U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Australia  

Country Analysis Brief Overview

  • Australia, rich in hydrocarbons and uranium, was the world's second-largest coal exporter in 2012 and the third-largest liquefied natural gas (LNG) exporter in 2013.
  • Australia’s dependence on oil imports has increased to fill the growing gap between domestic consumption and production.
  • Australia’s overall oil production has declined since 2000, although additions through condensate production and smaller crude oil developments are expected to offset declines in mature fields over the next few years.
  • Australian natural gas production has increased sharply over the past decade as a result of new projects.
  • Australia has become a leading LNG exporter in the Asia-Pacific region in the past decade. Greater expected natural gas production and new LNG capacity in the next few years is likely to boost natural gas exports even more.
  • Australia is the world’s second-largest exporter on a weight-basis, and coal ranks as the second-largest export commodity for Australia in terms of revenues. It holds the fourth-largest reserves.
  • Although about 87% of Australia’s electric generation in 2013 was from fossil fuels, chiefly coal, there is a push for cleaner and more renewable power.

Read full Australia Analysis Brief »

Analysis Last Updated: August 28, 2014


Overview data for Australia

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Australia
Asia & Oceania
OECD
World
Rank
Australia
Total Oil Production 460.2400 , 474.1940 , 443.5050 , 489.4690 , 570.5820 , 664.6129 , 606.1814 , 638.6271 , 632.6365 , 582.7214 , 666.4945 , 635.1809 , 618.7483 , 589.6373 , 624.8095 , 646.6461 , 666.9291 , 694.6844 , 649.2604 , 646.9406 , 828.0583 , 768.2571 , 744.2449 , 629.8130 , 557.3442 , 572.9690 , 554.5284 , 587.4490 , 587.7170 , 592.4863 , 604.1056 , 530.5066 , 519.0650 , 445.4847
(1980-2013)
519.06 9,077 22,538 89,750 29 445.48
Crude Oil Production 380.0000 , 394.0000 , 370.0000 , 416.0000 , 492.0000 , 575.0000 , 520.0000 , 547.0000 , 538.0000 , 490.0000 , 575.0000 , 545.0000 , 534.6120 , 503.0000 , 536.3836 , 561.7945 , 569.6311 , 587.6932 , 543.9726 , 538.9800 , 721.5656 , 657.0000 , 625.9671 , 512.1644 , 435.9622 , 445.5699 , 429.2542 , 465.1175 , 476.8197 , 475.4219 , 484.1699 , 413.8164 , 405.7186 , 332.4438
(1980-2013)
405.72 7,731 15,667 75,951 30 332.44
Consumption 594.0000 , 584.0000 , 616.0000 , 594.0000 , 635.0000 , 639.0000 , 644.0000 , 661.0000 , 694.0000 , 723.0000 , 738.0000 , 721.0000 , 730.0000 , 761.0000 , 788.0000 , 811.0000 , 831.0000 , 848.0000 , 852.0000 , 875.0000 , 872.4290 , 871.0681 , 921.3268 , 980.1133 , 1003.8484 , 1027.6128 , 1035.1166 , 987.7175 , 996.7773 , 988.9474 , 1005.4690 , 1048.2389 , 1073.6645 , 1082.9726
(1980-2013)
1,073.66 28,976 45,822 89,128 19 1,082.97
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -133.7600 , -109.8060 , -172.4950 , -104.5310 , -64.4180 , 25.6129 , -37.8186 , -22.3729 , -61.3635 , -140.2786 , -71.5055 , -85.8191 , -111.2517 , -171.3627 , -163.1905 , -164.3539 , -164.0709 , -153.3156 , -202.7396 , -228.0594 , -44.3707 , -102.8110 , -177.0819 , -350.3003 , -446.5042 , -454.6438 , -480.5882 , -400.2685 , -409.0603 , -396.4611 , -401.3634 , -517.7323 , -554.5995 , -637.4879
(1980-2013)
-554.60 -19,898 -23,284 -- 201 -637.49
Refinery Capacity 725.0000 , 743.0000 , 742.0000 , 716.0000 , 722.0000 , 697.0000 , 623.0000 , 626.0000 , 637.0000 , 644.0000 , 675.0000 , 706.0000 , 703.0000 , 698.0000 , 705.0000 , 704.6500 , 732.7250 , 771.2500 , 762.1150 , 807.1250 , 812.3500 , 846.5000 , 848.2500 , 848.2500 , 754.9750 , 754.9750 , 701.5500 , 704.6590 , 707.0590 , 696.3460 , 724.7360 , 757.1580 , 760.1480
(1980-2012)
757 24,875 45,873 88,097 25 760
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 2.1300 , 2.3600 , 1.7090 , 1.6221 , 1.5860 , 1.4309 , 1.4490 , 1.7128 , 1.6920 , 1.6731 , 1.6765 , 1.5662 , 1.5237 , 1.7679 , 1.6146 , 1.6147 , 1.5601 , 1.8002 , 1.8002 , 2.8950 , 2.8950 , 2.8950 , 3.5000 , 3.5000 , 3.5000 , 1.4910 , 1.4370 , 1.5918 , 1.5000 , 1.5000 , 3.3180 , 3.3180 , 1.4257 , 1.4333 , 1.4333
(1980-2014)
1.43 45 227 1,646 37 1.43
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Australia
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Australia
Production 312.6084 , 365.6162 , 403.2267 , 421.6258 , 440.6606 , 462.6618 , 515.9875 , 532.3030 , 554.7280 , 570.4785 , 723.0000 , 753.0000 , 804.7935 , 863.8000 , 932.4573 , 1033.3169 , 1064.6766 , 1056.2010 , 1096.6720 , 1116.4131 , 1159.0030 , 1185.2067 , 1234.9656 , 1274.4830 , 1309.3036 , 1265.6896 , 1323.7828 , 1397.1673 , 1437.6383 , 1492.4472 , 1708.1866 , 1809.6819 , 1901.7128 , 2178.9002
(1980-2013)
1,901.71 17,227 118,866 16   2,178.90
Consumption 321.7903 , 367.7704 , 407.4292 , 412.7264 , 440.3074 , 462.6000 , 516.0000 , 532.0000 , 555.0000 , 570.0000 , 625.0000 , 584.0000 , 603.7099 , 630.1600 , 661.3087 , 709.6902 , 719.1900 , 717.9893 , 751.6445 , 759.0959 , 796.9536 , 841.0974 , 887.6778 , 916.8480 , 984.9707 , 1014.1409 , 1019.1203 , 1132.1989 , 1153.4938 , 1211.8695 , 1249.0916 , 1338.6151 , 1257.7790 , 1259.0504
(1980-2013)
1,257.78 23,165 119,556 26   1,259.05
Net Export/Imports(-) 98.6000 , 168.0000 , 201.0836 , 233.6400 , 271.1486 , 323.6267 , 345.4866 , 338.2118 , 345.0276 , 357.3172 , 362.0494 , 344.1094 , 347.2877 , 357.6350 , 361.6609 , 508.5713 , 532.0205 , 483.3564 , 463.2975 , 511.8909 , 658.8013 , 728.0187 , 747.0535 , 919.8498
(1990-2013)
747.05 -5,640 -- 78   919.85
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
31.0000 , 30.0000 , 18.7000 , 17.7680 , 17.6820 , 17.8500 , 18.2200 , 18.6800 , 18.6100 , 16.6330 , 16.4670 , 15.4330 , 15.0570 , 18.2540 , 19.6070 , 19.6060 , 20.0820 , 19.4290 , 19.4290 , 44.6380 , 44.6380 , 44.6380 , 90.0000 , 90.0000 , 90.0000 , 29.0000 , 27.6400 , 30.3700 , 30.0000 , 30.0000 , 110.0000 , 110.0000 , 27.8500 , 43.0370 , 43.0370
(1980-2014)
43.04 521 6,846 24   43.04
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Australia
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Australia
Production 115.1959 , 133.3499 , 139.0985 , 152.6834 , 162.7893 , 177.1701 , 189.0585 , 214.9066 , 193.5912 , 215.4578 , 225.4910 , 242.0753 , 251.7007 , 249.1940 , 248.4632 , 266.5466 , 272.4352 , 291.5151 , 316.7503 , 320.7748 , 338.1031 , 362.8555 , 374.6734 , 373.0453 , 382.6079 , 408.5056 , 412.9843 , 431.0467 , 432.3827 , 449.6306 , 467.8231 , 443.3904 , 463.7832
(1980-2012)
443.390 5,529 8,444 4   463.783
Consumption 73.4393 , 77.4649 , 78.8208 , 83.0085 , 89.3225 , 91.6230 , 87.2843 , 99.2863 , 92.9888 , 103.6680 , 103.7209 , 108.0772 , 111.2089 , 109.0605 , 109.7505 , 112.2440 , 120.4341 , 126.8330 , 137.6908 , 140.6615 , 140.9195 , 140.9911 , 143.2454 , 142.2599 , 145.8303 , 153.0394 , 155.3763 , 154.7656 , 153.9223 , 158.3492 , 152.1796 , 147.2831 , 150.6055
(1980-2012)
147.283 5,482 8,285 9   150.605
Net Export/Imports(-) 47711.3426 , 52315.6971 , 51985.0037 , 61232.2937 , 73344.4909 , 92384.7150 , 99319.3558 , 105692.9201 , 113555.7070 , 110548.6016 , 114607.3121 , 133467.8594 , 139956.0641 , 145892.0107 , 145207.4754 , 151056.3395 , 155677.2287 , 173977.8019 , 184004.4260 , 189486.2204 , 206114.5872 , 211860.9364 , 225389.6037 , 230336.7771 , 242057.6538 , 256076.8496 , 256192.5923 , 269345.3715 , 277983.0833 , 288520.0776 , 322544.0200 , 313586.6379 , 332322.6240
(1980-2012)
313.587 -39 -- 107   332.323
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Australia
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Australia
Net Generation 87.3930 , 92.9110 , 96.7360 , 98.0480 , 103.7160 , 110.4250 , 116.2720 , 121.9150 , 130.9200 , 139.2210 , 146.1870 , 148.3670 , 150.7594 , 154.6460 , 158.3680 , 163.8410 , 168.0677 , 173.3540 , 185.4100 , 191.6300 , 197.9496 , 211.5218 , 214.6228 , 213.5406 , 222.9875 , 215.4893 , 219.8298 , 229.5910 , 229.4541 , 231.4734 , 238.9810 , 240.1670 , 239.7009
(1980-2012)
240.17 8,409 21,081 16   239.70
Net Consumption 78.2270 , 81.7170 , 88.3560 , 89.5910 , 95.5460 , 99.8890 , 106.9690 , 111.6420 , 120.9210 , 128.1190 , 135.4040 , 137.9960 , 140.1334 , 143.9880 , 147.5020 , 152.3340 , 156.5457 , 161.7210 , 172.0880 , 176.1770 , 182.9696 , 193.3708 , 199.5608 , 200.5816 , 205.1625 , 200.1373 , 204.1308 , 214.9730 , 214.6431 , 216.8074 , 223.4560 , 226.8540
(1980-2011)
223.46 7,060 18,501 14   226.85
Installed Capacity (GWe) 24.1420 , 25.9380 , 28.0160 , 28.6350 , 31.2300 , 32.6950 , 33.3490 , 34.5930 , 34.9390 , 35.1650 , 38.4510 , 38.0650 , 38.7820 , 39.9080 , 41.5350 , 42.1920 , 42.8970 , 43.5810 , 44.7830 , 45.9960 , 46.2080 , 47.0080 , 49.7330 , 51.0440 , 51.2200 , 50.1910 , 50.6420 , 53.4170 , 54.4010 , 57.0760 , 60.0120 , 61.9390
(1980-2011)
60.01 1,903 5,086 16   61.94
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Australia
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Australia
Production 3.2455 , 3.7196 , 3.7367 , 4.1378 , 4.5432 , 4.9963 , 5.2034 , 5.7183 , 5.2750 , 5.5715 , 6.1565 , 6.4365 , 6.6259 , 6.6515 , 6.9186 , 7.4295 , 7.5823 , 8.3114 , 8.6614 , 8.8446 , 9.6571 , 10.2481 , 10.4563 , 10.2424 , 10.3891 , 10.9694 , 11.0971 , 11.6986 , 11.7773 , 12.2043 , 12.9061 , 12.3528 , 12.8527
(1980-2012)
12.353 154 518 9   12.853
Consumption 2.7428 , 2.8245 , 2.8941 , 2.9585 , 3.2329 , 3.2640 , 3.2483 , 3.4341 , 3.4191 , 3.6185 , 3.7136 , 3.7093 , 3.8123 , 3.9152 , 3.9212 , 4.0363 , 4.2141 , 4.5498 , 4.5818 , 4.8037 , 4.8334 , 5.0035 , 5.1584 , 5.3039 , 5.5253 , 5.8233 , 5.8979 , 6.0667 , 6.1118 , 6.1362 , 6.0591 , 6.3013 , 6.1401
(1980-2012)
6.301 199 520 17   6.140
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
9146.1027 , 9042.7520 , 9270.1367 , 9528.7719 , 9797.5803 , 9372.2688 , 9112.0476 , 9183.9409 , 8747.9267 , 8871.3682 , 8949.7478 , 9034.9472 , 9036.0382 , 8927.6486 , 8534.7363 , 8504.6651 , 8515.0598 , 8819.8100 , 8448.5638 , 8500.7416 , 8274.6436 , 8345.1097 , 8271.7118 , 8235.6152 , 8265.6659 , 8447.3172 , 8340.1304 , 8203.9379 , 8056.6397 , 7979.1967 , 7673.0838 , 7849.5240
(1980-2011)
7,673 7,821 7,401 53   7,850
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Australia
Asia & Oceania
World
Rank
 
Australia
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
198.8350 , 204.6173 , 207.9561 , 218.2593 , 235.4233 , 237.7025 , 234.5493 , 250.9284 , 246.2311 , 261.5102 , 267.6012 , 268.3207 , 274.8682 , 283.2861 , 281.6218 , 289.0655 , 302.3127 , 331.2952 , 337.4491 , 355.3382 , 356.3111 , 370.0581 , 374.5899 , 374.8363 , 390.4774 , 409.1793 , 415.3018 , 426.1027 , 429.6148 , 434.7565 , 422.6669 , 426.4553 , 420.6331
(1980-2012)
426.46 14,310 32,155 16   420.63

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013