U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
‹ Countries

Korea, South  

Country Analysis Brief Overview

  • South Korea relies on imports to meet about 97% of its energy demand as a result of insufficient domestic resources, and the country is one of the world's leading energy importers.
  • South Korea has a large oil refining sector, but the country relies almost entirely on crude oil imports to fuel its refineries.
  • South Korea is the second-largest importer of liquefied natural gas in the world behind Japan.
  • Rising coal consumption in South Korea and a negligible production level have caused the country to rely heavily on imports over the past several years.
  • Fossil fuel sources account for more than two-thirds of South Korea's electricity generation.

Read full Korea, South Analysis Brief »

Analysis Last Updated: April 1, 2014


Overview data for Korea, South

+ EXPAND ALL
Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Korea, South
Asia & Oceania
OECD
World
Rank
Korea, South
Total Oil Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , -12.7334 , -9.0202 , -8.1450 , -7.4346 , -9.5639 , -11.7858 , -9.8286 , -20.7430 , -23.5888 , -23.4761 , -23.7454 , -22.3424 , -15.2285 , -0.6944 , 10.6593 , 5.5156 , 14.0113 , 14.7822 , 21.9133 , 14.5888 , 16.9178 , 17.2481 , 28.0154 , 30.0332 , 33.6573 , 54.6500 , 58.4747 , 59.7895 , 61.0436 , 59.7977
(1980-2013)
61.04 9,009 22,534 89,757 58 59.80
Crude Oil Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2013)
0.00 7,674 15,663 75,887 94 0.00
Consumption 537.0000 , 536.0000 , 534.0000 , 561.0000 , 554.0000 , 552.0000 , 592.0000 , 627.0000 , 746.0000 , 860.0000 , 1048.0000 , 1263.0000 , 1527.0000 , 1684.0000 , 1840.0000 , 2008.0000 , 2101.0000 , 2255.0000 , 1917.0000 , 2084.0000 , 2135.3306 , 2132.0411 , 2149.1534 , 2175.3836 , 2155.1202 , 2191.3370 , 2179.9041 , 2240.4805 , 2142.3183 , 2188.4868 , 2268.5181 , 2257.7340 , 2301.0388
(1980-2012)
2,257.73 28,743 46,402 88,744 10 2,301.04
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -537.0000 , -536.0000 , -534.0000 , -561.0000 , -566.7334 , -561.0202 , -600.1450 , -634.4346 , -755.5639 , -871.7858 , -1057.8286 , -1283.7430 , -1550.5888 , -1707.4761 , -1863.7454 , -2030.3424 , -2116.2285 , -2255.6944 , -1906.3407 , -2078.4844 , -2121.3193 , -2117.2589 , -2127.2401 , -2160.7948 , -2138.2024 , -2174.0889 , -2151.8887 , -2210.4473 , -2108.6610 , -2133.8368 , -2210.0434 , -2197.9445 , -2239.9952
(1980-2012)
-2,197.94 -19,749 -24,777 -- 6 -2,240.00
Refinery Capacity 601.0000 , 607.0000 , 755.0000 , 755.0000 , 776.0000 , 776.0000 , 782.0000 , 862.0000 , 820.0000 , 880.0000 , 867.0000 , 867.0000 , 1163.1000 , 1147.1000 , 1147.1000 , 1169.9000 , 1244.0000 , 2211.2500 , 2540.1000 , 2540.1000 , 2540.1000 , 2560.1000 , 2560.1000 , 2560.1000 , 2544.0000 , 2576.5000 , 2576.5000 , 2576.5000 , 2576.5000 , 2606.5000 , 2701.5000 , 2721.5000 , 2759.5000
(1980-2012)
2,722 24,875 45,873 88,097 6 2,760
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2003)
0.00 44 75 1,032 90 0.00
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Korea, South
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Korea, South
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 17.3750 , 15.4680 , 15.2914 , 15.6092 , 26.5216 , 33.5493 , 35.8094 , 37.4339
(1980-2012)
35.81 17,008 116,255 63   37.43
Consumption 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 2.5074 , 74.7619 , 96.5865 , 93.4788 , 106.0000 , 127.0000 , 157.9993 , 205.4274 , 273.4400 , 325.6396 , 442.5676 , 536.2936 , 488.8302 , 598.3421 , 670.9497 , 745.4290 , 822.1332 , 896.2241 , 1021.6276 , 1046.5600 , 1180.1920 , 1194.3886 , 1329.9276 , 1217.3081 , 1582.1826 , 1640.7349 , 1764.1608
(1980-2012)
1,640.73 22,220 116,395 20   1,764.16
Net Export/Imports(-) -106.0000 , -127.0000 , -157.9993 , -205.4274 , -273.4400 , -325.6396 , -442.5676 , -536.2936 , -488.8302 , -598.3421 , -670.9497 , -745.4290 , -822.1332 , -896.2241 , -1021.6276 , -1029.1851 , -1164.7240 , -1179.0972 , -1314.3184 , -1190.7865 , -1548.6334 , -1650.2346 , -1687.6685
(1990-2012)
-1,650.23 -4,825 -- 5   -1,687.67
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.1060 , 0.1060 , 0.1060 , 0.1060 , 0.0710 , 0.0710 , 0.0350 , 0.2500 , 0.1860
(1980-2013)
0.25 505 6,845 78   0.19
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Korea, South
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Korea, South
Production 20.5294 , 21.8974 , 22.1741 , 21.8930 , 23.5564 , 24.8494 , 26.7344 , 26.7575 , 26.7807 , 22.9115 , 18.9785 , 16.5986 , 13.1947 , 10.4091 , 8.1990 , 6.3052 , 5.4575 , 4.9736 , 4.8072 , 4.6264 , 4.5746 , 4.2075 , 3.6575 , 3.6354 , 3.5175 , 3.1217 , 3.1129 , 3.1813 , 3.0567 , 2.7767 , 2.2972 , 2.2972 , 2.3060
(1980-2012)
2.297 5,527 8,440 39   2.306
Consumption 30.7655 , 34.1838 , 34.6655 , 37.7597 , 44.2358 , 49.5224 , 53.8501 , 52.3862 , 53.5933 , 50.6236 , 49.7738 , 48.2402 , 43.0860 , 45.6092 , 46.8504 , 49.2469 , 53.8666 , 57.0545 , 66.0218 , 61.8860 , 70.9800 , 80.0245 , 80.5668 , 82.2677 , 86.0178 , 87.9115 , 89.6367 , 98.2259 , 110.5221 , 114.1499 , 127.4140 , 139.4810 , 136.4821
(1980-2012)
139.481 5,338 8,124 9   136.482
Net Export/Imports(-) -5680.2104 , -8186.8665 , -10131.3437 , -12262.1116 , -14493.1898 , -21572.2333 , -22574.2343 , -22874.0630 , -26185.4063 , -27162.0542 , -26573.4199 , -32462.7918 , -33187.2881 , -39657.8558 , -44480.4680 , -50566.3290 , -51790.9969 , -55786.8756 , -65207.2285 , -57584.7454 , -67944.2676 , -71613.8621 , -75852.2493 , -77583.9804 , -84925.3741 , -81833.3907 , -84122.8914 , -94082.2745 , -107061.9908 , -109873.9871 , -125807.8978 , -138164.8081
(1980-2011)
-125.808 -3 -- 3   -138.165
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Korea, South
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Korea, South
Net Generation 34.4720 , 37.2330 , 39.6700 , 44.9110 , 49.6180 , 53.4680 , 58.8330 , 66.5530 , 76.9070 , 85.7700 , 98.1250 , 110.2070 , 121.5150 , 134.2574 , 170.7677 , 188.8879 , 210.4546 , 229.2212 , 225.0120 , 222.0870 , 271.9933 , 291.3446 , 310.3041 , 323.9238 , 345.7205 , 363.9218 , 379.0653 , 402.3582 , 419.0694 , 426.0048 , 468.2733 , 489.6220 , 494.6991
(1980-2012)
489.62 8,409 21,081 10   494.70
Net Consumption 32.0640 , 34.6570 , 36.9700 , 41.5870 , 46.3270 , 50.1460 , 55.9350 , 63.5460 , 73.3670 , 81.0140 , 94.4920 , 107.4730 , 118.9850 , 126.0654 , 163.2957 , 180.0379 , 199.9506 , 218.2762 , 212.4580 , 212.0190 , 259.5423 , 279.2546 , 296.4001 , 312.8918 , 332.9265 , 350.1938 , 364.4783 , 387.0132 , 402.9634 , 409.2348 , 450.2393 , 472.1920
(1980-2011)
450.24 7,060 18,501 10   472.19
Installed Capacity (GWe) 9.0127 , 9.4127 , 9.8227 , 12.5887 , 13.6647 , 15.9632 , 17.7866 , 17.6853 , 18.5787 , 19.6017 , 19.6250 , 19.7145 , 22.7248 , 26.2577 , 29.2220 , 32.6830 , 38.7450 , 44.7900 , 48.3100 , 50.8690 , 52.9670 , 56.9870 , 58.1710 , 60.8540 , 63.6660 , 66.1710 , 69.8190 , 73.1080 , 79.7900 , 80.5770 , 85.6440 , 84.8740
(1980-2011)
85.64 1,903 5,086 13   84.87
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Korea, South
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Korea, South
Production 0.3811 , 0.4055 , 0.4109 , 0.4679 , 0.5198 , 0.6000 , 0.7434 , 0.8606 , 0.8481 , 0.8708 , 0.8626 , 0.8446 , 0.7872 , 0.7690 , 0.7159 , 0.7719 , 0.8191 , 0.8429 , 0.9756 , 1.1028 , 1.1566 , 1.1805 , 1.2268 , 1.3413 , 1.3439 , 1.4964 , 1.5122 , 1.4638 , 1.5356 , 1.5158 , 1.5334 , 1.5624 , 1.5480
(1980-2012)
1.562 NA NA 35   1.548
Consumption 1.7584 , 1.8223 , 1.8328 , 2.0101 , 2.1348 , 2.3059 , 2.5749 , 2.8163 , 3.1231 , 3.3963 , 3.8413 , 4.3433 , 4.8304 , 5.3918 , 5.8361 , 6.3618 , 6.7457 , 7.3274 , 6.9026 , 7.4717 , 7.8348 , 8.1010 , 8.5125 , 8.7620 , 9.0085 , 9.3321 , 9.4499 , 9.8360 , 9.8871 , 9.9715 , 10.7827 , 11.1607 , 11.3314
(1980-2012)
11.161 NA NA 9   11.331
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
10229.5872 , 9985.8671 , 9357.9341 , 9265.3447 , 9102.4507 , 9205.8220 , 9292.8626 , 9148.2932 , 9168.9897 , 9341.2429 , 9679.0284 , 10004.1677 , 10508.7207 , 11052.2011 , 11022.0276 , 11005.6899 , 10906.4609 , 11320.5249 , 11448.9874 , 11335.5167 , 10940.7513 , 10880.1931 , 10669.9029 , 10683.2641 , 10498.8879 , 10461.9551 , 10072.4676 , 9974.7004 , 9801.2265 , 9853.4006 , 10036.5689 , 10025.3570
(1980-2011)
10,037 7,975 7,452 35   10,025
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Korea, South
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Korea, South
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
131.7355 , 137.9045 , 138.9484 , 148.4895 , 163.6168 , 172.3243 , 180.2992 , 185.6901 , 207.8065 , 219.5069 , 242.1318 , 269.6744 , 293.4606 , 330.6410 , 351.4244 , 381.4337 , 396.9028 , 426.2600 , 380.7515 , 423.5814 , 438.6543 , 450.4483 , 467.9952 , 477.8473 , 485.9100 , 493.8007 , 484.2100 , 503.0997 , 521.7701 , 524.4392 , 581.0996 , 610.9538
(1980-2011)
581.10 13,840 31,502 7   610.95

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

Other briefs related to Korea, South

East China Sea Brief

Related International Information

International Energy Statistics

U.S. Net Petroleum Imports By Country

International Energy Outlook yearly energy projections through 2040

Short Term Energy Outlook monthly energy projections through 2014

Annual Energy Outlook yearly US energy projections through 2040

Sign Up for Email Updates