Kenya - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Kenya  

Country Analysis Note

  • Although Kenya currently produces no crude oil or natural gas, the country is a prospective oil producer as exploration has accelerated recently on the back of successful discoveries.
  • The United Kingdom-based Tullow is leading exploration activities in Kenya's South Lokichar basin. The company consecutively drilled seven successful wells over the past two years, increasing discovered resources for the basin to more than 600 million barrels of oil, according to Tullow's 2013 annual report. The company estimates that Kenya's South Kokichar basin has the potential to produce more than 100,000 barrels per day (bbl/d) of oil, but development studies are still underway.
  • Tullow, also one of the leading companies in Uganda's nascent oil sector, is undertaking a pre-FEED (Front End Engineering Design) study on an export pipeline. The Ugandan and Kenyan governments have agreed to jointly build a pipeline network that transports oil from Uganda and Kenya to Kenya's Lamu Port. There have also been proposals to connect that pipeline to South Sudan's oil fields as an alternative export route.
  • Kenya plays a critical role as a transit country in East Africa because its neighboring countries depend on crude oil and refined products imported at Kenya's Mombasa Port. The Mombasa Port also hosts a 35,000-bbl/d refinery. The refinery operates below capacity and processes Murban heavy crude from Abu Dhabi and other heavy Middle-Eastern crude grades.
  • In October 2013, India's Essar Energy said it planned to sell its 50% share in Kenya Petroleum Refineries Limited to the Kenyan government, which owns the remaining 50% share of the Mombasa refinery. The refinery's future is uncertain as the government is considering taking in a new investor or converting it into a storage plant.
  • In 2012, Kenya imported almost 20,000 bbl/d of crude oil almost entirely from the United Arab Emirates, according to the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. Preliminary data suggest that Kenya's crude imports significantly dropped to an average of 12,000 bbl/d from January to November 2013, down from more than 35,000 bbl/d in 2011 because of refinery problems.
  • Kenya imported 66,000 bbl/d of refined oil products in 2012, 10,000 bbl/d more than the previous year. Product imports come mostly from India and Persian Gulf countries. Kenya has a product pipeline system that transports petroleum products from Mombasa to inland areas. Most of the imported and domestically refined products are sold in Kenya's major cities, and the remainder is sent to neighboring countries via trucks.
  • According to the World Bank's latest data, 18% of Kenya's population has access to electricity. Electricity net generation was 7.6 billion kilowatthours (KWh) in 2011, of which 68% derived from renewable sources (hydro, geothermal, biomass, and wind) and 32% from fossil-fuel sources. The vast majority of the population relies on traditional biomass and waste (typically consisting of wood, charcoal, manure, and crop residues) for household heating and cooking.
  • Kenya is one of two countries (including Ethiopia) that produce geothermal energy in Africa. In 2011, geothermal accounted for 19% of Kenya's total electricity net generation, and geothermal installed capacity was 200 megawatts. The country has the potential to produce 10,000 megawatts of geothermal-powered electricity, according to Kenya's state-owned Geothermal Development Company.

Analysis Last Updated: April 2014


Overview data for Kenya

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Kenya
Africa
World
Rank
    
Kenya
Total Oil Production 1.0000 , 1.0000 , 1.0000 , 1.0000 , 1.0000 , 1.0000 , -0.1497 , -0.0807 , -0.0831 , -0.0287 , -0.1002 , -0.1310 , -0.1072 , -0.1529 , -0.0634 , 0.0295 , 0.0059 , -0.0517 , 0.0110 , -0.0153 , -0.0548 , -0.0918 , -0.1656 , -0.0799 , -0.2632 , -0.1609 , -0.3176 , -0.1361 , -0.1618 , -0.1674 , -0.0581 , -0.0581 , -0.0581
(1980-2012)
0.00 9,327 87,573 131   0.00
Crude Oil Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.00 8,530 74,199 93   0.00
Consumption 40.9000 , 39.0000 , 39.0000 , 37.0000 , 36.0000 , 37.0000 , 39.1980 , 34.5239 , 38.2657 , 41.7840 , 41.9801 , 36.7409 , 40.5751 , 41.8740 , 43.7919 , 46.2278 , 48.2206 , 44.0192 , 51.3334 , 52.2448 , 56.8009 , 51.9274 , 51.1724 , 54.2029 , 59.1777 , 65.8089 , 73.1540 , 73.0564 , 67.8197 , 75.6433 , 79.8450 , 81.0000 , 81.4468
(1980-2012)
81.00 3,297 88,744 80   81.45 E
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -39.9000 , -38.0000 , -38.0000 , -36.0000 , -35.0000 , -36.0000 , -39.3477 , -34.6047 , -38.3488 , -41.8127 , -42.0803 , -36.8719 , -40.6824 , -42.0268 , -43.8554 , -46.1983 , -48.2147 , -44.0709 , -51.3224 , -52.2601 , -56.8557 , -52.0193 , -51.3380 , -54.2828 , -59.4410 , -65.9698 , -73.4716 , -73.1926 , -67.9815 , -75.8107 , -79.9031 , -81.0581 , -81.5049
(1980-2012)
-81.06 6,030 -- 50   -81.50
Refinery Capacity 95.0000 , 95.0000 , 79.0000 , 79.0000 , 79.0000 , 95.0000 , 95.0000 , 95.0000 , 90.0000 , 90.0000 , 95.0000 , 90.0000 , 90.0000 , 90.0000 , 90.0000 , 90.0000 , 90.0000 , 85.5000 , 85.5000 , 90.0000 , 70.0000 , 90.0000 , 90.0000 , 90.0000 , 85.5000 , 85.5000 , 85.5000 , 85.5000 , 90.0000 , 90.0000 , 90.0000 , 90.0000 , 90.0000
(1980-2012)
90 3,220 88,097 79   90
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2013)
0.00 124 1,526 91   0.00
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Kenya
Africa
World
Rank
 
Kenya
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.00 7,124 116,255 93   0.00
Consumption 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.00 3,909 116,395 111   0.00
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1990-2012)
0.00 3,215 -- 64   0.00
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2013)
0.00 546 6,845 94   0.00
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Kenya
Africa
World
Rank
 
Kenya
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2011)
0.000 286 7,934 66   0.000
Consumption 0.0198 , 0.0992 , 0.0364 , 0.1014 , 0.1312 , 0.0959 , 0.0948 , 0.1014 , 0.1257 , 0.1455 , 0.1676 , 0.1466 , 0.1753 , 0.1455 , 0.1367 , 0.1069 , 0.0981 , 0.1014 , 0.0816 , 0.0794 , 0.0728 , 0.0728 , 0.1091 , 0.1014 , 0.1190 , 0.0981 , 0.1323 , 0.1213 , 0.1202 , 0.1047 , 0.1102 , 0.1069
(1980-2011)
0.110 223 7,751 96   0.107
Net Export/Imports(-) -19.8416 , -99.2080 , -36.3763 , -101.4126 , -131.1751 , -95.9011 , -94.7988 , -101.4126 , -125.6635 , -145.5051 , -167.5513 , -146.6074 , -175.2675 , -145.5051 , -136.6866 , -106.9242 , -98.1057 , -101.4126 , -81.5710 , -79.3664 , -72.7525 , -72.7525 , -109.1288 , -101.4126 , -119.0496 , -98.1057 , -132.2774 , -121.2542 , -120.1519 , -104.7196 , -110.2311 , -106.9242
(1980-2011)
-0.110 64 -- 67   -0.107
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Kenya
Africa
World
Rank
 
Kenya
Net Generation 1.5850 , 1.8557 , 1.9084 , 2.3172 , 2.3449 , 2.5876 , 2.4232 , 2.5709 , 2.9686 , 3.0353 , 3.2556 , 3.3950 , 3.3920 , 3.5785 , 3.6160 , 4.0350 , 4.2180 , 4.4140 , 4.5350 , 4.3140 , 4.0536 , 4.5925 , 4.7516 , 5.0980 , 5.4534 , 5.8623 , 6.3243 , 6.5196 , 6.5974 , 6.6663 , 7.3298 , 7.6180
(1980-2011)
7.33 638 20,254 104   7.62
Net Consumption 1.6620 , 1.7937 , 1.8364 , 2.2022 , 2.2819 , 2.4926 , 2.3232 , 2.3799 , 2.6036 , 2.6923 , 2.8796 , 2.9980 , 2.9940 , 3.2855 , 3.3110 , 3.4550 , 3.6040 , 3.6100 , 3.7360 , 3.4550 , 3.3966 , 3.8475 , 3.9366 , 4.2280 , 4.5694 , 4.7509 , 5.1613 , 5.4376 , 5.5434 , 5.6093 , 6.1498 , 6.2840
(1980-2011)
6.15 562 18,501 107   6.28
Installed Capacity (GWe) 0.5410 , 0.5560 , 0.5440 , 0.5440 , 0.5590 , 0.5590 , 0.5750 , 0.5750 , 0.7190 , 0.7226 , 0.8291 , 0.8050 , 0.8050 , 0.8050 , 0.8080 , 0.8090 , 0.8090 , 0.8620 , 0.8670 , 1.0165 , 1.0485 , 1.1290 , 1.1510 , 1.2070 , 1.3092 , 1.4174 , 1.4324 , 1.2694 , 1.6514 , 1.6794 , 1.7705 , 1.8165
(1980-2011)
1.77 135 5,086 108   1.82
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Kenya
Africa
World
Rank
 
Kenya
Production 0.0123 , 0.0161 , 0.0169 , 0.0196 , 0.0193 , 0.0224 , 0.0233 , 0.0242 , 0.0287 , 0.0306 , 0.0316 , 0.0339 , 0.0337 , 0.0356 , 0.0353 , 0.0376 , 0.0397 , 0.0379 , 0.0383 , 0.0298 , 0.0210 , 0.0328 , 0.0386 , 0.0443 , 0.0420 , 0.0432 , 0.0454 , 0.0473 , 0.0425 , 0.0373 , 0.0505
(1980-2010)
.037 36 487 117   0.051
Consumption 0.0991 , 0.1019 , 0.1009 , 0.1004 , 0.0991 , 0.1032 , 0.1095 , 0.1005 , 0.1132 , 0.1221 , 0.1243 , 0.1150 , 0.1236 , 0.1218 , 0.1325 , 0.1378 , 0.1434 , 0.1341 , 0.1481 , 0.1414 , 0.1422 , 0.1441 , 0.1493 , 0.1612 , 0.1687 , 0.1830 , 0.2010 , 0.2022 , 0.1884 , 0.1976 , 0.2199
(1980-2010)
0.198 16 488 100   0.220
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
3410.9913 , 3334.3260 , 3161.5508 , 3102.7948 , 3008.5148 , 3004.3056 , 2974.7768 , 2578.3133 , 2734.1590 , 2816.4968 , 2751.9893 , 2509.6240 , 2720.2220 , 2670.7120 , 2830.1291 , 2819.1506 , 2817.0084 , 2627.3748 , 2808.0667 , 2625.1571 , 2628.0543 , 2549.1887 , 2626.2751 , 2754.4408 , 2743.7348 , 2809.1331 , 2902.4584 , 2727.2880 , 2501.9642 , 2558.0763 , 2695.4417
(1980-2010)
2,558 5,405 7,461 164   2,695
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Kenya
Africa
World
Rank
 
Kenya
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
5.7514 , 5.7851 , 5.6661 , 5.5003 , 5.3896 , 5.4767 , 6.2133 , 5.4919 , 6.0091 , 6.5719 , 6.6623 , 5.8286 , 6.5645 , 6.6947 , 7.0923 , 7.1752 , 7.4874 , 6.9509 , 7.8601 , 8.0981 , 8.6995 , 7.9730 , 7.9357 , 8.3590 , 9.2087 , 10.1393 , 11.3230 , 11.2011 , 11.0406 , 11.6110 , 12.3055 , 12.6242
(1980-2011)
12.31 1,155 31,502 93   12.62

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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