U.S. Energy Information Administration - EIA - Independent Statistics and Analysis
Country Analysis Note
- Although Kenya currently produces no crude oil or natural gas, the country is a prospective oil producer as exploration has accelerated recently on the back of successful discoveries.
- The United Kingdom-based Tullow is leading exploration activities in Kenya's South Lokichar basin. The company consecutively drilled seven successful wells over the past two years, increasing discovered resources for the basin to more than 600 million barrels of oil, according to Tullow's 2013 annual report. The company estimates that Kenya's South Kokichar basin has the potential to produce more than 100,000 barrels per day (bbl/d) of oil, but development studies are still underway.
- Tullow, also one of the leading companies in Uganda's nascent oil sector, is undertaking a pre-FEED (Front End Engineering Design) study on an export pipeline. The Ugandan and Kenyan governments have agreed to jointly build a pipeline network that transports oil from Uganda and Kenya to Kenya's Lamu Port. There have also been proposals to connect that pipeline to South Sudan's oil fields as an alternative export route.
- Kenya plays a critical role as a transit country in East Africa because its neighboring countries depend on crude oil and refined products imported at Kenya's Mombasa Port. The Mombasa Port also hosts a 35,000-bbl/d refinery. The refinery operates below capacity and processes Murban heavy crude from Abu Dhabi and other heavy Middle-Eastern crude grades.
- In October 2013, India's Essar Energy said it planned to sell its 50% share in Kenya Petroleum Refineries Limited to the Kenyan government, which owns the remaining 50% share of the Mombasa refinery. The refinery's future is uncertain as the government is considering taking in a new investor or converting it into a storage plant.
- In 2012, Kenya imported almost 20,000 bbl/d of crude oil almost entirely from the United Arab Emirates, according to the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. Preliminary data suggest that Kenya's crude imports significantly dropped to an average of 12,000 bbl/d from January to November 2013, down from more than 35,000 bbl/d in 2011 because of refinery problems.
- Kenya imported 66,000 bbl/d of refined oil products in 2012, 10,000 bbl/d more than the previous year. Product imports come mostly from India and Persian Gulf countries. Kenya has a product pipeline system that transports petroleum products from Mombasa to inland areas. Most of the imported and domestically refined products are sold in Kenya's major cities, and the remainder is sent to neighboring countries via trucks.
- According to the World Bank's latest data, 18% of Kenya's population has access to electricity. Electricity net generation was 7.6 billion kilowatthours (KWh) in 2011, of which 68% derived from renewable sources (hydro, geothermal, biomass, and wind) and 32% from fossil-fuel sources. The vast majority of the population relies on traditional biomass and waste (typically consisting of wood, charcoal, manure, and crop residues) for household heating and cooking.
- Kenya is one of two countries (including Ethiopia) that produce geothermal energy in Africa. In 2011, geothermal accounted for 19% of Kenya's total electricity net generation, and geothermal installed capacity was 200 megawatts. The country has the potential to produce 10,000 megawatts of geothermal-powered electricity, according to Kenya's state-owned Geothermal Development Company.
Analysis Last Updated: April 2014
Overview data for Kenya+ EXPAND ALL
-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.
Data last updated: May 30, 2013
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