U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Qatar  

Country Analysis Brief Overview

  • Qatar is the largest exporter of liquefied natural gas (LNG) in the world, and the country's exports of LNG, crude oil, and petroleum products provide a significant portion of government revenues.
  • Qatar's crude oil production is the second lowest in the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), but increasing production of non-crude liquids—most of which is a byproduct of natural gas production—is contributing to gradual growth in total liquids production.
  • Three oil fields account for more than 85% of Qatar's crude oil production capacity.
  • Qatar was the second-smallest crude oil exporter among OPEC members in 2012, ahead of only Ecuador.
  • Qatar's refining capacity exceeds domestic demand for petroleum products, thus enabling the country to export most of its refinery output.
  • Natural gas is at the center of Qatar's energy sector. Already the world's largest exporter of liquefied natural gas (LNG), several recent developments in the country's natural gas sector could boost production in the short term.
  • Nearly all of Qatar's natural gas production comes from the North Field, which is part of the largest non-associated natural gas field in the world.
  • Qatar's natural gas consumption continues to rise as the country's overall energy demand rises along with its economy.
  • Qatar exports nearly 85% of its natural gas as liquefied natural gas (LNG), and it has been the largest exporter of LNG in the world since 2006.
  • Despite rising electricity demand, Qatar had a surplus generating capacity of approximately 2.5 gigawatts, or nearly 30%, in 2012.

Read full Qatar Analysis Brief »

Analysis Last Updated: January 30, 2014


Overview data for Qatar

+ EXPAND ALL
Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Qatar
Middle East
OPEC
World
Rank
Qatar
Total Oil Production 483.0000 , 430.0000 , 361.0000 , 321.0000 , 423.0000 , 332.0000 , 331.1594 , 318.5479 , 378.2794 , 405.7730 , 447.6222 , 446.7942 , 480.1127 , 470.3001 , 467.0545 , 499.0088 , 562.9769 , 622.6845 , 783.3125 , 778.8236 , 879.0491 , 880.2486 , 870.7593 , 1018.6269 , 1162.0754 , 1253.6062 , 1283.6643 , 1350.8674 , 1484.2635 , 1573.2480 , 1787.8991 , 1936.3950 , 2032.6106 , 2067.2991
(1980-2013)
2,032.61 27,600 36,981 89,750 14 2,067.30
Crude Oil Production 472.0000 , 405.0000 , 330.0000 , 295.0000 , 394.0000 , 301.0000 , 308.0000 , 293.0000 , 346.0000 , 380.0000 , 406.0000 , 395.0000 , 423.2000 , 413.0000 , 414.9999 , 442.0000 , 510.4781 , 550.0000 , 695.6027 , 665.0000 , 741.7242 , 729.5890 , 709.1096 , 806.6027 , 901.3935 , 977.5616 , 995.6438 , 1082.9452 , 1197.6616 , 1279.0781 , 1458.7813 , 1571.0959 , 1551.4044 , 1553.0000
(1980-2013)
1,551.40 24,466 33,192 75,951 16 1,553.00
Consumption 16.6000 , 18.0000 , 20.6000 , 22.0000 , 24.0000 , 25.0000 , 27.6615 , 28.8836 , 26.8749 , 27.5947 , 27.7704 , 28.0154 , 30.0879 , 31.6333 , 32.4432 , 34.6980 , 39.9027 , 40.3206 , 41.8638 , 43.2538 , 48.1741 , 54.4845 , 62.2518 , 71.8833 , 82.8464 , 86.0840 , 94.9961 , 121.5751 , 165.5467 , 134.2032 , 123.3060 , 200.5953 , 204.0000 , 220.0000
(1980-2013)
204.00 7,817 8,765 89,128 56 220.00
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports 466.4000 , 412.0000 , 340.4000 , 299.0000 , 399.0000 , 307.0000 , 303.4979 , 289.6643 , 351.4044 , 378.1783 , 419.8518 , 418.7788 , 450.0248 , 438.6668 , 434.6113 , 464.3108 , 523.0741 , 582.3639 , 741.4487 , 735.5698 , 830.8750 , 825.7641 , 808.5074 , 946.7436 , 1079.2290 , 1167.5222 , 1188.6682 , 1229.2923 , 1318.7168 , 1439.0448 , 1664.5931 , 1735.7997 , 1828.6106 , 1847.2991
(1980-2013)
1,828.61 19,783 28,216 -- 7 1,847.30
Refinery Capacity 11.0000 , 13.0000 , 13.0000 , 12.0000 , 63.0000 , 56.0000 , 56.0000 , 62.0000 , 62.0000 , 62.0000 , 62.0000 , 62.0000 , 60.0000 , 60.0000 , 57.5000 , 57.5000 , 57.5000 , 57.5000 , 57.5000 , 57.5000 , 57.5000 , 57.5000 , 57.5000 , 200.0000 , 200.0000 , 200.0000 , 200.0000 , 200.0000 , 200.0000 , 200.0000 , 338.7000 , 338.7000 , 338.7000
(1980-2012)
339 7,245 8,987 88,097 45 339
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 3.7600 , 3.5850 , 3.4340 , 3.4250 , 3.3300 , 3.3500 , 3.3000 , 3.1540 , 3.1500 , 3.1500 , 4.5000 , 4.5000 , 3.7290 , 3.7290 , 3.7290 , 3.7000 , 3.7000 , 3.7000 , 3.7000 , 3.7000 , 3.7000 , 13.1570 , 15.2070 , 15.2070 , 15.2070 , 15.2070 , 15.2070 , 15.2070 , 15.2070 , 15.2100 , 25.4100 , 25.3800 , 25.3800 , 25.3800 , 25.2400
(1980-2014)
25.38 802 1,205 1,646 14 25.24
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Qatar
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Qatar
Production 184.0000 , 157.1500 , 186.0000 , 174.1000 , 209.0000 , 191.0000 , 193.0000 , 198.1000 , 206.9500 , 215.0700 , 276.0000 , 328.0000 , 400.8253 , 476.7525 , 476.7400 , 476.7500 , 483.8155 , 614.4810 , 691.4677 , 778.6958 , 1027.6665 , 953.5050 , 1041.7925 , 1108.8910 , 1383.2886 , 1617.4270 , 1790.4705 , 2231.9080 , 2718.5840 , 3153.6295 , 4165.6879 , 5198.3495 , 5523.2453
(1980-2012)
5,198.35 18,332 116,255 5   5,523.25
Consumption 184.0000 , 157.1500 , 186.0000 , 174.1000 , 209.0000 , 191.0000 , 193.0000 , 198.1000 , 206.9500 , 215.0700 , 276.0000 , 328.0000 , 400.8253 , 476.7525 , 476.7400 , 476.7500 , 483.8155 , 513.4801 , 522.3089 , 492.6443 , 531.8439 , 386.6993 , 392.3497 , 431.1962 , 530.7845 , 660.3905 , 692.5272 , 695.7055 , 713.3983 , 745.4997 , 795.9306 , 967.9656 , 1256.5331
(1980-2012)
967.97 14,089 116,395 29   1,256.53
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 101.0009 , 169.1589 , 286.0515 , 495.8226 , 566.8058 , 649.4429 , 677.6949 , 852.5041 , 957.0365 , 1097.9434 , 1536.2025 , 2005.1857 , 2408.1299 , 3369.7573 , 4230.3839 , 4266.7122
(1990-2012)
4,230.38 4,243 -- 89   4,266.71
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
60.0000 , 60.0000 , 60.0000 , 62.0000 , 62.0000 , 150.0000 , 148.0000 , 152.0000 , 156.7000 , 156.7000 , 163.1000 , 163.2000 , 162.0000 , 227.0000 , 250.0000 , 250.0000 , 250.0000 , 250.0000 , 300.0000 , 300.0000 , 300.0000 , 393.8300 , 508.5400 , 508.5400 , 910.0000 , 910.0000 , 910.5200 , 910.5000 , 905.3000 , 891.9450 , 899.3250 , 895.8000 , 890.0000 , 890.0000 , 885.2870
(1980-2014)
890.00 2,823 6,846 3   885.29
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Qatar
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Qatar
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 1 8,444 68   0.000
Consumption 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 19 8,285 115   0.000
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 -17 -- 87   0.000
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Qatar
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Qatar
Net Generation 2.2760 , 2.5960 , 2.8930 , 3.1160 , 3.3490 , 3.7120 , 4.0450 , 4.1550 , 4.2300 , 4.3670 , 4.5290 , 4.3740 , 4.8440 , 5.1940 , 5.4650 , 5.6170 , 6.1810 , 6.4560 , 7.6380 , 8.4030 , 8.5860 , 9.3540 , 10.2840 , 11.2910 , 12.4390 , 13.5320 , 16.0550 , 18.2940 , 20.3190 , 22.7090 , 26.4550 , 28.8660
(1980-2011)
26.46 830 20,254 66   28.87
Net Consumption 2.0330 , 2.3030 , 2.6110 , 2.8250 , 3.0490 , 3.4970 , 3.8460 , 3.9390 , 3.9090 , 4.1370 , 4.2790 , 4.1120 , 4.5640 , 4.8710 , 5.1050 , 5.1550 , 5.7890 , 6.0440 , 7.1120 , 7.8070 , 7.9530 , 8.6600 , 9.5200 , 10.4540 , 11.5230 , 12.5130 , 14.8410 , 16.9060 , 18.7890 , 21.1920 , 24.6880 , 28.2420
(1980-2011)
24.69 718 18,501 66   28.24
Installed Capacity (GWe) 0.6850 , 0.8050 , 0.8650 , 0.9050 , 1.0050 , 1.0050 , 1.0050 , 1.0050 , 1.1050 , 1.1000 , 1.1050 , 1.1050 , 1.1100 , 1.1100 , 1.3030 , 1.3650 , 1.4450 , 1.4750 , 1.9000 , 1.9000 , 2.2480 , 2.3380 , 2.5380 , 2.6760 , 2.9000 , 2.8290 , 3.0280 , 3.1640 , 4.3140 , 5.3210 , 7.8300 , 7.8300
(1980-2011)
7.83 207 5,086 66   7.83
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Qatar
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Qatar
Production 1.1995 , 1.0517 , 0.9321 , 0.8389 , 1.0907 , 0.8762 , 0.8820 , 0.8584 , 0.9899 , 1.0596 , 1.2004 , 1.2455 , 1.3908 , 1.4461 , 1.4434 , 1.5072 , 1.6553 , 1.8999 , 2.3083 , 2.3709 , 2.8287 , 2.7442 , 2.8073 , 3.1400 , 3.7010 , 4.2248 , 4.4760 , 5.1090 , 5.9071 , 6.5641 , 8.1008 , 9.5280
(1980-2011)
8.101 72 505 13   9.528
Consumption 0.2143 , 0.2020 , 0.2374 , 0.2232 , 0.2685 , 0.2432 , 0.2557 , 0.2623 , 0.2680 , 0.2781 , 0.3425 , 0.3971 , 0.4749 , 0.5347 , 0.5586 , 0.5629 , 0.5785 , 0.6101 , 0.6226 , 0.5938 , 0.6448 , 0.5025 , 0.5271 , 0.5844 , 0.7053 , 0.8864 , 0.9506 , 0.9915 , 1.1438 , 1.0870 , 1.1335 , 1.4867
(1980-2011)
1.134 29 507 52   1.487
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
12139.2458 , 11338.3931 , 14428.2103 , 14004.4799 , 16277.2936 , 15196.7658 , 15254.4446 , 15945.3986 , 15231.6735 , 14793.0356 , 17654.2406 , 20673.4241 , 22093.7410 , 25203.5340 , 25996.9072 , 24798.8815 , 24449.7843 , 19937.7124 , 18218.6678 , 16627.8717 , 16552.7396 , 12485.0977 , 12224.2273 , 13095.4643 , 13080.5682 , 15275.8580 , 13812.6448 , 11365.4823 , 10453.6844 , 9143.9352 , 8191.9953 , 9179.5245
(1980-2011)
8,192 10,989 7,401 45   9,180
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Qatar
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Qatar
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
13.8634 , 14.0267 , 14.1471 , 12.8298 , 15.4345 , 13.8269 , 14.2808 , 14.5179 , 14.8056 , 15.3572 , 18.7772 , 22.3054 , 25.5863 , 29.9226 , 30.0101 , 30.3117 , 31.0197 , 32.6503 , 33.4036 , 31.8495 , 34.6983 , 27.5598 , 29.4425 , 32.4788 , 38.6413 , 54.9507 , 58.3664 , 59.6050 , 63.5004 , 68.4077 , 69.7729 , 81.4829 , 99.1653
(1980-2012)
81.48 1,959 32,155 46   99.17

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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