Virgin Islands, U.S. - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Virgin Islands, U.S.  

Country Analysis Note

  • The U.S. Virgin Islands has few conventional energy resources and depends on imported crude oil for electricity generation.
  • As of 2011, the U.S. Virgin Islands’s Hovensa refinery had a crude oil distillation capacity of 350,000 barrels per day (bbl/d). In the same year, the territory consumed only 152,000 bbl/d of total petroleum and other liquids. Before closing, the refinery shipped a majority of its output to the U.S. East Coast.
  • In February 2012, the Hovensa refinery, which provided No. 6 heavy fuel oil and No. 2 diesel fuel to generate most of the electricity on the island, closed. In early 2013, the Governor of the U.S. Virgin Islands and refinery owners agreed to sell the refinery, although a transaction has yet to occur. The refinery currently serves as a storage terminal.
  • The consumers on the U.S. Virgin Islands pay some of the highest prices for electricity in the United States. While the government has attempted to lower electricity cost using energy efficiency programs and adding renewable generation, progress has been slow.
  • The Virgin Islands was a pilot project of the international Energy Development in Island Nations (EDIN) program, which encouraged efficiency and the use of renewable energy resources to cut fossil fuel use 60% by 2025. The program aims to build a clean energy sector while preserving the country’s natural resources.
  • In 2011, the Virgin Islands' first large-scale solar project, the 451-kilowatt King Airport photovoltaic array on St. Thomas, went into operation and provides 15% of the airport's electricity.
  • The U.S. Virgin Islands, with technical assistance from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, began collecting and measuring wind and solar energy on St. Thomas and St. Croix in December 2013. The data will be used by the Water and Power Authority (WAPA) to build a utility-scale wind farm.
  • A 7-megawatt biogas power plant was recently approved by the St. Croix government. It will be built in partnership VIASPACE and Tibbar Energy.

Analysis Last Updated: June 2014


Overview data for Virgin Islands, U.S.

+ EXPAND ALL
Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Virgin Islands, U.S.
Central & South America
OECD
World
Rank
Virgin Islands, U.S.
Total Oil Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , -1.0000 , -0.6000 , 0.2000 , -5.4533 , -4.1126 , -2.9933 , -4.4936 , -0.7861 , 0.6168 , 0.3852 , 0.1324 , 8.4088 , 10.1107 , 11.8944 , 12.2696 , 13.6525 , 12.6063 , 14.6829 , 14.3349 , 14.6522 , 17.1112 , 17.6190 , 17.5788 , 17.6228 , 16.8684 , 16.6450 , 16.7666 , 14.8804 , 14.8804 , 14.8804 , 14.8804
(1980-2013)
14.88 7,801 22,541 89,700 82 14.88
Crude Oil Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2013)
0.00 6,639 15,671 75,898 94 0.00
Consumption 117.0000 , 105.0000 , 75.8000 , 54.0000 , 63.0000 , 70.5233 , 46.7884 , 54.7863 , 39.3279 , 59.9836 , 54.9562 , 55.5534 , 55.3661 , 53.4465 , 55.8548 , 56.5658 , 56.8962 , 58.2644 , 60.2959 , 145.6164 , 66.0813 , 91.6987 , 93.2443 , 108.7762 , 110.8968 , 108.7479 , 115.5706 , 113.1377 , 108.3300 , 111.2552 , 113.5118 , 90.8808 , 82.0000 , 62.0000
(1980-2013)
82.00 6,939 45,853 89,160 82 62.00
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -117.0000 , -105.0000 , -75.8000 , -55.0000 , -63.6000 , -70.3233 , -52.2416 , -58.8989 , -42.3212 , -64.4772 , -55.7422 , -54.9366 , -54.9810 , -53.3142 , -47.4460 , -46.4551 , -45.0018 , -45.9948 , -46.6434 , -133.0101 , -51.3984 , -77.3638 , -78.5921 , -91.6650 , -93.2778 , -91.1691 , -97.9477 , -96.2694 , -91.6850 , -94.4886 , -98.6314 , -76.0005 , -67.1196 , -47.1196
(1980-2013)
-67.12 863 -23,312 -- 145 -47.12
Refinery Capacity 700.0000 , 700.0000 , 700.0000 , 515.0000 , 515.0000 , 545.0000 , 545.0000 , 545.0000 , 545.0000 , 545.0000 , 545.0000 , 545.0000 , 545.0000 , 545.0000 , 545.0000 , 505.0000 , 505.0000 , 495.0000 , 495.0000 , 495.0000 , 495.0000 , 495.0000 , 495.0000 , 470.0000 , 495.0000 , 495.0000 , 495.0000 , 500.0000 , 500.0000 , 500.0000 , 500.0000 , 500.0000 , 500.0000
(1980-2012)
500 6,582 45,873 88,097 34 500
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2014)
0.00 326 227 1,646 91 0.00
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Virgin Islands, U.S.
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Virgin Islands, U.S.
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.00 5,498 116,255 93   0.00
Consumption 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.00 5,032 116,395 111   0.00
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1990-2012)
0.00 471 -- 64   0.00
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2014)
0.00 269 6,846 92   0.00
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Virgin Islands, U.S.
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Virgin Islands, U.S.
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 104 8,444 68   0.000
Consumption 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0805 , 0.1356 , 0.2260 , 0.2535 , 0.2701 , 0.2756 , 0.2756 , 0.2778 , 0.2800 , 0.2811 , 0.2833 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 51 8,285 115   0.000
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , -80.4687 , -135.5843 , -225.9738 , -253.5316 , -270.0663 , -275.5778 , -275.5778 , -277.7825 , -279.9871 , -281.0894 , -283.2940 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 52 -- 87   0.000
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Virgin Islands, U.S.
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Virgin Islands, U.S.
Net Generation 0.7490 , 0.7910 , 0.8010 , 0.8230 , 0.8270 , 0.8460 , 0.8650 , 0.9050 , 0.9120 , 0.8930 , 0.9210 , 0.9400 , 0.9590 , 0.9780 , 0.9940 , 1.0070 , 1.0110 , 1.0150 , 1.0190 , 1.0200 , 1.0250 , 0.9680 , 0.9780 , 0.9780 , 0.9870 , 0.8547 , 0.8638 , 0.8708 , 0.8436 , 0.8720 , 0.8250 , 0.7940
(1980-2011)
0.83 1,097 20,254 154   0.79
Net Consumption 0.6966 , 0.7356 , 0.7449 , 0.7654 , 0.7691 , 0.7868 , 0.8045 , 0.8417 , 0.8482 , 0.8305 , 0.8565 , 0.8742 , 0.8919 , 0.9095 , 0.9244 , 0.9365 , 0.9402 , 0.9440 , 0.9477 , 0.9486 , 0.9533 , 0.9002 , 0.9095 , 0.9095 , 0.9179 , 0.7949 , 0.8033 , 0.8099 , 0.7845 , 0.8110 , 0.7673 , 0.7384
(1980-2011)
0.77 928 18,501 160   0.74
Installed Capacity (GWe) 0.3410 , 0.3410 , 0.3410 , 0.3410 , 0.3410 , 0.3410 , 0.3160 , 0.3160 , 0.3160 , 0.3160 , 0.3160 , 0.3160 , 0.3160 , 0.3160 , 0.3160 , 0.3230 , 0.3230 , 0.3230 , 0.3230 , 0.3230 , 0.3230 , 0.3230 , 0.3230 , 0.3230 , 0.3230 , 0.3230 , 0.3230 , 0.3230 , 0.3230 , 0.3230 , 0.3230 , 0.3230
(1980-2011)
0.32 260 5,086 149   0.32
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Virgin Islands, U.S.
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Virgin Islands, U.S.
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2011)
.000 30 505 179   0.000
Consumption 0.2498 , 0.2239 , 0.1626 , 0.1143 , 0.1336 , 0.1496 , 0.0997 , 0.1173 , 0.0821 , 0.1251 , 0.1159 , 0.1188 , 0.1213 , 0.0851 , 0.1229 , 0.1218 , 0.1205 , 0.1230 , 0.1275 , 0.3063 , 0.1386 , 0.1919 , 0.1908 , 0.2246 , 0.2346 , 0.2289 , 0.2389 , 0.2160 , 0.2298 , 0.2232 , 0.2281 , 0.1863
(1980-2011)
0.228 27 507 93   0.186
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
111729.6744 , 101142.2696 , 75671.8981 , 50188.3684 , 56658.1727 , 64970.6281 , 42436.4134 , 46502.9519 , 32032.8510 , 45551.5538 , 36968.2551 , 38060.9570 , 39115.7098 , 24753.6795 , 39376.8629 , 40121.4053 , 39299.9529 , 42431.9403 , 41878.7389 , 102103.8683 , 39584.2420 , 53111.2958 , 55590.9121 , 66093.5785 , 66788.3359 , 62858.1635 , 63090.3087 , 54678.9340 , 58907.5335 , 60590.6874 , 60338.0700 , 48665.4593
(1980-2011)
60,338 5,840 7,401 1   48,665
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Virgin Islands, U.S.
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Virgin Islands, U.S.
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
16.9395 , 15.1371 , 11.0002 , 7.7408 , 9.0039 , 10.1212 , 6.6544 , 7.9393 , 5.2586 , 7.7681 , 7.4522 , 7.9644 , 8.3423 , 8.3956 , 8.3619 , 8.5511 , 8.5257 , 8.2894 , 8.7450 , 8.8795 , 9.8362 , 13.6362 , 13.0569 , 14.5792 , 17.6635 , 15.6210 , 16.5845 , 14.7472 , 12.9340 , 15.2108 , 15.5639 , 18.5938
(1980-2011)
15.56 1,288 31,502 90   18.59

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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