U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Italy  

Country Analysis Note

  • As a net importer of oil and natural gas, Italy is heavily dependent on imports to meet its energy needs. Net imports of petroleum and other liquids were over 1.1 million barrels per day (bbl/d) in 2013. Italy's main crude oil suppliers are Libya, Azerbaijan, Saudi Arabia, and Russia.
  • Italy is a major refining center in Europe and a significant exporter of refined products. Italy has the second largest crude oil refining capacity in the European Union after Germany, with a total capacity of nearly 2.1 million bbl/d from fifteen crude oil refineries, according to Oil & Gas Journal (OGJ). However, Italian refineries are at risk of closing in the next few years because of declining domestic consumption of petroleum products and competition from Asia.
  • Italy is the second largest natural gas importer in Europe, after Germany. Natural gas imports were around 2.2 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) in 2013, while dry natural gas production that same year totaled 273 billion cubic feet. The majority of Italy's natural gas imports come from Algeria and Russia via pipelines. Imported gas from Russia accounted for 36% of Italy's natural gas consumption in 2013.
  • A significant portion of Italy's imported natural gas comes from Algeria and Libya through the Trans-Mediterranean (also known as Enrico Mattei) and Greenstream pipelines, respectively.
  • Gazprom continues to consider Italy along with Austria as a potential end-point of Russia's South Stream natural gas pipeline project, designed to be an alternative to natural gas exports via Ukraine.
  • Liquefied natural gas (LNG) accounted for about 8% of Italy's total natural gas supply, mostly from Qatar. Italy has 3 LNG terminals, although they have a total utilization rate of only 45%.
  • Italy has the sixth-largest proved natural gas reserves in Europe with 2.1 Tcf, and the fifth-largest proved reserves of crude oil in Europe with 560 million barrels as of January 1, 2014, according to OGJ.
  • Italy enacted an offshore drilling ban in 2010, following the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the United States Gulf of Mexico. Since then, Italy has lifted the ban for certain offshore projects, although the government continues to ban drilling in certain areas near the coast.
  • The government's National Energy Strategy calls for renewables to provide 23% of primary energy consumption by 2020, up from 13% in 2012.

Analysis Last Updated: July 2014


Overview data for Italy

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Italy
Europe
OECD
World
Rank
Italy
Total Oil Production 68.0000 , 68.0000 , 65.0000 , 78.0000 , 82.0000 , 84.0000 , 67.0869 , 85.0216 , 108.8668 , 101.5942 , 109.3815 , 104.1681 , 112.4384 , 112.8948 , 118.4608 , 126.3934 , 136.1958 , 148.7716 , 143.7869 , 122.0884 , 134.5218 , 122.2401 , 129.8389 , 142.8893 , 153.2107 , 164.8136 , 166.5321 , 168.6095 , 160.7857 , 145.5256 , 156.1428 , 152.7214 , 154.5105 , 162.3187
(1980-2013)
154.51 3,979 22,543 89,755 44 162.32
Crude Oil Production 38.0000 , 37.0000 , 35.0000 , 45.0000 , 45.0000 , 45.0000 , 49.0000 , 67.0000 , 90.0000 , 82.0000 , 87.0000 , 80.0000 , 83.3600 , 82.7240 , 86.2470 , 93.3700 , 101.0984 , 111.5890 , 106.9534 , 82.0000 , 90.0000 , 78.4600 , 85.3616 , 95.8493 , 104.1667 , 114.6082 , 110.3425 , 107.9370 , 99.4508 , 82.7808 , 96.0055 , 99.1781 , 100.9672 , 101.7753
(1980-2013)
100.97 3,116 15,672 75,956 43 101.78
Consumption 1934.0000 , 1874.0000 , 1781.0000 , 1750.0000 , 1720.0000 , 1705.0000 , 1734.0000 , 1815.0000 , 1829.0000 , 1897.0000 , 1868.0000 , 1856.0000 , 1894.0000 , 1891.0000 , 1869.0000 , 1942.0000 , 1920.0000 , 1934.0000 , 1943.0000 , 1891.0000 , 1853.7678 , 1832.4438 , 1870.1315 , 1859.6548 , 1828.9235 , 1780.5699 , 1776.5863 , 1728.6808 , 1666.7658 , 1544.2414 , 1544.2282 , 1493.8321 , 1370.1197 , 1315.1203
(1980-2013)
1,370.12 14,447 45,822 89,128 16 1,315.12
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -1866.0000 , -1806.0000 , -1716.0000 , -1672.0000 , -1638.0000 , -1621.0000 , -1666.9131 , -1729.9784 , -1720.1332 , -1795.4058 , -1758.6185 , -1751.8319 , -1781.5616 , -1778.1052 , -1750.5392 , -1815.6066 , -1783.8042 , -1785.2284 , -1799.2131 , -1768.9116 , -1719.2460 , -1710.2037 , -1740.2926 , -1716.7655 , -1675.7128 , -1615.7563 , -1610.0542 , -1560.0713 , -1505.9801 , -1398.7158 , -1388.0854 , -1341.1107 , -1215.6092 , -1152.8016
(1980-2013)
-1,215.61 -10,467 -23,279 -- 206 -1,152.80
Refinery Capacity 4131.0000 , 4092.0000 , 4003.0000 , 3283.0000 , 3050.0000 , 3095.0000 , 2738.0000 , 2679.0000 , 2563.0000 , 2450.0000 , 2804.0000 , 2385.0000 , 2386.3580 , 2420.3580 , 2262.0000 , 2259.8180 , 2284.4980 , 2261.8180 , 2453.4180 , 2446.2180 , 2340.6000 , 2359.1000 , 2282.8000 , 2300.8000 , 2313.4150 , 2320.9150 , 2324.4090 , 2337.2290 , 2337.2290 , 2337.2290 , 2337.2290 , 2337.2290 , 2337.2290
(1980-2012)
2,337 16,787 45,873 88,097 8 2,337
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.6450 , 0.6400 , 0.6250 , 0.7030 , 0.8000 , 0.8000 , 0.7400 , 0.7218 , 0.7390 , 0.7390 , 0.7271 , 0.6935 , 0.6922 , 0.7470 , 0.6205 , 0.6205 , 0.6205 , 0.6846 , 0.7293 , 0.6218 , 0.6218 , 0.6218 , 0.6218 , 0.6217 , 0.6217 , 0.6217 , 0.6217 , 0.6000 , 0.4065 , 0.4065 , 0.4237 , 0.4764 , 0.5232 , 0.5213 , 0.5605
(1980-2014)
0.52 12 227 1,646 45 0.56
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Italy
Europe
World
Rank
 
Italy
Production 442.5323 , 495.9285 , 515.2105 , 461.4611 , 488.6183 , 503.0622 , 563.7333 , 576.4821 , 587.4297 , 599.5781 , 611.0000 , 614.0000 , 640.9673 , 690.7261 , 728.8000 , 719.8600 , 707.5007 , 680.4141 , 671.3028 , 617.1649 , 587.3944 , 538.2712 , 516.4112 , 490.3488 , 457.7177 , 426.2874 , 387.7234 , 342.7674 , 326.8403 , 282.9791 , 296.8579 , 298.3764 , 303.8856 , 273.1615
(1980-2013)
303.89 10,183 118,866 43   273.16
Consumption 972.0101 , 942.4867 , 944.3584 , 967.2072 , 1134.8475 , 1150.9865 , 1216.6724 , 1345.9253 , 1460.2753 , 1581.2291 , 1674.0000 , 1775.0000 , 1760.3115 , 1800.9900 , 1748.1300 , 1920.6100 , 1984.1380 , 2047.5637 , 2204.5389 , 2396.0874 , 2498.3597 , 2505.2108 , 2488.2243 , 2743.3045 , 2846.7068 , 3046.4485 , 2983.5171 , 2998.1376 , 2997.6431 , 2755.4176 , 2934.5706 , 2751.6389 , 2645.6232 , 2474.4867
(1980-2013)
2,645.62 18,684 120,017 9   2,474.49
Net Export/Imports(-) -1075.0000 , -1165.0000 , -1197.9907 , -1134.0800 , -1028.4700 , -1210.4600 , -1308.1735 , -1378.8035 , -1504.3837 , -1745.7264 , -2026.9751 , -1932.1896 , -2092.0253 , -2204.1151 , -2384.2216 , -2580.2552 , -2720.3145 , -2609.1428 , -2707.1420 , -2441.1494 , -2656.1471 , -2480.7022 , -2386.7996 , -2180.2775
(1990-2013)
-2,386.80 -8,275 -- 5   -2,180.28
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
3.5000 , 3.5000 , 3.6500 , 4.3200 , 4.3400 , 4.3600 , 5.0000 , 8.0000 , 10.2000 , 10.2400 , 11.6930 , 11.6240 , 11.3700 , 12.9960 , 10.6650 , 13.2000 , 13.2000 , 10.5060 , 10.5060 , 8.0720 , 8.0720 , 8.0720 , 8.0720 , 8.0000 , 8.0000 , 8.0000 , 8.0000 , 5.8000 , 3.3250 , 3.3250 , 2.4660 , 2.2450 , 2.3310 , 2.2020 , 2.0990
(1980-2014)
2.20 146 6,846 59   2.10
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Italy
Europe
World
Rank
 
Italy
Production 1.4220 , 1.3426 , 2.1043 , 1.9335 , 1.9687 , 2.1043 , 1.1244 , 1.0725 , 1.1464 , 1.1839 , 1.1177 , 1.0593 , 0.9094 , 0.6945 , 0.2998 , 0.1896 , 0.1510 , 0.2381 , 0.2083 , 0.1268 , 0.0154 , 0.1532 , 0.1797 , 0.2756 , 0.1080 , 0.1047 , 0.0231 , 0.1742 , 0.1290 , 0.0794 , 0.1113 , 0.1014 , 0.0882
(1980-2012)
0.101 779 8,444 59   0.088
Consumption 19.2442 , 20.8888 , 22.7418 , 20.1359 , 24.6719 , 26.8755 , 23.5641 , 24.7138 , 23.3668 , 23.0890 , 24.7722 , 23.1816 , 20.3696 , 17.7252 , 18.7117 , 19.9662 , 18.3193 , 18.4340 , 19.2618 , 19.2100 , 20.4809 , 21.9040 , 22.7473 , 24.7546 , 27.7948 , 27.4972 , 27.7970 , 27.9745 , 27.2039 , 21.0575 , 23.3701 , 26.4191 , 26.0818
(1980-2012)
26.419 1,023 8,285 28   26.082
Net Export/Imports(-) -18126.4080 , -20269.3013 , -21400.2727 , -18933.2999 , -22358.1813 , -24215.5759 , -22653.6007 , -23588.3608 , -21652.7020 , -22790.2874 , -22588.5644 , -22361.4882 , -19740.1918 , -15931.7061 , -17582.9685 , -21069.5793 , -18571.7418 , -17257.7866 , -18734.8839 , -19230.9240 , -21393.6589 , -22095.8312 , -21784.9794 , -24228.8037 , -28127.6790 , -27311.9686 , -27706.5960 , -27742.9723 , -27659.1966 , -20552.5953 , -23620.3278 , -25378.5144 , -26270.2843
(1980-2012)
-25.379 -239 -- 9   -26.270
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Italy
Europe
World
Rank
 
Italy
Net Generation 175.4130 , 169.7610 , 173.0300 , 170.4400 , 169.8760 , 171.8610 , 178.3410 , 187.6070 , 173.7510 , 195.2898 , 200.8110 , 206.4490 , 210.9830 , 207.4010 , 216.1090 , 223.3940 , 225.2300 , 231.6800 , 237.9420 , 243.2580 , 253.2183 , 255.2507 , 259.7992 , 264.8928 , 277.3016 , 278.1547 , 288.7085 , 289.4176 , 295.0151 , 272.7467 , 283.1889 , 286.3490 , 286.1763
(1980-2012)
286.35 3,558 21,081 12   286.18
Net Consumption 164.8910 , 163.0870 , 165.7230 , 164.8540 , 174.1550 , 178.0660 , 183.5510 , 193.5490 , 186.8490 , 211.8418 , 219.0070 , 224.4290 , 229.5080 , 229.1830 , 236.6530 , 243.3070 , 245.6880 , 252.7980 , 260.1560 , 266.6970 , 278.3623 , 284.2717 , 290.6142 , 294.9718 , 302.0686 , 306.6837 , 313.7675 , 314.7246 , 314.6061 , 297.3537 , 306.7789 , 311.2330
(1980-2011)
306.78 3,351 18,501 12   311.23
Installed Capacity (GWe) 46.6730 , 47.7250 , 49.9050 , 51.3800 , 53.9360 , 55.5740 , 55.0980 , 56.1410 , 56.6120 , 56.1970 , 56.5550 , 57.8800 , 61.5610 , 63.4330 , 64.0820 , 65.8360 , 68.1970 , 70.2680 , 72.3700 , 73.7050 , 75.3520 , 76.0010 , 76.4150 , 78.1280 , 81.3360 , 85.2650 , 89.1810 , 93.2850 , 98.3110 , 101.1340 , 106.1880 , 118.2200
(1980-2011)
106.19 986 5,086 10   118.22
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Italy
Europe
World
Rank
 
Italy
Production 1.0847 , 1.1170 , 1.1661 , 1.1184 , 1.1659 , 1.1667 , 1.2536 , 1.1919 , 1.2634 , 1.1880 , 1.1870 , 1.2849 , 1.3179 , 1.3477 , 1.4214 , 1.3584 , 1.4283 , 1.4202 , 1.4040 , 1.3449 , 1.3245 , 1.2952 , 1.2201 , 1.1806 , 1.2555 , 1.1917 , 1.1600 , 1.0826 , 1.1474 , 1.1659 , 1.2890 , 1.3589 , 1.4666
(1980-2012)
1.359 44 518 46   1.467
Consumption 6.1172 , 6.0011 , 5.8596 , 5.7512 , 6.0108 , 6.0278 , 6.1078 , 6.3310 , 6.4862 , 6.6755 , 6.7237 , 6.8751 , 6.8377 , 6.8258 , 6.7324 , 7.0442 , 7.0728 , 7.1778 , 7.3822 , 7.5083 , 7.5819 , 7.6230 , 7.6532 , 7.9047 , 8.0897 , 8.1290 , 8.0748 , 7.9662 , 7.9043 , 7.3530 , 7.6616 , 7.4955 , 7.1843
(1980-2012)
7.495 82 520 15   7.184
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
5818.1896 , 5662.5790 , 5482.9595 , 5552.2177 , 5414.1735 , 5327.7602 , 5363.8071 , 5268.7592 , 5240.4286 , 5177.1579 , 5213.8666 , 5152.1690 , 5189.3880 , 5004.4159 , 5088.4944 , 5059.8156 , 5036.9392 , 5114.4327 , 5128.5534 , 4985.6255 , 4926.6545 , 4923.8320 , 5082.8851 , 5132.3537 , 5116.3754 , 4977.3431 , 4843.9345 , 4870.8578 , 4781.4865 , 4920.7262 , 4784.9628
(1981-2011)
4,921 5,497 7,401 112   4,785
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Italy
Europe
World
Rank
 
Italy
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
371.7888 , 365.7396 , 355.3060 , 346.3353 , 350.6664 , 365.7391 , 371.4873 , 391.8336 , 397.0392 , 412.4984 , 415.4090 , 416.4426 , 415.1003 , 412.1997 , 403.7363 , 431.4346 , 423.4916 , 423.9895 , 440.8473 , 440.5825 , 447.7229 , 444.8070 , 451.8268 , 472.2236 , 468.9252 , 471.8854 , 467.4860 , 459.5288 , 449.7486 , 407.6301 , 416.8183 , 400.9392
(1980-2011)
416.82 4,375 31,502 16   400.94

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013


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