U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
‹ Countries

Uganda  

Country Analysis Note

  • The first commercial oil discovery in Uganda was made in the Lake Albert Rift Basin in 2006. Since then, successful well appraisals have boosted Uganda's proven crude oil reserves from zero in 2010 to 2.5 billion barrels as of January 1, 2014, according to the Oil & Gas Journal. Proven natural gas reserves were 500 billion cubic feet as of January 1, 2014.
  • Uganda does not currently produce any hydrocarbons, but crude oil production is expected to start within the next five years. Initial oil flows will be used to fuel a 50-megawatt crude-fired electricity plant in the Lake Albert region, according to IHS Energy. Commercial oil production is expected to start in 2018, although the date has been pushed back several times in the past.
  • The UK-based Tullow, Paris-based Total, and the China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC) are leading exploration and development activities in the Albertine Graben blocks in the Lake Albert area. Total operates Exploration Area 1 (EA-1) and EA-1A, Tullow operates EA-2, and CNOOC operates the Kingfisher Production License.
  • In February 2014, the Ugandan government announced that it reached a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with Tullow, Total, and CNOOC on a commercialization and development plan. The plan includes developing fields in the Albertine Graben area, fueling a 30,000 to 60,000 barrels per day (bbl/d) refinery, and constructing a crude oil export pipeline to the Lamu Port in Kenya.
  • According to Tullow's 2013 annual report, the three companies are targeting gross oil production of more than 200,000 bbl/d. However, the refinery will be authorized first call on production, according to IHS Energy.
  • The Ugandan government is in the process of choosing a lead investor to develop the refinery. The refinery will be located in the Hoima district in western Uganda. The refinery is expected to initially process 30,000 bbl/d of crude oil, increasing to 60,000 bbl/d before 2020.
  • In 2012, the country consumed 17,000 bbl/d of petroleum and other liquids. Uganda imports petroleum products by trucks via Kenya because it is landlocked. Kenya and Uganda plan to extend the Kenyan Nairobi-to-Eldoret oil product pipeline to Kampala, Uganda's capital city.
  • According to the World Bank's latest data, only 9% of Uganda's population has access to installed electricity. Electricity net generation in Uganda was 2.5 billion kilowatthours (KWh) in 2011, of which 1.3 billion KWh was from hydroelectricity, 1.0 billion KWh from fossil-fuel sources, and a very small amount from biomass and waste. The vast majority of the population relies on traditional biomass and waste (typically consisting of wood, charcoal, manure, and crop residues) for household heating and cooking.

Analysis Last Updated: April 2014


Overview data for Uganda

+ EXPAND ALL
Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Uganda
Africa
World
Rank
    
Uganda
Total Oil Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2013)
0.00 9,971 89,750 127   0.00
Crude Oil Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2013)
0.00 9,058 75,951 94   0.00
Consumption 5.0000 , 3.2000 , 3.8000 , 3.7000 , 3.8000 , 4.1000 , 4.4956 , 3.8533 , 5.8761 , 5.4124 , 5.7872 , 6.4497 , 6.5876 , 6.8442 , 7.0155 , 7.0145 , 6.9678 , 7.1866 , 8.2897 , 8.2897 , 8.5609 , 9.5222 , 9.9298 , 10.6866 , 10.8742 , 11.3899 , 12.8786 , 13.9002 , 23.9497 , 22.1610 , 22.9888 , 23.0000 , 17.2265 , 18.1800
(1980-2013)
17.23 3,497 89,128 137   18.18
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -5.0000 , -3.2000 , -3.8000 , -3.7000 , -3.8000 , -4.1000 , -4.4956 , -3.8533 , -5.8761 , -5.4124 , -5.7872 , -6.4497 , -6.5876 , -6.8442 , -7.0155 , -7.0145 , -6.9678 , -7.1866 , -8.2897 , -8.2897 , -8.5609 , -9.5222 , -9.9298 , -10.6866 , -10.8742 , -11.3899 , -12.8786 , -13.9002 , -23.9497 , -22.1610 , -22.9888 , -23.0000 , -17.2265 , -18.1800
(1980-2013)
-17.23 6,474 -- 120   -18.18
Refinery Capacity 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0 3,220 88,097 110   0
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 1.0000 , 1.0000 , 2.5000 , 2.5000
(1980-2014)
2.50 128 1,646 32   2.50
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Uganda
Africa
World
Rank
 
Uganda
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.00 7,124 116,255 93   0.00
Consumption 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.00 3,909 116,395 111   0.00
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1990-2012)
0.00 3,215 -- 64   0.00
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.5000 , 0.5000 , 0.5000 , 0.5000
(1980-2014)
0.50 515 6,846 71   0.50
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Uganda
Africa
World
Rank
 
Uganda
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 285 8,444 68   0.000
Consumption 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 219 8,285 115   0.000
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 66 -- 87   0.000
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Uganda
Africa
World
Rank
 
Uganda
Net Generation 0.6340 , 0.5200 , 0.5630 , 0.5170 , 0.6160 , 0.6320 , 0.6440 , 0.6140 , 0.5850 , 0.6820 , 0.7660 , 0.7753 , 0.9823 , 0.9672 , 1.0065 , 1.0449 , 1.1176 , 1.2510 , 1.2660 , 1.2640 , 1.5570 , 1.5520 , 1.6750 , 1.7570 , 1.8900 , 1.9020 , 1.5936 , 1.9860 , 2.2670 , 2.1890 , 2.4060 , 2.4930
(1980-2011)
2.41 638 20,254 133   2.49
Net Consumption 0.3006 , 0.3046 , 0.3106 , 0.2628 , 0.3569 , 0.3728 , 0.3679 , 0.3950 , 0.4341 , 0.5223 , 0.6024 , 0.6090 , 0.8015 , 0.7855 , 0.8220 , 0.8568 , 0.9244 , 1.0484 , 0.9984 , 0.9965 , 1.2840 , 1.2824 , 1.2928 , 1.4170 , 1.5647 , 1.7289 , 1.4760 , 1.8390 , 2.0839 , 1.9787 , 2.1916 , 2.2845
(1980-2011)
2.19 562 18,501 137   2.28
Installed Capacity (GWe) 0.1630 , 0.1630 , 0.1620 , 0.1620 , 0.1620 , 0.1620 , 0.1620 , 0.1620 , 0.1620 , 0.1620 , 0.1620 , 0.1620 , 0.1620 , 0.1620 , 0.1620 , 0.1930 , 0.1900 , 0.2650 , 0.2650 , 0.2800 , 0.2800 , 0.3030 , 0.3030 , 0.3030 , 0.3030 , 0.3030 , 0.4030 , 0.4030 , 0.5270 , 0.4920 , 0.5390 , 0.5717
(1980-2011)
0.54 135 5,086 135   0.57
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Uganda
Africa
World
Rank
 
Uganda
Production 0.0066 , 0.0054 , 0.0058 , 0.0054 , 0.0064 , 0.0066 , 0.0067 , 0.0064 , 0.0060 , 0.0071 , 0.0079 , 0.0080 , 0.0101 , 0.0099 , 0.0103 , 0.0107 , 0.0114 , 0.0127 , 0.0128 , 0.0129 , 0.0158 , 0.0160 , 0.0170 , 0.0179 , 0.0189 , 0.0184 , 0.0123 , 0.0146 , 0.0169 , 0.0145 , 0.0155 , 0.0141
(1980-2011)
.015 37 505 127   0.014
Consumption 0.0159 , 0.0114 , 0.0130 , 0.0123 , 0.0135 , 0.0142 , 0.0152 , 0.0137 , 0.0177 , 0.0178 , 0.0194 , 0.0209 , 0.0232 , 0.0221 , 0.0243 , 0.0247 , 0.0254 , 0.0271 , 0.0292 , 0.0292 , 0.0328 , 0.0350 , 0.0365 , 0.0392 , 0.0406 , 0.0417 , 0.0390 , 0.0434 , 0.0676 , 0.0599 , 0.0625 , 0.0611
(1980-2011)
0.063 16 507 139   0.061
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
1766.4514 , 1211.3561 , 1203.9183 , 1076.6797 , 1236.9305 , 1307.5560 , 1377.4864 , 1164.7899 , 1397.8657 , 1313.2300 , 1349.1828 , 1377.2230 , 1463.3229 , 1302.3884 , 1291.5342 , 1199.5426 , 1160.6051 , 1174.6278 , 1153.6269 , 1085.3813 , 1167.1076 , 1170.7905 , 1165.3774 , 1180.3519 , 1153.8729 , 1076.5820 , 941.7490 , 970.3876 , 1382.7408 , 1145.1126 , 1126.8675 , 1047.1006
(1980-2011)
1,127 5,302 7,401 188   1,047
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Uganda
Africa
World
Rank
 
Uganda
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
0.7023 , 0.4453 , 0.5298 , 0.5158 , 0.5308 , 0.5703 , 0.6714 , 0.5631 , 0.8537 , 0.7908 , 0.8440 , 0.9352 , 0.9660 , 1.0016 , 1.0274 , 1.0261 , 1.0202 , 1.0509 , 1.2209 , 1.2209 , 1.2643 , 1.3944 , 1.4622 , 1.5923 , 1.6085 , 1.6866 , 1.9161 , 2.0391 , 1.9658 , 3.2783 , 3.3901 , 3.4016 , 2.5477
(1980-2012)
3.40 1,169 32,155 139   2.55

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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