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Sudan and South Sudan   Sudan Energy Profile South Sudan Energy Profile

Country Analysis Brief Overview

  • South Sudan gained independence from Sudan in July 2011. Most of the oil production capacity is now in South Sudan, but the country is landlocked and remains dependent on Sudan because it must use Sudan's export pipelines and port. Disagreements over oil revenue sharing and armed conflict have curtailed oil production from both countries over the past few years.
  • Prior to independence, the unified Sudan fought two civil wars. The second civil war ended with the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement that was put into place from 2005 to 2011. South Sudan gained its independence from Sudan in July 2011. However, there are still unresolved issues that have caused tension between the countries after independence. The border between the two countries is undefined, and some areas along the border remain contested.
  • Most of Sudan's and South Sudan's proved reserves of oil and natural gas are located in the Muglad and Melut Basins, which extend into both countries. Natural gas associated with oil production is flared or reinjected into wells to improve oil output rates. Neither country currently produces or consumes dry natural gas.
  • National oil companies from Asia dominate the oil sectors of Sudan and South Sudan. The China National Petroleum Corporation, India's Oil and Natural Gas Corporation, and Malaysia's Petronas hold large stakes in the leading consortia operating oil fields and pipelines. National oil companies Sudapet (Sudan) and Nilepet (South Sudan) also hold small stakes in operations.
  • South Sudan has experienced frequent disruptions to production over the past few years. In January 2012, the country voluntarily halted its production because of a dispute over transit fees with Sudan. South Sudan's production was partially shut down again at the end of 2013 because of civil conflict.
  • China is by far the leading export destination for crude oil from Sudan and South Sudan. In 2013, Sudan and South Sudan's crude exports accounted for 2% of China's total crude oil imports, down from 5% in 2011.

Read full Sudan and South Sudan Analysis Brief »

Analysis Last Updated: September 3, 2014


Overview data for Sudan and South Sudan

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Sudan and South Sudan
Africa
World
Rank
    
Sudan and South Sudan
Total Oil Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , -0.1672 , -0.1473 , -0.0179 , 0.0177 , 0.0182 , -0.2721 , 0.1341 , 0.1396 , -0.1154 , 0.0417 , 1.8469 , 4.8473 , 9.8482 , 68.6173 , 186.9845 , 210.8349 , 240.4934 , 271.8790 , 344.8426 , 352.4073 , 381.3479 , 466.7621 , 479.8307 , 485.9873 , 489.3674 , 456.1249 , 115.3127 , 250.0400
(1980-2013)
115.31 9,971 89,755 47   250.04
Crude Oil Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.1090 , 0.2000 , 2.0000 , 5.0000 , 10.0000 , 69.0000 , 186.0000 , 209.1315 , 238.7671 , 269.7397 , 342.5137 , 350.0000 , 378.1096 , 463.7726 , 477.8005 , 483.4521 , 486.2027 , 453.2603 , 112.4481 , 247.1753
(1980-2013)
112.45 9,058 75,956 41   247.18
Consumption 22.4000 , 23.0000 , 25.0000 , 24.0000 , 22.0000 , 24.7014 , 27.9392 , 27.1912 , 29.5939 , 28.0253 , 25.4321 , 36.1528 , 33.3032 , 31.7375 , 27.6656 , 26.4973 , 26.3371 , 27.1573 , 27.3626 , 29.5296 , 43.1058 , 55.9886 , 58.2970 , 65.4231 , 71.2105 , 76.5993 , 87.4200 , 85.1112 , 94.1900 , 125.2881 , 130.7522 , 132.0000 , 94.8529 , 94.5200
(1980-2013)
94.85 3,497 89,128 77   94.52
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -22.4000 , -23.0000 , -25.0000 , -24.0000 , -22.0000 , -24.7014 , -28.1064 , -27.3384 , -29.6118 , -28.0076 , -25.4139 , -36.4249 , -33.1691 , -31.5978 , -27.7811 , -26.4556 , -24.4901 , -22.3100 , -17.5144 , 39.0877 , 143.8788 , 154.8463 , 182.1964 , 206.4559 , 273.6321 , 275.8080 , 293.9279 , 381.6510 , 385.6406 , 360.6992 , 358.6151 , 324.1249 , 20.4599 , 155.5200
(1980-2013)
20.46 6,474 -- 24   155.52
Refinery Capacity 26.0000 , 24.0000 , 24.0000 , 24.0000 , 24.0000 , 24.0000 , 24.0000 , 24.0000 , 21.0000 , 21.0000 , 25.0000 , 22.0000 , 21.7000 , 21.7000 , 21.7000 , 21.7000 , 21.7000 , 21.7000 , 21.7000 , 21.7000 , 81.7000 , 121.7000 , 121.7000 , 121.7000 , 121.7000 , 121.7000 , 121.7000 , 121.7000 , 121.7000 , 121.7000 , 121.7000 , 121.7000 , 121.7000
(1980-2012)
122 3,220 88,097 74   122
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.2000 , 0.4000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.3000 , 0.2621 , 0.2621 , 0.2621 , 0.2621 , 0.5630 , 0.5630 , 0.5630 , 0.5630 , 0.5630 , 5.0000 , 5.0000 , 5.0000 , 5.0000 , 5.0000 , 5.0000 , 5.0000 , 5.0000
(1982-2014)
5.00 128 1,646 25   5.00
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Sudan and South Sudan
Africa
World
Rank
 
Sudan and South Sudan
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.00 7,124 116,255 93   0.00
Consumption 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.00 3,909 116,395 111   0.00
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1990-2012)
0.00 3,215 -- 64   0.00
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
3.0020 , 3.0020 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000 , 3.0000
(1987-2014)
3.00 515 6,846 56   3.00
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Sudan and South Sudan
Africa
World
Rank
 
Sudan and South Sudan
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 285 8,444 68   0.000
Consumption 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 219 8,285 115   0.000
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 66 -- 87   0.000
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Sudan and South Sudan
Africa
World
Rank
 
Sudan and South Sudan
Net Generation 0.6950 , 0.9510 , 1.0140 , 1.0140 , 1.0850 , 1.2640 , 1.2680 , 1.2740 , 1.2810 , 1.2900 , 1.9820 , 2.1240 , 2.1000 , 2.1490 , 2.3130 , 2.3100 , 2.5030 , 2.5830 , 2.5430 , 2.8480 , 2.9840 , 3.2430 , 3.4820 , 3.7210 , 3.8240 , 4.1690 , 4.8280 , 5.3018 , 5.7584 , 6.7730 , 8.1020 , 8.9170
(1980-2011)
8.10 638 20,254 98   8.92
Net Consumption 0.5800 , 0.7820 , 0.8300 , 0.8780 , 1.0530 , 1.0900 , 1.1280 , 1.1370 , 1.0220 , 1.0000 , 1.7490 , 1.7270 , 1.7610 , 1.7330 , 1.7990 , 1.8070 , 1.8520 , 1.7920 , 1.9310 , 2.4780 , 2.5850 , 2.2710 , 2.6350 , 2.8020 , 2.8740 , 3.3850 , 3.7830 , 4.1248 , 4.5514 , 5.3500 , 6.4040 , 7.0320
(1980-2011)
6.40 562 18,501 104   7.03
Installed Capacity (GWe) 0.3800 , 0.3930 , 0.4380 , 0.4600 , 0.5200 , 0.5200 , 0.5200 , 0.5200 , 0.5200 , 0.5700 , 0.5700 , 0.5700 , 0.5700 , 0.5700 , 0.5700 , 0.6480 , 0.7230 , 0.7330 , 0.7380 , 0.7380 , 0.8420 , 0.8680 , 0.8710 , 0.9580 , 1.0080 , 1.0310 , 1.1300 , 1.1310 , 1.3380 , 2.3380 , 2.3380 , 3.0380
(1980-2011)
2.34 135 5,086 98   3.04
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Sudan and South Sudan
Africa
World
Rank
 
Sudan and South Sudan
Production 0.0051 , 0.0077 , 0.0080 , 0.0080 , 0.0078 , 0.0095 , 0.0095 , 0.0095 , 0.0095 , 0.0097 , 0.0152 , 0.0161 , 0.0170 , 0.0169 , 0.0169 , 0.0156 , 0.0200 , 0.0251 , 0.0343 , 0.1455 , 0.3632 , 0.4063 , 0.4612 , 0.5176 , 0.6534 , 0.6671 , 0.7202 , 0.8798 , 0.9084 , 0.9333 , 0.9671 , 0.9082
(1980-2011)
.967 37 505 52   0.908
Consumption 0.0522 , 0.0559 , 0.0607 , 0.0587 , 0.0544 , 0.0615 , 0.0689 , 0.0670 , 0.0719 , 0.0689 , 0.0689 , 0.0932 , 0.0871 , 0.0754 , 0.0756 , 0.0712 , 0.0719 , 0.0733 , 0.0736 , 0.0796 , 0.1080 , 0.1356 , 0.1399 , 0.1539 , 0.1649 , 0.1768 , 0.1967 , 0.1918 , 0.2191 , 0.2936 , 0.3307 , 0.3378
(1980-2011)
0.331 16 507 80   0.338
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
2300.5016 , 2317.1076 , 2413.3328 , 2369.2163 , 2326.0475 , 2650.0313 , 2697.2614 , 2466.9998 , 2533.7757 , 2393.6349 , 2437.2095 , 2999.0699 , 2918.8773 , 2378.3265 , 2337.6753 , 2139.0361 , 2029.6959 , 1873.2028 , 1803.1844 , 1889.1869 , 2365.4224 , 2798.0558 , 2740.6953 , 2813.5897 , 2868.0444 , 2892.3361 , 2890.4720 , 2558.8258 , 2736.1356 , 3507.3964 , 3748.3301 , 3721.0075
(1980-2011)
3,748 5,302 7,401 137   3,721
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Sudan and South Sudan
Africa
World
Rank
 
Sudan and South Sudan
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
3.1631 , 3.2408 , 3.5424 , 3.3984 , 3.1203 , 3.5014 , 4.3173 , 4.1769 , 4.5193 , 4.2873 , 3.8941 , 5.6131 , 5.1733 , 4.9193 , 4.3296 , 4.0010 , 3.9670 , 4.1029 , 4.1333 , 4.4597 , 6.5112 , 7.4660 , 8.6592 , 9.8042 , 10.7586 , 11.4124 , 12.3902 , 11.9768 , 12.1019 , 18.1293 , 18.5716 , 18.4648
(1980-2011)
18.57 1,155 31,502 87   18.46

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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