Virgin Islands, U.S. - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Virgin Islands, U.S.  

Country Analysis Note

  • The U.S. Virgin Islands has few conventional energy resources and depends on imported crude oil for electricity generation; to increase grid reliability, the Virgin Islands Water and Power Authority has explored the technical feasibility of undersea cable links with Puerto Rico and the British Virgin Islands.
  • As of January 2012, consumers in the Virgin Islands were paying an average price of 47 cents per kilowatthour for electricity.
  • The Virgin Islands' first large-scale solar project, the 451-kilowatt King Airport photovoltaic array on St. Thomas, went into operation in fall 2011 and provides 15% of the airport's electricity; a 4-megawatt solar facility is being built on St. Croix.
  • The Hovensa refinery, which was one of the 10 largest crude oil refineries in the world and which provided 90 percent of the Virgin Islands' fuel, ended production in February 2012; the site will continue as a storage terminal.
  • The Virgin Islands was a pilot project of the international Energy Development in Island Nations (EDIN) program, which encouraged efficiency and the use of renewable energy resources to cut fossil fuel use 60% by 2025. The program has transitioned to a new community-focused campaign.

Analysis Last Updated: July 2012


Overview data for Virgin Islands, U.S.

+ EXPAND ALL
Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Virgin Islands, U.S.
Central & South America
OECD
World
Rank
Virgin Islands, U.S.
Total Oil Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , -1.0000 , -0.6000 , 0.2000 , -5.4533 , -4.1126 , -2.9933 , -4.4936 , -0.7861 , 0.6168 , 0.3852 , 0.1324 , 8.4088 , 10.1107 , 11.8944 , 12.2696 , 13.6525 , 12.6063 , 14.6829 , 14.3349 , 14.6522 , 17.1112 , 17.6190 , 17.5788 , 17.6228 , 16.8684 , 16.6450 , 16.7666 , 14.8804 , 14.8804 , 14.8804 , 14.8804
(1980-2013)
14.88 7,801 22,534 89,757 82 14.88
Crude Oil Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2013)
0.00 6,639 15,663 75,887 94 0.00
Consumption 117.0000 , 105.0000 , 75.8000 , 54.0000 , 63.0000 , 70.5233 , 46.7884 , 54.7863 , 39.3279 , 59.9836 , 54.9562 , 55.5534 , 55.3661 , 53.4465 , 55.8548 , 56.5658 , 56.8962 , 58.2644 , 60.2959 , 145.6164 , 66.0813 , 91.6987 , 93.2443 , 108.7762 , 110.8968 , 108.7479 , 115.5706 , 113.1377 , 108.3300 , 111.2552 , 113.5118 , 138.0000 , 152.4302
(1980-2012)
138.00 6,571 46,402 88,744 63 152.43
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -117.0000 , -105.0000 , -75.8000 , -55.0000 , -63.6000 , -70.3233 , -52.2416 , -58.8989 , -42.3212 , -64.4772 , -55.7422 , -54.9366 , -54.9810 , -53.3142 , -47.4460 , -46.4551 , -45.0018 , -45.9948 , -46.6434 , -133.0101 , -51.3984 , -77.3638 , -78.5921 , -91.6650 , -93.2778 , -91.1691 , -97.9477 , -96.2694 , -91.6850 , -94.4886 , -98.6314 , -123.1196 , -137.5498
(1980-2012)
-123.12 1,287 -24,777 -- 40 -137.55
Refinery Capacity 700.0000 , 700.0000 , 700.0000 , 515.0000 , 515.0000 , 545.0000 , 545.0000 , 545.0000 , 545.0000 , 545.0000 , 545.0000 , 545.0000 , 545.0000 , 545.0000 , 545.0000 , 505.0000 , 505.0000 , 495.0000 , 495.0000 , 495.0000 , 495.0000 , 495.0000 , 495.0000 , 470.0000 , 495.0000 , 495.0000 , 495.0000 , 500.0000 , 500.0000 , 500.0000 , 500.0000 , 500.0000 , 500.0000
(1980-2012)
500 6,582 45,873 88,097 34 500
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2013)
0.00 239 223 1,526 91 0.00
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Virgin Islands, U.S.
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Virgin Islands, U.S.
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.00 5,498 116,255 93   0.00
Consumption 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.00 5,032 116,395 111   0.00
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1990-2012)
0.00 471 -- 64   0.00
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2013)
0.00 270 6,845 94   0.00
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Virgin Islands, U.S.
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Virgin Islands, U.S.
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2011)
0.000 92 7,934 66   0.000
Consumption 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0805 , 0.1356 , 0.2260 , 0.2535 , 0.2701 , 0.2756 , 0.2756 , 0.2778 , 0.2800 , 0.2811 , 0.2833 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2011)
0.000 47 7,751 113   0.000
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , -80.4687 , -135.5843 , -225.9738 , -253.5316 , -270.0663 , -275.5778 , -275.5778 , -277.7825 , -279.9871 , -281.0894 , -283.2940 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2011)
0.000 46 -- 85   0.000
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Virgin Islands, U.S.
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Virgin Islands, U.S.
Net Generation 0.7490 , 0.7910 , 0.8010 , 0.8230 , 0.8270 , 0.8460 , 0.8650 , 0.9050 , 0.9120 , 0.8930 , 0.9210 , 0.9400 , 0.9590 , 0.9780 , 0.9940 , 1.0070 , 1.0110 , 1.0150 , 1.0190 , 1.0200 , 1.0250 , 0.9680 , 0.9780 , 0.9780 , 0.9870 , 0.8547 , 0.8638 , 0.8708 , 0.8436 , 0.8720 , 0.8250 , 0.7940
(1980-2011)
0.83 1,097 20,254 154   0.79
Net Consumption 0.6966 , 0.7356 , 0.7449 , 0.7654 , 0.7691 , 0.7868 , 0.8045 , 0.8417 , 0.8482 , 0.8305 , 0.8565 , 0.8742 , 0.8919 , 0.9095 , 0.9244 , 0.9365 , 0.9402 , 0.9440 , 0.9477 , 0.9486 , 0.9533 , 0.9002 , 0.9095 , 0.9095 , 0.9179 , 0.7949 , 0.8033 , 0.8099 , 0.7845 , 0.8110 , 0.7673 , 0.7384
(1980-2011)
0.77 928 18,501 160   0.74
Installed Capacity (GWe) 0.3410 , 0.3410 , 0.3410 , 0.3410 , 0.3410 , 0.3410 , 0.3160 , 0.3160 , 0.3160 , 0.3160 , 0.3160 , 0.3160 , 0.3160 , 0.3160 , 0.3160 , 0.3230 , 0.3230 , 0.3230 , 0.3230 , 0.3230 , 0.3230 , 0.3230 , 0.3230 , 0.3230 , 0.3230 , 0.3230 , 0.3230 , 0.3230 , 0.3230 , 0.3230 , 0.3230 , 0.3230
(1980-2011)
0.32 260 5,086 149   0.32
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Virgin Islands, U.S.
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Virgin Islands, U.S.
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2011)
.000 30 509 178   0.000
Consumption 0.2498 , 0.2239 , 0.1626 , 0.1143 , 0.1336 , 0.1496 , 0.0997 , 0.1173 , 0.0821 , 0.1251 , 0.1159 , 0.1188 , 0.1213 , 0.0851 , 0.1229 , 0.1218 , 0.1205 , 0.1230 , 0.1275 , 0.3063 , 0.1386 , 0.1919 , 0.1908 , 0.2246 , 0.2346 , 0.2289 , 0.2389 , 0.2160 , 0.2230 , 0.2232 , 0.2281 , 0.2774
(1980-2011)
0.228 27 511 93   0.277
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
111729.6744 , 101142.2696 , 75671.8981 , 50188.3684 , 56658.1727 , 64970.6281 , 42436.4134 , 46502.9519 , 32032.8510 , 45551.5538 , 36968.2551 , 38060.9570 , 39115.7098 , 24753.6795 , 39376.8629 , 40121.4053 , 39299.9529 , 42431.9403 , 41878.7389 , 102103.8683 , 39584.2420 , 53111.2958 , 55590.9121 , 66093.5785 , 66788.3359 , 62858.1635 , 63090.3087 , 54678.9340 , 57175.6184 , 60590.6874 , 60338.0700 , 72439.0630
(1980-2011)
60,338 5,896 7,452 1   72,439
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Virgin Islands, U.S.
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Virgin Islands, U.S.
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
16.9395 , 15.1371 , 11.0002 , 7.7408 , 9.0039 , 10.1212 , 6.6544 , 7.9393 , 5.2586 , 7.7681 , 7.4522 , 7.9644 , 8.3423 , 8.3956 , 8.3619 , 8.5511 , 8.5257 , 8.2894 , 8.7450 , 8.8795 , 9.8362 , 13.6362 , 13.0569 , 14.5792 , 17.6635 , 15.6210 , 16.5845 , 14.7472 , 12.9340 , 15.2108 , 15.5639 , 18.5938
(1980-2011)
15.56 1,288 31,502 90   18.59

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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