U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Spain  

Country Analysis Note

  • Spain is the fifth largest energy consumer in Europe and has virtually no domestic production of liquid fuels or natural gas. Government regulation limits the percent of total oil and gas imports any single country may sell to Spain to ensure diversity of supply.
  • Liquid fuels are still the largest source of Spain's total energy consumption, mostly in the transportation sector. The country has nine refineries with a total crude oil refining capacity of almost 1.3 million barrels per day, according to the Oil & Gas Journal. However, Spain is still a net importer of petroleum products.
  • Up until the 2008 financial crisis, Spain was one of the fastest-growing natural gas markets in Europe. Although growth has slowed since then, Spain was the third-largest importer of liquefied natural gas (LNG) in the world after Japan and South Korea in 2011, according to PFC Energy. Spain has six active LNG regasification terminals to process imports, with a seventh scheduled to come on line in 2013. Spain also receives significant natural gas supplies from Algeria through the undersea Maghreb-Europe Gas Pipeline, which came on line in 2011 after a number of delays.
  • Spain generates a significant amount of power from wind energy, the second most in Europe behind Germany. The Spanish government authorized offshore electricity generating facilities in 2007 to promote the development of offshore wind energy.
  • Up until the 2008 recession, Spain was slowly phasing out its coal production subsidies. However, coal production and consumption increased in 2011 after the Spanish government introduced domestic coal production subsidies and gave preferential access to the wholesale power market to coal-powered generators. This has caused electricity producers to substitute away from renewables to coal.
  • There are eight operating nuclear reactors in Spain, which supplied about 20 percent of the country's electricity generation in 2011.

Analysis Last Updated: March 2013


Overview data for Spain

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Spain
Europe
OECD
World
Rank
Spain
Total Oil Production 12.9200 , 3.9400 , 12.5800 , 45.8210 , 37.1110 , 40.1580 , 46.7563 , 43.7556 , 45.6342 , 38.7309 , 37.3787 , 41.7663 , 42.5364 , 34.2420 , 34.4098 , 32.2624 , 26.4976 , 22.8229 , 24.8668 , 21.9382 , 23.8275 , 27.6553 , 27.8576 , 33.1698 , 37.8872 , 37.5467 , 36.6561 , 28.2095 , 25.3903 , 29.4900 , 28.7513 , 28.4562 , 29.2918
(1980-2012)
28.46 4,269 21,625 87,573 70 29.29
Crude Oil Production 33.0000 , 25.0000 , 30.0000 , 58.0000 , 46.0000 , 44.0000 , 38.0000 , 34.0000 , 30.0000 , 21.0000 , 16.0000 , 22.0000 , 21.8820 , 17.8090 , 16.5750 , 13.4280 , 10.5000 , 7.6000 , 10.5800 , 6.0795 , 4.7514 , 7.0986 , 6.4100 , 6.5970 , 5.9973 , 3.0932 , 2.9945 , 2.7479 , 2.6667 , 2.3370 , 2.5726 , 2.1671 , 3.0027
(1980-2012)
2.17 3,424 14,913 74,199 82 3.00
Consumption 990.0000 , 941.0000 , 1003.0000 , 1011.0000 , 852.0000 , 858.0000 , 866.0000 , 895.0000 , 983.0000 , 981.0000 , 1010.0000 , 1068.0000 , 1104.0000 , 1053.0000 , 1116.0000 , 1187.0000 , 1199.0000 , 1266.0000 , 1356.0000 , 1396.0000 , 1433.1995 , 1492.3315 , 1504.5288 , 1542.3644 , 1571.4372 , 1607.2575 , 1588.1698 , 1611.2049 , 1546.9760 , 1467.5170 , 1441.0063 , 1385.3186 , 1288.9921
(1980-2012)
1,385.32 14,961 46,402 88,744 17 1,288.99
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -977.0800 , -937.0600 , -990.4200 , -965.1790 , -814.8890 , -817.8420 , -819.2437 , -851.2444 , -937.3658 , -942.2691 , -972.6213 , -1026.2337 , -1061.4636 , -1018.7580 , -1081.5902 , -1154.7376 , -1172.5024 , -1243.1771 , -1331.1332 , -1374.0618 , -1409.3720 , -1464.6762 , -1476.6712 , -1509.1946 , -1533.5500 , -1569.7108 , -1551.5137 , -1582.9954 , -1521.5857 , -1438.0270 , -1412.2550 , -1356.8624 , -1259.7003
(1980-2012)
-1,356.86 -10,692 -24,777 -- 10 -1,259.70
Refinery Capacity 1456.0000 , 1464.0000 , 1517.0000 , 1522.0000 , 1493.0000 , 1493.0000 , 1367.0000 , 1305.0000 , 1305.0000 , 1285.0000 , 1293.0000 , 1321.0000 , 1321.0000 , 1301.3280 , 1283.0000 , 1283.0000 , 1326.6500 , 1295.6500 , 1293.6500 , 1315.5000 , 1315.5000 , 1293.5000 , 1293.5000 , 1321.5000 , 1271.5000 , 1271.5000 , 1271.5000 , 1271.5000 , 1277.0000 , 1271.5000 , 1271.5000 , 1271.5000 , 1271.5000
(1980-2012)
1,272 16,787 45,873 88,097 19 1,272
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.1500 , 0.3500 , 0.1217 , 0.1314 , 0.1600 , 0.1150 , 0.0900 , 0.0282 , 0.0386 , 0.0260 , 0.0250 , 0.0200 , 0.0214 , 0.0225 , 0.0225 , 0.0202 , 0.0200 , 0.0300 , 0.0300 , 0.0140 , 0.0140 , 0.0210 , 0.0210 , 0.1576 , 0.1576 , 0.1576 , 0.1576 , 0.1500 , 0.1500 , 0.1500 , 0.1500 , 0.1500 , 0.1500 , 0.1500
(1980-2013)
0.15 12 223 1,526 61 0.15
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Spain
Europe
World
Rank
 
Spain
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 2.4014 , 7.6634 , 8.7900 , 13.0000 , 25.0000 , 31.0000 , 55.0000 , 49.0000 , 46.0000 , 42.1308 , 22.7075 , 6.8864 , 14.6600 , 16.4568 , 6.2861 , 3.9553 , 5.0500 , 5.7210 , 18.2225 , 18.0460 , 7.5927 , 11.9718 , 5.5798 , 2.4367 , 0.6357 , 0.6004 , 0.4944 , 2.0130 , 1.8364 , 2.1542
(1980-2012)
1.84 9,965 116,255 83   2.15
Consumption 56.0000 , 65.9331 , 70.3828 , 75.2916 , 71.9367 , 82.0000 , 87.0000 , 100.0000 , 129.0000 , 172.0000 , 192.0000 , 216.0000 , 227.7818 , 224.4268 , 239.2944 , 298.5900 , 334.1505 , 437.2350 , 448.8890 , 513.8333 , 588.4538 , 634.1161 , 725.0170 , 821.7447 , 953.9288 , 1125.9481 , 1208.0908 , 1299.1329 , 1423.8655 , 1272.4701 , 1265.1246 , 1175.1419 , 1147.5962
(1980-2012)
1,175.14 19,199 116,395 26   1,147.60
Net Export/Imports(-) -142.6700 , -170.0000 , -187.1342 , -196.8458 , -250.9131 , -290.8200 , -321.5078 , -446.2050 , -466.2286 , -537.5649 , -598.0242 , -611.9383 , -731.9034 , -818.4958 , -951.7746 , -1169.5622 , -1223.6648 , -1284.9716 , -1437.4264 , -1255.3423 , -1256.0133 , -1193.3292 , -1139.5091
(1990-2012)
-1,193.33 -9,400 -- 10   -1,139.51
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
2.0000 , 3.5000 , 0.0250 , 1.9400 , 2.2250 , 0.7000 , 0.7000 , 0.8000 , 0.6000 , 0.8400 , 0.8100 , 0.7800 , 0.7400 , 0.7000 , 0.7000 , 0.6700 , 0.6000 , 0.6000 , 0.6000 , 0.0600 , 0.0600 , 0.0180 , 0.0180 , 0.0940 , 0.0940 , 0.0900 , 0.0900 , 0.0900 , 0.0900 , 0.0900 , 0.0900 , 0.0900 , 0.0900 , 0.0900
(1980-2013)
0.09 147 6,845 87   0.09
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Spain
Europe
World
Rank
 
Spain
Production 30.8779 , 38.3086 , 43.3263 , 44.0406 , 43.6427 , 43.7210 , 42.2406 , 38.1301 , 35.0976 , 40.1804 , 39.1795 , 36.8668 , 36.8161 , 34.7272 , 32.5777 , 31.1326 , 29.6841 , 29.1451 , 28.7979 , 26.7674 , 25.8723 , 24.9982 , 24.2883 , 22.6657 , 22.5831 , 21.4741 , 20.3343 , 18.9399 , 11.2292 , 10.4113 , 9.2925 , 7.2984 , 6.9043
(1980-2012)
7.298 772 8,440 29   6.904
Consumption 34.0735 , 45.2455 , 50.0813 , 52.6971 , 52.1140 , 53.6958 , 51.9718 , 50.3337 , 42.2792 , 53.3431 , 51.6301 , 52.4810 , 52.2253 , 48.9955 , 47.5262 , 47.5901 , 40.4824 , 45.2124 , 43.7276 , 47.7940 , 49.7220 , 45.6346 , 50.5322 , 46.6752 , 49.5930 , 48.3507 , 42.5393 , 46.1450 , 28.5532 , 21.4874 , 15.9295 , 25.4810 , 27.7488
(1980-2012)
25.481 1,004 8,124 27   27.749
Net Export/Imports(-) -6859.6836 , -8118.5232 , -8137.2625 , -6793.5449 , -8004.9851 , -9443.5014 , -9797.3434 , -9926.3138 , -9683.8053 , -11740.7183 , -11665.7611 , -14410.4833 , -15797.2241 , -14094.1530 , -13175.9277 , -16153.2707 , -13773.3804 , -12504.6201 , -15648.4121 , -21864.3458 , -23194.8356 , -20322.2122 , -26554.6807 , -23170.5848 , -26078.4821 , -26766.3244 , -25145.9267 , -24854.9165 , -20633.0640 , -17180.6248 , -12305.1017 , -16280.0365
(1980-2011)
-12.305 -218 -- 16   -16.280
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Spain
Europe
World
Rank
 
Spain
Net Generation 108.5790 , 109.5730 , 113.1880 , 114.7780 , 117.4090 , 124.7780 , 127.4860 , 127.9870 , 129.8670 , 140.0620 , 143.6750 , 147.1180 , 148.1720 , 147.4250 , 152.8770 , 156.8730 , 165.1870 , 179.7520 , 183.5330 , 194.4660 , 208.7422 , 221.1336 , 226.0208 , 244.1845 , 259.3647 , 268.9338 , 279.9665 , 286.4740 , 295.6365 , 278.2674 , 285.3033 , 276.7841 , 276.5275
(1980-2012)
276.78 3,558 21,081 14   276.53
Net Consumption 97.2310 , 99.2050 , 99.5950 , 104.1630 , 108.6530 , 111.8650 , 114.2550 , 114.2910 , 115.0460 , 125.8460 , 129.2190 , 131.9020 , 133.9690 , 133.8440 , 139.5970 , 145.4020 , 150.6500 , 162.5810 , 168.4880 , 180.7030 , 193.9172 , 206.6026 , 212.1028 , 222.9205 , 232.2667 , 241.6308 , 251.5615 , 255.2420 , 258.7875 , 245.7184 , 249.5703 , 243.9001
(1980-2011)
249.57 3,351 18,501 13   243.90
Installed Capacity (GWe) 29.9230 , 31.5620 , 32.2010 , 34.1690 , 37.2320 , 39.6750 , 40.2240 , 42.1720 , 42.8380 , 43.5540 , 43.5440 , 43.7650 , 43.9270 , 44.0380 , 44.7150 , 45.9290 , 47.0640 , 48.4210 , 50.0820 , 51.5500 , 53.8890 , 55.8280 , 60.4940 , 71.8100 , 69.6570 , 76.5880 , 81.3290 , 88.7840 , 93.7830 , 96.5850 , 101.7880 , 101.8442
(1980-2011)
101.79 986 5,086 11   101.84
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Spain
Europe
World
Rank
 
Spain
Production 0.8662 , 0.9192 , 1.0263 , 1.1321 , 1.2821 , 1.3315 , 1.3673 , 1.3565 , 1.4862 , 1.4390 , 1.4250 , 1.4346 , 1.3410 , 1.3340 , 1.3268 , 1.1878 , 1.3478 , 1.2796 , 1.3049 , 1.2568 , 1.3359 , 1.5137 , 1.3354 , 1.5136 , 1.4614 , 1.2883 , 1.3911 , 1.3833 , 1.3913 , 1.4255 , 1.7220 , 1.5378 , 1.5339
(1980-2012)
1.538 NA NA 36   1.534
Consumption 3.0441 , 3.0901 , 3.3317 , 3.4193 , 3.2509 , 3.3372 , 3.3922 , 3.4944 , 3.7442 , 3.8578 , 3.9229 , 4.1469 , 4.1197 , 4.0210 , 4.1813 , 4.3144 , 4.4068 , 4.6969 , 4.9216 , 5.1666 , 5.5415 , 5.7894 , 5.8307 , 6.1375 , 6.3435 , 6.4456 , 6.4938 , 6.7609 , 6.5278 , 6.1006 , 6.2395 , 6.0968 , 5.8878
(1980-2012)
6.097 NA NA 16   5.888
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
5538.5792 , 5629.7781 , 5994.0711 , 6044.5201 , 5646.2727 , 5664.5040 , 5576.5498 , 5442.5165 , 5549.0703 , 5454.0290 , 5343.9700 , 5508.9928 , 5422.3031 , 5347.5454 , 5431.4471 , 5453.9068 , 5439.0774 , 5581.2885 , 5598.0740 , 5610.5608 , 5728.2794 , 5774.0794 , 5662.0998 , 5780.9626 , 5786.0449 , 5673.9594 , 5495.6458 , 5524.3933 , 5288.2420 , 5133.2812 , 5257.8008 , 5104.2555
(1980-2011)
5,258 5,486 7,452 104   5,104
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Spain
Europe
World
Rank
 
Spain
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
194.9961 , 205.2306 , 220.9382 , 225.5926 , 210.6203 , 205.0437 , 199.2374 , 201.3212 , 202.1651 , 221.5928 , 224.1359 , 237.0039 , 241.8120 , 230.6198 , 236.8804 , 243.3778 , 237.3815 , 265.3438 , 275.0218 , 298.6677 , 315.6442 , 320.2834 , 337.7575 , 346.3732 , 366.8503 , 379.3778 , 372.2736 , 387.9516 , 360.1034 , 327.8008 , 312.4018 , 318.6437
(1980-2011)
312.40 4,375 31,502 19   318.64

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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International Energy Statistics

U.S. Net Petroleum Imports By Country

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