U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Kuwait  

Country Analysis Brief Overview

  • Kuwait was one of the world's top producers and net exporters of petroleum and other liquids in 2013.
  • Kuwait holds the world's sixth-largest oil reserves and is one of the top 10 global producers and exporters of total petroleum liquids.
  • Kuwait Petroleum Corporation, Kuwait's national oil company, and its subsidiaries control the entire petroleum and other liquids sector from upstream to downstream and exports.
  • Kuwait has implemented enhanced oil recovery measures to boost stagnant production rates. New discoveries have been made, but Kuwait's regulated oil sector has hindered further exploration and production.
  • In an otherwise nationalized oil sector, Project Kuwait attempts to incentivize foreign investment to bring production capacity to 4 million bbl/d by 2020.
  • The territorial disputes between Kuwait and Saudi Arabia led to the creation of the Partitioned Neutral Zone. The production of oil and natural gas in the zone is divided equally between the two countries.
  • Kuwait's domestic consumption has been increasing, but a majority of its oil production is exported to Asia.
  • Kuwait maintains refining and marketing interests in Europe and looks to expand into Asia, particularly China, Vietnam, and Indonesia.
  • Kuwait recently became a net importer of natural gas, leading the country to focus more on natural gas exploration and development for domestic consumption.
  • Kuwait's natural gas sector, like the petroleum and other liquids sector, is also managed by Kuwait Petroleum Corporation. Kuwait is using technical service agreements to attract necessary international investment for natural gas development.
  • Kuwait plans to increase dry natural gas production to 3 billion cubic feet per day by 2030 to satisfy increasing domestic consumption and reduce dependence on natural gas imports during peak summer months.
  • Kuwait's electric sector capacity has been slow to expand despite rapidly rising consumption rates over the past decade and persistent power shortages during peak demand periods.
  • Facing rising electricity demand, the Gulf Cooperation Council is developing an interconnected power grid.

Read full Kuwait Analysis Brief »

Analysis Last Updated: October 24, 2014


Overview data for Kuwait

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Kuwait
Middle East
OPEC
World
Rank
Kuwait
Total Oil Production 1760.0000 , 1195.0000 , 872.0000 , 1127.0000 , 1233.0000 , 1086.0000 , 1482.6895 , 1664.2048 , 1579.2267 , 1877.6203 , 1234.1097 , 191.3972 , 1084.1664 , 1896.0894 , 2114.4348 , 2158.5234 , 2153.7592 , 2121.8413 , 2206.4542 , 2018.1967 , 2200.7337 , 2125.5952 , 2029.9108 , 2268.3139 , 2515.3820 , 2671.9799 , 2671.5129 , 2603.4256 , 2727.8953 , 2505.9429 , 2460.2931 , 2691.8177 , 2796.7878 , 2811.8424
(1980-2013)
2,796.79 27,900 37,481 90,457 10 2,811.84
Crude Oil Production 1656.0000 , 1125.0000 , 823.0000 , 1064.0000 , 1157.0000 , 1023.0000 , 1419.0000 , 1585.0000 , 1492.0000 , 1783.0000 , 1175.0000 , 190.0000 , 1058.1000 , 1852.3630 , 2024.9999 , 2057.4110 , 2061.6516 , 2007.1000 , 2085.3425 , 1897.7000 , 2078.5000 , 1997.5000 , 1894.1603 , 2136.0000 , 2375.6967 , 2529.1781 , 2535.3425 , 2464.0959 , 2585.7486 , 2350.0000 , 2300.4110 , 2530.1370 , 2634.9454 , 2650.0000
(1980-2013)
2,634.95 24,466 33,392 76,160 10 2,650.00
Consumption 106.0000 , 116.0000 , 118.0000 , 123.0000 , 120.0000 , 120.5850 , 117.8670 , 114.9360 , 119.9836 , 124.7204 , 85.0000 , 94.7971 , 119.8293 , 130.5895 , 166.4369 , 173.4175 , 189.1730 , 211.9169 , 237.8301 , 258.8792 , 264.4220 , 275.1840 , 278.1573 , 287.8268 , 295.3185 , 329.9380 , 320.0605 , 337.9165 , 354.2449 , 371.5700 , 397.4357 , 431.1481 , 450.0000 , 467.0000
(1980-2013)
450.00 7,871 8,764 89,721 35 467.00
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports 1654.0000 , 1079.0000 , 754.0000 , 1004.0000 , 1113.0000 , 965.4150 , 1364.8225 , 1549.2688 , 1459.2432 , 1752.8999 , 1149.1097 , 96.6001 , 964.3371 , 1765.5000 , 1947.9980 , 1985.1059 , 1964.5862 , 1909.9244 , 1968.6241 , 1759.3175 , 1936.3117 , 1850.4112 , 1751.7535 , 1980.4871 , 2220.0635 , 2342.0419 , 2351.4524 , 2265.5091 , 2373.6505 , 2134.3729 , 2062.8574 , 2260.6697 , 2346.7878 , 2344.8424
(1980-2013)
2,346.79 20,029 28,717 -- 4 2,344.84
Refinery Capacity 645.0000 , 645.0000 , 623.0000 , 623.0000 , 623.0000 , 669.0000 , 634.0000 , 618.0000 , 628.0000 , 817.0000 , 819.0000 , 819.0000 , 819.0000 , 368.0000 , 624.0000 , 759.0000 , 801.0000 , 824.0000 , 886.0000 , 886.0000 , 864.5000 , 763.8000 , 773.3000 , 889.2000 , 889.2000 , 889.2000 , 889.2000 , 889.2000 , 889.2000 , 889.2000 , 936.0000 , 936.0000 , 936.0000
(1980-2012)
936 7,245 8,987 88,097 22 936
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 68.5300 , 67.9300 , 67.7300 , 67.1500 , 66.7475 , 92.7100 , 92.4640 , 94.5221 , 94.5250 , 94.5250 , 97.1250 , 97.0250 , 96.5000 , 96.5000 , 96.5000 , 96.5000 , 96.5000 , 96.5000 , 96.5000 , 96.5000 , 96.5000 , 96.5000 , 96.5000 , 96.5000 , 99.0000 , 101.5000 , 104.0000 , 101.5000 , 104.0000 , 104.0000 , 104.0000 , 104.0000 , 104.0000 , 104.0000 , 104.0000 , 104.0000
(1980-2015)
104.00 804 1,206 1,656 7 104.00
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Kuwait
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Kuwait
Production 244.0000 , 100.0000 , 100.0000 , 124.0000 , 144.0000 , 140.0000 , 173.0000 , 187.2000 , 230.0000 , 288.1700 , 185.0000 , 18.0000 , 92.5253 , 191.4070 , 210.8300 , 210.8300 , 328.4295 , 327.3701 , 317.8350 , 305.1216 , 339.0240 , 300.1775 , 282.5200 , 321.3665 , 342.5555 , 434.3745 , 438.2592 , 425.8989 , 448.5005 , 371.4785 , 414.3509 , 477.9179 , 547.9122
(1980-2012)
477.92 18,332 116,255 34   547.91
Consumption 244.0000 , 100.0000 , 100.0000 , 124.0000 , 144.0000 , 140.0000 , 191.0000 , 284.1700 , 351.0300 , 415.3000 , 256.0000 , 18.0000 , 92.5253 , 191.4070 , 210.8300 , 210.8300 , 328.4295 , 327.3701 , 317.8350 , 305.1216 , 339.0240 , 300.1775 , 282.5200 , 321.3665 , 342.5555 , 434.3745 , 438.2592 , 425.8989 , 448.5005 , 402.9088 , 512.5266 , 600.1078 , 641.9914
(1980-2012)
600.11 14,089 116,395 39   641.99
Net Export/Imports(-) -71.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , -31.4304 , -98.1757 , -122.1899 , -94.0792
(1990-2012)
-122.19 4,243 -- 32   -94.08
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
33.5000 , 33.2000 , 34.6500 , 34.0900 , 35.1535 , 36.6450 , 36.6050 , 41.2000 , 42.5500 , 48.6500 , 54.6000 , 53.6000 , 48.5000 , 52.9000 , 52.9000 , 52.9000 , 52.9000 , 52.9000 , 52.9000 , 52.7000 , 52.7000 , 52.7000 , 52.7000 , 52.7000 , 55.5000 , 55.5000 , 56.0150 , 55.0000 , 56.0150 , 63.3600 , 63.5000 , 63.5000 , 63.5000 , 63.5000 , 63.5000 , 63.5000
(1980-2015)
63.50 2,813 6,973 21   63.50
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Kuwait
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Kuwait
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 1 8,444 68   0.000
Consumption 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 19 8,285 115   0.000
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 -17 -- 87   0.000
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Kuwait
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Kuwait
Net Generation 8.8180 , 9.6790 , 11.2520 , 12.0600 , 13.3440 , 14.7480 , 16.1830 , 17.2960 , 18.7980 , 20.2040 , 19.3730 , 10.1330 , 15.7790 , 18.9670 , 21.4300 , 22.3020 , 23.9470 , 25.1210 , 28.1850 , 29.6810 , 30.3836 , 32.2411 , 34.1803 , 37.4139 , 38.7806 , 41.1100 , 44.7506 , 45.8278 , 48.6441 , 50.0230 , 53.6073 , 54.0100 , 58.8960
(1980-2012)
54.01 853 21,182 48   58.90
Net Consumption 8.0960 , 8.8780 , 10.3160 , 11.0600 , 12.2320 , 13.5150 , 14.9130 , 15.9480 , 17.3670 , 18.7180 , 18.1260 , 9.4430 , 14.7660 , 17.8770 , 19.5800 , 19.6920 , 21.1450 , 22.1810 , 24.8870 , 26.2080 , 26.8276 , 28.4681 , 30.1803 , 33.0359 , 34.2426 , 36.1430 , 39.3136 , 39.8768 , 42.1301 , 43.4080 , 46.7143 , 46.9280 , 50.0030
(1980-2012)
46.93 747 19,397 48   50.00
Installed Capacity (GWe) 2.8460 , 3.4460 , 4.0300 , 5.2300 , 5.2300 , 5.2300 , 5.5300 , 6.8560 , 7.5780 , 7.6020 , 7.4730 , 6.9080 , 6.9680 , 6.9880 , 6.9880 , 6.9880 , 6.9880 , 6.9920 , 7.5900 , 8.4650 , 9.3650 , 9.3920 , 9.2810 , 9.8560 , 9.8560 , 10.8580 , 10.8580 , 10.9440 , 11.6410 , 12.5790 , 13.3830 , 14.7030 , 14.7048
(1980-2012)
14.70 218 5,315 46   14.70
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Kuwait
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Kuwait
Production 3.9898 , 2.6278 , 1.9445 , 2.5134 , 2.7608 , 2.4400 , 3.3625 , 3.7667 , 3.6275 , 4.3156 , 2.8325 , 0.4295 , 2.4422 , 4.2844 , 4.7271 , 4.8124 , 4.9420 , 4.8472 , 5.0154 , 4.5966 , 5.0356 , 4.8140 , 4.5806 , 5.1420 , 5.7064 , 6.1078 , 6.1251 , 5.9729 , 6.2800 , 5.6817 , 5.6237 , 6.1877 , 6.5021
(1980-2012)
6.188 76 519 18   6.502
Consumption 0.4809 , 0.3521 , 0.3501 , 0.3885 , 0.4067 , 0.4027 , 0.4514 , 0.5390 , 0.6190 , 0.6963 , 0.4464 , 0.2158 , 0.3488 , 0.4138 , 0.5731 , 0.5918 , 0.7494 , 0.7980 , 0.8457 , 0.8607 , 0.9096 , 0.8826 , 0.8876 , 0.9605 , 1.0070 , 1.1468 , 1.1395 , 1.1624 , 1.2258 , 1.2137 , 1.3379 , 1.4983 , 1.5798
(1980-2012)
1.498 31 520 44   1.580
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
6790.7053 , 6133.3087 , 6910.0722 , 7103.5666 , 7065.8873 , 7307.6874 , 7546.1124 , 8330.8209 , 10636.3365 , 9504.1234 , 8255.7177 , 6765.6455 , 5984.3282 , 5307.2887 , 6766.9506 , 8141.2412 , 10247.8139 , 10647.6311 , 10885.7033 , 11280.6610 , 11388.2557 , 11026.7749 , 10764.4298 , 9927.8430 , 9441.8187 , 9721.3271 , 9179.8821 , 8973.0364 , 8933.4615 , 8964.2934 , 9620.1453 , 10292.5208
(1980-2011)
9,620 11,326 7,415 40   10,293
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Kuwait
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Kuwait
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
31.4116 , 23.5975 , 23.1094 , 25.4981 , 26.4926 , 25.6731 , 29.6187 , 33.8675 , 38.4282 , 43.0777 , 27.7397 , 42.4810 , 23.5085 , 30.7097 , 37.4524 , 39.9890 , 49.3175 , 52.8218 , 56.7873 , 56.4929 , 59.4986 , 57.4599 , 56.2294 , 63.4365 , 67.8736 , 76.0541 , 76.6416 , 74.5215 , 78.0987 , 82.2374 , 85.0029 , 100.4619 , 105.6843
(1980-2012)
100.46 1,959 32,155 39   105.68

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013