7029 , 7530.4795 , 7373.3011 , 7356.1047 , 7206.9672 , 7007.7404 , 6674.5322 , 6698.9655 , 6631.2786 , 6905.6067 , 6716.5890 , 6781.1316 , 6478.4544 , 6233.4890 , 6439.7514 , 6044.8728 , 5812.9741 , 5637.8967 , 5362.2555 , 5279.5136 , 5072.9900 , 4923.3484 , 4811.3775 , 4695.0887 , 4526.9065 , 4222.2404 , 4218.4787 , 4161.4873 , 4176.5618 , 3912.4666
(1980-2011)
4,177 5,502 7,415 129   3,912
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
United Kingdom
Europe
World
Rank
 
United Kingdom
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
613.5684 , 599.3250 , 571.9389 , 577.6469 , 564.1561 , 589.2611 , 595.2431 , 606.7312 , 599.4043 , 612.1136 , 601.8245 , 609.9796 , 577.0336 , 582.6191 , 572.2449 , 560.1333 , 588.8544 , 566.8018 , 561.8073 , 556.8934 , 560.3389 , 572.6981 , 561.6751 , 572.5760 , 583.4182 , 583.0636 , 585.4989 , 569.8946 , 563.8723 , 516.1910 , 529.4510 , 488.3102 , 498.8771
(1980-2012)
488.31 4,348 32,155 11   498.88

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013