Cuba - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Cuba  

Country Analysis Note

  • As a net oil importer, Cuba produced an estimated 49,000 barrels per day (bbl/d) of petroleum and other liquids in 2014 and consumed 171,000 bbl/d. Cuba imports most of its oil supply from Venezuela, which provides crude oil at a heavily subsidized rate under a 2000 energy agreement. According to Brookings Institute, Cuba received more than100,000 bbl/d of crude oil and oil products from Venezuela in 2011.
  • As of January 2015, Cuba had 124 million barrels of proven crude oil reserves, according to Oil and Gas Journal (OGJ). The prospects of finding oil in the deep waters off the northern coast of Cuba attracted many oil and gas companies from around the world. However, due to geological and technological challenges, offshore deepwater exploration activity has so far yielded no results. Exploration in Cuba has now shifted onshore, to areas along Cuba’s northern coast. Russia’s Rosneft and the China National Petroleum Company (CNPC) signed agreements in 2014 that would expand production in this area, which contains primarily heavy crudes. Companies that have pursued exploration activities in Cuba in the past include Brazil's Petrobras, Spain's Repsol S.A., Malaysia's Petronas, Russia’s Zarubezhneft, and Venezuela's Petroleos de Venezuela S.A. (PdVSA), according to the Wall Street Journal.
  • Cuba has four refineries, all of which are owned by Cuba Petroleos, the state-owned oil and natural gas company. Total crude oil distillation capacity was 301,400 bbl/d in January 2015, according to OGJ.
  • The largest of the four refineries, Niko Lopes, has a crude oil distillation capacity of 121,800 bbl/d. The Cienfuegos refinery was revived in 2007 because of an agreement between the Cuban state-owned Cubapetroleo (Cupet) and PdVSA. The refinery processes only Venezuelan crude oil and has a capacity of 76,000 bbl/d.
  • In an effort to diversify its energy portfolio, Cuba has set a goal of producing 24% of its electricity from renewable sources by 2030. To meet this goal, Unión Eléctrica, the state-owned power company, is planning 13 wind projects with a total capacity of 633 MW. In addition, Cuba plans to add 755 MW of biomass-fired capacity, 700 MW of solar capacity, and 56 MW of hydroelectric power.

Analysis Last Updated: January 2015


Overview data for Cuba

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Cuba
Central & South America
World
Rank
    
Cuba
Total Oil Production 6.0000 , 9.0000 , 11.0000 , 13.0000 , 16.0000 , 19.0000 , 17.0501 , 16.8731 , 13.2835 , 12.8340 , 12.2176 , 11.9598 , 16.4647 , 19.4102 , 24.2704 , 25.9978 , 31.2110 , 33.1788 , 34.7575 , 40.8203 , 43.8780 , 51.4624 , 48.5440 , 56.2755 , 59.2131 , 53.4552 , 52.2497 , 51.6339 , 50.6991 , 46.3420 , 51.5276 , 53.7276 , 50.8041 , 48.7276
(1980-2013)
50.80 8,001 90,457 63   48.73
Crude Oil Production 5.0000 , 8.0000 , 10.0000 , 12.0000 , 15.0000 , 17.0000 , 18.0000 , 18.0000 , 15.0000 , 15.0000 , 14.3000 , 14.0000 , 16.4930 , 19.5000 , 24.1800 , 26.0000 , 30.0000 , 30.2930 , 31.4960 , 38.0000 , 41.0000 , 50.0000 , 47.2959 , 55.1671 , 57.9300 , 52.2690 , 51.6440 , 50.5390 , 52.2460 , 48.2350 , 53.0000 , 55.0000 , 52.0765 , 50.0000
(1980-2013)
52.08 6,839 76,160 54   50.00
Consumption 202.5000 , 207.0000 , 223.5000 , 205.6000 , 212.8000 , 217.2759 , 222.9118 , 218.6137 , 221.1778 , 224.8023 , 219.5498 , 203.6700 , 180.0000 , 179.4518 , 182.9525 , 187.4117 , 192.4182 , 200.0022 , 194.0049 , 194.9976 , 195.0010 , 203.5987 , 201.5136 , 204.8451 , 228.5007 , 198.0354 , 157.0871 , 161.3125 , 141.3966 , 169.5506 , 163.9392 , 178.0000 , 170.9058 , 170.8900
(1980-2013)
170.91 6,835 89,721 62   170.89
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -196.5000 , -198.0000 , -212.5000 , -192.6000 , -196.8000 , -198.2759 , -205.8617 , -201.7406 , -207.8942 , -211.9683 , -207.3322 , -191.7102 , -163.5353 , -160.0415 , -158.6821 , -161.4139 , -161.2072 , -166.8234 , -159.2474 , -154.1773 , -151.1230 , -152.1363 , -152.9696 , -148.5696 , -169.2876 , -144.5802 , -104.8374 , -109.6786 , -90.6975 , -123.2085 , -112.4115 , -124.2724 , -120.1017 , -122.1624
(1980-2013)
-120.10 1,166 -- 176   -122.16
Refinery Capacity 280.0000 , 280.0000 , 280.0000 , 280.0000 , 301.4000 , 301.4000 , 301.4000 , 301.4000 , 301.4000 , 301.4000 , 301.4000 , 301.4000 , 301.4000 , 301.4000 , 301.4000 , 301.4000 , 301.4000 , 301.4000 , 301.4000 , 301.4000 , 301.4000
(1992-2012)
301 6,582 88,097 49   301
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.1000 , 0.1000 , 0.1000 , 0.1000 , 0.1000 , 0.1000 , 0.1000 , 0.2550 , 0.2835 , 0.2835 , 0.2835 , 0.7500 , 0.7500 , 0.7500 , 0.7500 , 0.7500 , 0.1240 , 0.1240 , 0.1240 , 0.1240 , 0.1240 , 0.1240 , 0.1240 , 0.1240 , 0.1240
(1991-2015)
0.12 328 1,656 63   0.12
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Cuba
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Cuba
Production 0.5900 , 0.3100 , 0.3100 , 0.2700 , 0.1200 , 0.2400 , 0.2000 , 0.7800 , 0.7100 , 1.1000 , 1.1400 , 1.1800 , 1.2200 , 1.2500 , 1.2200 , 1.4484 , 1.5185 , 26.4863 , 14.1260 , 17.6575 , 21.1890 , 10.5945 , 12.3603 , 13.0666 , 13.0666 , 14.1260 , 14.1260 , 21.1890 , 40.9654 , 40.9654 , 37.7871 , 36.3745 , 35.1737
(1980-2012)
36.37 5,498 116,255 62   35.17
Consumption 0.5900 , 0.3100 , 0.3100 , 0.2700 , 0.1200 , 0.2400 , 0.2000 , 0.7800 , 0.7100 , 1.1000 , 1.1400 , 1.1800 , 1.2200 , 1.2500 , 1.2200 , 1.4484 , 1.5185 , 26.4863 , 14.1260 , 17.6575 , 21.1890 , 10.5945 , 12.3603 , 13.0666 , 13.0666 , 14.1260 , 14.1260 , 21.1890 , 40.9654 , 40.9654 , 37.7871 , 36.3745 , 35.3150
(1980-2012)
36.37 5,032 116,395 87   35.32
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1990-2012)
0.00 471 -- 64   0.00
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
0.7060 , 0.1000 , 0.1000 , 0.1000 , 0.1000 , 0.1000 , 0.1000 , 0.1000 , 0.4460 , 0.6360 , 0.6360 , 0.6360 , 2.5000 , 2.5000 , 2.5000 , 2.5000 , 2.5000 , 2.5000 , 2.5000 , 2.5000 , 2.5000 , 2.5000 , 2.5000 , 2.5000 , 2.5000 , 2.5000
(1990-2015)
2.50 278 6,973 57   2.50
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Cuba
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Cuba
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 104 8,444 68   0.000
Consumption 0.1742 , 0.1753 , 0.1698 , 0.1742 , 0.1841 , 0.1510 , 0.1896 , 0.2028 , 0.1984 , 0.2535 , 0.2392 , 0.1257 , 0.0740 , 0.0927 , 0.1185 , 0.1085 , 0.0427 , 0.0337 , 0.0379 , 0.0401 , 0.0418 , 0.0283 , 0.0460 , 0.0263 , 0.0322 , 0.0454 , 0.0408 , 0.0446 , 0.0394 , 0.0305 , 0.0265 , 0.0269 , 0.0269
(1980-2012)
0.027 51 8,285 108   0.027
Net Export/Imports(-) -163.1421 , -169.7559 , -209.4392 , -160.9375 , -181.8814 , -209.4392 , -199.5184 , -186.2906 , -177.4721 , -309.7495 , -239.2016 , -125.6635 , -73.9651 , -92.7044 , -118.4985 , -108.4674 , -18.9598 , -38.1400 , -45.0845 , -50.1552 , -45.0845 , -28.1089 , -60.2964 , -42.8248 , -41.6894 , -36.5637 , -40.7855 , -44.5775 , -39.4076 , -30.4679 , -26.4996 , -26.8854 , -26.8854
(1980-2012)
-0.027 52 -- 78   -0.027
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Cuba
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Cuba
Net Generation 10.2590 , 10.8060 , 11.3700 , 11.8610 , 12.5580 , 12.4690 , 13.4880 , 13.8810 , 14.8730 , 15.5300 , 14.4930 , 12.4130 , 12.1680 , 11.2150 , 11.4720 , 11.8860 , 12.6760 , 13.4610 , 13.3590 , 13.8381 , 14.1922 , 14.4415 , 14.8199 , 14.9124 , 14.7484 , 14.4509 , 15.5105 , 16.6001 , 16.6694 , 16.7201 , 16.4037 , 16.7441 , 17.3660
(1980-2012)
16.74 1,148 21,182 77   17.37
Net Consumption 9.4930 , 9.9730 , 10.3160 , 10.4430 , 11.0600 , 10.8910 , 11.7540 , 12.0360 , 12.7670 , 13.2450 , 12.3160 , 10.3610 , 10.3410 , 9.2780 , 9.2450 , 9.4370 , 10.1000 , 10.7470 , 10.7510 , 11.3231 , 11.8212 , 12.0695 , 12.3939 , 12.5034 , 12.3374 , 12.1169 , 12.8615 , 13.6301 , 13.8614 , 13.9711 , 13.6357 , 13.9571 , 14.4470
(1980-2012)
13.96 978 19,397 78   14.45
Installed Capacity (GWe) 2.7560 , 2.9750 , 3.0000 , 3.1110 , 3.2290 , 3.4190 , 3.5320 , 3.8410 , 3.9880 , 3.9880 , 3.9880 , 3.9880 , 3.9880 , 3.9880 , 3.9880 , 3.9880 , 4.3250 , 4.3310 , 4.3370 , 4.2864 , 4.4864 , 4.4109 , 3.9591 , 3.9602 , 3.9474 , 4.2748 , 5.1755 , 5.4320 , 5.3962 , 5.5222 , 5.8552 , 6.2407 , 6.2407
(1980-2012)
6.24 270 5,315 71   6.24
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Cuba
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Cuba
Production 0.0243 , 0.0306 , 0.0362 , 0.0411 , 0.0480 , 0.0541 , 0.0575 , 0.0579 , 0.0522 , 0.0527 , 0.0539 , 0.0514 , 0.0577 , 0.0600 , 0.0706 , 0.0732 , 0.0855 , 0.1129 , 0.1012 , 0.1204 , 0.1303 , 0.1382 , 0.1339 , 0.1511 , 0.1580 , 0.1416 , 0.1403 , 0.1454 , 0.1722 , 0.1623 , 0.1689 , 0.1721 , 0.1652
(1980-2012)
.172 32 519 87   0.165
Consumption 0.4563 , 0.4640 , 0.5014 , 0.4597 , 0.4758 , 0.4841 , 0.5008 , 0.4928 , 0.5000 , 0.5103 , 0.5018 , 0.4629 , 0.4090 , 0.3708 , 0.4117 , 0.4190 , 0.4287 , 0.4723 , 0.4495 , 0.4568 , 0.4597 , 0.4659 , 0.4670 , 0.4635 , 0.5196 , 0.4509 , 0.3556 , 0.3722 , 0.3508 , 0.4146 , 0.4000 , 0.4094 , 0.3946
(1980-2012)
0.409 28 520 77   0.395
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
32601.7342 , 31855.3396 , 33038.7186 , 29073.1496 , 28791.2304 , 28222.9158 , 29172.4242 , 29409.7667 , 28775.8873 , 29167.3688 , 29551.4062 , 30524.1225 , 30506.8733 , 32493.7468 , 35813.7640 , 35574.7979 , 33755.7784 , 36201.1693 , 34405.0146 , 32886.6197 , 32192.6275 , 31681.3981 , 31190.7389 , 29826.1842 , 31599.9053 , 24662.2998 , 17354.0444 , 16934.4664 , 15329.1053 , 17860.8407 , 16880.5125 , 17122.5000
(1980-2011)
16,881 5,957 7,415 13   17,122
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Cuba
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Cuba
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
29.9412 , 30.5022 , 33.0496 , 30.1752 , 31.3160 , 31.9930 , 34.9714 , 34.4240 , 35.0975 , 36.2736 , 35.3805 , 32.5274 , 28.8732 , 28.6174 , 29.1210 , 30.8434 , 30.2366 , 33.5256 , 32.6025 , 33.3105 , 32.8606 , 33.2569 , 34.1108 , 33.2436 , 33.1437 , 28.5883 , 25.1979 , 26.3493 , 29.0883 , 29.2553 , 28.0413 , 27.8770 , 25.9869
(1980-2012)
27.88 1,335 32,155 77   25.99

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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