U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Netherlands  

Country Analysis Note

  • Although not a significant producer of liquid fuels, the Netherlands plays an important role as a European liquid fuels transportation and processing hub. The Netherlands is among the largest importers and exporters of crude oil and petroleum products in the world. A number of large producers transport crude oil to Dutch ports, most notably Rotterdam, a considerable proportion of which is then re-exported either as crude or as refined product.
  • The Netherlands is a major refining and storage center, both in Netherlands but also in its constituent territories in the former Netherland Antilles. There is more than 45 million barrels of storage capacity and more than 335,000 barrel per day (bbl/d) of refining capacity in the constituent territories. Rotterdam harbor is the third-largest marine bunker harbor, after Singapore and Shanghai. Additionally, oil storage is extensive at the Vlissingen and Amsterdam ports. In total, there is approximately 190 million barrels of storage capacity in Netherlands, with the majority of it (about 80 million barrels) located in Rotterdam.
  • The Netherlands is the second-largest producer and exporter of natural gas in Europe, second only to Norway. It produced approximately 2.9 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) in 2011. Most of its natural gas fields are located offshore in the North Sea, although a number of them are located onshore, including Groningen, one of the ten largest natural gas fields in the world. Natural gas produced in the Netherlands is shipped via an extensive domestic and export pipeline system, which connects the country with United Kingdom, Germany, and Belgium. In addition to pipeline natural gas, the Netherlands now serves as a transport hub for liquefied natural gas (LNG). The Gas Access to Europe (GATE) LNG terminal became operational in September 2011, with imported volumes purchased by Austrian, Danish, and German distribution and utility companies.
  • Petroleum accounts for about 50 percent of Dutch energy consumption. The Netherlands consumed approximately 1.0 million bbl/d of oil in 2011, but domestically produced only about 60,000 bbl/d. The remainder was imported primarily from Russia, Nigeria, the United Kingdom, Saudi Arabia, and Norway. Natural gas accounts for approximately 37 percent of total energy consumption, most of which is consumed by the electric power, residential, and commercial sectors. Coal, which the Netherlands mostly imports from Colombia and South Africa, is mainly used for electric power generation.
  • The Netherlands generated approximately 107 billion kilowatthours (BkWh) of electricity in 2011, mostly from conventional thermal power plants. More than 13 percent of the Netherlands' electricity is generated from renewable sources, mainly biomass and waste (8 percent of the total) and wind (almost 5 percent of the total). The Dutch power system is connected to Norway and the United Kingdom via high voltage lines that run along the North Sea bed.

Analysis Last Updated: March 2013


Overview data for Netherlands

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Netherlands
Europe
OECD
World
Rank
Netherlands
Total Oil Production 30.7470 , 33.3680 , 52.5680 , 66.5270 , 82.3977 , 100.7935 , 123.4340 , 118.3123 , 108.7018 , 99.3767 , 107.7165 , 106.1707 , 86.4005 , 90.2220 , 132.2583 , 117.7073 , 112.7688 , 107.6175 , 108.3644 , 90.4999 , 88.1855 , 81.4851 , 98.3782 , 100.9478 , 96.2226 , 84.4890 , 70.6245 , 85.0156 , 65.5509 , 63.3956 , 55.1434 , 58.5673 , 71.7221
(1980-2012)
58.57 4,269 21,625 87,573 59 71.72
Crude Oil Production 25.0000 , 27.0000 , 38.0000 , 53.0000 , 61.0000 , 76.0000 , 93.0000 , 87.0000 , 77.0000 , 64.0000 , 70.0000 , 74.0000 , 53.2380 , 50.2610 , 78.2270 , 65.9726 , 56.2377 , 52.7425 , 52.0000 , 31.8800 , 28.7800 , 26.2027 , 46.3288 , 46.9479 , 42.6393 , 31.7425 , 26.3233 , 39.9041 , 33.5082 , 25.4849 , 20.0000 , 22.2548 , 32.3470
(1980-2012)
22.25 3,424 14,913 74,199 63 32.35
Consumption 792.0000 , 731.0000 , 642.0000 , 613.0000 , 590.0000 , 610.0000 , 675.0000 , 691.0000 , 723.0000 , 715.0000 , 734.0000 , 758.0000 , 769.0000 , 764.0000 , 764.0000 , 767.0000 , 761.0000 , 793.0000 , 802.0000 , 828.0000 , 854.5164 , 893.6548 , 898.3233 , 918.6411 , 947.8661 , 1021.3835 , 999.4767 , 1111.2326 , 1068.7262 , 1005.2014 , 1019.7879 , 1016.4501 , 1020.8404
(1980-2012)
1,016.45 14,961 46,402 88,744 22 1,020.84
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -761.2530 , -697.6320 , -589.4320 , -546.4730 , -507.6023 , -509.2065 , -551.5660 , -572.6877 , -614.2982 , -615.6233 , -626.2835 , -651.8293 , -682.5995 , -673.7780 , -631.7417 , -649.2927 , -648.2312 , -685.3825 , -693.6356 , -737.5001 , -766.3309 , -812.1697 , -799.9451 , -817.6933 , -851.6435 , -936.8945 , -928.8522 , -1026.2170 , -1003.1753 , -941.8058 , -964.6445 , -957.8828 , -949.1183
(1980-2012)
-957.88 -10,692 -24,777 -- 13 -949.12
Refinery Capacity 1828.0000 , 1827.0000 , 1708.0000 , 1552.0000 , 1552.0000 , 1499.0000 , 1468.0000 , 1401.0000 , 1381.0000 , 1381.0000 , 1381.0000 , 1197.0000 , 1218.5000 , 1230.5000 , 1183.5000 , 1186.5000 , 1186.5000 , 1186.5000 , 1187.8420 , 1187.8420 , 1187.8420 , 1203.8420 , 1205.8420 , 1206.8420 , 1221.5000 , 1227.5000 , 1221.8730 , 1211.8860 , 1226.8860 , 1207.7140 , 1205.7140 , 1208.6070 , 1196.5710
(1980-2012)
1,209 16,787 45,873 88,097 20 1,197
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.0600 , 0.2850 , 0.3450 , 0.2940 , 0.3087 , 0.3100 , 0.2510 , 0.1949 , 0.1950 , 0.2056 , 0.1698 , 0.1572 , 0.1447 , 0.1447 , 0.1321 , 0.1132 , 0.1069 , 0.0881 , 0.1132 , 0.1258 , 0.1069 , 0.1069 , 0.1069 , 0.1060 , 0.1060 , 0.1060 , 0.1060 , 0.1000 , 0.1000 , 0.1000 , 0.1000 , 0.3100 , 0.2874 , 0.2439
(1980-2013)
0.29 12 223 1,526 50 0.24
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Netherlands
Europe
World
Rank
 
Netherlands
Production 3397.7974 , 3154.1592 , 2685.1407 , 2852.9223 , 2879.5851 , 3008.9439 , 2759.7613 , 2767.6012 , 2445.6697 , 2673.2042 , 2693.0000 , 3044.0000 , 3057.3608 , 3112.0280 , 2952.1900 , 2980.8000 , 3369.7220 , 2987.4724 , 2840.5973 , 2648.6956 , 2559.1721 , 2746.9773 , 2676.0294 , 2574.3222 , 3035.2536 , 2772.5807 , 2729.6729 , 2686.9418 , 2957.3134 , 2785.5059 , 3130.7454 , 2850.8387 , 2840.3148
(1980-2012)
2,850.84 9,965 116,255 10   2,840.31
Consumption 1493.0000 , 1421.0000 , 1511.0000 , 1450.8815 , 1540.4050 , 1624.4194 , 1620.0000 , 1672.0000 , 1513.0000 , 1550.0000 , 1535.0000 , 1715.0000 , 1668.9163 , 1713.8020 , 1654.3700 , 1700.9500 , 1873.8139 , 1762.8542 , 1751.8712 , 1705.0082 , 1725.4203 , 1768.7518 , 1767.1979 , 1774.9319 , 1811.2004 , 1741.1708 , 1690.2112 , 1643.4542 , 1713.7310 , 1729.0224 , 1936.9924 , 1690.9175 , 1624.0662
(1980-2012)
1,690.92 19,199 116,395 17   1,624.07
Net Export/Imports(-) 1173.6000 , 1346.0000 , 1411.4346 , 1421.7460 , 1306.9800 , 1300.1900 , 1523.0300 , 1244.7831 , 1118.6733 , 963.5345 , 847.5953 , 994.5763 , 909.6438 , 798.9312 , 1225.7483 , 1032.5047 , 1041.2628 , 1044.4411 , 1245.1716 , 1057.8608 , 1193.0466 , 1159.8505 , 1212.0461
(1990-2012)
1,159.85 -9,400 -- 83   1,212.05
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
59.5000 , 62.0000 , 55.7000 , 51.9200 , 50.0500 , 68.4820 , 67.0700 , 70.4000 , 64.1000 , 62.5070 , 61.1000 , 60.9000 , 69.5700 , 68.8600 , 68.1570 , 66.2150 , 65.1560 , 64.0960 , 61.3060 , 63.1070 , 62.5420 , 62.5420 , 62.5420 , 62.0000 , 62.0000 , 62.0000 , 62.0000 , 50.0000 , 50.0000 , 50.0000 , 50.0000 , 49.0000 , 46.0000 , 43.4360
(1980-2013)
46.00 147 6,845 22   43.44
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Netherlands
Europe
World
Rank
 
Netherlands
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2011)
0.000 737 7,934 66   0.000
Consumption 6.6547 , 7.6545 , 6.1939 , 8.5969 , 10.8655 , 10.8688 , 10.9757 , 11.4266 , 13.6654 , 13.8527 , 14.9473 , 13.6146 , 13.3589 , 13.7910 , 15.0234 , 15.6319 , 15.7344 , 15.6826 , 15.8071 , 13.1131 , 14.1614 , 14.7511 , 14.8029 , 15.1568 , 14.9253 , 14.2099 , 13.6819 , 14.8581 , 14.0611 , 13.1914 , 13.2476 , 13.0624 , 12.9056
(1980-2012)
13.062 1,004 8,124 36   12.906
Net Export/Imports(-) -6498.1255 , -8639.9164 , -8635.5072 , -7367.8491 , -10599.8260 , -10799.3444 , -10637.3046 , -11852.0517 , -13679.6840 , -13975.1034 , -16014.3794 , -13987.2288 , -13181.4392 , -13453.7101 , -15130.3257 , -15314.4117 , -15308.9002 , -17927.9920 , -14886.7149 , -12625.8743 , -14488.7805 , -14862.4641 , -14376.3448 , -15874.3859 , -14710.3451 , -14411.6187 , -13992.7404 , -15602.1150 , -15005.7645 , -16705.5287 , -16197.3631 , -20914.1534
(1980-2011)
-16.197 -218 -- 14   -20.914
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Netherlands
Europe
World
Rank
 
Netherlands
Net Generation 62.9700 , 62.1800 , 57.7930 , 57.0890 , 60.2930 , 59.5790 , 63.6300 , 65.0310 , 66.2490 , 69.5810 , 67.8010 , 70.0820 , 72.5920 , 72.3887 , 75.0020 , 76.1100 , 79.9930 , 80.4361 , 84.6850 , 80.6420 , 84.3104 , 88.1285 , 90.3224 , 91.1722 , 96.5379 , 94.5027 , 92.9245 , 99.2784 , 101.7181 , 107.3532 , 111.6928 , 106.8740 , 97.3996
(1980-2012)
106.87 3,558 21,081 31   97.40
Net Consumption 59.9160 , 59.2860 , 58.1350 , 59.2210 , 61.1570 , 62.0920 , 63.0190 , 65.8740 , 69.3190 , 71.5570 , 72.8820 , 75.9480 , 78.1240 , 79.5447 , 82.2630 , 84.1410 , 87.2170 , 89.3141 , 92.5320 , 94.9320 , 99.1214 , 101.2115 , 102.4774 , 103.8822 , 108.3509 , 108.3227 , 109.8505 , 112.2274 , 112.9101 , 107.8392 , 110.0188 , 111.3530
(1980-2011)
110.02 3,351 18,501 29   111.35
Installed Capacity (GWe) 17.2930 , 17.6840 , 17.3790 , 17.2010 , 16.5860 , 17.0540 , 17.3810 , 17.3860 , 17.4870 , 17.3530 , 17.5870 , 17.5500 , 17.4750 , 17.6020 , 18.3500 , 18.9940 , 20.4000 , 20.0890 , 20.1660 , 20.6290 , 21.0160 , 20.3360 , 20.8180 , 20.8600 , 21.7620 , 21.7290 , 22.8770 , 23.7020 , 24.7750 , 25.8970 , 26.5830 , 27.9070
(1980-2011)
26.58 986 5,086 30   27.91
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Netherlands
Europe
World
Rank
 
Netherlands
Production 3.1556 , 2.9367 , 2.5389 , 2.7245 , 2.7632 , 2.9212 , 2.7408 , 2.7300 , 2.4225 , 2.6043 , 2.6350 , 2.9507 , 2.9272 , 2.9769 , 2.9129 , 2.9071 , 3.2481 , 2.8806 , 2.7694 , 2.5553 , 2.4727 , 2.6297 , 2.6155 , 2.5272 , 2.9406 , 2.7042 , 2.6520 , 2.6460 , 2.8850 , 2.7240 , 3.0229 , 2.7910
(1980-2011)
3.023 45 509 33   2.791
Consumption 3.2050 , 3.0072 , 2.8729 , 2.8145 , 2.8816 , 3.0096 , 3.1429 , 3.2316 , 3.2404 , 3.2593 , 3.3115 , 3.4960 , 3.4682 , 3.5396 , 3.5086 , 3.5741 , 3.7320 , 3.6986 , 3.6908 , 3.6822 , 3.7934 , 3.9294 , 3.9399 , 4.0220 , 4.1327 , 4.2342 , 4.1418 , 4.3546 , 4.1405 , 4.0768 , 4.2662 , 4.0790 , 4.0128
(1980-2012)
4.079 NA NA 22   4.013
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
10199.0656 , 9619.0402 , 9304.2651 , 8957.8049 , 8893.6812 , 9048.6068 , 9162.9997 , 9250.2475 , 9007.0322 , 8670.7891 , 8456.4817 , 8714.1687 , 8510.2275 , 8577.0967 , 8253.9048 , 8142.8246 , 8231.8208 , 7818.7957 , 7512.3458 , 7164.7473 , 7096.2484 , 7207.3045 , 7220.6445 , 7347.7197 , 7398.9547 , 7420.0408 , 7016.0426 , 7098.9776 , 6632.6457 , 6769.6385 , 6970.2614 , 6550.6875
(1980-2011)
6,970 5,486 7,452 64   6,551
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Netherlands
Europe
World
Rank
 
Netherlands
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
201.0972 , 193.2739 , 181.6551 , 174.0493 , 183.9101 , 191.1931 , 195.3276 , 200.6825 , 203.8469 , 203.1567 , 211.1154 , 218.6051 , 212.4439 , 222.1555 , 222.1281 , 222.6147 , 228.0736 , 238.4817 , 237.9243 , 235.5240 , 246.2674 , 261.4826 , 254.1914 , 257.6078 , 264.5485 , 268.4771 , 269.9252 , 258.1038 , 249.4973 , 243.7593 , 254.8712 , 252.9959
(1980-2011)
254.87 4,375 31,502 25   253.00

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013


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