Lebanon - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Lebanon  

Country Analysis Note

  • Lebanon relies heavily on energy imports to meet domestic demand. In 2010, the country imported 120,000 barrels per day (bbl/d) of refined oil products, which accounted for over 90% of total primary energy demand in the country.
  • With an eye toward developing domestic oil and natural gas resources, the government of Lebanon announced that it hopes to complete a pre-qualification bid for exploration in the country's territorial waters by April 2014. The country's energy ministry already delayed the bid round for the 10 offshore blocks several times, in part due to issues surrounding the demarcation of the southern boundary of Lebanese territorial waters.
  • There is an ongoing dispute between Lebanon and Israel over their shared maritime boundary that could affect Lebanon's ability to proceed with its offshore development plans. The disputed region—which covers over 300 square miles—may contain potentially significant hydrocarbon resources given its location near the center of the Levant Basin. U.S. Geological Survey estimates from 2010 placed the potential mean recoverable resources in the Levant Basin at 1.7 billion barrels of oil and 122 Tcf of natural gas.
  • Lebanon's government estimates that there are potential natural gas reserves of 25 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) or more, located in its offshore territory, but until more exploration occurs, that figure remains speculative.
  • In the near-term, Lebanon will continue to be reliant on energy imports. The Arab Gas Pipeline promised to deliver volumes of natural gas from Egypt to Lebanon via Jordan and Syria, but disruptions have been frequent and persistent due to the security environment in the region. With security issues in Egypt and Syria limiting the ability of overland deliveries, the majority of Lebanon's energy imports will likely continue to arrive via its Mediterranean ports.
  • Lebanon is a member of the Eight Country Interconnection Project, along with Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Libya, the Palestinian territories, Syria, and Turkey. The project integrates the electricity grids of all members, but regional instability—most recently in Syria—has cut off connections between several of the countries.

Analysis Last Updated: March 2014


Overview data for Lebanon

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Lebanon
Middle East
World
Rank
    
Lebanon
Total Oil Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , -0.5773 , -0.0546 , 0.2792 , 0.2853 , 0.3252 , 0.2915 , 0.2900 , 0.2987 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.00 27,117 87,573 127   0.00
Crude Oil Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.00 24,120 74,199 93   0.00
Consumption 44.9000 , 42.0000 , 41.0000 , 43.0000 , 40.9000 , 47.8000 , 46.2739 , 47.6638 , 43.2982 , 34.8257 , 33.0010 , 53.3621 , 55.0762 , 67.4482 , 76.4667 , 82.4167 , 85.3192 , 97.2565 , 99.7039 , 103.9938 , 105.5317 , 101.3177 , 101.9155 , 104.4936 , 102.2900 , 97.4516 , 86.7462 , 79.1115 , 102.6526 , 128.8615 , 120.3708 , 134.0000 , 104.8636
(1980-2012)
134.00 7,537 88,744 64   104.86 E
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -44.9000 , -42.0000 , -41.0000 , -43.0000 , -40.9000 , -47.8000 , -46.8511 , -47.7184 , -43.0190 , -34.5404 , -32.6758 , -53.0706 , -54.7862 , -67.1495 , -76.4667 , -82.4167 , -85.3192 , -97.2565 , -99.7039 , -103.9938 , -105.5317 , -101.3177 , -101.9155 , -104.4936 , -102.2900 , -97.4516 , -86.7462 , -79.1115 , -102.6526 , -128.8615 , -120.3708 , -134.0000 , -104.8636
(1980-2012)
-134.00 19,581 -- 38   -104.86
Refinery Capacity 53.0000 , 52.0000 , 52.0000 , 52.0000 , 52.0000 , 17.0000 , 17.0000 , 37.0000 , 37.0000 , 37.0000 , 37.0000 , 38.0000 , 37.5000 , 37.5000 , 37.5000 , 37.5000 , 37.5000 , 37.5000 , 37.5000 , 37.5000 , 37.5000 , 37.5000 , 37.5000 , 37.5000 , 37.5000 , 37.5000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0 7,245 88,097 110   0
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2013)
0.00 800 1,526 91   0.00
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Lebanon
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Lebanon
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.00 18,332 116,255 93   0.00
Consumption 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 1.4126 , 5.2973 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.00 14,089 116,395 111   0.00
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , -1.4126 , -5.2973 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1990-2012)
0.00 4,243 -- 64   0.00
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2013)
0.00 2,800 6,845 94   0.00
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Lebanon
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Lebanon
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2011)
0.000 1 7,934 66   0.000
Consumption 0.0066 , 0.0066 , 0.0033 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.1224 , 0.1235 , 0.2039 , 0.2260 , 0.2260 , 0.2205 , 0.2205 , 0.2205 , 0.2205 , 0.2205 , 0.2205 , 0.2205 , 0.2205 , 0.2205 , 0.2205 , 0.2205 , 0.2205 , 0.3748 , 0.3186
(1980-2011)
0.375 16 7,751 75   0.319
Net Export/Imports(-) -6.6139 , -6.6139 , -3.3069 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , -122.3566 , -123.4589 , -203.9276 , -225.9738 , -225.9738 , -220.4623 , -220.4623 , -220.4623 , -220.4623 , -220.4623 , -220.4623 , -220.4623 , -220.4623 , -220.4623 , -220.4623 , -220.4623 , -220.4623 , -374.7859 , -318.5680
(1980-2011)
-0.375 -15 -- 51   -0.319
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Lebanon
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Lebanon
Net Generation 2.6220 , 2.6670 , 2.7500 , 2.7630 , 2.8490 , 2.6580 , 2.7930 , 2.8550 , 2.7780 , 2.5160 , 2.4250 , 2.7890 , 3.4130 , 4.4730 , 4.9140 , 5.1830 , 6.5870 , 8.0490 , 7.8820 , 7.7110 , 9.1945 , 9.5740 , 11.0514 , 11.9813 , 11.7855 , 11.7398 , 10.9481 , 11.3768 , 12.5730 , 12.9761 , 14.8116 , 15.4230
(1980-2011)
14.81 830 20,254 83   15.42
Net Consumption 2.5720 , 2.5890 , 2.7470 , 2.6900 , 2.6650 , 2.5960 , 2.7460 , 2.6670 , 2.7330 , 2.6460 , 2.7150 , 2.7090 , 3.1230 , 4.0430 , 4.1850 , 4.4070 , 6.3540 , 7.5340 , 7.5860 , 7.5310 , 9.2095 , 9.2580 , 10.4224 , 10.9313 , 10.4405 , 10.6078 , 10.3451 , 10.7668 , 11.4560 , 12.3421 , 14.1876 , 14.3950
(1980-2011)
14.19 718 18,501 75   14.40
Installed Capacity (GWe) 0.6680 , 0.7090 , 0.7090 , 0.8190 , 0.8190 , 0.8190 , 0.8190 , 0.8190 , 1.1990 , 1.2200 , 1.2200 , 1.2200 , 1.2200 , 1.2200 , 1.2200 , 1.2200 , 1.2620 , 1.3090 , 1.3440 , 2.2925 , 2.2925 , 2.2940 , 2.5310 , 2.6630 , 2.6630 , 2.3200 , 2.3140 , 2.3140 , 2.3140 , 2.3140 , 2.3180 , 2.3130
(1980-2011)
2.32 207 5,086 99   2.31
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Lebanon
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Lebanon
Production 0.0087 , 0.0088 , 0.0067 , 0.0058 , 0.0060 , 0.0060 , 0.0058 , 0.0063 , 0.0061 , 0.0052 , 0.0031 , 0.0052 , 0.0056 , 0.0074 , 0.0083 , 0.0073 , 0.0082 , 0.0091 , 0.0079 , 0.0034 , 0.0045 , 0.0034 , 0.0068 , 0.0138 , 0.0111 , 0.0104 , 0.0068 , 0.0057 , 0.0036 , 0.0060 , 0.0081
(1980-2010)
.006 66 487 140   0.008
Consumption 0.1047 , 0.0975 , 0.0945 , 0.0977 , 0.0940 , 0.1083 , 0.1032 , 0.1070 , 0.0978 , 0.0774 , 0.0714 , 0.1181 , 0.1190 , 0.1404 , 0.1703 , 0.1828 , 0.1922 , 0.2198 , 0.2243 , 0.2301 , 0.2343 , 0.2250 , 0.2286 , 0.2380 , 0.2284 , 0.2185 , 0.1942 , 0.1792 , 0.1823 , 0.2832 , 0.2760
(1980-2010)
0.283 27 488 87   0.276
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
4258.9598 , 3937.0571 , 6870.3398 , 5792.1106 , 3855.4537 , 3575.3587 , 3654.1275 , 3243.8370 , 4131.5974 , 5684.3494 , 4142.8158 , 4955.9360 , 4777.9741 , 5271.1889 , 5919.3753 , 5962.5821 , 5963.9608 , 7049.6880 , 6985.1760 , 7224.7987 , 7290.9042 , 6705.4325 , 6640.1019 , 6641.9117 , 5935.2423 , 5616.2790 , 4961.7859 , 4258.7293 , 3964.1099 , 5675.6072 , 5205.9984
(1980-2010)
5,676 10,867 7,461 94   5,206
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Lebanon
Middle East
World
Rank
 
Lebanon
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
6.4373 , 5.9768 , 5.8853 , 6.1714 , 5.8920 , 6.8642 , 6.9456 , 7.2212 , 6.5359 , 5.0005 , 4.7065 , 8.2140 , 8.1641 , 10.2737 , 11.7700 , 12.6234 , 13.2088 , 15.3195 , 15.2957 , 15.9977 , 16.4547 , 15.9759 , 16.0224 , 16.1465 , 15.7463 , 15.0368 , 13.3956 , 12.5401 , 14.6526 , 19.8453 , 19.1842 , 19.4548
(1980-2011)
19.18 1,798 31,502 84   19.45

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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